Viral Diseases – Old Year Questions

1. A bacteriophage is a

(a) bacterium with a tail
(b) newly formed bacterium
(c) bacterium infecting virus
(d) virus infecting bacterium

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


2. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. Viruses lack enzymes necessary for the generation of energy.
2. Viruses can be cultured in any synthetic medium.
3. Viruses are transmitted from one organism to another by biological vectors only.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) 1 and 3
(d) All of these

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2013]


3. Which of the following does not have any enzyme in its cells?

(a) Lichen
(b) Virus
(c) Bacteria
(d) Algae
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[65th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2019]


4. The term ‘ACE2’ is talked about in the context of :

(a) genes introduced in the genetically modified plants
(b) development of India’s own satellite navigation system
(c) radio collars for wildlife tracking
(d) spread of viral diseases

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2021]


5. Which of the following disease is related to Coronavirus?

(a) MERS
(b) SARS
(c) COVID-19
(d) All of the above

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


6. Which disease among these is transmitted by the bite of an insect?

(a) Scurvy
(b) Dengue
(c) Pneumonia
(d) Asthma

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1996]


7. Dengue is a fever caused and transmitted to another human by :

(a) Virus and female Aedes mosquito
(b) Bacteria and female Culex mosquito
(c) Fungus and female Aedes mosquito
(d) Protozoan and female Anopheles mosquito

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


8. Which of these decreases in human the body due to dengue fever?

(a) Platelets
(b) Hb
(c) Sugar
(d) Water

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


9. Consider the following statements :
1. Dengue is a protozoan disease transmitted by mosquitoes.
2. Retro-orbital pain is not a symptom of dengue.
3. Skin rash and bleeding from nose and gums are some of the symptoms of dengue.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2005]


10. Yellow fever is spread by –

(a) Air
(b) Water
(c) Housefly
(d) None of the above

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


11. Which one of the following diseases is not transmitted by tiger mosquitoes?

(a) Yellow fever
(b) Dengue
(c) Chikungunya
(d) Japanese Encephalitis

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


12. Hydrophobia is caused by –

(a) Bacteria
(b) Fungus
(c) Virus
(d) Protozoan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


13. The disease caused by swelling of the membrane over spinal cord and brain is

(a) Leukaemia
(b) Paralysis
(c) Sclerosis
(d) Meningitis

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


14. One out of every 200 babies born in India, dies of diarrhoea caused by :

(a) Bacteria
(b) Rotavirus
(c) Amoeba
(d) Fungus

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]
[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


15. If a human disease breaks out across a large region of the world, what is it called?

(a) Pandemic
(b) Epidemic
(c) Endemic
(d) Epizootic

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2015]


16. Of the following which set includes all viral diseases?

(a) Tuberculosis, Herpes, Rabies
(b) Mumps, Rabies, Herpes
(c) Cancer, Tuberculosis, Poliomyelitis
(d) Chicken Pox, Cancer, Tuberculosis

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2002]


17. The poliovirus enters into the body through :

(a) Dog bite
(b) Mosquito bite
(c) Polluted food and water
(d) Saliva

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]
[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


18. ‘Polio’ is caused by :

(a) Bacteria
(b) Virus
(c) Insects or Flies
(c) Fungi

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


19. Who discovered the polio vaccine?

(a) Alexander Flemming
(b) Jones Salk
(c) Robert Koach
(d) Edward Genere

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


20. The vaccine for polio was first prepared by :

(a) Paul Ehrlich
(b) Jones Salk
(c) Louis Pasteur
(d) Joseph Lister

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


21. Salk’s vaccine is connected with which one of the following diseases?

(a) Smallpox
(b) Tetanus
(c) T.B.
(d) Polio

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2010]


22. Against which of the following diseases has the Government of India decided to give Bivalent ORV in place of Trivalent?

