Rowlatt Act and Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (1919) -Old Year Questions and Answers

1. During the Indian Freedom Struggle, why did the Rowlatt Act arouse popular indignation?

(a) It curtailed the freedom of religion
(b) It suppressed traditional Indian education.
(c) It authorized the Government to imprison people without trial
(d) It curbed trade union activities.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2009]


2. The Rowlatt Act was passed to :

(a) Bring about Agrarian Reforms
(b) Curtail the National and Revolutionary Activities
(c) Have a favorable ‘Balance of Trade.’
(d) Put Second World War criminals on trial

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


3. When was the Rowlatt Act passed?

(a) 1909
(b) 1919
(c) 1930
(d) 1942

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1993, 48th to 52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008]


4. The Rowlatt Act aimed at :

(a) Compulsory economic support to war efforts
(b) Imprisonment without trial and summary procedures for trial
(c) Suppression of the Khilafat Movement
(d) Imposition of restrictions on freedom of the press

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


5. With reference to Rowlatt Satyagraha, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. The Rowlatt Act was based on the recommendations of the ‘Sedition Committee.’
2. In Rowlatt Satyagraha, Gandhiji tried to utilize the Home Rule League.
3. Demonstrations against the arrival of the Simon Commission coincided with Rowlatt Satyagraha.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2015]


6. The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre happened in the context of which Gandhian Satyagraha?

(a) Swadeshi Satyagraha
(b) Rowlatt Satyagraha
(c) Bardoli Satyagraha
(d) Individual Satyagraha
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2018]


7. Who was the Viceroy of India when the Rowlatt Act was passed?

(a) Lord Irwin
(b) Lord Reading
(c) Lord Chelmsford
(d) Lord Wavell

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2008]


8. In whose Viceroyalty the ‘Rowlatt Act’ was passed?

(a) Lord Harding II
(b) Lord Reading
(c) Lord Chelmsford
(d) Lord Minto II

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2014]


9. The Indian National Congress opposed the Rowlatt Act because it aimed-

(a) To limit the individual liberty
(b) To ban on Indian National Congress
(c) To enlarge the communal delegations
(d) To imprison national leaders charging the traitors to the nation

[41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


10. The first venture of Gandhi in all-India politics was the:

(a) Non-Cooperation Movement
(b) Rowlatt Satyagraha
(c) Champaran Movement
(d) Dandi March

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1999]


11. Who suggested launching a tax campaign as a protest against the Rowlatt Act?

(a) Abul Kalam Azad
(b) Gandhiji
(c) Rabindranath Tagore
(d) Swami Shraddhanand

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


12. The Anarchical and Revolutionary Crime Act (1919) was popularly known as the:

(a) Rowlatt Act
(b) Pitt’s India Act
(c) Indian Arms Act
(d) Ilbert Bill

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]


13. Which important event immediately preceded the Jallianwala Bagh massacre?

(a) Non-Cooperation Movement
(b) Enactment of the Rowlatt Act
(c) Communal Award
(d) Arrival of Simon Commission

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2012]


14. The massacre of the crowd at Jallianwala Bag at Amritsar took place on :

(a) May 5, 1918
(b) April 1, 1919
(c) April 13, 1919
(d) July 29, 1919

[46th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2003]


15. The year 1919 in Indian history is related to :

(a) for the transfer of capital from Calcutta to Delhi
(b) for the tragedy of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
(c) Partition of Bengal
(d) Khilafat Movement

[38th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1992]


16. The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place in the city :

(a) Meerut
(b) Agra
(c) Amritsar
(d) Lahore

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


17. During the Indian freedom struggle, a large unarmed crowd gathered in the Jallianwala Bagh at Amritsar on April 13, 1919, to protest against the arrest of:

(a) Swami Shraddhanand and Mazharul Haq
(b) Madan Mohan Malviya and Mohammad Ali Jinnah
(c) Mahatma Gandhi and Abul Kalam Azad
(d) Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlu and Dr. Satyapal

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2002]


18. Why did people gather to demonstrate at Jallianwala Bagh?

(a) To protest against the arrest of Gandhi and Lajpat Rai
(b) To protest against the arrest of Kitchlu and Satyapal
(c) To offer prayers on the Baisakhi Day
(d) To protest against the arbitrary inhuman acts of the Punjab Government.

