Jainism – Old Year Questions and Answers

Jainism, one of the oldest living religions, emerged in ancient India around the 6th century BCE. Founded by Mahavira, the religion promotes non-violence, truthfulness, non-attachment, and asceticism as essential principles for spiritual liberation. Jainism emphasizes the concept of ahimsa (non-violence) at its core, advocating for the protection and reverence of all living beings. Central to Jain teachings are the Three Jewels: right belief, right knowledge, and right conduct. The religion encompasses a rich tradition of meditation, fasting, and self-discipline, aiming to attain moksha (liberation) from the cycle of birth and death. Jainism continues to influence its followers with its profound philosophy of non-violence, compassion, and respect for all forms of life.

You can test your knowledge related to Jainism and boost your preparation with following the previous year’s questions asked in different civil service exams on this topic. Let’s start!

1. The originator of the Jain religion is –

(a) Arya Sudharma
(b) Mahavira Swami
(c) Parshwanath
(d) Rishabh Dev

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


2. Parshvanatha, the Jain ‘Thirthankara’ was associated mainly with which of the following places?

(a) Varanasi
(b) Kaushambi
(c) Giribraja
(d) Champa

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


3. Consider the following ‘Tirthankara’ and arrange them in chronological order:
I. Abhinandan
II. Vimal Nath
III. Munishubratha Nath
IV. Padmaprabhu
Select the correct answer from the code given below.
Code :

(a) I, IV, II, and III
(b) III, I, II and IV
(c) IV, III, I and II
(d) IV, I, III and II

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2020]


4. Where was Mahavira Swami born?

(a) Kundagram
(b) Pataliputra
(c) Magadha
(d) Vaishali

[53rd to 55thB.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011, 47th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2005, 42nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1997]


5. Mahavira Jain breathed his last at–

(a) Rajgir
(b) Ranchi
(c) Pavapuri
(d) Samastipur

[45th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2001]


6. On the banks of which river did Mahavira Swami attain enlightenment?

(a) Swarnasikta
(b) Palashini
(c) Ganga
(d) Rijupalika

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2017]


7. The word Tirthankara is related to –

(a) Buddhists
(b) Christians
(c) Hindus
(d) Jains

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


8. Who was the last one in the order of Jain Tirthankaras?

(a) Parshvanath
(b) Risabhdev
(c) Mahavira
(d) Manisuvrata

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


9. Which one of the following was not a Jain Tirthankara?

(a) Chandraprabhu
(b) Nathamuni
(c) Nemi
(d) Sambhav

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


10. Prabhasgiri is a pilgrim spot of :

(a) Buddhists
(b) Jains
(c) Saivites
(d) Vaishnavites

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Pre) 2008]


11 In the Jain Religion, which word is used for ‘Complete Intellect’?

(a) Jin
(b) Ratna
(c) Kaivalya
(d) Nirvana

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]

12. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 List-I List-II
(Tirthankara)    (Cognizance)
A. Adinatha 1. Bull
B. Mallinatha 2. Horse
C. Parshavanatha 3. Snake
D. Sambhavnatha 4. Water Jar

Code :

(a) 1 4 3 2
(b) 1 3 2 4
(c) 3 1 4 2
(d) 3 1 4 2

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


13. Match list-I with list-II and choose the correct answer From the code given below –

 List-I                               List-II
(Tirthankara)           (Their cognition)

A. Parshvanath 1. Bull
B. Adinath 2. Lion
C. Mahaveer 3. Snake
D. Shantinath 4. Deer

Code –

(a) A-(ii), B-(iii), C-(iv), D-(i)
(b) A-(iv), B-(iii), C-(ii), D-(i)
(c) A-(i), B-(ii), C-(iii), D-(iv)
(d) A-(iii), B-(i), C-(ii), D-(iv)

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre.) 2021]


14. Which one of the following pairs is NOT correctly matched?

(Tirthankar) (Nirvana Place)
(a) Rishabhanath Ashtapad
(b) Vasupujya Sammedashikhar
(c) Neminath Urjayanta
(d) Mahavira Pavapuri

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre.) 2021]


15. The doctrine of three jewels-Right faith, Right Action, and Right Knowledge, is the crowning glory of :

(a) Buddhism
(b) Christianity
(c) Jainism
(d) None of these

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2004]


16. The correct of Anuvrata was advocated by:

(a) Mahayana Buddhism
(b) Hinayana Buddhism
(c) Jainism
(d) The Lokayata school

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1995]


17. Syadvad is a doctrine of –

(a) Lokayatism
(b) Saivism
(c) Jainism
(d) Vaishnavism

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


18. Which of the following Doctrines are associated with Jainism?
(i) Anekantavada (ii) Sarvastivada
(iii) Sunyavada (iv) Syadvada
Select the correct answer using the code given below –

(a) (i) and (iv)
(b) (ii) and (iv)
(c) (i), (ii), and (iii)
(d) (ii) and (iii)

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre.) 2021]


19. Anekantavada is a core theory and philosophy of which one of the following

(a) Buddhism
(b) Jainism
(c) Sikhism
(d) Vaishnavism

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2011, I.A.S. (Pre) 2009]


20. With reference to the religious practices in India, The “Sthanakvasi” sect belongs to

(a) Buddhism
(b) Jainism
(c) Vaishnavism
(d) Shaivism

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2018]


21. The Jain philosophy holds that the world is created and maintained by

(a) Universal Law
(b) Universal Truth
(c) Universal Faith
(d) Universal Soul

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2011]