(a) Diptheria
(b) Malaria
(c) Typhoid
(d) Polio

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2016]


23. The pathogen responsible for the common cold is :

(a) Orthomixo virus
(b) Rhinovirus
(c) Leukaemia virus
(d) Poliovirus

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996]


24. Which one of the following diseases is not due to contamination of water?

(a) Typhoid
(b) Hepatitis B
(c) Jaundice
(d) Cholera

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2013]


25. The liver disease Hepatitis-B is caused by –

(a) DNA Virus
(b) RNA Virus
(c) Bacterium
(d) Platyhelminth

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


26. Hepatitis-B is caused by which micro-organism?

(a) Virus
(b) Protozoa
(c) Bacteria
(d) None of these

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


27. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

(a) Hepatitis B virus is transmitted much like HIV.
(b) Hepatitis B, unlike Hepatitis C, does not have a vaccine.
(c) Globally, the numbers of people infected with Hepatitis B and C viruses are several times more than those infected with HIV.
(d) Some of those infected with Hepatitis B and C viruses do not show the symptoms for many years.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2019]


28. The organ of the human body directly affected by the
disease of hepatitis is –

(a) Liver
(b) Lungs
(c) Heart
(d) Brain

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2004]


29. Which of the following diseases is caused by a virus?

(a) Diphtheria
(b) Malaria
(c) Cholera
(d) Hepatitis

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2006]


30. Which of the following pairs is incorrect?

(a) Plague-Rat
(b) Rabies-Dog
(c) Tapeworm-Pig
(d) Polio-Monkey

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


31. Consider the following diseases :
1. Diphtheria, 2. Chickenpox, 3. Smallpox
Which of the above diseases has/have been eradicated in India?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2014]


32. Smallpox was declared eradicated from the world in

(a) 1975
(b) 1980
(c) 1996
(d) 2008

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


33. Consider the given statement and reason :
Assertion : Smallpox is transmitted by a virus.
Reason : The patient should rest on separate bed.

(a) Assertion and reason, both are right and the reason is based on Assertion.
(b) Assertion is true, reason is false.
(c) Assertion is false, reason is true.
(d) Assertion and reason both are false.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


34. Which of the following disease is not caused by a bacteria?

(a) AIDS
(b) Diphtheria
(c) Cholera
(d) Whooping Cough

[Uttarakhand Lower Sub. (Pre) 2010]


35. Consider the following statements.
AIDS is transmitted :
1. By sexual intercourse
2. By blood transfusion
3. By mosquitoes and other blood sucking insects
4. Across the placenta

(a) 1, 2 and 3 are correct
(b) 1, 2 and 4 are correct
(c) 1, 3 and 4 are correct
(d) 1 and 3 are correct

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]


36. HIV does not spread AIDS through –

(a) HIV-infected blood
(b) Unsterilised needles
(c) Mosquito bites
(d) Unprotected sex

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


37. Consider the following statements :
Assertion (A) : Immune system gets affected by AIDS.
Reason (R) : T-lymphocytes get completely damaged
in AIDS.
Select the correct answer using the code given below :

Code :
(a) (A) is correct but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(b) (A) is correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is correct but (R) is wrong.
(d) (A) is wrong but (R) is correct

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2002]


38. Consider the following conditions of a sick human body:

1. Swollen lymph nodes
2. Sweating at night
3. Loss of memory
4. Loss of weight
Which of these are symptoms of AIDS?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


39. The disease caused by HIV is –

(a) Tuberculosis
(b) Dysentery
(c) Cancer
(d) AIDS

[41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


40. The cause of ‘AIDS’ is –

(a) Bacteria
(b) Fungus
(c) Virus
(d) Protozoa

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2011]
[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]
[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]
[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


41. AIDS is the short form of which of the following diseases?

(a) Acquired Immune Deformity Syndrome
(b) Anticipated Immune Deficiency Syndrome
(c) Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
(d) Abnormal Immune Deficiency Syndrome

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


42. AIDS is caused by :

(a) helminth
(b) bacteria
(c) fungus
(d) virus
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[65th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2019]


43. AIDS is caused by :

(a) water
(b) bacteria
(c) virus
(d) fungus
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[64th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2018]


44. In AIDS virus, there is –

(a) DNA + Protein
(b) RNA + DNA
(c) RNA + Protein
(d) DNA only

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


45. Consider the following statements :
1. Adenoviruses have single-stranded DNA genomes
whereas retroviruses have double-stranded DNA
2. Common cold is sometime caused by an adenovirus
whereas AIDS is caused by a retrovirus.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2021]


46. The virus responsible for AIDS is an example of :

(a) Adenovirus
(b) Mosaic virus
(c) T-even virus
(d) Retrovirus

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2013]


