Iran Unveils ‘First Hypersonic Missile’

Iran on June 6, 2023, unveiled its first-ever hypersonic missile, Fattah (or “opener” in Farsi), which it says can penetrate missile defence systems and will give it a military edge.

  • The unveiling ceremony, was attended by President Ebrahim Raisi and senior commanders of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC).

About Fattah Missile

  • It is an intermediate-range ballistic missile developed by Iran.
  • Iran claimed that it is a hypersonic missile capable of traveling at 15 times the speed of sound.
  • The missile can move at a speed of up to Mach 15 (5,145 meters or 16,880 feet per second):
  • It has a range of 1,400km (870 miles) features a moveable secondary nozzle and employs solid propellants that allow for high maneuverability.

Hypersonic missiles

  • Hypersonic missiles move at five times the speed of sound or greater and are maneuverable, making them difficult for defence systems and radars to target.
Missiles Mach No.
Subsonic <1
Transonic =1
Supersonic >1
Hypersonic >5
  • The United States, Russia, China, North Korea, and India are believed to be the only countries to have successfully tested hypersonic missiles, but exact details of the weaponry remain scant.
  • India has launched the Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV) programme, under which it is developing an indigenous, dual-capable hypersonic cruise missile.
    • India successfully tested a Mach 6 scram-jet in 2019 and 2020.