Vedic Period-Old Year Questions and Answers

The Vedic Age, also known as the Vedic period, is a significant epoch in ancient Indian history. It is named after the Vedas, a collection of sacred texts that were composed during this time. The Vedic Age spans from around 1500 BCE to 500 BCE and is characterized by the dominance of Vedic culture and the emergence of early Hinduism.

During this period, the Indo-Aryan people migrated into the Indian subcontinent and settled in the northwestern region. They brought with them a rich oral tradition, which later became the foundation for the written Vedas. The Vedic texts provide valuable insights into the social, political, religious, and cultural aspects of life during that time.

In this post, we will explore various aspects of the Vedic Age and provide answers to questions about this fascinating period in Indian history. We will delve into topics such as the Rigveda, the caste system, religious practices, society, economy, and the importance of Vedic literature.

1. The term ‘Aryan’ denotes :

(a) An ethnic group
(b) A nomadic people
(c) A speech group
(d) A superior race

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1999, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


2. The meaning of the term ‘Arya’ in classical Sanskrit is

(a) Believer of the God
(b) A hereditary cast
(c) A believer in a particular religion
(d) A Nobleman

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 1998]


3. Which one of the following is the oldest Veda :

(a) Yajurveda
(b) Rig Veda
(c) Samaveda
(d) Atharvaveda

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995, Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]


4. ‘Trayi’ is a name for –

(a) Three Vedas
(b) Dharma, Sangha and Buddha
(c) Three Gods in the Hindu Pantheon
(d) Three seasons

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


5. In which Vedic text the term ‘Varna’ is found referred to for the first time?

(a) Rig Veda
(b) Atharvaveda
(c) Samaveda
(d) Yajurveda

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


6. The ‘Purush Sukta’ related to Varna System is originally found in –

(a) Atharvaveda
(b) Samaveda
(c) Rig Veda
(d) Manusmriti
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


7. Match the following:

Atharvaveda God Grace
Rig Veda Sacrifice process
Yajurveda Medicine
Samaveda Music

Code :

(a) 3 1 2 4
(b) 1 2 3 4
(c) 2 3 4 1
(d) 3 4 1 2

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


8. Match List- I with List- II and select the correct answer from the codes given below :

 List- I  List- II
Rig Veda Musical hymns
Yajurveda Hymns and rituals
Samaveda Charms and spells
Atharvaveda Hymns and prayers

Code :
(a) 4 2 1 3
(b) 3 2 4 1
(c) 4 1 2 3
(d) 2 3 1 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2003,U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2002]


9. In Rig Veda there are…….. mantras –

(a) 1028
(b) 1017
(c) 1128
(d) 1020

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


10. The Rig Veda is the

(a) Collection of hymns
(b) Collection of stories
(c) Collection of words
(d) Text of war

[U.P. R.O./ A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


11. Match the List-I and List-II and choose your answer from the codes given below:

 List-I  List-II
Rig Veda Gopatha
Samaveda Shatpatha
Atharvaveda Aitariya
Yajurveda Panchvisha


(a) iv ii iii i
(b) ii iv iii i
(c) iii iv i ii
(d) i ii iv iii

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2013]


12. Which one of the following Brahmana texts belongs to the Rigveda?

(a) Aitareya Brahmana
(b) Gopatha Brahmana
(c) Shatapatha Brahmana
(d) Taittitriya Brahmana

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


13. ‘Gopatha Brahmana’ is associated with –

(a) Yajurveda
(b) Samveda
(c) Atharvaveda
(d) Rig Veda

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O (Pre) 2014]


14. Which of the following is a Samhita of Shukla Yajurveda?

(a) Vajasanami
(b) Maitrayani
(c) Taittiriya
(d) Kathak

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


15. Which Mandala of Rig Veda is completely dedicated to ‘Soma’?

(a) Seventh Mandala
(b) Eighth Mandala
(c) Ninth Mandala
(d) Tenth Mandala

[42nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1997]


16. The ninth mandala of the Rig Veda is devoted wholly to:

(a) Indra and his elephant
(b) Urvashi and the Heaven
(c) Gods related to plants and drugs
(d) ‘Soma’, the god who is named after the drink

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


17. Rights and Rituals related to Yajnas are mentioned in–

(a) Rig Veda
(b) Samaveda
(c) Brahmin Granthas
(d) Yajurveda

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1999]


Q 18. Which one of the following four Vedas contains an account of magical charms and spells?

