NITI AAYOG: National Multi- dimensional Poverty Index 2023

Recently NITI AAYOG has released the ‘National Multidimensional Poverty Index: A Progress Review 2023. As per report, a record 13.5 crore people moved out of multidimensional poverty between 2015-16 and 2019-21.

About National Multidimensional Poverty Index: A Progress Review 2023

  • Released on- July 17, 2023
  • Released by- NITI AAYOG
  • Edition- 2 of the national MPI and is a follow-up to the Baseline Report published in November 2021 The first edition of MPI was released in 2021
  • Based on- 5th round of the National Family Heath Survey INFHS-5 (2019-21)].


  • The intensity of poverty has reduced from 47.14% to 44.39%, indicating that India is on track to achieve SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) Target 1.2 (reducing multidimensional poverty by at least half) ahead of the stipulated timeline of 2030.
  • The estimates indicate that rural areas saw a faster reduction in their MPI value, compared to urban areas.

Key Highlights

  • As per report, 135 million(13.5 Crore) people exited multidimensional poverty between 2015-16 and 2019-21. As per the Report, India has registered a significant decline of 9.89 percentage points in number of India’s multi-dimensionally poor from 24.85% in 2015-16 to 14.96% in 2019-2021.
  1. The rural areas witnessed the fastest decline in poverty from 32.59% to 19.28%.
  2. During the same period, the urban areas saw a reduction in poverty from 8.65% to 5.27%
  • Uttar Pradesh registered the largest decline in number of poor with 3.43 crore people escaping multidimensional poverty.
  • The Report states that the fastest reduction in the proportion of multidimensional poor was observed in the States of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Rajasthan.
    Page No.78 Box
  • The incidence of poverty fell from 32.59% to 19.28% in rural areas compared to a decline from 8.65% to 5.27% in urban areas between 2015-16 and 2019-21.
  • About NITI Aayog
  • Formed on-January 1, 2015)
  • Ex-officio Chairman Prime Minister of India
  • Present CEO-B.V.R. Subrahmanyam.