Agriculture Scenario in India – Old Year Questions

1. How is permaculture farming different from conventional chemical farming?

1. Permaculture farming discourages monocultural practices but in conventional chemical farming, monoculture practices are predominant.
2. Conventional chemical farming can cause increase in soil salinity but the occurrence of such phenomenon is not observed in permaculture farming.
3. Conventional chemical farming is easily possible in semi-arid regions but permaculture farming is not so easily possible in such regions.
4. Practice of mulching is very important in permaculture farming but not necessarily so in conventional chemical farming.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 3
(b) 1, 2 and 4
(c) 4 only
(d) 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2021]


2. What is/are the advantage/advantages of zero tillage in agriculture?

1. Sowing of wheat is possible without burning the residue of previous crop.
2. Without the need for nursery of rice saplings, direct planting of paddy seeds in the wet soil is possible.
3. Carbon sequestration in the soil is possible.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]


3. In the context of India, which of the following is/ are considered to be the practice(s) of eco-friendly agriculture?

1. Crop diversification
2. Legume intensification
3. Tensiometer use
4. Vertical farming

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2, and 3 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]


4. What are the advantages of fertigation in agriculture?

1. Controlling the alkalinity of irrigation water is possible.
2. Efficient application of Rock Phosphate and all other phosphatic fertilizers is possible.
3. Increased availability of nutrients to plants is possible.
4. Reduction in the leaching of chemical nutrients is possible.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 1, 2 and 4 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 2, 3 and 4 only

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]


5. Who has written ‘The History of Indian Agriculture?

(a) M. S. Swaminathan
(b) S. Ayyapan
(c) K.B. Thomas
(d) M.S. Randhawa

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


6. The agro-ecological regions of the country are –

(a) 15
(b) 17
(c) 18
(d) 20

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013, U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Spl) (Pre) 2010]


7. Read the following statements and choose the correct option :

Statement I: India has been divided into 20 agro climatic regions
Statement II: India has been divided into 15 agro ecological regions
Statement III: Coverage area of Western Himalaya cold arid ecoregional is more than coverage area of Western Himalaya region

(a) Statement I, II and III all are correct
(b) Statement I, II and III all are incorrect
(c) Only Statement I and II are correct
(d) Only Statement I is correct
(e) None of the above / More than one of the above

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


8. The total number of Agro-ecological zones in India is –

(a) 15
(b) 17
(c) 19
(d) 20

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


9. Assertion (A): The dry zone of India has a predominantly agrarian economy.
Reason (R): It has large potential for the second Green Revolution.

Select the correct answer from the code given below:

Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


10. In the context of food and nutritional security of India, enhancing the ‘Seed Replacement Rates’ of various crops helps in achieving the food production targets of the future. But what is/are the constraint/ constraints in its wider/greater implementation?

1. There is no National Seeds Policy in place.
2. There is no participation of private sector seed companies in the supply of quality seeds of vegetables and planting materials of horticultural crops.
3. There is a demand-supply gap regarding quality seeds in case of low value and high volume crops.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) None

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2014]


11. The first Agricultural University in the country was set up in the year –

(a) 1950
(b) 1960
(c) 1970
(d) 1980

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013, U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013]


12. The first Agricultural University of the country is

(a) J.N.K.V. Jabalpur
(b) G.B.P.A.U. Pant Nagar
(c) P.A.U. Ludhiana
(d) R.A.U. Bikaner

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


13. If safe storage is to be ensured, the moisture content of food grains at the time of harvesting should NOT be higher than

(a) 14%
(b) 16%
(c) 18%
(d) 20%

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


14. The approximate representation of land use classification in India is –

(a) Net area sown 25%; forests 33%; other areas 42%
(b) Net area sowed 58%; forests 17%; other areas 25%
(c) Net area sowed 43%; forests 29%; other areas 28%
(d) Net area sown 47%; forests 23%; other areas 30%

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2010]


15. Double cropping in agriculture means raising of

(a) Two crops at different times
(b) Two crops simultaneously
(c) One crop along with another crop
(d) None of these

[43rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1999]


16. Which of the following is the chief characteristic of ‘mixed farming’?

(a) Cultivation of both cash crops and food crops
(b) Cultivation of two or more crops in the same field
(c) Rearing of animals and cultivation of crops together
(d) None of the above

