Indian Geography : Introduction – Old Year Questions


1. Which of the following statements are true about India? Use the code given below to select the correct answer:
1. India is the fifth largest country in the world
2. It occupies about 2.4 percent of the total area of the lithosphere.
3. The whole of India lies in the tropic zone.
4. 82.5°E longitude is used to determine Indian Standard Time
Code :

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 2 and 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


2. Where does India rank in the area among the countries of the world?

(a) Fifth
(b) Sixth
(c) Seventh
(d) Eighth

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


3. India is in size –

(a) Fifth largest country in the world
(b) Sixth largest country of the world
(c) Seventh largest country in the world
(d) None of the above

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


4. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(a) Total area of India – 3.28 million sq. km.
(b) Latitudinal extent – 8º4′ North and 37º6′ North
(c) Longitudinal extent – 68º7′ E – 97º25′ E
(d) Number of states in India – 26

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


5. The area of India is 2.4% of the total area of the world but it–

(a) the population is 16% of the world’s population
(b) the population is 17% of the world’s population
(c) the population is 18% of the world’s population
(d) the population is 28% of the world’s population

[39th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


6. How many villages are (approximately) there in India –

(a) 5 lakh
(b) 6 lakh 30 thousand
(c) 8 lakh
(d) None of these

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


7. Which of the following statements about India is incorrect?

(a) India is the 7th largest country in the world
(b) India is the second most populous country in the world
(c) Its land boundary extends for around 15,200 km
(d) The earliest sunrise is seen in Mizoram State

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2016]


Latitudinal & Longitudinal Expansion

1. The expansion of India is between –

(a) 37° 17′ 53” North and 8° 6′ 28″ South
(b) 37° 17′ 53″ North and 8° 4′ 28″ South
(c) 37° 17′ 53″ North and 8° 28″ North
(d) None of the above

[39th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


2. The latitude that passes through Sikkim also passes through:

(a) Rajasthan
(b) Punjab
(c) Himachal Pradesh
(d) Jammu & Kashmir

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2010]


3. 700 East longitude passes through:-

(a) Jodhpur
(b) Jaisalmer
(c) Dholpur
(d) Nagaur

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2010]


India and the Tropic of Cancer

1. The Tropic of Cancer passes through which of the following states:-

(a) Odisha
(b) Bihar (Jharkhand)
(c) Himachal Pradesh
(d) Andhra Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


2. The Tropic of Cancer passes through which of the following states?
Select the correct answer from the code given below:
1. Gujarat 2. Chhattisgarh
3. Uttar Pradesh 4. Jharkhand
Code :

(a) 1, 2 and 4
(b) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 2, 3 and 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


3. Tropic of Cancer passes through –

(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Tripura
(c) Mizoram
(d) All of these

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


4. Through how many Indian states does the Tropic of Cancer pass?

(a) 6
(b) 8
(c) 7
(d) 9

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


5. The state of India through which the Tropic of Cancer passes is –

(a) Jammu and Kashmir
(b) Himachal Pradesh
(c) Bihar
(d) Jharkhand

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


6. The Tropic of Cancer does NOT cross which of the following States?

(a) Tripura
(b) Chhattisgarh
(c) Manipur
(d) Mizoram

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) (Re-Exam) 2016]


7. Which one of the following towns is nearest to the Tropic of Cancer :

(a) Agartala
(b) Gandhinagar
(c) Jabalpur
(d) Ujjain

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999, U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2002]


8. Among the following cities, which one is nearest to the Tropic of Cancer?

(a) Delhi
(b) Kolkata
(c) Jodhpur
(d) Nagpur

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


9. Which important latitude divides India into almost two equal parts?

(a) 23°30′ South
(b) 33°30′ North
(c) 0°
(d) 23° 30′ North

M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008


10. Which of the following Indian states lies north of the tropic of Cancer?

(a) Jharkhand
(b) Manipur
(c) Mizoram
(d) Tripura

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2013, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


11. Which, among the following places, will have maximum day length in the month of June?

(a) Hyderabad
(b) Chennai
(c) Bhopal
(d) Delhi

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


Standard Time

1. When it is midnight at IST meridian, a place observes 6 A.M. The meridian on which the said place is located is

(a) 7031′ E
(b) 172030′ E
(c) 7030′ E
(d) 127030′ W

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2002]


2. How many hours of time difference will be there between the most western village of Gujrat and the most eastern village of Arunachal Pradesh, Walong ?