(a) Rig Veda
(b) Yajurveda
(c) Atharvaveda
(d) Samaveda

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


19. The compilation of which among the following is based upon the Rig Veda?

(a) Yajurveda
(b) Samaveda
(c) Atharvaveda
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


20. The earliest evidence of the use of iron in India has been discovered from :

(a) Taxila
(b) Atranjikhera
(c) Kaushambi
(d) Hastinapur

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1998]


21. Upanishads are books on –

(a) Religion
(b) Yoga
(c) Law
(d) Philosophy

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2002]


22. The main theme of Upanishads is –

(a) Social structure
(b) Philosophy
(c) Law
(d) State

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 1998]


23. Which one of the following Vedic literature talks about salvation :

(a) Rig Veda
(b) Later Samhitas
(c) Brahmins
(d) Upanishads

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2003]


24. The famous dialogue between Nachiketa and Yama is mentioned in the :

(a) Brihadaranyaka Upanishad
(b) Chhandogyopanishad
(c) Kathopanishad
(d) Kenopanishad

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1997, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999, U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2002, Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


25. ‘Nachiketa’ legend finds mention in :

(a) Atharvaveda
(b) Satapatha Brahmin
(c) Kathopanishad
(d) Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


26. King Asvapati of the Upanishadic period was the ruler of:

(a) Kashi
(b) Kekaya
(c) Panchala
(d) Videha

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


27. Which of the following is the correct order of the Vedic literature?

(a) Vedic Samhitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishads
(b) Vedic Samhitas, Upnishads, Aranyakas, Brahmanas
(c) Vedic Samhitas, Aranyakas, Brahmanas, Upnishads
(d) Vedic Samhitas, Vedangas, Aranyakas, Smritis

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


28. The river mentioned most in early Vedic literature is :

(a) Sindhu
(b) Shutudri
(c) Sarasvati
(d) Ganga

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]


29. Vedic river Askini is identified with which one of the following rivers?

(a) Beas
(b) Ravi
(c) Chenab
(d) Jhelum

[U.P. P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


30. Which of the following rivers mentioned in the Rig Veda indicates the relations of Aryans with Afghanistan?

(a) Askini
(b) Parushni
(c) Kubha, Kramu
(d) Vipasha, Shutudri

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


31. The Vedic river Kubha was located in:

(a) Afghanistan
(b) Chinese Turkistan
(c) Kashmir
(d) Punjab

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


32. Match the List-I and List-II and choose the correct answer from the code given below:

 List-I  (Vedic Rivers)  List-II  (Modern Name)
Kubha Gandak
Parushni  Kabul
Sadaneera Ravi
Shutudri  Sutlej


(a) 1 2 4 3
(b) 2 3 1 4
(c) 3 4 2 1
(d) 4 1 3 2

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


33. In the period of Mahabharata, the name of Mahanadi was

(a) Kaveri
(b) Tapti
(c) Mahananda
(d) Ganga
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


34. Which of the following customs emerged during the post-Vedic period :

(a) Dharma, Artha, Kama, Moksha
(b) Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra
(c) Brahmcharya, Grihasthaashramas, Vanaprastha, Sanyasa
(d) Indra, Surya, Rudra, Maruta

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


35. The ‘dharma’ and ‘Rita’ depict a central idea of the ancient Vedic civilization of India. In this context, consider the following statements :
1. ‘Dharma’ was a conception of obligations and the discharge of one’s duties to oneself and to others.
2. ‘Rita’ was the fundamental moral law governing the functioning of the universe and all it contained.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2011]


36. Who among the following Vedic deities was believed to be their priest?

(a) Agni
(b) Brihaspati
(c) Dyaus
(d) Indra

[U.P.P.C.S. (Main) 2013]


37. Who among the following was a Brahmavadini who composed some hymns of the Vedas?

(a) Lopamudra
(b) Gargi
(c) Leelavati
(d) Savitri

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1995]


