Soils Resources of India One Liner Questions & Answers


Question Answer
1 The black cotton soil of India has been formed due to the weathering of – Fissure Volcanic rock
2 Which soil of India has been formed due to weathering of basaltic lava? Regur Soils
3 Regur is the name of which soil? Black soil
4 Regur soil is most widespread in – Maharashtra
5 Which soil is known as the “self-ploughed” soil of the country? Black cotton soils
6 Which soils of India is most suitable for cotton cultivation? Regur Soils
7 Lava soils are found in – Malwa plateau
8 The predominant soil of the Malwa Plateau is – Black soil
9 Which soil needs little irrigation as it retains soil water? Black
10 Laterite soils are found in – Maharashtra
11 Laterite soils are predominant in – Malabar Coastal Region
12 Which soil types of India is rendered infertile by the presence of excess iron? Lateritic
13 Which soil is deposited by rivers? Alluvial soil
14 Which is the most productive soil in India? Alluvial soil
15 In India, the largest soil group is found as – Alluvial Soil
16 Old Kachhari clay of Gangetic plain is called – Bhangar
17 Which type of soil has minimum water retention capacity? Alluvial Sand soil
18 Which soil particles are present in loamy soils?
50% soil solids (a combination of sand, silt, and clay) and 50% pore spaces and water
19 Which soil is predominantly found in the districts of Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga, and Champaran? Newer alluvium
20 Soils of western Rajasthan have a high content of – Calcium
21 Which crop enriches the Nitrogen content in soil? Pea
22 When you travel to certain parts of India, you will notice red soil. What is the main reason for this color? Presence of ferric oxides
23 The micronutrient maximum deficient in Indian soils, is – Zinc
24 Karewas soils, which are useful for the cultivation of Zafran (a local variety of saffron), is found – Kashmir Himalaya
25 Soil water available to plants is maximum in – Clay soil
26 Which particles has less than 0.002 mm diameter? Clay soil
27 A fertile soil, suitable for growing common crops is likely to have a pH value of – Six to Seven
28 What can be used to make acidic soil cultivable?
Dolomite, calcitic limestones, burnt lime, Hydrated lime, lime sludge, and slags
29 The solution to the problem of soil salinity and alkalinity is – Use of Gypsum in the fields
30 In India maximum alkali area is found in the State of – Uttar Pradesh
31 In India, the largest area of Saline soil is found in the state of – Gujarat
32 Which soil is most suited for tea plantation? Acidic
33 In which area of India, the problem of soil erosion is critical? Foothill areas of Shivalik ranges
34 Which area is most affected by soil erosion in India? Chambal Valley
35 The largest area under salt-affected soils exists in the State of – Gujarat
36 Which type of erosion is responsible for the formation of Chambal Ravines? Gully
37 Farmland tends to erode most rapidly when planted with – Sorghum
38 The rotation of crops is essential for – Increasing soil fertility
39 Soil erosion can be checked by – Afforestation