Maratha State and Confederacy– Old Year Questions and Answers

1. Which is/are the correct reasons for Maratha’s Rise?

(a) Religious Consciousness
(b) Geographical Security
(c) Political awakening
(d) High quality of leadership
(e) all of the above

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


2. Shivaji defeated the Mughals in the battle of-

(a) Purandar
(b) Raigarh
(c) Salher
(d) Shivner

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


3. When was Shivaji born and when did he assume the title of Chhatrapati?

(a) 1626, 1675
(b) 1625, 1671
(c) 1627, 1661
(d) 1627, 1674

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


4. Who was the commander who was sent by the Sultan of Bijapur for the repression of Shivaji in 1659?

(a) Inayat Khan
(b) Afzal Khan
(c) Shaista Khan
(d) Sayyid Banda

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


5. Arrange the following events related to Chhatrapati Shivaji in chronological order and select the correct answer from the code given below.
I. The victory on the Fort of Chakan
II. The episode of Afzal Khan
III. Start of clash with the Mughals
IV. Attack and sack of Surat.

(a) I, III, II, IV
(b) I, II, III, IV
(c) II, IV, III, I
(d) II, III, I, IV

[U.P.R.O./ A.R.O. (Mains) 2016]


6. In which city was Shivaji in captivity when he escaped from the custody of the Mughals?

(a) Gwalior
(b) Agra
(c) Delhi
(d) Kanpur

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


7. Where was the capital of Shivaji?

(a) Raigarh
(b) Satara
(c) Purandar
(d) Tanjore

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


8. Where was the capital of Shivaji?

(a) Raigarh
(b) Sindhudurg
(c) Poona
(d) Kolhapur

[56th to 59th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2015]


9. Which of the following coins was NOT a silver coin in the Kingdom of Chhatrapati Shivaji?

(a) Rupaya
(b) Lari
(c) Taka
(d) Ruka

[U.P.R.O./ A.R.O. (Mains) 2016]


10. Where was Shivaji formally crowned as Chhatrapati?

(a) Pune
(b) Kolhapur
(c) Raigarh
(d) Ahmednagar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


11. What was the name of Shivaji’s Guru?

(a) Ramdas
(b) Tukaram
(c) Vaman Pandit
(d) Gaga Bhatt

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


12. Who established Ashta Pradhan?

(a) Chandragupta
(b) Ashoka
(c) Harshavardhana
(d) Shivaji
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[65th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2019]


13. Ashtapradhan was a Council of Ministers :

(a) In the Gupta administration
(b) In the Chola administration
(c) In the Vijayanagara administration
(d) In the Maratha administration

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013, I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]


14. ‘Ashta Pradhan’ was helping in the Administration of which ruler?

(a) Babur
(b) Akbar
(c) Aurangzeb
(d) Shivaji
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[66th B.P.S.C. Re-Exam (Pre) 2020]


15. The following were the officers in the ‘Ashtapradhan’ of Shivaji:
1. Mazumdar
2. Dabir
3. Waknis
4. Surnis
Select the correct answer :

(a) 1, 2, 3
(b) 2, 3, 4
(c) 1, 2, 4
(d) 1, 3, 4
(e) 1,2,3,4

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


16. At the time of Shivaji, the post of ‘Sarnobat’ was related with –

(a) Financial administration
(b) Judicial Administration
(c) Local administration
(d) Military administration

[U.P.P.S.C. (R.I.) 2014]


17. The member of Shivaji’s Ashtapradhan who looked after foreign affairs was:

(a) Peshwa
(b) Sachiv
(c) Pandit Rao
(d) Sumant

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1998]


18. During the reign of Shivaji, the foreign minister was known as –

(a) Sumant
(b) Amatya
(c) Sar-i-Naubat
(d) Sachiv

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


19. “Ashtapradhan” -a Council of Ministers helped in the discharge of State affairs to :

(a) Harshavardhana
(b) Samudra Gupta
(c) Shivaji
(d) Yashovarman

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1995, U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


20. Assertion (A): In matters of State Shivaji was advised by a Council of Ministers.
Reason (R): Each minister held an independent charge of his department.