38. During the Rigvedic Period word ‘Nishka’ was used for Jewellery but in a later period it was used for the meaning of:

(a) Arms
(b) Farming equipment
(c) Script
(d) Coin

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


39. During the Rig Vedic period, Nishka was an ornament of–

(a) Ear
(b) Neck
(c) Arm
(d) Wrist

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


40. ‘Nishka’ in ancient India was known as –

(a) Gold Ornament
(b) Cows
(c) Copper Coins
(d) Silver Coins

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


41. Boghaz-Koi is important because:

(a) It was an important trading center between Central Asia and Tibet
(b) Inscriptions were found which mentioned the names of Vedic Gods and Goddesses
(c) Original Texts of the Vedas were composed here
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996, 39thB.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


42. Which of the following inscriptions tells about the Aryan’s movement of Aryan from Iran to India?

(a) Man Sehra
(b) Shahbazgarhi
(c) Boghaz-Koi
(d) Junagarh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


43. An inscription from the 14th century B.C. describes the Vedic Gods have been found in

(a) Ecbatana
(b) Boghaz-Koi
(c) Babylon
(d) Bisotun

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


44. Who among the following wrote on the original homeland of the Aryans?

(a) Sankaracharya
(b) Annie Besant
(c) Vivekanand
(d) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996]


45. The name of scripture in which ‘’Purusha Medha’ was mentioned is:

(a) Krishna Yajurveda
(b) Shukla Yajurveda
(c) Shatpath Brahmana
(d) Panchvish Brahmana

[U.P. P.C.S. (Spl) (Pre) 2008]


46. The priest associated with King Videgha Madhava referred to in Shatapatha Brahmana was –

(a) Rishi Bharadwaj
(b) Rishi Vashishta
(c) Rishi Vishwamitra
(d) Rishi Gautama Rahugana

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015]


47. In the post-Vedic period which was considered the axis of Aryan Culture

(a) Anga, Magadha
(b) Kosal, Videha
(c) Kuru, Panchala
(d) Matsya, Shurasena

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


48. The word Gotra occurs for the first time in

(a) Atharvaveda
(b) Rig Veda
(c) Samaveda
(d) Yajurveda

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


49. The religion of early Vedic Aryans was primarily of

(a) Bhakti
(b) Image worship and yajnas
(c) Worship of nature and yajnas
(d) Worship of nature and bhakti

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


50. In the Rigvedic period, people believed mainly in –

(a) Idol worship
(b) One God belief
(c) Goddess worship
(d) Sacrifice and rituals

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


51. The famous Battle of ‘Ten Kings’ was fought on the bank of the river –

(a) The Ganges
(b) Brahmaputra
(c) Kaveri
(d) Parushni

[42nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1997]


52. The famous battle of ‘Ten Kings’ as described in the Rig Veda was fought on the bank of

(a) Parushni
(b) Saraswati
(c) Vipasa
(d) Asikni

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


53. Which of the following rivers among the following referred to as ‘Matetama’, ‘Devitama’, and ‘Naditama’ in the Rig Veda?

(a) Sindhu
(b) Saraswati
(c) Vitasta
(d) Yamuna

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


54. Give the name of the tribe which is not related to the ‘Panchjana’ of the Rig Veda Aryans:

(a) Yadu
(b) Puru
(c) Turvasa
(d) Kikat

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


55. In the ancient period, the chief livelihood source of the Aryans was –

(a) Agriculture
(b) Hunting
(c) Artcraft
(d) Business

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


56. The word ‘Yava’ mentioned in Rig Veda is used for which agricultural product?

(a) Barley
(b) Gram
(c) Rice
(d) Wheat

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


57. Match list-I with list-II and choose the correct answer from the code given below –

List-I  List-II
Vrihi Sugarcane
Mudga Rice
Yava Mung bean
Ikshu Millet

Code –
(a) A-(i), B-(ii), C-(iii), D-(iv)
(b) A-(iv), B-(iii), C-(ii), D-(i)
(c) A-(iii), B-(iv), C-(i), D-(ii)
(d) A-(ii), B-(iii), C-(iv), D-(i)

