Post-Mauryan / Pre-Gupta Period – Old Year Questions and Answers

1. Which one of the following Indo-Greek rulers issued lead coins?

(a) Strato – II
(b) Strato – I
(c) Demetrius
(d) Menander

[U.P.P.S.C. (R.I.) 2014]


2. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:
       List-I                                  List-II

A. Demetrius  1. Parthian
B. Rudradaman  2. Avamukta
C. Gondophernes  3. Indo- Greek
D. Vim 4. Sythean

(a) 1 3 2 4
(b) 4 3 1 2
(c) 3 4 1 2
(d) 1 2 3 4

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2017]


3. Both Sankarshana and Vasudeva are depicted on the coins of which of the following rulers?

(a) Havishka
(b) Kanishka
(c) Samudragupta
(d) Agathocles

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


4. Who among the following was not a contemporary of the other three?

(a) Bimbisara
(b) Gautama Buddha
(c) Milinda
(d) Prasenjit

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2005]


5. The earliest specimen of the ‘Kavya’ style is found in the inscription of :

(a) Rudradaman of Kathiawar
(b) Ashoka
(c) Rajendra I
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


6. Which inscription tells about the various achievements of Rudradaman-I?

(a) Junagadh
(b) Bhitari
(c) Nasik
(d) Sanchi

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


7. Who renovated Sudarshan Lake without using forced labor?

(a) Chandragupta Maurya
(b) Bindusar
(c) Ashoka
(d) Rudradaman-I

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


8. Sixteen coins of King Menander have been found from which of the following sites?

(a) Bairat
(b) Nagari
(c) Rairh
(d) Nagar

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2018]


9. The largest number of copper coins in northern and northwestern India were issued by?

(a) Indo-Greeks
(b) Kushans
(c) Sakas
(d) Pratiharas

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


10. Who among the following issued gold coins regularly in ancient India?

(a) Satavahana
(b) Saka
(c) Kushan
(d) Parthian

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004]


11. Buddha is depicted on the coins of :

(a) Vima Kadphises
(b) Kanishka
(c) Nahpaad
(d) Budhagupta

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


12. Which of the following Kings is credited to have issued gold coins for the first time?

(a) Kujula Kadphises
(b) Vima Kadphises
(c) Kanishka
(d) Huvishka

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


13. Who among the following introduced gold coins for regular use in India?

(a) Vima Kadphises
(b) Kujula Kadphises
(c) Kanishka
(d) Hermwes

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


14. Who among the following first issued gold coins on a large scale?

(a) Pushyamitra Shunga
(b) Menander
(c) Vima Kadphises
(d) Gautamiputra Satakarni
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2018]


15. Which God is found depicted on Yaudheya coins?

(a) Vasudeva
(b) Shiva
(c) Indra
(d) Kartikeya

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


16. What is the date of the Sarnath Buddhist image inscription of Kanishka?

(a) 78 A.D.
(b) 81 A.D.
(c) 98 A.D.
(d) 121 A.D.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]

17. In which year, the coronation of Kushan king Kanishka was held?

(a) 178 B.C.
(b) 101 A.D.
(c) 58 B.C.
(d) 78 A.D.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


18. When was Saka Samvat initiated?

(a) 58 A.D.
(b) 78A.D.
(c) 320 A.D.
(d) 606 A.D.

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


19. How much is the year difference between the Saka Samvat and Vikram Samvat?

(a) 57 years
(b) 78 years
(c) 135 years
(d) 320 years

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2006]


20. Chaitra 1 of the national calendar based on the Saka The era corresponds to which one of the following dates of the Gregorian calendar in a normal year of 365 days?

