Disintegration of the Mughal Empire– Old Year Questions and Answers

1. Who succeeded Aurangzeb after his death in 1707 A.D.?

(a) Bahadur Shah- I
(b) Jahandar Shah
(c) Muhammad Shah
(d) Akbar- II

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2012]


2. How did the Mughal Emperor Jahandar Shah’s reign come to an early end?

(a) He was deposed by his Wazir
(b) He died due to slipping while climbing down steps
(c) He was defeated by his nephew in a battle
(d) He died of sickness due to too much consumption of wine.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


3. Which of the following Mughal Emperors granted duty-free trading facilities to the English in Bengal?

(a) Akbar
(b) Jahangir
(c) Bahadur Shah
(d) Farrukh Siyar

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


4. Who was the last Mughal Emperor to sit on Mayur Singhasan?

(a) Shah Alam I
(b) Muhammad Shah
(c) Bahadur Shah
(d) Jahandar Shah

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


5. The Mughal Emperor at the time of Nadir Shah’s attack was –

(a) Ahmad Shah
(b) Alamgir II
(c) Muhammad Shah
(d) Rafi -ud-Darjat

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


6. A group of eunuchs and ladies dominated the Government under

(a) Muhammad Shah (1719-48)
(b) Ahmad Shah (1748-54)
(c) Alamgir (1754-59)
(d) Shah Alam II (1759-1806)

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004]


7. Which Mughal emperor is known by the name of ‘Rangila’?

(a) Farrukh Siyar
(b) Rafi -ud-Darazat
(c) Muhammad Shah
(d) Rafi -ud-Daula

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


8. Which of the following Mughal emperors was not allowed to enter Delhi by Wazir Ghaziuddin?

(a) Alamgir- II
(b) Shah Alam- II
(c) Akbar- II
(d) Bahadur Shah- II

[44th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2000]


9. The last Mughal Emperor was Bahadur Shah. His father’s name was-

(a) Akbar Shah- I
(b) Akbar Shah- II
(c) Aurangzeb
(d) Shah Jahan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


10. Who was the last Mughal emperor of India?

(a) Aurangzeb
(b) Bahadur Shah Zafar
(c) Shah Alam
(d) Shah Jahan

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2000]


11. Which one of the following statements is not correct about Bahadur Shah Zafar?

(a) He was an emperor without an empire
(b) Ibrahim Zauq and Asad Ullah Khan Ghalib were his poetry teachers
(c) Hasan Askari was his spiritual guide
(d) He received less than one lakh rupees as a pension from the East India Company

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


12. Who among the following was the first Nawab of Oudh?

(a) Asaf-ud-Daula
(b) Saadat Khan
(c) Shuja-ud-Daula
(d) Safdarjung

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


13. Who among the following was the founder of the independent Kingdom of Hyderabad?

(a) Qamaruddin Khan
(b) Muhammad Amin Khan
(c) Asad Khan
(d) Chin Qilich Khan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


14. With reference to Indian history, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. The Nizamat of Arcot emerged out of Hyderabad state.
2. The Mysore Kingdom emerged out of the Vijayanagara Empire.
3. Rohilkhand Kingdom was formed out of the territories occupied by Ahmad Shah Durrani.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 3 only

[I.A.S. (Pre.) 2021]


15. Among the following who had constructed an astronomical observatory popularly known as Jantar Mantar at Delhi?

(a) Akbar
(b) Shah Jahan
(c) Suraj Mal
(d) Jai Singh- II

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


16. Where were the constructed observatories by Maharaja Jai Singh-II?
1. Delhi 2. Jaipur
3. Ujjain 4. Varanasi
Code :

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1 and 3
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2, 3, and 4

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


17. The book’ Jiz Muhammad Shahi’ related to knowledge of Astrology produced in 1773 is written by :

(a) Darbar Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur
(b) Raja Bharmal of Amber
(c) Swai Jai Singh of Jaipur
(d) Maharana Amar Singh of Udaipur

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2007]


18. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur had not built the observatory at-

(a) Ujjain
(b) Varanasi
(c) Mathura
(d) Allahabad

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]