(a) 1 hour
(b) 2 hour
(c) 3 hour
(d) 1/2 hour

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


3. Consider the following statements:
1. The longitude of Jabalpur’s location is between those of Indore and Bhopal.
2. The latitude of Aurangabad’s location is between those of Vadodara and Pune.
3. Bengaluru is situated more southward than Chennai.
Which of these statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3
(b) Only 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


4. Which of the following cities is closest to the IST (Indian Standard Time) meridian?

(a) Rewa
(b) Sagar
(c) Ujjain
(d) Hoshangabad

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


5. If it is 10.00 a.m. IST, then what would be the local time at Shillong at 92° E longitude?

(a) 9.38 a.m.
(b) 10.38 a.m.
(c) 10.22 a.m.
(d) 09.22 a.m.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1999]


6. When it is noon at IST meridian, what would be the local time at 120o East longitude –

(a) 09.30
(b) 14.30
(c) 17.30
(d) 20.00

[U.P.P.C.S.(Pre) 2001]


7. The Indian Standard Time Meridian does not pass through

(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Chhattisgarh
(c) Maharashtra
(d) Uttar Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


8. Standard Indian Time (Meridian Longitude 82° 30′) passes through which of the following towns?

(a) Nagpur
(b) Delhi
(c) Patna
(d) Allahabad

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996]


9. Which of the following longitudes is known as “Standard Meridian” in India?

(a) 87° 30 ‘ E
(b) 85° 30 ‘ E
(c) 84° 30 ‘ E
(d) 82° 30 ‘ E

[U.P.P.C.S.(Pre) 2013, U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2013]


10. The Indian Standard Time is taken from which of the following city?

(a) Allahabad (Naini)
(b) Lucknow
(c) Meerut
(d) Muzaff arnagar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


11. How much is the difference between Indian Standard Time (I.S.T.) and Greenwich Mean Time (G.M.T.)?

(a) + 4 2 1 hours
(b) + 5 21 hours
(c) – 5 hours
(d) – 4 21 hours

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010, 45th B.P.S.C (Pre) 2001, Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]


12. If the Sun rises at TIRAP in Arunachal Pradesh at 5.00 am (IST) then what time (IST) will the Sun rise in Kandla in Gujarat?

(a) About 5.30 a.m.
(b) About 6.00 a.m.
(c) About 7.00 a.m.
(d) About 7.30 a.m.

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2010]


Extreme Points

1. The southernmost point of India is-

(a) Kanyakumari
(b) Rameshwaram
(c) Indira Point
(d) Point Calimere

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2003, U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2002]


2. Where is the southernmost point of India located?

(a) Kanyakumari
(b) Great Nicobar
(c) Lakshadweep
(d) Madras

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


3. The southernmost point of India “Indira Point” is in:

(a) Tamil Nadu
(b) Chhota Nicobar
(c) Great Nicobar
(d) Kar Nicobar Island

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


4. Name the place in India where the Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, and Indian Ocean meet.

(a) Kanyakumari
(b) Indira Point
(c) Nagercoil
(d) Rameshwaram

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


5. Which one of the following pair of states of India indicates the easternmost and westernmost state?

(a) Assam and Rajasthan
(b) Arunachal Pradesh and Rajasthan
(c) Assam and Gujarat
(d) Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2015]


6. The westernmost point of India is –

(a) 68° 7′ W, Gujarat
(b) 68° 7′ W, Rajasthan
(c) 68° 7′ E, in Gujarat
(d) 68° 7′ E, Rajasthan

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


7. Which one among the following major Indian cities is most eastward located?

(a) Hyderabad
(b) Bhopal
(c) Lucknow
(d) Bengaluru (Bangalore)

