Social-Religious Movements– Old Year Questions and Answers

1. Which category of the population was primarily attracted by Religious reform movements of the nineteenth century?
(i) Intellectuals
(ii) Urban upper castes

(iii) Poor ordinariness class
(iv) Liberal princes

Choose your answer from the given code :

(a) Only i
(b) i and ii
(c) i, ii and iii
(d) i, ii and iv

[47th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2005]


2. Consider the following statements:

Assertion (A): Socio-religious movements of the 19th century resulted in the modernization of India.
Reason (R): Rationalism, scientific temper, and other such ideas which are the basis of modernization were at the core of the socio-religious movements.

Select the correct answer from the code given below:

Code :

(a) (R) is true, but (A) is false.
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2016]


3. Which of the following class has been influenced by Western civilization first?

(a) Noble landlords
(b) New rich merchants
(c) Educated Hindu middle class
(d) Educated Muslims

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1996]


4. Who among the following great men is called the ‘Father of Indian Renaissance’?

(a) Vivekananda
(b) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(c) Rabindra Nath Tagore
(d) Dayanand Saraswati

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


5. Who is called the father of the ‘Indian Renaissance’?

(a) Raja Ram Mohan Rai
(b) Dayanand Saraswati
(c) Swami Vivekanand
(d) Ramkrishna Paramhansa

[Uttrakhand U.D.A./LDA (Mains) 2007]


6. Who was the father of the Indian Renaissance movement?

(a) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(b) Dayanand Saraswati
(c) Shraddhanand
(d) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


7. Who was the leading envoy of the Renaissance movement in India?

(a) Devendranath Tagore
(b) Keshav Chandra Sen
(c) Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar
(d) Ram Mohan Roy

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


8. Who is considered the Prophet of Nationalism?

(a) M. K. Gandhi
(b) Ram Mohn Roy
(c) Rabindranath Tagore
(d) Dayanand Saraswati

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2009]


9. Who is considered the first ‘Modern Man’ of India?

(a) Nana Saheb
(b) A. O. Hume
(c) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(d) Swami Vivekanand

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2012]


10. The First Society founded by Raja Ram Mohan Roy was:

(a) Brahma Samaj
(b) Atmiya Sabha
(c) Brahma Sabha
(d) Tatvabodhini Sabha

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


11. Who among the following was the founder of Atmiya Sabha?

(a) Raja Rammohan Roy
(b) Swami Dayanand Saraswati
(c) Swami Vivekanand
(d) Aurobindo Ghosh

[41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


12. Brahmo Samaj was founded in the year of-

(a) 1828
(b) 1829
(c) 1831
(d) 1843

[41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


13. Raja Rammohan Roy established Brahma Samaj in

(a) 1816 A.D.
(b) 1820 A.D.
(c) 1828 A.D.
(d) 1830 A.D.

[47th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2005]


14. Brahmo Samaj was founded by –

(a) Dayanand Saraswati
(b) Swami Vivekananda
(c) Keshav Chandra Sen
(d) Ram Mohan Roy

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


15. The founder of Brahmo Samaj was –

(a) C. R. Das
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(d) Swami Dayanand Saraswati

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007, M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006, Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2002, Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


16. Who gave Ram Mohan Roy the title of ‘Raja’?

(a) Lord William Bentinck
(b) Akbar-II
(c) The followers of Brahmo Samaj
(d) Intellectuals who opposed Sati Practice

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


17. Who adorned Ram Mohan Roy with the title of ‘Raja’?

(a) Aurangzeb
(b) Robert Clive
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Mughal Emperor Akbar II

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


18. The Samadhi of Raja Rammohan Roy is in :

(a) Kolkata
(b) Patna
(c) Bristol, England
(d) Canada

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


19. Consider the following:
1. Calcutta Unitarian Committee
2. Tabernacle of New Dispensation
3. Indian Reform Association
Keshav Chandra Sen is associated with the establishment of which of the above?

