Contribution of Mothers of Freedom Fighter in Independence Movement

It is said that not only revolutionaries, even contribution of their mothers who fought hard for India’s independence is forgotten by historians.

  • India prides itself on the age-old invocation, ‘the mother and the motherland are more sacred than heaven itself’.
  • In this context, the emotional trauma the mother of the martyers undergo was tremendously outbursting. Besides, thei mothers also had toface the severe financial constraints and often died in and of extreme poverty.
  • But inspite of such gruesome harships, these mothers pushed their sons willingly to sacrifice for the motherland which was in utter despair due to the colonial rule.

Ramprasad ‘Bismil’ mother

  • Moolrani, the mother of martyr Ramprasad ‘Bismil’, leader of the historic Kakori conspiracy (August 9, 1925).
  • Moolrani’s indomitable spirit was such that when she visited her son in prison in Gorakhpur on the eve of his hanging, she did not lose her courage even on seeing the moistness in his eyes.
  • The harsh poverty that descended upon Bismil’s mother after his departure from the world turned her life into an unending ordeal.

Ashfaqullah Khan mother

  • The family of Kakori martyr Ashfaqullah Khan, who was hanged in Faizabad jail, was counted among the elite, well-to-do families of its time. His mother’s family too was prosperous.
  • But both families were virtually destroyed by the expenses they incurred in mounting a defence for Khan. Moreover, the British government forcibly took over many of their properties as well.
  • After Khan’s departure, there was no end to the tribulations of his mother Mazhoor-Un-Nisa Begum who encountered the inconsiderate face of relatives and society. Chandrashekhar Azad who went in disguise to Shahjahanpur and helped financially.

Chandrasekhar Azad mother

  • Jagrani Devi, the mother of Azad who preferred to let go of his life rather than be captured by the police surrounding him in Alfred Park (now Azad Park)
  • For a long time Jagrani Devi lived in poverty with nothing but kodu grains to stave off hunger. When Jawaharlal Nehru came to know about her plight, he sent an amount of Rs 500 for her.

Bhagat Singh mother

  • At the time of his birth, on September 28, 1907, in Banga village (now in Pakistan), his father (Sardar Kishan Singh) and uncles (Sardar Ajit Singh and Sardar Swaran Singh) were serving a prison term for taking part in revolutionary activities.
  • After Bhagat Singh’s martyrdom following the Lahore conspiracy (December 20, 1928) and Central Legislative Assembly bombing case (April 8, 1929), Vidyawati may not have experienced many vicissitudes, but she also did not enjoy, or was deprived of, the status she deserved – as the mother of a martyr of martyrs.

Question for Answer Writing

Q: It is said that not only revolutionaries, even contribution of their mothers who fought hard for India’s independence is forgotten by historians. Examine contribution of such heroic women who helped revolutionary cause during struggle for independence.

Reference: The Wire

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