Sustainable Economic Development – Old Year Questions

1. The main objective of sustainable tourism is :

(a) To increase the number of tourists
(b) To manage mass-scale tourism and small-scale travel
(c) To manage tourism and the environment while maintaining cultural integrity and ecological processes
(d) None of the above

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


2. Which of the following is a Nodal Institution for the implementation of Sustainable Development Goals in India?

(a) Planning Commission
(b) Disinvestment Commission
(c) NITI Aayog
(d) Finance Commission

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


3. What is India’s rank in the 2016 Sustainable Development Goal Index?

(a) 110th
(b) 88th
(c) 63rd
(d) 129th
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[60-62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


4. What is India’s rank in the 2017 Sustainable Development Goal Index?

(a) 116th
(b) 125th
(c) 108th
(d) 95th

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


5. According to the Report released by NITI Aayog in December 2019 on ‘Sustainable Development Goals India Index 2019-20’, the Uttar Pradesh is grouped under which of the following categories?

(a) Aspirant
(b) Performer
(c) Front runner
(d) Achiever

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


6. As per SDG India Index and Dashboard 2020-21 published by the NITI Aayog, which one of the following States was NOT among the top five States in their performance regarding SDGs in the country?

(a) Gujarat
(b) Andhra Pradesh
(c) Goa
(d) Tamil Nadu

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2021]


7. According to the ‘Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) India Index, 2019’ recently released by NITI Aayog, which State holds the first position?

(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Bihar
(c) Jharkhand
(d) Kerala

[U.P. B.E.O. (Pre) 2019]


8. Which of the following States is NOT on the list of top five States on the Sustainable Development Goals Index 2019-20 in India?

(a) Gujarat
(b) Himachal Pradesh
(c) Andhra Pradesh
(d) Tamil Nadu

[U.P. B.E.O. (Pre) 2019]


9. NITI Aayog has developed a composite index for each state/ UT, which aggregates progress towards each Sustainable Development Goal (SDG), and classifies States in achievers, front-runners, performers and aspirants. On the basis of this composite index which of the following State is not a Front-Runner?

(a) Kerala
(b) Tamil Nadu
(c) Gujarat
(d) Himachal Pradesh

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2021]


10. Which of the following Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) will target to water availability for all and its permanent management up to 2030 in India?

(a) SDG – 6
(b) SDG – 7
(c) SDG – 8
(d) SDG – 9

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


11. Who has propounded the concept of ‘Limit to Growth’?

(a) Club of Rome
(c) Brundtland Commission
(d) Agenda 21

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


12. According to Meadows (1972), if the present trends in world population, industrialization, pollution, food production and resource depletion continue unchanged, the ‘Limits to Growth’ on our planet will be reached in the next :

(a) 50 years
(b) 100 years
(c) 150 years
(d) 200 years

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1998]


13. Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and other as the Reason (R).
Assertion (A): Sustainable development is important for
the well-being of human society.
Reason (R): Sustainable development is a kind of development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Select the correct answer using the codes below :
Codes :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false but (R) is true

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


14. ‘Saving energy and other resources for the future without sacrificing people’s comfort in the present’ is the definition of which of the following concepts?

(a) Economic growth
(b) Economic development
(c) Sustainable development
(d) Human development

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


15. Sustainable development is described as the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. In this perspective, inherently the concept of sustainable development is intertwined with which of the following concepts?

(a) Social justice and empowerment
(b) Inclusive Growth
(c) Globalization
(d) Carrying capacity

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2010]


16. The base of sustainable development is –

(a) Social approach
(b) Economic Approach
(c) Environmental approach
(d) None of the above

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


17. Sustainable development is a case of inter-generational sensibilities in respect of use of –

(a) Natural resources
(b) Material resources
(c) Industrial resources
(d) Social resources

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]


18. What do we mean by sustainable economic development?

(a) Future economic development with the development of present generation
(b) Only economic development of present generation
(c) Industrial development
(d) Agriculture development

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


19. Neemrana, a model of sustainable economic development, is located in

(a) Haryana
(b) Punjab
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Uttar Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


20. The task force of blue economy for sustainable development is a collaboration between India and which country?

(a) Switzerland
(b) Norway
(c) Sweden
(d) France

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


21. In the context of any country, which one of the following would be considered as part of its social capital?

(a) The proportion of literates in the population
(b) The stock of its buildings, other infrastructure and machines
(c) The size of population in the working age group
(d) The level of mutual trust and harmony in the society

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2019]


22. Consider the following statements :
Human capital formation as a concept is better explained in terms of a process which enables :
1. individuals of a country to accumulate more capital.
2. increasing the knowledge, skill levels and capacities of the people of the country.
3. accumulation of tangible wealth.
4. accumulation of intangible wealth.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 4
(d) 1, 3 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2018]


23. Skill development programme enhances :

(a) Human Capital
(b) Physical Capital
(c) Working Capital
(d) Fixed Capital

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


24. Which one of the following will not have a direct impact on human capital formation?

(a) Education
(b) Medical Care
(c) Training
(d) Irrigation

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2017]


25. Increasing investment in human capital leads to –

(a) Proper use of resources
(b) Increase in productivity
(c) Skill development
(d) All of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam.) 2015]


26. Which of the following countries has topped in the Human Capital Index, 2020?

(a) Japan
(b) South Korea
(c) Singapore
(d) Hong Kong
(e) None of the above / More than one of the above

[66th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2020]


27. Inclusive growth would necessitate :

(a) Development of infrastructural facilities
(b) Revival of agriculture
(c) Increased availability of social services such as education and health
(d) All of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


28. Inclusive growth is not expected to increase from which one of the following?

(a) High growth rate of National Income
(b) Rural develoment
(c) Agriculture development
(d) Adequate credit to farmers

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]


29. Which of the following can be said to be essentially the parts of Inclusive Governance?
1. Permitting the Non-Banking Financial Companies to do banking
2. Establishing effective District Planning Committees in all the districts
3. Increasing the government spending on public health
4. Strengthening the Mid-day Meal Scheme
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 and 4 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


30. Which of the following can aid in furthering the Government’s objective of inclusive growth?
1. Promoting Self-Help Groups.
2. Promoting Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
3. Implementing the Right to Education Act.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2011]


31. A new chapter on sustainable development and climate change was first introduced in the Economic Survey of :

(a) 2004-05
(b) 2011-12
(c) 2012-13
(d) 2013-14

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) (Re-Exam) 2015]


32. Increase in absolute and per capita real GNP do not connote a higher level of economic development, if :

(a) industrial output fails to keep pace with agricultural output
(b) agricultural output fails to keep pace with industrial output
(c) poverty and unemployment increase
(d) imports grow faster than exports

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2018]