(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2016]


20. The founder of ‘Bhartiya Brahmo Samaj’ was :

(a) Devendranath Tagore
(b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(c) Keshav Chandra Sen
(d) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Spl) (Pre) 2010, U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Spl) (Mains) 2010, U.P. P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


21. Who founded the Adi Brahmasamaj?

(a) Devendranath Tagore
(b) Keshav Chandra Sen
(c) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(d) Rabindranath Tagore

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre.) 2020]


22. Who is regarded as the father of Indian Nationalism?

(a) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(c) Surendranath Banerjee
(d) None of the above

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013]


23. The Brahmo Samaj is based on the principle of :

(a) Monotheism
(b) Polytheism
(c) Atheism
(d) Monism

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


24. Which of the following were not protested by Raja Ram Mohan Roy?

(a) Child marriage
(b) Sati system
(c) Western education
(d) Idolatry

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


25. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Brahmo Samaj?
1. It opposed idolatry.
2. It denied the need for a priestly class for interpreting the religious texts.
3. It popularized the doctrine that the Vedas are infallible.
Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(a) Only 1
(b) 1 and 2
(c) Only 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


26. Which one of the following social reformers strongly opposed the Jury Act of 1826′?

(a) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(b) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(c) Mahadev Govind Ranade
(d) Rajnarayan Basu

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


27. The best representative of Neo-Hindustan in the second half of the nineteenth century was –

(a) Ramkrishna Paramhans
(b) Swami Vivekanand
(c) Bankim Chandra Chatterji
(d) Raja Rammohan Roy

[41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


28. Vivekanand attended the ‘Parliament of World’s Religions held in Chicago in

(a) 1872
(b) 1890
(c) 1893
(d) 1901

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


29. Who among the following participated in the Parliament of Religions held in Chicago in 1893?

(a) Dayananda Saraswati
(b) Swami Vivekananda
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Raja Rammohan Roy
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[66th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2020]


30. When did Swami Vivekanand deliver his speech at the ‘World Religion Conference in Chicago

(a) 1863
(b) 1893
(c) 1881
(d) 1894

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


31. Who among the following represented India at the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago in 1893?

(a) Swami Dayanand Saraswati
(b) Ram Krishna Paramhans
(c) Swami Vivekanand
(d) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004, M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


32. In which year Swami Vivekananda took part in the Parliament of World Religion?

(a) 1893
(b) 1895
(c) 1897
(d) 1899

[U.P. P.C.S. (Spl) (Pre) 2008]


33. Who among the following famous reformers wrote the books Jnyana Yoga, Karma Yoga, and Raja Yoga?

(a) Swami Vivekananda
(b) Ranade
(c) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(d) Ramakrishna Paramahansa

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015]


34. Who was the founder of the Ram Krishna Mission?

(a) Ramkrishna Paramhansa
(b) M.N. Das Gupta
(c) Swami Vivekananda
(d) Swami Rangnath Nanda

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004, M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996]


35. Ramakrishna Mission was started by

(a) Ramakrishna Paramhansa
(b) Dayanand Saraswati
(c) Swami Vivekananda
(d) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


36. Who founded the ‘Ram Krishna Mission’ in 1897 A.D.?

(a) Vivekanand
(b) Ram Krishna Paramhansa
(c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(d) Shyamji Krishna Verma

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


37. Swami Vivekanand established Ramakrishna Mission in the year

(a) 1861
(b) 1891
(c) 1893
(d) 1897

[41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


38. The Ram Krishna Mission was founded by Swami Vivekanand in the year –

(a) 1886
(b) 1892
(c) 1898
(d) 1897

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Re. Exam) (Pre) 2013]


39. Who was Sharadamani?

(a) Wife of Raja Rammohan Roy
(b) Wife of Ramakrishna Paramahansa
(c) Mother of Vivekananda
(d) Daughter of Keshab Chandra Sen.

