Mountain Ranges and Hills of South and Central India – Physical Divisions of India – Old Year Questions

1. Which of the following is the oldest mountain range in India?

(a) Himalaya
(b) Aravalli
(c) Vindhya
(d) Satpura

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2003, M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


2. Which of the following mountain systems of India is the oldest?

(a) Aravalli
(b) Himalayas
(c) Satpura
(d) Nilgiri

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


3. In which of the following states are the Aravali Ranges located?

(a) Rajasthan
(b) Himachal Pradesh
(c) Odisha
(d) Andhra Pradesh

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2014]


4. The oldest mountain range in India is:-

(a) Aravalli
(b) Himalaya
(c) Shiwalik
(d) Vindhya

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010, M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1995, U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


5. Among the following which mountain range is the oldest in India?

(a) Nilgiri
(b) Aravalli
(c) Satpura
(d) Western Ghat
(e) Himalaya

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


6. The approximate age of the Aravalli Range is:

(a) 370 million years
(b) 470 million years
(c) 570 million years
(d) 670 million years

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2001]


7. Which of the following ranges is the most recent one?

(a) Aravallis
(b) Vindhyachal Range
(c) The Himalayas
(d) The Eastern Ghats

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


8. Which of the following is the example of ‘Residual Mountain’?

(a) Himalaya
(b) Kilimanjaro
(c) Etna
(d) Aravalli

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


9. Which of the following is the highest peak in South India?

(a) Anaimudi
(b) Dodabetta
(c) Amarkantak
(d) Mahendragiri

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2005, 2012, U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]


10. Which of the following is the highest peak in South India?

(a) Anaimudi
(b) Doda Betta
(c) Guru Shikhar
(d) Mahendragiri

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


11. The highest peak of the Indian Peninsula is

(a) Ootacamund
(b) Anaimudi
(c) Dodabetta
(d) Mahabaleshwar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


12. ‘Kodaikanal’ is situated on which hill?

(a) Anamalai
(b) Bundi
(c) Palni
(d) Amarkantak
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


13. Match List-I and List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the list :

List-I (States )  List-II (Highest Peak)
A. Kerala  1. Dodda Betta
B. Nagaland 2. Nanda Devi
C. Uttarakhand  3. Anaimudi
D. Tamil Nadu  4. Saramati

Code :


(a) 1 3 4 2
(b) 2 3 4 1
(c) 3 4 2 1
(d) 1 2 3 4

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


14. The Narmada and Tapti rivers flank –

(a) Vindhyan Mountains
(b) Satpura Ranges
(c) Rajmahal Hills
(d) Aravalli Hills

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2007]


15. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the hills of Central India located from West to East?

(a) Maikal, Satpura, Mahadeo and Chhotanagpur
(b) Satpura, Mahadeo, Maikal and Chhotanagpur
(c) Maikal, Mahadeo, Satpura and Chhotanagpur
(d) Satpura, Mahadeo, Chhotanagpur and Maikal

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


16. Consider the following relief features:
1. Mahadeo Range
2. Maikal Range
3. Chhotanagpur Plateau
4. Khasi Hills

The correct west-to-eastward sequence of the above relief features is

(a) 1, 2, 3, 4
(b) 4, 3, 2, 1
(c) 2, 3, 4, 1
(d) 1, 3, 2, 4

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


17. Which of the following sequences presents the correct location of the ranges in the Satpura region from West to East?

(a) Barwani Hills – Mahadeo Range – Maikal Range
(b) Mahadeo Range – Barwani Hills – Maikal Range
(c) Mahadeo Range-Maikal Range-Barwani Hills
(d) Maikal Range -Mahadeo Range – Barwani Hills

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


18. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the given hills starting from the north and going towards the south?