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2007]


Bordering Countries

1. Consider the following statements :
1. Assam shares border with Bhutan and Bangladesh.
2. West Bengal shares border with Bhutan and Nepal.
3. Mizoram shares border with Bangladesh and Myanmar.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1, 2, and 3
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1 and 3 only

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2006]


2. Extension of the International boundaries of India along with their neighboring countries in ascending order is

(a) China, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal
(b) Nepal, Pakistan, China, Bangladesh
(c) Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh, China
(d) Pakistan, Nepal, China, Bangladesh

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


3. Which one of the following states does not form the border with Bangladesh –

(a) Meghalaya
(b) Tripura
(c) Manipur
(d) Mizoram

[Uttrakhand U.D.A./LDA (Mains) 2007, U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2002, U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2002]


4. Indian states bordering Bangladesh are –

(a) W. Bengal, Nagaland, Assam, Meghalaya
(b) Nagaland, Assam, Sikkim, W. Bengal
(c) Meghalaya, Assam, W. Bengal, Tripura
(d) Nagaland, Assam, W. Bengal, Tripura

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]


5. Which one of the following Indian states does not share a border with Bhutan?

(a) Sikkim
(b) Meghalaya
(c) Arunachal Pradesh
(d) West Bengal

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


6. Which of the following states in India, do not share a border with Bhutan?

(a) Assam
(b) Sikkim
(c) Bihar
(d) Arunachal Pradesh

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2021]


7. Which of the following Indian states shares maximum boundary with Myanmar?

(a) Manipur
(b) Arunachal Pradesh
(c) Mizoram
(d) Nagaland

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2007]


8. Which of the following groups of Indian states share its boundaries with Pakistan?

(a) Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Rajasthan.
(b) Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan and Gujarat.
(c) Punjab, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir and Rajasthan.
(d) Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat.

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2001, U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


9. The group of Indian states neighboring Nepal is –

(a) Sikkim-Bhutan
(b) Sikkim-Bihar
(c) Asom- Bihar
(d) Uttar Pradesh-Haryana

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1999, 2000]


10. Which of the following states of India does not have a common border with Myanmar?

(a) Assam
(b) Nagaland
(c) Arunachal Pradesh
(d) Mizoram

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2012]


11. Which one of the following countries shares the longest land frontier with India?

(a) China
(b) Nepal
(c) Pakistan
(d) Bangladesh

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


12. Which of the following states does not form its boundary with Bangladesh?

(a) Assam
(b) Nagaland
(c) Meghalaya
(d) Mizoram

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


13. The boundary between India and Pakistan was demarcated by:

(a) Durand Line
(b) McMahon Line
(c) Maginot Line
(d) Radcliffe Line

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996]


14. The Durand Line demarcated the Indian boundary with which of the following countries?

(a) Afghanistan
(b) Burma
(c) Nepal
(d) Tibet

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2006]


15. The boundary line between India and Pakistan is an example of

(a) Superimposed boundary
(b) Antecedent boundary
(c) Relict boundary
(d) Subsequent boundary

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


16. What is the Radcliffe line?

(a) America-Canada boundary line
(b) Indo-Pakistan boundary line
(c) Indo-China boundary line
(d) Russia-Finland boundary line

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


17. Which of the following lines demarcates India and the south-eastern part of China?

(a) Durand Line
(b) McMahon Line
(d) Redcliff e Line
(d) None of these.

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


18. The McMahon line forms the boundary between

(a) India and China
(b) India and Pakistan
(c) India and Myanmar
(d) India and Nepal

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


19. Which of the following separates India and Sri Lanka?

(a) Suez Canal
(b) Palk Strait bay
(c) Gulf of Khambhat
(d) Gulf of Kutch

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


20. Which State of India has borders with three countries namely Nepal, Bhutan, and China?

(a) Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Meghalaya
(c) West Bengal
(d) Sikkim

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008, M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


21. Which one of the following states of India has an international boundary on its three sides?

(a) Assam
(b) Nagaland
(c) Tripura
(d) West Bengal

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]