[47th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2005]


40. Dayanand Saraswati founded –

(a) Brahmo Samaj
(b) Arya Samaj
(c) Prarthana Samaj
(d) Bahujan Samaj

[43rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1999]


41. The year Arya Samaj was founded :

(a) 1865
(b) 1870
(c) 1875
(d) 1880

[U.P. Lower sub. (Pre) 2009]


42. Who established the ‘Arya Samaj’?

(a) Ranade
(b) Dayanand
(c) Dayananda Saraswati
(d) Swami Vivekananda
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[66th B.P.S.C. Re-Exam (Pre) 2020]


43. Who of the following is responsible for the revival of Vedas:

(a) Rama Krishna Paramhans
(b) Ramanuja
(c) Swami Dayanand Saraswati
(d) Swami Vivekanand

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


44. Who had said, ‘Let’s go back to the Vedas’?

(a) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(b) Dayanand Saraswati
(c) Vivekananda
(d) Ramakrishna Paramhansa

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


45. Who among the following is known as ‘Martin Luther of India’?

(a) Swami Dayanand Saraswati
(b) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(c) Swami Vivekanand
(d) Swami Shraddhanand

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007, U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


46. ‘Satyarth Prakash’ was written by –

(a) Raja Rammohan Roy
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Swami Vivekanand
(d) Swami Dayanand Saraswati

[U.P.R.O./R.R.O. (Mains) 2013, Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2006, 47th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2005]


47. The writer of “Satyartha Prakasha” is

(a) Swami Vivekanand
(b) Swami Nishchalanand
(c) Swami Chinmayanand
(d) Swami Haridas
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


48. Who has written ‘Satyarth Prakash’?

(a) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(c) Swami Vivekananda
(d) Dayanand Saraswati

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


49. ‘Satyarth Prakash’ is a sacred book of –

(a) Arya Samaj
(b) Brahmo Samaj
(c) Theosophical Society
(d) Prarthana Samaj

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]


50. Who was the author of “Satyarth Prakash”?

(a) Swami Shaddhanand
(b) Maharshi D.K. Karve
(c) Swami Dayanand Saraswati
(d) Pt. Shri Ram Sharma, Acharya

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


51. Which among the following organizations supported the Shuddhi movement?

(a) Arya Samaj
(b) Brahmo Samaj
(c) Dev Samaj
(d) Prarthana Samaj

[U.P. P.C.S (Pre) 2010]


52. Given below are two statements, one labeled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R).
Assertion (A): The Arya Samaj Movement gave self-confidence and self-reliance to the Hindus.
Reason (R): The Arya Samaj Movement undermined the belief in the superiority of the White Race.
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false but (R) is true

[U.P.B.E.O. (Pre) 2019]


53. Who of the following said, ‘Good Government is no substitute for Self-Government’?

(a) Lokmanya Tilak
(b) Swami Vivekananda
(c) Swami Dayanand
(d) Rabindranath Tagore

[Uttranchal P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


54. Who amongst the following first used the word ‘Swaraj’ and accepted Hindi as the national language?

(a) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(b) Swami Dayanand
(c) Swami Vivekanand
(d) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 1999]


55. Arrange the following in chronological order :

1. Tulsidas
2. Raja Rammohan Roy
3. Swami Vivekanand
4. Dayanand Saraswati

Code :
(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 1 2 4 3
(c) 2 1 3 4
(d) 2 3 4 1

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]


56. Who was the founder of ‘Prarthana Samaj’?

(a) Dayanand Saraswati
(b) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(c) Aatma Ram Pandurang
(d) Mahadev Govind Ranade

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2004]


57. Who was the founder of ‘Prarthana Samaj’?

(a) Atmaram Pandurang
(b) Tilak
(c) M.G. Chandrakar
(d) M.G. Ranade

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2010]


58. Identify the correct combination from the options given below for Prarthana Samaj, Young India, Lokahitavadi, Satyashodhak Samaj, and Rehnumai Mazdayasan Sabha:

(a) Gopal Hari Deshmukh, Atmaram Pandurang, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Jyotiba Phule, Naoroji Furdonji.
(b) Atmaram Pandurang, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Gopal Hari Deshmukh, Jyotiba Phule, Naoroji Furdonji
(c) Atmaram Pandurang, Jyotiba Phule, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Gopal Hari Deshmukh, Naoroji Furdonji.
(d) Naoroji Furdonji, Atmaram Pandurang, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Gopal Hari Deshmukh, Jyotiba Phule.
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2018]


