Contribution of North East in Freedom Struggle

Shoorvir Pasaltha Khuangchera 

  • Mizoram was incorporated into the colonial empire during the last part of the 19th century. The resistance against colonialism in Lushai Hills was no less intense than in any other part of India.
  • He was the first Mizo freedom fighter to sacrifice his life fighting British imperialism.
  • He was killed while trying to resist advancing British troops in 1890, which saw the British conquest of the Lushai Hills — now Mizoram.
  • Khuangchera is not only known for his bravery but also his strength and righteousness that won over the hearts of his people.

U Tirot Sing

U Tirot Sing
U Tirot Sing
  • He was one of the chiefs of the Khasi people in the early 19th century.
  • Tirot Sing fought against British attempts to take over control of the Khasi Hills.

Rani Gaidinliu

Rani Gaidinliu - freedom fighter
Rani Gaidinliu
  • She was a Naga spiritual and political leader who led a revolt against British rule in India.
  • At the age of 13, she joined the Heraka religious movement of her cousin Haipou Jadonang. The movement later turned into a political movement seeking to drive out the British from Manipur and the surrounding Naga areas. Within the Heraka faith, she came to be considered an incarnation of the Goddess Cherachamdinliu.
  • Gaidinliu was arrested in 1932 at the age of 16, and was sentenced to life imprisonment by the British rulers. Jawaharlal Nehru met her at Shillong Jail in 1937, and promised to pursue her release.
  • Nehru gave her the title of “Rani” (“Queen”), and she gained local popularity as Rani Gaidinliu.
  • She was released in 1947 after India’s independence, and continued to work for the upliftment of her people. An advocate of the ancestral Naga religious practices, she staunchly resisted the conversion of Nagas to Christianity. She was honoured as a freedom fighter and was awarded a Padma Bhushan by the Government of India.

Bhogeshwari Phukanani 

  •  In 1930 Phukanani took part in a nonviolent march as an act of civil disobedience against the British authorities and was arrested for picketing
  • She also played an important role in the Quit India Movement.
  • Phukanani was active in the Berhampur, Babajia, Barpujia areas in the Nagaon district of Assam and helped setup offices for the Indian National Congress.


  • During the Quit India Movement Kanaklata joined the Mrityu Bahini, a death squad comprising groups of youth from the Gohpur sub division of Assam.
  • On 20 September 1942, the Bahini decided it would hoist the national flag at the local police station. A procession of unarmed villagers were led by Barua to do so. Undeterred by the police, the procession continued marching ahead when the police fired upon the procession.
  • Kanaklata was shot and the flag she was carrying with her was taken up by Mukunda Kakoti who too was shot at. Both Kanaklata and Kakoti were killed in the police action.
  • Kanaklata was only 17 years of age at the time of her martyrdom

Zou martyrs

  • 94-odd Zou martyrs of Manipur who sacrificed their lives fighting against the British attempt to forcibly deploy them as labour corps during World War I

Reference: The Hindu

Question for Answer Writing

Q: Write a note on the contribution of important personalities from the North East to fight against British colonialism in India.

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