(a) Nallamalai Hills – Nilgiri Hills – Javadi Hills – Anaimalai Hills
(b) Anaimalai Hills – Javadi Hills –Nilgiri Hills – Nallamalai Hills
(c) Nallamalai Hills – Javadi Hills –Nilgiri Hills – Anaimalai Hills
(d) Anaimalai Hills – Nilgiri Hills – Javadi Hills – Nallamalai Hills

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2005]


19. At which of the following hills the Eastern Ghats join the Western Ghats?

(a) Palni Hills
(b) Anaimudi Hills
(c) Nilgiri Hills
(d) Shevaroy Hills
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


20. Which of the following hills are found where the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats meet?

(a) Anamalai Hills
(b) Cardamom Hills
(c) Nilgiri Hills
(d) Shevaroy Hills

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2008, 43rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1999]


21. Doda Betta Peak is situated in :

(a) The Anaimalai Hills
(b) The Nilgiri Hills
(c) The Vindhya Range
(d) The Satpura Range

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2021]


22. Which of the following mountain peaks is not situated in Eastern Ghats?

(a) Gali Konda
(b) Salher
(c) Sinkram Gutta
(d) Madugula Konda

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2018]


23. Which one of the following lies at the junction of Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu states?

(a) Anaimalai Hills
(b) Palni Hills
(c) Nandi Hills
(d) Nilgiri Hills

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


24. Nilgiri Mountain Range lies in –

(a) Tamil Nadu
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Orissa
(d) Uttarakhand

[Uttarakhand Lower (Sub.) (Pre) 2010]


25. Indian Oceanists discovered a high mountain with a height of 1505 meter at the bottom of Arabian sea about 455 km west South West from Bombay, the mountain is called-

(a) Kailash II
(b) Raman Sagar mountain
(c) Kanya Sagar Parvat
(d) Bombay Parvat

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


26. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

(a) The Western Ghats are relatively high in their Northern region.
(b) The Anaimudi is the highest peak in the Western Ghats.
(c) Tapti river lies to the south of Satpura.
(d) The Narmada and the Tapti river valleys are said to be old rift valleys.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2005]


27. Which one of the following mountain ranges is spread over only one state in India?

(a) Aravalli
(b) Satpura
(c) Ajanta
(d) Sahyadri

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017, I.A.S. (Pre) 1995]


28. Western Ghats in Maharashtra and Karnataka is known as –

(a) Nilgiri mountain
(b) Sahyadri
(c) Deccan plateau
(d) None of these

[44th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2000]


29. Select from the code given below the correct locational sequence of the following hills proceeding from south to north.

(1) Satmala hills
(2) Kaimur hills

(3) Pir Panjal Range
(4) Naga hills

Code :

(a) 2, 3, 1, 4
(b) 1, 2, 4, 3
(c) 1, 2, 3, 4
(d) 4, 3, 2, 1

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


30. Cardamom Hills lie along the border of the states of –

(a) Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
(b) Karnataka and Kerala
(c) Kerala and Tamil Nadu
(d) Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Pre) 2008]


31. The southernmost range of India is

(a) Nilgiri
(b) Annamalai
(c) Cardamom
(d) Nallamalai

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


32. The Hills situated closer to Kanyakumari are :

(a) Anaimalai Hills
(b) Nilgiri Hills
(c) Cardamom Hills
(d) Shevaroy Hills
(e) None of the above/more than one of the above

[65th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2019]


33. Where are Shevaroy Hills located?

(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Karnataka
(c) Kerala
(d) Tamil Nadu

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2007]


34. Which one of the following does not lie in Maharashtra?

(a) Balaghat Range
(b) Harishchandra Range
(c) Mandav Hills
(d) Satmala Hills

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2011]


35. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(a) Garhjat Hills : Orissa
(b) Mandav Hills: Maharashtra
(c) Nallamalai Hills: Andhra Pradesh
(d) Shevaroy Hills : Tamil Nadu

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


36. Consider the following pairs :

Hills Region
1. Cardamom Hills:  Coromandel Coast
2. Kaimur Hills : Konkan Coast
3. Mahadeo Hills: Central India
4. Mikir Hills: North-East India

Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 2 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2014]


37. Mahadeo mountains are part of –

(a) Satpura
(b) Vindhya
(c) Kaimur
(d) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


38. The Dhupgarh peak is situated in –

(a) Satpura Range
(b) Maikal Range
(c) Vindhya Range
(d) None of these

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


39. Dhoopgarh, the highest peak of Madhya Pradesh, is located at

(a) Satpura Range
(b) Mahadeo Range
(c) Maikal Range
(d) Vindhyayan Range

[M.P. P.C.S.(Pre) 2018]


40. The hills of Ramgiri are part of this mountain range

(a) Vindhyachal
(b) Satpura
(c) Maikal
(d) Sahyadri
(e) None of the above

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


41. What is the height of Parasnath Hill?

(a) 1600 Meters
(b) 1565 Meters
(c) 1365 Meters
(d) 1260 Meters

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]