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre.) 2021]


58. The Rigvedic “Pani” belongs to which class of citizens?

(a) Priests
(b) Ironsmiths
(c) Goldsmiths
(d) Traders

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


59. The System of Governance prevalent in the Vedic era was–

(a) Autocratic
(b) Democratic
(c) Republic
(d) Descended monarchy

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1993]


60. ‘Sabha’ of Vedic-era –

(a) Was an institution of mercantile people of the villages
(b) Was a royal court
(c) Was the council of ministers
(d) National Assembly of all the people of the state

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1994]


61. The Rigvedic tribal assembly associated with the judicial function was –

(a) Sabha
(b) Samiti
(c) Vidhata
(d) All of these

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


62. In which of the Vedas, Sabha, and Samiti are called two daughters of Prajapati?

(a) Rig Veda
(b) Samveda
(c) Yajurveda
(d) Atharvaveda

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


63. ‘Ayurveda’ that is ‘Science of Life’ appeared first in :

(a) Aranyaka
(b) Samveda
(c) Yajurveda
(d) Atharvaveda

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


Q 64. Rig Vedic religion was–

(a) Polytheistic
(b) Monotheistic
(c) Monistic
(d) Libertarian

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


65. The largest number of Rigvedic hymns are devoted to –

(a) Agni
(b) Indra
(c) Rudra
(d) Vishnu

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2002]


66. The largest number of the Hymns in Rig Veda belongs to–

(a) Agni
(b) Varuna
(c) Vishnu
(d) Yama

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


67. Who among the following was the most popular God of the early Vedic Aryans?

(a) Varuna
(b) Vishnu
(c) Rudra
(d) Indra

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


68. Who among the following is regarded as War-God in the Rig Veda?

(a) Agni
(b) Indra
(c) Surya
(d) Varuna

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


69. Which of the following Gods was considered as War-God in the Vedic literature?

(a) Varuna
(b) Indra
(c) Agini
(d) Mitra

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


70. Study the following statements about the Vedic God Indra and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

1. Was the God of thunder.
2. Punished the sinners.
3. Was the guardian of the moral order.
4. Was the God of rain.

Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 are correct.
(b) 1 and 3 are correct.
(c) 2 and 4 are correct.
(d) 1 and 4 are correct.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


71. 800 B.C. to 600 B.C. is related to which era?

(a) Brahmin era
(b) Sutra era
(c) Ramayana era
(d) Mahabharata era

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2002]


72. Gayatri Mantra is found in which book?

(a) Upanishad
(b) Bhagwatgita
(c) Rig Veda
(d) Yajurveda

[39th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


73. The ‘Mantra’ famous with the name ‘Gayatri The mantra’ found in which of the following scriptures –

(a) Bhagwat Gita
(b) Atharvaveda
(c) Rig Veda
(d) Manusmriti

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


74. Who composed the Gayatri Mantra?

(a) Vasishtha
(b) Vishwamitra
(c) Indra
(d) Parikshit

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


75. Sarga, Pratisarga, Vansa, Manvantara, and Vanshanucharita are the indicators of

(a) Vedas
(b) Puranas
(c) Upanishads
(d) Sutras

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2015]


 76. The number of Puranas is–

(a) 16
(b) 18
(c) 19
(d) 21

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2009]


77. In which language was the ‘Shrimad Bhagavad Gita’ originally written?

(a) Sanskrit
(b) Urdu
(c) Pali
(d) Hindi

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]


78. Originally the Mahabharata was known as –

(a) Brihatkatha
(b) Brahmins
(c) Brihatsamhita
(d) Jayasamhita

[U.P.R.O/A.R.O. (Pre) 2014]


 79. The Shatasahasri-Samhita is the nickname of which of the following texts?

(a) Rigveda
(b) Atharvaveda
(c) Ramayana
(d) Mahabharata

[U.P.B.E.O. (Pre.) 2019]


80. In Mahabharat by what name were the Kuninda-kings known?

(a) Sarvasrestha
(b) Madhyam
(c) Dwij Srestha
(d) Dwij

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


81. According to Hindu mythology, which serpent offered himself as a rope for churning the ocean?

(a) Kalia
(b) Vasuki
(c) Pushkar
(d) Sheshnag

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]


