Development of Education in Modern India – Old Year Questions and Answers

1. Where was the first Madarsa set up by the British in India?

(a) Madras
(b) Bombay
(c) Aligarh
(d) Calcutta

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


2. The Asiatic Society of Bengal was founded by

(a) Sir William Jones
(b) Wilkins
(c) Max Muller
(d) James Prinsep

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2006, U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004, Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2003, R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1999]


3. Who founded the First Sanskrit Mahavidyalaya at Varanasi?

(a) Jonathan Duncan
(b) Warren Hastings
(c) Lorel Macaulay
(d) Bankim Chandra

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


4. Wellesley established the Fort William College at Calcutta because :

(a) he was asked by the Board of Directors in London to do so
(b) he wanted to revive interest in oriental learning in India
(c) he wanted to provide William Carey and his associates with employment
(d) he wanted to train British civilians for administrative purposes in India

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]


5. With reference to the Fort William College Calcutta. Which of the statement/s is/are correct?
1. It was founded on 10th June 1800 A.D. within the Fort William Complex in Calcutta.
2. The main purpose of establishing this college, was to teach Indian languages to British officers.
Select the correct answer using the code given below :
Code –

(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre.) 2021]


6. With reference to educational institutions during colonial rule in India, consider the following pairs –
Institutions – Founder
1. Sanskrit College at Benaras – William Jones
2. Calcutta Madarsa – Warren Hastings
3. Fort William College – Arthur Wellesley
Which of the pairs given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 3 only

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2018]

7. Who among the following was offered membership in the Royal Asiatic Society of Paris?

(a) Dadabhai Naoroji
(b) Michael Madhusudan Dutta
(c) Raja Rammohan Roy
(d) Vivekanand

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


8. Who amongst the following Englishmen, first translated Bhagavad Gita into English?

(a) William Jones
(b) Charles Wilkins
(c) Alexander Cunningham
(d) John Marshall

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2001]


9. Who among the following was the first to translate Kalidasa’s famous work ‘Shakuntala’ into English?

(a) Charles Wilkins
(b) Henry Colebrooke
(c) Johana Wolfgang von Goethe
(d) Sir William Jones

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2010]


10. The main reason for the British Government to spread modern education in India during the pre-independence period was –

(a) The need for educated Indians in minor administrative posts
(b) To promote Indian culture
(c) To modernize the Indian people so that they could share their political responsibilities
(d) None of the above

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


11. Which of the following led to the introduction of English Education in India?
1. Charter Act of 1813
2. General Committee of Public Instruction, 1823
3. Orientalist and Anglicist Controversy
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2018]


12. Which Act of the British Government granted Rs. One lakh for education in India for the first time?

(a) Wood’s Dispatch, 1854
(b) Charter Act, 1813
(c) Charter Act, 1853
(d) Indian Council Act, 1892

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


13. Charles Wood’s Despatch was related to which of the following?

(a) Education
(b) Trade
(c) Administrative Reforms
(d) Military Reforms

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


14. Regarding Wood’s Dispatch, which of the following statements is true?
1. A Grants-in-Aid system was introduced.
2. The establishment of universities was recommended.
3. English as a medium of instruction at all levels of education was recommended.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2018]


15. In the Hunter Commission report, special emphasis was laid on the development of:

(a) Girls’ education
(b) Higher education
(c) Primary education
(d) Technical Education

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2004, U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004]


16. Who appointed the First Indian Education Commission and in which year?

(a) Lord Ripon in 1882
(b) Lord William Wedderburn in 1885
(c) Lord Curzon in 1905
(d) Lord Lytton in 1880

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre.) 2021]


17. When was the National Council of Education established?

(a) 15th August 1903
(b) 15th August 1904
(c) 15th August 1905
(d) 15th August 1906

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


18. Sadler Commission was related to:

(a) Judiciary
(b) Revenue Administration
(c) Education
(d) Police Administration

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2010]


19. When did the British Government appoint the Sadler University Commission for reforms in education :

(a) 1919
(b) 1917
(c) 1921 (d) 1896

[48th to 52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008]


20. Lord Macaulay was related to:

(a) Military reforms
(b) Abolishment of Sati
(c) English Education
(d) Permanent settlement

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2007]


21. During India’s colonial period, the theory of downward filtration was related to:

(a) Railways
(b) Education
(c) Irrigation
(d) Poverty alleviation

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2013]


22. The propounder of “Filtration Theory” in India’s education policy was :

(a) Charles Wood
(b) Macaulay
(c) J.S. Mill
(d) Cornwallis

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2013]


23. The foundation of the modern educational system in India was laid by:

(a) The Charter Act of 1813
(b) Macaulay’s Minutes of 1835
(c) The Hunter Commission of 1882
(d) Woods Dispatch of 1854

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


24. In whose reign was English Education introduced in India?

(a) Lord William Cavendish Bentinck
(b) Lord Hardinge
(c) Lord Minto
(d) Lord Dalhousie

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


25. The first three universities in India (Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay ) were established in which year?

(a) 1857
(b) 1881
(c) 1885
(d) 1905

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2010]


26. The establishment of the first Women’s University in Mumbai was the result of the efforts of

(a) Dayaram Gindumal
(b) D.K. Karve
(c) M.G. Ranade
(d) Ramabai

[U.P. P.S.C. (GIC) 2010, U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2006, U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2002]


27. Who was associated with the formation of the Deccan Educational Society?

(a) Justice Ranade
(b) Firoz Shah Mehta
(c) B.G. Tilak
(d) Dayananda Saraswati

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2013, U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Spl) (Pre) 2010]


28. Which of the following was established first?

(a) Hindu College, Calcutta
(b) Delhi College
(c) Mayo College
(d) Muslim-Anglo Oriental College

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


29. Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College, Aligarh was founded in which of the following years?

(a) 1876
(b) 1891
(c) 1875
(d) 1874

[U.P.R.O. / A.R.O. (Mains) 2016]


30. In collaboration with David Hare and Alexander Duff, who of the following established Hindu College at Calcutta?

(a) Henry Louis Vivian Derozio
(b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(c) Keshab Chandra Sen
(d) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2009]


31. Which one of the following had vigorously advocated for religious education in Indian Universities?

(a) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(b) Swami Vivekanand
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Madan Mohan Malviya

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


32. Who was the following laid the foundation stone of Banaras Hindu University:

(a) Madan Mohan Malviya
(b) Maharaja Vibhuti Narain Singh
(c) Lord Hardinge
(d) Annie Besant

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2003]


33. Which one of the following was the first to be declared as Central University?

(a) Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
(b) Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow
(c) Banaras Hindu University of Varanasi
(d) University of Allahabad

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]