Monsoon & Rainfall in India – Old Year Questions

1. The term ‘Monsoon’ is originated from :

(a) Arabic Language
(b) Spanish
(c) Hindi
(d) English

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


2. Assertion(A): India is a Monsoonal Country.
Reason (R): The high Himalayas impart its climatic distinctiveness.
Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996, 1998, U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 1998]


3. Assertion (A): India has a tropical Monsoon type climate.
Reason (R): India is located exactly between the tropical latitudes.
Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the Correct explanation of (A).
(b) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(c) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


4. In which of the following States does the Monsoon arrive first?

(a) Assam
(b) West Bengal
(c) Maharashtra
(d) Kerala

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


5. The general direction of the flow of summer monsoon in India is –

(a) from South to North
(b) from South West to South East
(c) from South East to South West
(d) from South West to North East

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012, Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


6. Monsoon originates by which of the following winds in India?

(a) South-West winds
(b) South-East winds
(c) North-East winds
(d) North-West winds

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2016]


7. High temperature and low pressure over the Indian subcontinent during the summer season draw air from the Indian Ocean leading to the in-blowing of the :

(a) South East monsoon
(b) SouthWest monsoon
(c) Trade winds
(d) Westerlies

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]


8. Which one of the following is the driest place?

(a) Mumbai
(b) Delhi
(c) Leh
(d) Bengaluru

[56th to 59th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2015]


9. The January isotherm taken as a basis for dividing India into tropical and subtropical zones is :

(a) 21oC
(b) 18oC
(c) 12oC
(d) 15oC

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1997]


10. In which part of India is the daily range of temperature highest?

(a) Eastern coastal areas.
(b) Interior areas of Chhattisgarh plain
(c) Andaman island
(d) Desert areas of Rajasthan.

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


11. What are the months for monsoon normally in Tamil Nadu?

(a) March-April
(b) June-July
(c) September-October
(d) November-December

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


12. The Indian monsoon is indicated by seasonal displacement because of

(a) Different temperatures of land and sea
(b) Cold wind of middle Asia
(c) Excess similarity of temperature
(d) None of the above

[39th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


13. Consider the following statements :
1. The duration of the monsoon decreases from southern India to northern India.
2. The amount of annual rainfall in the northern plains of India decreases from east to west.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


14. Which of the following regions is not affected much by the Arabian Sea branch of Monsoon?

(a) The Western Ghat
(b) Deccan Plateau
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Chhattisgarh Basin
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


15. Amritsar and Shimla are almost on the same latitude, but their climate diff erence is due to-

(a) The difference in their altitudes
(b) Their distance from sea
(c) Snowfall in Shimla
(d) Pollution in Amritsar

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


16. Which one of the following type of climate is found in Chhattisgarh state ?

(a) Humid South-East
(b) Sub Humid transitional
(c) Sub Humid Littoral
(d) Sub Humid continental

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


17. Which of the following places experience a humid climate?
1. Ahmedabad
2. Kochi

3. Ludhiana
Select the correct answer from the code given below :
Code :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 2 and 4 only

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Spl) (Pre) 2010]


18. The decline of monsoon is indicated by
(i) Clear Sky
(ii) Pressure condition in the Bay of Bengal
(iii) Rising temperature on land
Select your answer using the following code –

(a) only i
(b) i and ii both
(c) i, ii and iii
(d) ii and iii both

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


19. Consider the following statements :
(1) The winds that blow between 30º N and 60º S latitudes throughout the year are known as westerlies.
(2) The moist air masses that cause winter rains in the North-Western region of India are part of westerlies.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2015]


20. As per Koppen’s classification of climate, which one of the following is the suitable description of North-East India including North Bengal?