[48th to 52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008]


19. The person who returned his honor to the Indian Government on May 30, 1919, was –

(a) Jamnalal Bajaj
(b) Tej Bahadur Sapru
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Rabindranath Tagore

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004, U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2001]


20. Rabindranath Tagore was awarded Nobel Prize in the year

(a) 1913
(b) 1920
(c) 1922
(d) 1936

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


21. The name of the famous person of India who returned the Knighthood conferred on him by the British Government as a token of protest against the atrocities in Punjab in1919 was:

(a) Tej Bahadur Sapru
(b) Ashutosh Mukherjee
(c) Rabindra Nath Tagore
(d) Syed Ahmed Khan

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2004]


22. As a means of protest against which of the following incident, Rabindranath Tagore gave up his honor of knighthood?

(a) Partition of Bengal
(b) Press Act of 1910
(c) Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
(d) Salt Law

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2006]


23. Rabindra Nath Tagore gave up his ‘Knighthood’ in protest to which one of the following?

(a) Rowlatt Act
(b) Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh
(c) Simon Commission
(d) Cripps Mission

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


24. Rabindranath Tagore gave up his ‘Knighthood’ because of

(a) Brutal suppression of the Civil Disobedience Movement
(b) Execution of Bhagat Singh
(c) Jallianwala Bagh Tragedy
(d) Chauri Chaura Incident
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[65th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2019]


25. Who among the following gave up the title of ‘Sir’ in protest against the Jallianwala Bagh incident?

(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Rabindranath Tagore
(d) Tej Bahadur Sapru

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2012, Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]

Ans. (c) Rabindranath Tagore 


26. Given below are two statements, one labeled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R) –
Assertion (A): Rabindranath Tagore renounced Knighthood.
Reason (R): He wanted to participate in the Noncooperation Movement.
Choose the correct answer from the code given below code –

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false but (R) is true

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre.) 2021]


27. Who resigned from the membership of the Viceroy’s Executive Council as a protest against Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?

(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Rabindranath Tagore
(c) Shankaran Nair
(d) Jamnalal Bajaj

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


28. Who among the following had resigned from the Viceroy’s Executive Council protesting Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?

(a) Rabindranath Tagore
(b) Madan Mohan Malviya
(c) Sir Shankar Nair
(d) All three above

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2013, U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2013]


29. Select the correct sequence of the following events by using the codes given below:

1. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
2. Dr. Satyapal’s incarceration
3. Amritsar Congress Session, 1919
Code :

(a) 2, 1, 3
(b) 1, 2, 3
(c) 2, 3, 1
(d) 3, 2,1

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2003, U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl.) (Pre) 2002]


30. The Hunter Committee was appointed after the:

(a) Blackhole incident
(b) Jalianwalla Bagh massacre
(c) Uprising of 1857
(d) Partition of Bengal

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2001]


31. General Dwyer’s name is associated with which of the following events?

(a) Black Hole of Calcutta
(b) Battle of Rani Durgavati
(c) Battle of 1857
(d) Jallianwala Bagh

[M.P P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


32. Who from the following killed Michael O’Dwyer responsible for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre?

(a) Prithvi Singh Azad
(b) Sardar Kishan Singh
(c) Udham Singh
(d) Sohan Singh Josh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994, 45th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2001]


33. Udham Singh killed in London :

(a) Lord Hoarding
(b) General Dyer
(c) Sir Michael O’Dwyer
(d) Lord Willingdon

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


34. Sir Michael O’Dwyer was shot dead on 13th March 1940 in London by:

(a) Madan Lal Dhingra
(b) M.P.T. Acharya
(c) V.D. Savarkar
(d) Udham Singh
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


35. The task of drafting the Congress Inquiry Committee report on the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre was entrusted to :

(a) Jawaharlal Nehru
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) C.R. Das
(d) Fazlul Haq

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


36. Who was the Viceroy of India at the time of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in 1919?

(a) Lord Chelmsford
(b) Lord Minto
(c) Lord Dalhousie
(d) Lord Canning

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


37. Who was the Prime Minister of England when the Montague-Chelmsford Act was passed in 1919?

(a) Lloyd George
(b) George Hamilton
(c) Sir Samuel Hoare
(d) Lord Salisbury
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


Q 38. Which one of the following events, was characterized by Montague as ‘Preventive Murder’?

(a) Killing of INA activities
(b) Massacre of Jallianwala Bagh
(c) Shooting of the Mahatma
(d) Shooting of Curzon-Wythe

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1998]


39. Which one of the following aroused a wave of popular indignation that led to the massacre by the British a Jallianwala Bagh?

(a) The Arms Act
(b) The Public Safety Act
(c) The Rowlatt Act
(d) The Vernacular Press Act

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2007]