59. Who was the founder of ‘Prarthana Samaj’?

(a) Atmaram Panduranga
(b) Tilak
(c) Annie Besant
(d) Rasbihari Ghose

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


60. Who was the chief director of Prarthana Samaj in Maharashtra?

(a) R.G. Bhandarkar
(b) M.G. Ranade
(c) Pandit Ramabai
(d) Gopal Ganesh Agarkar

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004]


61. Who among the following was the founder of ‘Dev Samaj’?

(a) Vallabhbhai Patel
(b) Dadabhai Naoroji
(c) Shiv Narayan Agnihotri
(d) Ramakrishna Paramhansa

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2003, U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2002, U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2002]


62. In 1873 who founded Satya Shodhak Samaj?

(a) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(b) Jyotiba Phule
(c) Shiv Nath Shastri
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997, 40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


63. Who formed the ‘Satya Shodhak Samaj’?

(a) B.R. Ambedkar
(b) Keshavchandra Sen
(c) Pandita Ramabai
(d) Jyotiba Phule

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


64. Who established ‘Satya Sodhak Samaj’?

(a) B.R. Ambedkar
(b) Santram
(c) Jotiba Phule
(d) Bhaskar Rao Jadhav

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


65. Which one of the following was the author of ‘Gulamgiri.’

(a) B.R. Ambedkar
(b) Jyotiba Phule
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Periyar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2000]


66. Satya Shodhak Movement was launched by :

(a) Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj
(b) B. R. Ambedkar
(c) Jyotiba Phule
(d) T.N. Nair

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


67. ‘Satyashodhak Samaj’ was founded by

(a) Dayanand Saraswati
(b) Jyotiba Phule
(c) Gandhiji
(d) Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[65th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2019]


68. Which of the following organizations was established by Mahatma Jyotiba Phule?

(a) Gopal Mandal
(b) Sri Narayan Sabha
(c) Satya Shodhak Samaj
(d) Mahajan Sabha

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./LDA (Mains) 2007]


69. Whose main aim was to uplift the backward classes?

(a) Prarthana Samaj
(b) Satyashodhak Samaj
(c) Arya Samaj
(d) Ramakrishna Mission

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


70. Satya Shodhak Samaj organized

(a) A movement for the upliftment of tribals in Bihar
(b) A temple-entry movement in Gujarat
(c) An anti-caste movement in Maharashtra
(d) A peasant movement in Punjab

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2016]


71. The Bengali leader who opposed socio-religious reforms and supported orthodoxy was

(a) Radhakant Deb
(b) Nemisadhan Bose
(c) Hemchandra Biswas
(d) Hemchandra De

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2008]


72. Which of the above following was started in opposition to the religious/social ideas of Ram Mohan Roy?

(a) Digdarshan
(b) Samachar Chandrika
(c) Samvad Kaumudi
(d) Bengal Gazette

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


73. Who was the founder of Radha Swami Satsang?

(a) Haridas Swami
(b) Shivdyal Sahab
(c) Shiv Narayan Agnihotri
(d) Swami Shraddhananda

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2002]


74. Which reformer of Maharashtra is also known as ‘Lokahitvadi’?

(a) M.G. Ranade
(b) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(c) Pandit Ramabai
(d) Gopal Hari Deshmukh

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


75. Who was known by the nickname “Lokahitvadi”?

(a) Gopal Hari Deshmukh
(b) Mahadev Govind Ranade
(c) Jyotiba Phule
(d) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

[U.P.P.C.S. (Re. Exam) (Pre) 2015]


76. The campaign for widow remarriage in Maharashtra was led by :

(a) Vishnu Parashuram Pandit
(b) B.M. Malabari
(c) Gopal Hari Deshmukh.
(d) Dadabhai Naoroji

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2013]


77. The Greatest Parsi Social reformer of the 19th century was:

(a) Sir Jamshedji
(b) Sir Rustom Behramji
(c) Navalji Tata
(d) Behramji M. Mallabari

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2010]


78. In which year was the Age of Consent Act passed?

(a) 1856
(b) 1891
(c) 1881
(d) 1905

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


79. His principal forte was social and religious reform. He relied upon legislation to do away with social ills and worked unceasingly for the eradication of child marriage, the purdah system. To encourage consideration of social problems on a national scale, he inaugurated the Indian National Social Conference, which for many years met for its annual sessions alongside the Indian National Congress.