(a) 22nd March (or 21st March)
(b) 15th May (or 16th May)
(c) 31st March (of 30th March)
(d) 21st April (or 20th April)

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2014]


21. When was Vikram Samvat started?

(a) 78 A.D.
(b) 57 B.C.
(c) 72 B.C.
(d) 56 B.C.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


22. Which one of the following will be the year of Saka Samvat in December 2009?

(a) 1931
(b) 1952
(c) 2066
(d) 2087

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


23. Consider the following names of contemporaries of Kanishka and select the correct answer from the codes given below :
(i) Ashvaghosha
(ii) Vasumitra

(iii) Kalidas
(iv) Kamban

Code :
(a) I and IV
(b) II and III
(c) I and II
(d) All of these

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


24. Ashvaghosha was a contemporary of –

(a) Ashoka
(b) Chandragupta- II
(c) Kanishka
(d) Harshvardhan

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


25. Which one of the following is not associated with the Court of Kanishka?

(a) Ashvaghosha
(b) Charaka
(c) Nagarjuna
(d) Patanjali

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2008]


26. Who of the following did not adorn the court of Kanishka- I?

(a) Ashvaghosha
(b) Parshva
(c) Vasumitra
(d) Vishakhadatta

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


27. Which of the following cities is not mentioned in the Rabatak inscription of Kanishka?

(a) Shravasti
(b) Kaushambi
(c) Pataliputra
(d) Champa

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2014]


28. Who among the following Ayurvedacharyas was educated at Taxila University?

(a) Sushruta
(b) Vagbhatta
(c) Charaka
(d) Jivaka

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015]


29. The ancestors of Shungas originated from?

(a) Magadha
(b) Prayag
(c) Ujjain
(d) Saurashtra

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


30. Which dynasty ruled over India after the Shunga dynasty?

(a) Satvahana
(b) Kushana
(c) Kanva
(d) Gupta

[45th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2001]


31. Who among the following rulers is stated as the protector of the ‘Varna system’?

(a) Pushyamitra Sunga
(b) Kharvela
(c) Gautamiputra Satkarni
(d) Vasudev
(e) Samudragupta

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S (Pre) 2013]


32. Which dynasty was most powerful after Maurya in Southern India –

(a) Satvahana
(b) Pallava
(c) Chola
(d) Chalukya

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


33. Simuka was the founder of which of the following dynasties?

(a) Chera
(b) Chola
(c) Pandya
(d) Satavahana

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


34. Match the following :
         List-I                         List-II

A. Shunga 1. Mahoba
B. Satavahana 2. Banvasi
C. Kadamb 3. Paithan
D. Chandel 4. Pataliputra

Choose the correct code :
(a) 4 3 2 1
(b) 4 2 3 1
(c) 1 4 2 3
(d) 1 2 3 4

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2018]


35. Which Chinese general had defeated Kanishka?

(a) Pan Chao
(b) Ban Yong
(c) She Huang Ti
(d) Ho-Ti

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]


36. Which of the following dynasty empires was expanded even outside of India?

(a) Gupta dynasty
(b) Maurya dynasty
(c) Kushan dynasty
(d) None of the above

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A.(Mains) 2006]


37. The institution of child marriage started in which period?

(a) Maurya period
(b) Kushan period
(c) Gupta period
(d) In the time of Harshvardhan

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) (Re-exam.) 2000]


38. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?

(a) Harappan Civilization – Painted Grey Ware
(b) The Kushans – Gandhara School of Art
(c) The Mughals – Ajanta Paintings
(d) The Marathas – Pahari School of Painting

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2008, I.A.S. (Pre) 2001]


39. The art of Gandhara style flourished during the reign of –

(a) Kushans
(b) Guptas
(c) Akbar
(d) Mauryas

[38th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1992]


40. Which one of the following is NOT correctly matched?
           List-I                            List-II
       (Dynasties)            (Metals of coin)

A. Kushanas Gold and Copper
B. Gupta Gold and Silver
C. Satavahanas Gold
D. Kalachuris Gold, Silver, and Copper

[U.P. R.O./ A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


41. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

A. Nasik 1. Gautami Putra
B. Hathigumpha 2. Kharvela
C. Bhitari 3. Pulakeshin II
D. Girnar 4. Rudradaman I

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2017]


42. Bamiyan of Afghanistan was famous for –

(a) Hindu temple
(b) Work of elephant teeth
(c) Gold coin of coinage
(d) Buddha statue

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


43. The art style which combines Indian and Greek features is called-

(a) Sikhar
(b) Vera
(c) Gandhara
(d) Nagara

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2008, R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1993]


44. The Gandhara School of Art is the synthesis of:

(a) Indian and Persian Art
(b) Indian and Chinese Art
(c) Indian and Turk-Afghan Art
(d) Indian and Greek Art