22. Which of the following religions does not trust in the concept of ‘final annihilation of the world’?

(a) Buddhism
(b) Jainism
(c) Hinduism
(d) Islam

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


23. The Basic point of Jainism is-

(a) Act
(b) Loyalty
(c) Non-violence
(d) Disfavour

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


24. Yapaniya was the sect of-

(a) Buddhist
(b) Jainism
(c) Shaivists
(d) Vaishnavists

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2010]


25. Which of the following is the earliest holy book of Jain?

(a) Twelve Angas
(b) Twelve Upangas
(c) Fourteen Purvas
(d) Fourteen Uppurva

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


26. In which one of the following languages was the earliest Jain literature compiled?

(a) Ardh-Magadhi
(b) Paali
(c) Prakrit
(d) Sanskrit

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


27. Which of the following places is known as a place of Pilgrimages because of being related to Parshvanath?

(a) Champa
(b) Pava
(c) Sammed Shikhar
(d) Urjyant

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2002, U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2002]


28. Which one of the following is not a part of early Jain literature?

(a) Therigatha
(b) Acarangasutra
(c) Sutrakritanga
(d) Brihatkalpasutra

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]


29. Who was the first founder of the Shwetambar creed during the first partition of the Jain creed?

(a) Sthulabhadra
(b) Bhadrabahu
(c) Kalakacharya
(d) Deverdhi Kshama Sharman

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1999]


30. The first disciple of Lord Mahavir was –

(a) Jamali
(b) Yashoda
(c) Bipin
(d) Prabhash

[47th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2005]


31. Svetambara Agama was finally edited at the Jain Council of –

(a) Vaishali
(b) Balabhi
(c) Pawa
(d) Pataliputra

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


32. Read the following statements related to Jaina Literature and choose the appropriate option:
Statement I: The Shvetambara Canon included the 12 Angas
Statement II: According to Shvetambara tradition, the Angas were compiled at a council held at Vallabhi

(a) Statement I and Statement II both are true
(b) Statement I is false, but Statement II is true
(c) Statement I and Statement II both are false
(d) Statement I is true, but Statement II is false

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


33. Consider the following statements :
1. Vardhamana Mahavira’s mother was the daughter of Lichchhavi King Chetaka
2. Gautama Buddha’s mother was a princess from the Koliyan dynasty
3. Parshvanatha, the twenty-third Tirthankara, belonged to Banaras
Which of these statements is/are correct?

(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


34. With reference to ancient Jainism, which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) Jainism was spread in South India under the leadership of Sthulabhadra.
(b) The Jains who remained under the leadership of Bhadrabahu were called Shvetambaras after the Council held at Pataliputra.
(c) Jainism enjoyed the patronage of the Kalinga king Kharavela in the first century BC.
(d) In the initial stage of Jainism, the Jainas worshipped image unlike Buddhist.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2004]


35. Which of the following statements is/are applicable to the Jaina Doctrine?
1. The surest way of annihilating karma is to practice penance.
2. Every object, even the smallest particle has a soul.
3. Karma is the bane of the soul and must be ended.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

(a) Only 1
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 2
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2013]


36. “Samadhi Maran” is related to which Philosophy?

(a) Buddhist Philosophy
(b) Jain Philosophy
(c) Yoga Philosophy
(d) Lokayat Philosophy
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


37. Consider the following statements:
1. The Ikshvaku rulers of Southern India were antagonistic towards Buddhism.
2. The Pala rulers of Eastern India were Patrons of Buddhism.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 or 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2006]


38. ‘Ajivaka’ sect was founded by:

(a) Anand
(b) Rahulabhadra
(c) Makkhali Gosala
(d) Upali

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996, 39th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


39. Who among these rendered that “Fate assigns everything, human is incapable.”

(a) Jains
(b) Buddhists
(c) Aajivakas
(d) Mimansakas

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


40. The sect which believed in the abiding nature of destiny:

(a) Jainism
(b) Ajivakas
(c) Charvaka
(d) Buddhism

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2013]


41. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below :
 List-I                             List-II

A. Lakulisa 1. Ajivaka
B. Nagarjuna 2. Sunyavada
C. Bhadrabahu 3. Pasupat
D. Gosala 4. Jain

Codes :

(a) 2 3 4 1
(b) 3 2 4 1
(c) 1 2 3 4
(d) 3 1 4 2

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Pre)2017]


 42. Who used the caves of Barabar as their shelter-house?

(a) Ajivakas
(b) Tharus
(c) Jains
(d) Tantrikas

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


43. Which one of the following is not true about the Barabar hill caves?

(a) There are in all four caves on the Barabar hill
(b) Inscriptions of Ashoka are found on the walls of three caves.
(c) These inscriptions inform us about the dedication of these caves to the Ajivakas
(d) These inscriptions date back to the 6th century BC.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


44. The famous pilgrimage of Buddhists as well as of Jains in Uttar Pradesh is at

(a) Sarnath
(b) Kaushambi
(c) Devipatan
(d) Kushinagar

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2010, R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2007]


45. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

(a) The statue of Gomateshwara at Sravanabelagola represents the last Tirthankara of Jains
(b) India’s largest Buddhist monastery is in Arunachal Pradesh
(c) The Khajuraho temples were built under Chandela Kings
(d) The Hoyseleswara temple is dedicated to Shiva

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2002]


46. Who built the “Gommateshwara” statue at Sravanabelagola?

(a) Chamundraya
(b) Krishan-I
(c) Kumarpala
(d) Tejpala.

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2009, I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


47. Mahamastakabhisheka, a great religious event, is associated with and done for which of the following?

(a) Bahubali
(b) Buddha
(c) Mahavirji
(d) Nataraja

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2009]