Their reference in this passage is to:

(a) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(b) Behramji Merwanji Malabari
(c) Mahadev Govind Ranade
(d) B.R. Ambedkar

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]


80. During the Indian Freedom Struggle, the National Social Conference was formed. What was the reason for its formation?

(a) Different social reform groups or organizations of the Bengal region united to form a single body to discuss the issues of larger interest and to prepare appropriate petitions/representation to the Government
(b) The Indian National Congress did not want to include social reforms in its deliberations and decided to form a separate body for such a purpose
(c) Behramji Malabari and MG Ranade decided to bring together all the social reform groups in the country under one organization
(d) None of the statements (a), (b), and (c) given above is correct in this context

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


81. Consider the following statements:

1. Arya Samaj was founded in 1835
2. Lala Lajpat Rai opposed the appeal of Arya Samaj to the authority of Vedas in support of its social reform program.
3. Under Keshab Chandra Sen, the Brahmo Samaj campaigned for women’s education
4. Vinoba Bhave founded the Sarvodaya Samaj to work with refugees

Which of these statements is correct?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 2 and 4
(d) 3 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2001]


82. In which year was the Hindu Widow Remarriage Act passed?

(a) 1856
(b) 1858
(c) 1859
(d) 1862

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


83. Which of the following Acts was passed in 1856?

(i) Religious Disabilities Act
(ii) Sati Prohibition Act
(iii) Hindu Widow Remarriage Act
(iv) Policy of Annexation

Choose the correct option from the codes given below:

(a) i and ii
(b) i and iii
(c) iii and iv
(d) i, ii, and iv

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2001]


84. The name of D.K. Karve of Western India figures in the context of which of the following?

(a) Sati Pratha
(b) Infanticide
(c) Women’s Education
(d) Widow Remarriage

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


85. Who among the following prominently fought for and got widow remarriage legalized?

(a) Annie Besant
(b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(c) M.G. Ranade
(d) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2012]


86. “I have no time to think about God because a lot of work has to be done on this earth” Whose statement is above?

(a) Swami Vivekanand
(b) Swami Dayanand Saraswati
(c) Swami Ramakrishna Paramhans
(d) Swami Ishwarchandra Vidhyasagar

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) (Re-Exam) 2016]


87. Which of the following statements is not correct?

(a) In 1829, William Bentinck declared Sati System an offense by law.
(b) The Government had passed an Act in 1856 under which Hindu widows could remarry.
(c) Swami Dayanand Saraswati founded Arya Samaj in 1875.
(d) Raja Ram Mohan Roy was a supporter of the Sati System.

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


88. Who declared ‘Sati’ illegal?

(a) Warren Hastings
(b) William Bentinck
(c) Cornwallis
(d) Curzon
(e) None of the above/ More than one of the above

[63rd B.P.S.C (Pre.) 2017]


89. What did the Act V of 1843 make illegal?

(a) Child marriage
(b) Infanticide
(c) Sati
(d) Slavery

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


90. Who among the following had played an important role in passing the Native Marriage Act of 1872?

(a) Devendra Nath Tagore
(b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(c) Keshav Chandra Sen
(d) Shyam Chandra Das

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


91. In which year was the ‘Native Marriage Act’ passed?

(a) 1870
(b) 1872
(c) 1874
(d) 1876

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


92. The Civil Marriage Act of 1872 sought to curb the practice of child marriage by placing the minimum age of girls at:

(a) 14 years
(b) 18 years
(c) 16 years
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2000]


93. Consider the following passage:

“Born in 1853 he was a Parsi from Western India. He was the editor of “Indian Spectator” and “Voice of India.” He was a social reformer and was the chief crusader for the Age of Consent Act of 1891.

Who is being described in the above paragraph?