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996]


45. Which one of the following sculptures invariably used green schist as the medium?

(a) Mauryan sculptures
(b) Mathura sculptures
(c) Bharhut sculptures
(d) Gandhara sculptures

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]


46. With reference to the invaders in ancient India, which of the following is the correct chronological order?

(a) Greeks-Sakas-Kushanas
(b) Greeks-Kushanas-Sakas
(c) Sakas-Greeks-Kushanas
(d) Sakas-Kushanas-Greeks

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2006]


47. The first Persian ruler who captured some part of India was-

(a) Cyrus
(b) Cambyses
(c) Darius-I
(d) Shaharsh

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1994]


48. Which among the following was the earliest dynasty?

(a) Chalukya
(b) Pallava
(c) Rashtrakut
(d) Satavahana

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2001]


49. Arrange the following in chronological order:
A. Satavahanas
B. Vakatakas
C. Chalukyas
Select the correct code from the following:

(a) B-C-A
(b) C-B-A
(c) C-A-B
(d) A-B-C

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre.) 2021]


50. Which Purana consists of the longest list of Andhra Satavahana kings?

(a) Vayu Purana
(b) Vishnu Purana
(c) Matsya Purana
(d) None of the above

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2006]


51. Given below are two statements, one is labeled as
Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R).
Assertion (A): In the Satavahana period, Sanskrit along with Prakrit and other folk languages were developed.
Reason (R): Satavahana Kings promoted the use of Sanskrit and other folk languages for literary writings.
Choose the correct answer using the codes given.
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2017]


52. The capital of the Satavahanas was located at –

(a) Amravati
(b) Nanded
(c) Naldurg
(d) Durg

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


53. Which of the following places was the capital of Satvahanas?

(a) Pratisthan
(b) Nagarjuna Konda
(c) Shakal or Sialkot
(d) Pataliputra

[U.P. Lower (Spl) (Pre) 2008]


54. For which of the following rulers “Ekabrahmana” has been used?

(a) Pushyamitra Shunga
(b) Kharavela
(c) Gautamiputra Satakarni
(d) Susharman

[U.P. R.O./ A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


55. Read these statements–
Assertion (A): Kushans traded through the Gulf of Persian and the Red Sea.
Reason (R): Their well-organized naval force base was highly qualified.
In context to the above which is the correct answer :
Code :
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 1998]


56. King Kharavela is related to –

(a) Pillar inscription of Girnar
(b) Pillar inscription of Junagarh
(c) Hathigumpha inscription
(d) Sarnath inscription

[43rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1999]


57. Which of the following inscriptions gives information about two Ashwamedha Yajnas performed by the king Pushyamitra Shung?

(a) Saranath inscription
(b) Besnagar inscription
(c) Ayodhya inscription
(d) Hathigumpha inscription

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]

58. Which of the following Kings was a Patron of Jainism?

(a) Ashoka
(b) Harsha
(c) Pulakeshin II
(d) Kharavela

[U.P.P.S.C. (R.I.) 2014]


59. The King of Kalinga Kharavela was related to which of the following dynasties?

(a) Chedi
(b) Kadamba
(c) Kalinga
(d) Haryanka

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015, U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


60. Who among the following kings had heavily leaned towards Jainism?

(a) Dashratha
(b) Brihadratha
(c) Kharavela
(d) Huvishka

[48th to 52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008]


61. The inscription of Hathigumpha is the source of information about which king ?

(a) Kharvela
(b) Ashok
(c) Harshavardhan
(d) Kanishka

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


62. Kalinga’s King Kharvel was associated with:

(a) Mahameghvahana dynasty
(b) Chedi dynasty
(c) Satvahana dynasty
(d) Rath-Bhojak dynasty
(e) None of the above/ More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


63. The rulers of which of the following dynasties have been called ‘Shriparvatiya’ in Puranas?

(a) Vakatakas
(b) Ikshvakus
(c) Shaks
(d) Kharvelas

[U.P.P.C.S.C. (Pre) 2020]


64. Which field was mostly contributed by Eastern Roman ruler Justinian?

(a) Law
(b) Architecture
(c) Science
(d) Literature

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1994]