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


17. Mixed farming consists of:

(a) Growing several crops in a planned way
(b) Growing rabi as well as Kharif crops
(c) Growing several crops and also rearing animals
(d) Growing of fruits as well as vegetables

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2010]


18. In the given states leaving……… percentage of agricultural land is excessive.

(a) Punjab
(b) Haryana
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) Sikkim

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


19. Which of the following is not a characteristic of Indian Agriculture?

(a) Over-dependence on nature
(b) Low level of productivity
(c) Diversity of crops
(d) Predominance of large farms

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


20. The reasons for low productivity in Indian agriculture are-

(a) Overcrowding in Agriculture
(b) Small Land Holding
(c) Traditional agricultural practices
(d) All of the Above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2007]


21. Which one of the following is the pathway to increase productivity in agriculture?

(a) Efficient irrigation
(b) Quality seeds
(c) Use of pesticides
(d) Use of fertilizers
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[64th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2018]


22. Assertion (A): Green Revolution Technology played a crucial role in gradually transforming traditional agriculture into a modern scientific one.
Reason (R): It did not involve much social and environmental cost.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


23. Which of the following is not the reason for low productivity in Indian agriculture?

(a) Pressure of the population on the land
(b) Disguised unemployment
(c) Cooperative farming
(d) Small Land Holding

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]


24. The average size of operational holdings in India is the largest in –

(a) Punjab
(b) Gujarat
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Rajasthan

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2010]


25. Agriculture in India is considered as :

(a) A means of livelihood
(b) A profession
(c) A trade
(d) An industry

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


26. With reference to Indian agriculture, which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) About 90 percent of the area under pulses in India is rainfed
(b) The share of pulses in the gross cropped area at the national level has doubled in the last two decades
(c) India accounts for about 15 percent of the total area under rice cultivation in the world
(d) Rice occupies about 34 percent of the gross cropped area of India.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2002]


27. The two largest consumers of chemical fertilizers in India are

(a) Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra
(b) Punjab and Haryana
(c) Punjab and Uttar Pradesh
(d) Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


28. In newly improved arid land the crop suitable for the green manure is-

(a) Lobia
(b) Dhaincha
(c) Green Gram(Moong)
(d) Brown Hemp(Sanai)

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


29. Which of the following green manure crops contains the highest amount of nitrogen?

(a) Dhaincha
(b) Sunhemp
(c) Cowpea
(d) Guar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


30. Balanced fertilizers are used to

(a) Increase the production
(b) Improve fertilizer use efficiency
(c) Maintain the productivity of the soil
(d) All of these

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


31. In southern India, the area of high agricultural productivity is found in –

(a) Kerala coast
(b) Tamil Nadu coast
(c) Telangana
(d) Vidarbha

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


32. The richest state in replenishable groundwater resources is :

(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) West Bengal

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


33. Which one of the following states is the pioneer in introducing contract farming in India?

(a) Haryana
(b) Punjab
(c) Tamil Nadu
(d) Uttar Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


34. “Green agriculture” involves –

(a) Organic farming and emphasis on horticulture
(b) Avoiding pesticides, chemical fertilizers while focusing on horticulture and floriculture
(c) Integrated pest management, integrated nutrient supply and integrated natural resource management
(d) Emphasis on food crops, horticulture and floriculture

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


35. Which of the following is not true in respect of globalization’s impact on Indian Agriculture?

(a) Climate change
(b) Emphasis on cash crops
(c) Growth of income inequality
(d) Reduction of subsidies

[Uttarakhand Lower Sub. (Pre) 2010]


36. Which one of the following best describes the main objective of the ‘Seed Village Concept’?

(a) Encouraging the farmers to use their own farm seeds and discouraging them to buy the seeds from others
(b) Involving the farmers in training in quality seed production and thereby making available quality seeds to others at the appropriate time and affordable cost.
(c) Earmarking some villages exclusively for the production of certified seeds
(d) Identifying the entrepreneurs in villages and providing them with technology and finance to set up seed companies.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2015]


37. Agmark is –

(a) Co-operative Committee for production of eggs
(b) Co-operative committee for farmers
(c) Regulated market of eggs
(d) Mark of standard Guarantee (Quality Certification)

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]