(a) Dadabhai Naoroji
(b) B. M. Malabari
(c) B.P. Wadia
(d) Naoroji Furdon Ji

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


94. What was the minimum marriageable age fixed under the Sharda Act for boys and girls?

(a) 12 and 16
(b) 14 and 18
(c) 15 and 21
(d) 16 and 22

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


95. Sharda Act related to –

(a) Prevention of child marriage
(b) Prevention of intercaste marriage
(c) Prevention of widow marriage
(d) Prevention of tribal marriage

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2002]


96. Who founded the ‘Theosophical Society’?

(a) Madame H.P. Blavatsky
(b) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Swami Vivekananda

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


97. The success of the Theosophical Society in India was mainly due to –

(a) Annie Besant
(b) Colonel H.S. Alcott
(c) Sir William Crook
(d) M.M. Malviya

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2010]


98. Which of the following is NOT correctly matched?
Organization   Person

(a) Young Bengal Movement – Henry Vivian Derozeo
(b) Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha – Jyotiba Phuble
(c) Theosophical Society – Colonel Olcott
(d) United Indian Patriotic Association – Syed Ahmad Khan

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) (Re-Exam) 2016]


99. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(a) Raja Ram Mohan Roy – Brahmo Samaj
(b) Swami Dayanand Saraswati – Arya Samaj
(c) Swami Vivekanand – Ramkrishna Mission
(d) Mahadev Govind Ranade – Theosophical Society

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


100. Find the correct matches in Lists I and II in the alternatives given thereunder:

List- I List- II
1. Prarthana Samaj A. Raja Ram Mohan Roy
2. Brahmo Samaj  B. Vivekananda
3. Arya Samaj  C. Dayanand Saraswati
4. Ram Krishna Mission  D. Ranade
  E. Ram Krishna Paramhansa

Code :
 1 2 3 4
(a) A B C D
(b) B E A C
(c) D A C E
(d) D A C B

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


101. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(a) Theosophical Society – Annie Besant
(b) Ramakrishna Mission – Ramakrishna Paramhansa
(c) Brahmo Samaj – Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(d) Arya Samaj – Dayanand Saraswati

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


102. Which one of the following is not correctly matched?

(a) Prarthana Samaj – Dr. Atmaram Pandurang
(b) Atmiya Sabha – Debendra Nath Tagore
(c) Brahmo Samaj of India – Keshav Chandra Sen
(d) Radhaswami Satsang – Tulsi Ram

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


103. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists:

List-I List-II
A. Brahmo Samaj 1. Mumbai
B. Manav Dharma Sabha 2. Surat
C. Arya Samaj  3. Kolkata
D. Nadwah-ul-Ulama 4. Lucknow

Code :

(a) 4 1 3 2
(b) 1 4 3 2
(c) 3 1 4 2
(d) 3 2 1 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2003]


104. Match the following.

A. Prarthana Samaj 1. Swami Vivekananda
B. Ramakrishna Mission 2. Mahadev Govind Ranade
C. Satyashodhak Samaj 3. Sir Sayed Ahmed Khan
D. Muhammad-Anglo Oriental College Aligarh 4. Jyotiba Phule

Code :

(a) 1 4 3 2
(b) 4 3 2 1
(c) 2 1 4 3
(d) 4 2 3 1

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


105. Which one of the following is correctly matched?

(a) Brahmo Samaj of India -Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(b) Tatvabodhini Sabha – Keshav Chandra Sen
(c) The Satyashodhak Samaj – Devendranath Tagore
(d) The Servants of India Society – Gopal Krishna Gokhale

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


106. M.C. Setalvad, B.N. Rao, and Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer were distinguished members of the:

(a) Swaraj Party
(b) All India National Liberal Federation
(c) Madras Labour Union
(d) Servants of India Society

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1997]


107. ‘Servants of India Society was founded by –

(a) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(b) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(c) Dadabhai Naoroji
(d) Lala Lajpat Rai

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015]


108. Who was the founder of ‘Servants of India Society’?

(a) Madan Mohan Malviya
(b) Sarojini Naidu
(c) Justice Ranade
(d) Gopal Krishna Gokhale