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


21. Who among the following streamlined the Maratha administration after Shambhaji?

(a) Rajaram
(b) Balaji Viswanath
(c) Ganga Bai
(d) Nanaji Deshmukh

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2000]


22. Arrange the following in the chronological order of their rule :
(1) Bajirao
(2) Balaji Bajirao
(3) Balaji Vishwanath
(4) Madhavrao
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
Code :

(a) 4, 3, 1, 2
(b) 1, 2, 3, 4
(c) 3, 1, 2, 4
(d) 2, 1, 4, 3

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


23. Arrange the following in the correct chronological order:
1. Chhatrapati Shahuji
2. Rajaram
3. Sambhaji
4. Shivaji- II
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
Code :

(a) 3 2 1 4
(b) 3 2 4 1
(c) 2 3 1 4
(d) 1 2 3 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


24. Assertion (A): By 1750 the Maratha kingdom had become a Confederacy presided over by the Peshwa.

Reason (R): The successors of Shahu depended on the will of the Peshwa.
Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


25. Given below are two statements, one is labeled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R).
Assertion (A): Marathas emerged as the strongest native power in India after the decline of the Mughal Empire.
Reason (R): Marathas were the first rulers who had a clear concept of the United Indian Nation.
Choose the correct answer from the code given below.

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false but (R) is true

[U.P.R.O./ A.R.O. (Mains) 2016]


26. The Maratha King became a non-entity and the Peshwa, the virtual ruler from the time of –

(a) Balaji Vishwanath
(b) Bajirao I
(c) Balaji Bajirao
(d) Madhavrao I

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


27. At the time of Aurangzeb’s death, the Maratha leadership was in the hands of?

(a) Sambhaji
(b) Rajaram
(c) Jijabai
(d) Tarabai

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O (Mains) 2013, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


28. Who among the following Maratha women led struggles against the Mughal Empire from 1700 A.D. onwards?

(a) Ahilya Bai
(b) Mukta Bai
(c) Tara Bai
(d) Rukmini Bai

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Pre) 2008]


29. The Saranzami system was related to –

(a) Land revenue system of Maratha
(b) Taluqdari system
(c) Qutb Shahi administration
(d) None of the above

[39th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


30. The Maratha claim of revenue for protection is known by what name?

(a) Sardesh Mukhi
(b) Chauth
(c) Abwab
(d) Jamadani

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


31. A historian witness to the third battle of Panipat. Who was he?

(a) Khafi Khan
(b) Kashiraj Pandit
(c) Dattaji Pingle
(d) Harcharan Das

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]


32. What was the immediate reason for Ahmad Shah Abdali to invade India and fight the Third Battle of Panipat?

(a) He wanted to avenge the expulsion of his Viceroy Timur Shah from Lahore by Marathas
(b) The frustrated Governor of Jullundhar Adina Beg Khan invited him to invade Punjab
(c) He wanted to punish the Mughal administration for non-payment of the revenues of the Chahar Mahal (Gujarat, Aurangabad, Sialkot, and Pasrur)
(d) He wanted to annex all the fertile plains of Punjab up to the borders of Delhi to his kingdom

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2010]


33. In the Third Battle of Panipat, Marathas were defeated by–

(a) Afghans
(b) Britishers
(c) Mughals
(d) Rohillas

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2012, Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2009, U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1994, 1993]


34. When was the 3rd Battle of Panipat fought?

(a) 14 January 1760
(b) 5 January 1761
(c) 14 January 1761
(d) 5 November 1556

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


35. The Third Battle of Panipat was fought between :

(a) Hemu and Akbar
(b) Humayun and Sher Shah
(c) Marathas and Ahmad Shah Abdali
(d) Nadir Shah and the Mughals

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2004, Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2002, M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1998]


36. The Third Battle of Panipat was fought in the year –

(a) 1526 A.D
(b) 1761 A.D
(c) 1556 A.D
(d) 1857 A.D

[Uttrakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2007]


37. Who of the following Rohilla Chiefs was the confidant of Ahmad Shah Abdali?

(a) Ghulam Qadir Rohilla
(b) Najib Khan
(c) Ali Muhammad Khan
(d) Hafi z Rahmat Khan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


38. The ‘Modi script’ was employed in the documents of the:

(a) Wodeyars
(b) Zamorins
(c) Hoysalas
(d) Marathas

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1995]


39. Which of the following pair (tax during Maratha rule in C.G. and its meaning) is not correctly matched?

(a) Takoli- Annual tribute from the Zamindars
(b) Sair – Tax on the sales of goods
(c) Pandari-Tax collected from non-agriculturists
(d) Sewai-Amount of pecuniary tax or penalty
(e) Tarai-Tax collected on irrigation

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]