82. In which phase, the concept of untouchability was put clearly?

(a) Rigvedic phase
(b) Later Vedic phase
(c) Later Gupta phase
(d) Dharmashastra phase

[39th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


83. From which Upanishad, the words “Satyameva Jayate” have been taken?

(a) Mandukopanishad
(b) Kathopnishad
(c) Chhandogyopanishad
(d) None of these

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Pre) 2004, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004]


84. From where was the word ‘Satyameva Jayate’ taken?

(a) Manusmriti
(b) Bhagawadgita
(c) Rig Veda
(d) Mundakopanishad

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2004, M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1994, M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


85. ‘Satyamev Jayate’ which is engraved on the Indian Emblem has been taken from –

(a) Rig Veda
(b) Bhagavad Gita
(c) Mundakopanishad
(d) Matsya Purana

[U.P.P.S.C. (R.I.) 2014]


86. The Statement “Tamsoma Jyotirgamaya” was originally mentioned in

(a) Upanishads
(b) Mahakavyas
(c) Puranas
(d) Shaddarshanas
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


87. The legend of Satyakam Jabal, which challenges the stigma of being an unmarried mother, is mentioned in

(a) Jabal Upanishad
(b) Prashnophishad
(c) Chhandogya Upanishad
(d) Kathopanishad

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2016]


88. The literal meaning of which Upanishada is the white horse?

(a) Kathopanishad
(b) Chhandogya Upanishad
(c) Taittriya Upanishad
(d) Eshopanishad
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


89. The fundamental or basic script of the ‘Rig Veda’ was –

(a) Devnagri
(b) Kharoshthi
(c) Pali
(d) Brahmi

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Pre) 2004]


90. In the Vedic rituals, HOTA is associated with the–

(a) Rig Veda
(b) Yajurvaveda
(c) Samaveda
(d) Atharvaveda

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013]


91. There is a similarity between Avesta and the Rig Veda, from which region the Avesta is related to –

(a) India
(b) Iran
(c) Israel
(d) Egypt

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2004]


92. Which of the following animals was considered as “Aghanya” during the Vedic period:-

(a) Bull
(b) Sheep
(c) Cow
(d) Elephant

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


93. Aghanya in Rig Veda is mentioned for –

(a) Goat
(b) Cow
(c) Elephant
(d) Horse

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Spl) (Pre) 2010]


94. The name ‘Aghanya’ is mentioned in many passages of the Rig Veda and refers to :

(a) Priest
(b) Women
(c) Cows
(d) Brahmanas

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


95. In the early Rigvedic period, what was considered to be the most valuable property?

(a) Land
(b) Cow
(c) Women
(d) Water

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2015]


96. In the context of Indian culture ‘Rit’ means

(a) Natural law
(b) artificial law
(c) Human law
(d) Social law
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


97. In the context of ancient Indian society which one of the following terms does not belong to the category of the other three?

(a) Kula
(b) Vansha
(c) Kosa
(d) Gotra

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]


98. What is the total number of Sanskaras?

(a) 10
(b) 12
(c) 15
(d) 16

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


99. “Ganga Dashehara” is celebrated in which month and day according to Hindu Calendar?

(a) Tenth bright lunar day of Jyeshtha
(b) Tenth bright lunar day of Chaitra
(c) Tenth bright lunar day of Ashwin
(d) Tenth bright lunar day of Magh

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


100. The teacher who taught ‘Ved-Vedanga’ for livelihood, was called –

(a) Acharya
(b) Adhvaryu
(c) Upadhyaya
(d) Purohita

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./LDA (Mains) 2007]


Q 101. With reference to the difference between the culture of Rigvedic Aryans and Indus Valley people, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. Rigvedic Aryans used the coat of mail and helmet in warfare whereas the people of the Indus Valley Civilization did not leave any evidence of using them.
2. Rigvedic Aryans knew gold, silver, and copper whereas Indus Valley people knew only copper and iron.
3. Rigvedic Aryans had domesticated the horse whereas there is no evidence of Indus Valley people having been aware of this animal.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2017]