47. Which of the following diseases can be transmitted from one person to another through tattooing?

1. Chikungunya
2. Hepatitis B

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) Only 1
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) All of these

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2013]


48. Which of the following strains of H.I.V. is dominant in India?

(a) HIV 1A
(b) HIV 1B
(c) HIV 1C
(d) HIV 1D

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl.) (Mains) 2004]


49. Who discovered the H.T.L.V. III AIDS Virus?

(a) Robert Gallo
(b) Edwerd Jenner
(c) Luck Izon Jenner
(d) Robertson

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


50. Most frequently used medicine for AIDS is –

(a) Zedovudine (Azidothymidine)
(b) Micronazol
(c) Nanaxinel-a
(d) Vinajol

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


51. Of the following, the ELISA Test is performed to test –

(a) Diabetes
(b) Tuberculosis
(c) AIDS
(d) Typhoid

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2007]
[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004]


52. Which part of human body is infected by the virus causing Japanese encephalitis?

(a) Skin
(b) Red blood cells
(c) Brain
(d) Lungs

[R.A.S./ R.T.S. (Pre) 2021]


53. Japanese encephalitis is caused by :

(a) Bacteria
(b) Virus
(c) Parasitic protozoan
(d) Fungus

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl.) (Pre) 2008]


54. Keeping pigs away from human settlements helps in the eradication of

(a) Malaria
(b) Japanese encephalitis
(c) Elephantiasis
(d) Polio

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2007]


55. Which of the following diseases, antibiotics cannot cure?

(a) Leprosy
(b) Tetanus
(c) Measles
(d) Cholera

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2003]


56. Measles disease is transmitted by –

(a) Virus
(b) Fungus
(c) Bacteria
(d) Mycoplasma

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1997]


57. Which of the following is not an infectious disease?

(a) AIDS
(b) Chicken-pox
(c) Mumps
(d) Herpes Simplex

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


58. Who is the father of ‘Immunology’?

(a) Robert Koch
(b) Louis Pasteur
(c) Edward Jenner
(d) Landsteiner

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


59. ‘Ranikhet disease’ is related to :

(a) Chicken
(b) Cow
(c) Goats
(d) Horse

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2002]


60. Which of the following diseases of milching animals are infectious?
1. Foot and mouth disease
2. Anthrax
3. Black Quarter
4. Cowpox
Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]


61. Foot and Mouth disease in animals, a current epidemic in some parts of the world, is caused by :

(a) Bacterium
(b) Fungus
(c) Protozoan
(d) Virus

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2002]


62. Foot & Mouth disease is mainly found in –

(a) Cattle & sheep
(b) Cattle & pig
(c) Sheep & goat
(d) All of these

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


63. The year 2011 has been marked by the livestock disease named –

(a) Foot & mouth disease
(b) Rinderpest
(c) Rabies
(d) Cowpox

[U.P.P.C.S.(Pre) 2012]


64. Which of the following is a bird flu virus ?

(a) N5H1
(b) NH5
(c) HN5
(d) H5N1

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


65. Which of the following is responsible for ‘Bird flu’?

(a) H5N1
(b) H1N1
(c) Zika
(d) Retro

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


66. H5 N1 virus causing global pandemic influenza is –

(a) Goat flu
(b) Bird flu
(c) Horse flu
(d) Cow flu

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2010]


67. H1 N1 virus is sometimes mentioned in the news with reference to which one of the following diseases?

(a) AIDS
(b) Bird flu
(c) Dengue
(d) Swine Flu

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2015]


68. Consider the following statements :
1. In tropical regions, Zika virus disease is transmitted
by the same mosquito that transmits dengue.
2. Sexual transmission of Zika virus disease is
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2017]


69. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(a) Ebola virus – Small Pox
(b) Biometric identification – Fingerprints and Iris scan
(c) Cloning – Genetic replica
(d) DNA Fingerprinting – Paternity or criminal identification

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


70. EBOLA is a –

(a) Terrorist Organization
(b) Deadly virus
(c) AIDS Test
(d) None of these

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


71. The name of Ebola virus is derived from the name of a

(a) City
(b) Province
(c) River
(d) Mountain

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013]