(a) Tropical monsoon rainforest (Amw)
(b) Sub-tropical monsoon rainforest (Am)
(c) Tropical wet and dry climate (Monsoon Savannah)(Aw)
(d) Humid sub-tropical climate with dry winter (Cwg)

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


21. With reference to ‘Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD)’ sometimes mentioned in the news while forecasting Indian monsoon, which of the following statements is/ are correct?
1. The IOD phenomenon is characterized by a difference in sea surface temperature between in sea surface temperature between tropical Western Indian Ocean and tropical Eastern Pacific Ocean.
2. An IOD phenomenon can influence an El Nino impact on the monsoon.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2017]


22. According to Koppen’s climatic classification, the climate of North Bihar may be explained as:

(a) Cwg
(b) Aw
(c) CA’w
(d) CB’w
(e) None of the above / More than one of the above

[63rd B.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


23. Arrange the following seasons in Chronological order accounting to Hindu Calendar :
(i) Autumn
(ii) Summer

(iii) Spring
(iv) Rainy

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) (ii), (iv), (iii) and (i)
(b) (iii), (ii), (iv) and (i)
(c) (iv), (ii), (i) and (iii)
(d) (i), (iv), (ii) and (iii)

[U.P.R.O. / A.R.O. (Pre) 2021]



1. India gets maximum rainfall mainly from –

(a) North-East Monsoon
(b) Retreating Monsoon
(c) South-West Monsoon
(d) Convectional rainfall

[48th to 52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008]


2. The state which receives maximum rainfall due to North-East monsoon is

(a) Assam
(b) West Bengal
(c) Tamil Nadu
(d) Odisha.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2009]


3. Which of the following States gets the highest average annual rainfall?

(a) Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Sikkim
(c) Kerala
(d) Jammu and Kashmir

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


4. Which among the following pairs of places have the most marked differences in total annual rainfalls even though located approximately along the same latitude?

(a) Bengaluru and Chennai
(b) Mumbai and Visakhapatnam
(c) Ajmer and Shillong
(d) Nagpur and Kolkata.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


5. The average annual temperature of a meteorological station is 26° C, its average annual rainfall is 63 cm and the annual range temperature is 9° C. The station in question is:

(a) Allahabad
(b) Chennai
(c) Cherrapunji
(d) Kolkata

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2002]


6. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the given Indian cities in the decreasing order of their normal annual rainfall?

(a) Kochi–Kolkata–Delhi–Patna
(b) Kolkata–Kochi–Patna–Delhi
(c) Kochi–Kolkata–Patna–Delhi
(d) Kolkata–Kochi–Delhi–Patna

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2005]


7. Mango shower is –

(a) Shower of mangoes
(b) Dropping of mangoes
(c) Rainfall in March-April in Bihar and Bengal
(d) Crop of mango

[43rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


8. Among the following places which one gets the least rainfall?

(a) Leh
(b) Bikaner
(c) Jaisalmer
(d) Cherrapunji

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


9. Which one of the following places has the lowest annual rainfall?

(a) Bellary
(b) Jaisalmer
(c) Jodhpur
(d) Leh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008, 2009]


10. Which one of the following places has the lowest rainfall during the South-West Monsoon?

(a) Kolkata
(b) Mangalore
(c) Chennai
(d) Delhi

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


11. Cherrapunji is located in –

(a) Assam
(b) Manipur
(c) Meghalaya
(d) Mizoram

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005, 41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


12. The highest rainfall in India occurs in –

(a) Western Ghats, Himalayan Region and Meghalaya
(b) Madhya Pradesh and Bihar
(c) Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab
(d) Andhra Pradesh and Vidarbha

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


13. India has an abundant volume of rainfall but is still regarded as a thirsty land. This is due to :

(a) Rapid runoff of water
(b) Quick evaporation of rainwater
(c) Concentration of rainfall during a few months only
(d) All the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


14. Which of the following Water Management Strategies in India is cost-effective?

(a) Improvement of the fl usti system
(b) Treatment and use of wastewater
(c) Rainwater Harvesting
(d) Recycling and Re-use of Water

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


15. Which of the following areas have an average of 200mm rainfall in India ?

(a) Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka
(b) Jammu and Kashmir
(c) West Bengal, Orissa, Bihar
(d) Assam, Manipur, Tripura