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


109. Who was the founder of the Servants of India society?

(a) M.G. Ranade
(b) Anant Patwardhan
(c) G. K. Gokhale
(d) B.G. Tilak

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


110. Who was the founder of Bahujan Samaj?

(a) Sri Narayan Guru
(b) Mukund Rao Patil
(c) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
(d) B.R. Shinde

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2010]


111. The Rajahmundry Social Reform Association to encourage widow re-marriage was founded in 1871 by –

(a) Veeresalingam
(b) K. Ramakrishan Pillai
(c) K.T. Telang
(d) Gopalachariar

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre.) 2021]


112. Who demanded the right to enter temples that caused a terrible riot in Tirunelveli in 1899?

(a) Okalinga
(b) Nadars
(c) Mahar
(d) Pali

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


113. Who said “If God were to tolerate untouchability, I would not recognize him as God at all.”

(a) B.R. Ambedkar
(b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(c) Lala Lajpat Rai
(d) Mahatma Gandhi

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


114. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below-

List-I List-II
A. Raja Ram Mohan Roy 1. Said that Brahmovad should be made the religion of the world.
B. Keshav Chandra Sen 2. Identified Hinduism with religion instituted in Vedas.
C Dayanand Saraswati 3. Emphasized that there are several ways to reach God.
D. Ramakrishna 4. The purest form of Hinduism Paramhansa is contained in Upanishads

Code :

(a) 1 4 2 3
(b) 1 4 3 2
(c) 4 1 3 2
(d) 4 1 2 3

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 1998]


115. Which one of the following is not correctly matched:

(a) A.Pandurang – Prarthana Samaj
(b) Dayanand Saraswati – Arya Samaj
(c) Raja Ram Mohan Roy – Adi Brahma Samaj
(d) Vivekanand – Ram Krishna Mission

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


116. Who among the following social reformers was known for proficiency in the Sanskrit language?

(a) Dayanand Saraswati
(b) Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar
(c) Raja Rammohan Roy
(d) All the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013]


117. Read the following statements carefully–
1. Brahmo Samaj supported monotheism.
2. Arya Samaj contributed to the development of education.
3. Swami Vivekanand founded Ramakrishna Mission.
Answer on the basis of the following code :

(a) 1, 2, and 3 are true
(b) 1 and 2 and true
(c) 1 and 3 are true
(d) 2 and 3 are true

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


118. The women’s movement in India started largely under the inspiration of :

(a) Padmabai Ranaday
(b) Annie Besant
(c) Sarojini Naidu
(d) Jyotiba Phule

[48th to 52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008]


119. What was common among Brahma Samaj, Ram Krishna Mission, and Arya Samaj?

(a) None of these three had a political mission but they helped to develop a spirit of patriotism
(b) All three originated in Bengal
(c) Founder of all three was educated in England
(d) Founder of all three took an active part in politics

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2008]


120. Which of the following statements is not correct?

(a) Dr. Annie Besant was a Theosophist.
(b) The International headquarters of the Theosophical Society is in Madras.
(c) Swami Dayanand founded Arya Samaj.
(d) Mahatma Gandhi was born in Gandhinagar.

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


121. ‘Dar-ul-Ulum was established by –

(a) Maulana Shibli Numani
(b) Maulavi Hussain Ahmad
(c) Maulavi Abdullah Chakralavi
(d) Maulana Ahmad Riza Khan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


122. The Deoband Movement in U.P. (United Provinces) started in the year

(a) 1900 A.D.
(b) 1888 A.D.
(c) 1885 A.D.
(d) 1866 A.D.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


123. Who began the Faraizi Movement?

(a) Haji Shariatullah
(b) Syed Ahmed
(c) Salimullah
(d) M.A. Jinnah
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2018]


124. The Tarkeshwar Movement of 1924 in Bengal was against:

(a) Corruption in temples
(b) Violence
(c) Arrest of political leaders
(d) Communalism

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2015]


125. ‘Hali System’ concerned :

(a) Bonded labor
(b) Exploitation of peasants
(c) Untouchability
(d) Illiteracy

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]