Mughal Dynasty : Aurangzeb– Old Year Questions and Answers

1. Assertion (A): Aurangzeb succeeded Shah Jahan to the Mughal throne.
Reason (R): The law of primogeniture was followed.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


2. Which of the following Mughal emperors was coronated twice?

(a) Akbar
(b) Jahangir
(c) Shah Jahan
(d) Aurangzeb

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2009, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


3. The battle of Dharmat was fought between :

(a) Muhammad Ghori and Jai Chand
(b) Babur and Afghans
(c) Aurangzeb and Dara Shukoh
(d) Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marathas

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


4. Aurangzeb defeated Jaswant Singh, the King of Jodhpur in the battle of Dharmat in 1658. Dharma situated in which state?

(a) Rajasthan
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Gujarat
(d) Uttar Pradesh

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2007]


5. Where was Darashikoh buried?

(a) Delhi
(b) Agra
(c) Aurangabad
(d) Lahore

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2017]


6. Mughal Prince who took refuge in Srinagar Garhwal –

(a) Murad
(b) Aurangzeb
(c) Dara Shukoh
(d) Sulaiman Shukoh

[Uttarakhand P.C.S.(Pre) 2004]


7. Which son of Aurangzeb revolted against his father, weakening his father’s position against the Rajputs?

(a) Azam
(b) Akbar
(c) Muazzam
(d) Kam Baksh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


8. With which Mughal General did Shivaji sign the Treaty of Purandar in 1665?

(a) Diler Khan
(b) Jai Singh
(c) Jaswant Singh
(d) Shaista Khan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2011, U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A (Spl) (Pre) 2010, U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A (Spl) (Mains) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


9. Which Mughal Emperor was known as “Zinda Peer”?

(a) Akbar
(b) Aurangzeb
(c) Shah Jahan
(d) Jahangir

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]


10. Which European traveller came to India during the region of Aurangzeb?

(a) William Hawkins
(b) Thomas Roe
(c) Antonia Monserrate
(d) Peter Mundy

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


11. When did Aurangzeb get the victory over Bijapur?

(a) 1685
(b) 1686
(c) 1987
(d) 1684

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


12. Two of the following states, which Aurangzeb had conquered in Deccan, were :

(a) Ahmadnagar and Bijapur
(b) Bidar and Bijapur
(c) Bijapur and Golconda
(d) Golconda and Ahmednagar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2004, U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004]


13. Who was the ruler of Golkonda when Aurangzeb seized the fort of Golkonda in 1687?

(a) Abul Hasan Qutb Shah
(b) Sikandar Adil Shah
(c) Ali Adil Shah II (d) Shayasta Khan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


14. Which one of the following emperors had the highest number of Hindu Generals in the Mughal army:

(a) Humayun
(b) Akbar
(c) Nizamuddin
(d) Aurangzeb

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2000]


15. The Mughal emperor who appointed the maximum number of Hindu officials was –

(a) Akbar
(b) Aurangzeb
(c) Humayun
(d) Shah Jahan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1998, U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2004]


16. Who re-imposed Jizya?

(a) Akbar
(b) Aurangzeb
(c) Jahangir
(d) Humayun

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2002]


17. The meaning of ‘Jihad’ carried on by Aurangzeb is –

(a) Darul-Harb
(b) Dar-ul-Islam
(c) Holy War
(d) Jizya

[43rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1999]


18. Who among the following was called a ‘Zindapir’?

(a) Bahadur Shah I
(b) Shah Alam II
(c) Aurangzeb
(d) Adil Shah

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2017]


19. Creator of “Bibi Ka Maqbara/ Tomb of Bibi” was –

(a) Humayun
(b) Shah Jahan
(c) Akbar II
(d) Aurangzeb

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1999]


20. Which one of the following tombs is called the ‘Second Taj Mahal:

(a) Tomb of Anarkali
(b) Tomb of Itmad-ud-Daula
(c) Tomb of Rabia-ud-Daurani
(d) None of these

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2000]


21. Who among the following was the daughter of Emperor Aurangzeb?

(a) Jahan Ara
(b) Roshan Ara
(c) Gauhar Ara
(d) Mehrunnisa

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


22. To whom did Aurangzeb bestow the title of ‘Sahibat-uz-Zamani’?

(a) Shaista Khan
(b) Amin Khan
(c) Jahan Ara
(d) Roshan Ara

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


23. Saint Ramdas is associated with the period of rule of :

(a) Akbar
(b) Jahangir
(c) Shah Jahan
(d) Aurangzeb

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


24. Moti Masjid in the Red Fort at Delhi was built by :

(a) Akbar
(b) Jahangir
(c) Shah Jahan
(d) Aurangzeb

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2002, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2001]