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


16. By which monsoon does Jharkhand receive rainfall?

(a) North East Monsoon
(b) South West monsoon
(c) NorWester
(d) None of these

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


17. When there is very heavy rainfall in the Pushkar Hills, where do floods occur?

(a) Ajmer
(b) Sawai Madhopur
(c) Balotra
(d) Sojat

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2008]

18. A rainy day as defined by the Indian meteorological department is a day when the rainfall at a point received is:

(a) 0.5 mm to1mm in 24 hours.
(b) 1.1 mm to 1.5 mm in 24 hours.
(c) 1.6 mm to 2mm in 24 hours.
(d) Above 2.5mm in 24 hours.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


19. Assertion (A): The Monsoonal rainfall decreases as one goes toward the West and northwest in the Ganga plain.
Reason (R): The moisture-bearing Monsoonal winds go higher as one moves up in the Ganga plain.
In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


20. Match list I with list II and select the correct answer using the given code.
List- I (Climatic condition)                                                     List- II (Reasons )
A. Chennai is warmer than Kolkata                                   1. North-East Monsoon
B. Snowfall in Himalayan                                                      2. Altitude.
C. Rainfall decreases from West Bengal to Punjab     3. Western depressions
D. Sutlej- Ganga plain gets some rain in winter           4. Distance from the sea
                                                                                                         5. Latitude
Code :

(a) 1 2 4 5
(b) 4 5 1 3
(c) 5 2 4 3
(d) 5 1 3 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1997]


21. The hallmark of watershed development in the semiarid regions of India is the

(a) Establishment of sheds on large scale, so that the rain- water does not evaporate
(b) Undertaking of earthworks, soil conservation, moisture and recharge underground water.
(c) Drilling deep tube well so as to tap water at the rockstrata level.
(d) Setting up a system of tanks by embanking water from seasonal rivers.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


22. How many districts in India are included in the desert development program?

(a) 11 Districts
(b) 14 Districts
(c) 17 Districts
(d) 21 Districts

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1993]


23. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer using the codes given below :
Assertion (A): Inland waterways are not well developed in India.
Reason (R): Most parts of India receive rainfall only for four months in a year.
Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


Winter Rainfall

1. India’s Northern plains get winter rainfall due to –

(a) Western Disturbance
(b) Monsoon in Bay of Bengal
(c) Monsoon in Arabian sea.
(d) Retreating Monsoon.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


2. Which of the following regions of India receives winter rainfall?

(a) Odisha – Karnataka
(b) Punjab – Tamil Nadu
(c) Arunachal Pradesh – Bihar
(d) Tamil Nadu – Karnataka.

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1999]


3. Winter rainfall in Tamil Nadu is mostly due to –

(a) Western disturbances
(b) South-West monsoon
(c) North-East monsoon
(d) South-East monsoon

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


4. Assertion (A): The northern plains of India receive some rainfall in winter.
Reason (R): North East Monsoon is active in winter.

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1998]


5. Of the following, the state that receives rainfall in the winter season is

(a) Kerala
(b) Tamil Nadu
(c) West Bengal
(d) Orissa

[44th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2000]


6. Which of the following coastal region in India, receives rainfall from North Eastern monsoon ?

(a) Malabar Coast
(b) Gujarat Coast
(c) Coromandel Coast
(d) Konkan Coast

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2021]


7. Assertion (A): Anti-cyclonic conditions are formed in winter season when atmospheric pressure is high and air temperature is low.
Reason (R): Winter rainfall in Northern India causes development of anticyclonic conditions with low temperature.

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true

[I.A.S. (Pre) 200


8. Which of the following areas of India receives winter rainfall?

(a) North-West
(b) South-West
(c) North-East
(d) South-East

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2012]


9. The winter rains caused by Western disturbance in the North Western Plain of India gradually decrease from:

(a) East to West
(b) West to East
(c) North to South
(d) South to North

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]