Indus Valley Civilization – Old Year Questions and Answers

हिंदी में पढ़ें

The Indus Valley Civilization, also known as the Harappan Civilization, was one of the world’s earliest urban civilizations. It thrived from approximately 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE, and its cities boasted impressive infrastructure, advanced town planning, and a sophisticated understanding of sanitation and drainage systems.

In this series, we will delve into the mysteries surrounding this remarkable civilization. We will unravel the secrets of their urban planning, their trade networks, their intricate system of writing that is yet to be fully deciphered, and their artistic and cultural achievements.

1. Human Society is unique because it depends mainly on–

(a) Culture
(b) Economy
(c) Religion
(d) Science

[U.P.P.C.S.(Spl) (Mains) 2004]


2. Which of the following is related to the Harappa civilization?

(a) Sumerian civilization
(b) Indus Valley Civilization
(c) Vedic civilization
(d) Mesopotamian civilization

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


3. Indus Civilization existed in–

(a) Prehistoric age
(b) Proto-historic age
(c) Historic age
(d) Post-Historic age

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996, 39th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


4. Indus Valley civilization was Non-Aryan because –

(a) It was an Urban Civilization
(b) It has its own script
(c) It has an agricultural economy
(d) It extended up to the Narmada Valley

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


5. The important reason to keep the Indus-Valley civilization before Aryan civilization is –

(a) Script
(b) Town Planning
(c) Copper
(d) Potteries

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


6. The Indus Valley culture was different from the Vedic Civilization because

(a) It had the amenities of developed city life
(b) It has a pictographic script
(c) It lacked knowledge of iron and defensive arrow
(d) All of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


7. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below the lists.
 List–I                                  List-II

Indus Valley Civilization Pastoral
Later Vedic Society Land Lordism
Rigvedic Society Agrarian
Medieval Period Urban

Code :


(a) 4 2 3 1
(b) 2 1 4 3
(c) 3 4 1 2
(d) 4 3 1 2

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


Q 8. The source of knowledge about Harappan culture is:

(a) Rock edicts
(b) Writing in terracotta seals
(c) Archaeological excavations
(d) All of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


9. Which of the following throws light on Harappan culture?

(a) Inscription
(b) Archaeological excavations
(c) Handwriting seals on the utensils
(d) Religious books.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


10. The main source of knowledge about the inhabitants of Indus Valley civilizations is the discovery of:

(a) Seals
(b) Utensils, Jewellery, weapons, tools
(c) Temple
(d) Scripts

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1996]


11. Which of the following matches is not correct regarding the origin of Harappan civilization?

(a) M. Rafique Mughal – Harappan civilization was inspired by Mesopotamian civilization
(b) E.J.H. Mackay – Migration of people from Sumer
(c) Mortimer Wheeler – Migration of ‘idea of civilization
(d) Amalandanda Ghosh – Pre-Harappan culture matured to make the Harrapan civilization

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2013]


12. The earliest evidence of silver in India is found in the

(a) Harappan culture
(b) Chalcolithic cultures of Western India
(c) Vedic texts
(d) Silver Punch- marked coins

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


13. The earliest evidence of animal domestication and agriculture in India has come from

(a) Anjira
(b) Damb Sadat
(c) Kili Gul Muhammad
(d) Mehargarh
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2018]


14. Which colour was commonly used in Harappan Pottery?

(a) Red
(b) Blue-grey
(c) Yellow
(d) Blue

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


15. The beginning of idol worship is to be considered in –

(a) Pre-Aryan
(b) Vedic period
(c) Mauryan Period
(d) Kushan Period

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


16. Which one of the following animals was not represented on the seals and terracotta art of the Harappan culture?

(a) Cow
(b) Elephant
(c) Rhinoceros
(d) Tiger

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2001]


18. In which of the following Harappan cities, furrows of ploughed fields have been found?

(a) Kalibangan
(b) Dholavira
(c) Mohenjo-Daro
(d) Lothal
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[66th B. P.S.C. (Pre) 2020]


19. Which among the following Harappan site terracotta of ‘plough’ was found?

(a) Dholavira
(b) Banawali
(c) Kalibangan
(d) Lothal
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


20. A ploughed field was discovered at –

(a) Mohenjodaro
(b) Kalibangan
(c) Harappa
(d) Lothal

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


21. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below :

 List-I  List-II
Harappa  Cemetery R-37
Lothal  Dockyard
Kalibangan  Dancing Girl Statue
Mohenjo-Daro Furrowed land

Codes :

(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 2 1 4 3
(c) 3 4 1 2
(d) 1 2 4 3

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


22. Which one of the following ancient towns is well known for its elaborate system of water harvesting and management by building a series of dams and channelling water into connected reservoirs?

(a) Dholavira
(b) Kalibangan
(c) Rakhigarhi
(d) Ropar

[I.A.S. (Pre.) 2021]


23. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists:

 List-I                             List-II

Harappa  Godavari
Hastinapur Ravi
Nagarjuna Ganga
Paithan  Krishna

Code :
(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 2 3 4 1
(c) 4 3 2 1
(d) 3 4 1 2

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


24. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below:

List – I List – II
(Harappan Settlement) (River on which located)
Harappa  Bhogava
Kalibangan Ghaggar
Lothal Ravi
Ropar Sutlej

Code :
(a) 3 2 1 4
(b) 3 4 1 2
(c) 4 2 3 1
(d) 1 3 2 4

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2010]


25. The Great Bath was found in the Indus Valley civilization at –

(a) Mohenjodaro
(b) Harappa
(c) Lothal
(d) Kalibangan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


26. The ‘Great Bath’ was found at the archaeological site of

(a) Ropar
(b) Harappa
(c) Mohenjodaro
(d) Kalibangan

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010, Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2007]


27. Which of the following statements about the Indus civilization is not true?

(a) Accurate drainage system in cities
(b) Trade and commerce were in an advanced stage.
(c) Worshipping of Mother Goddess
(d) People knew about iron

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


28. Indus Valley civilization is known for
1. For its town planning
2. For Mohenjodaro and Harappa
3. For their agricultural work
4. For its industrialization

Code :

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 2, 3 and 4
(d) All of the above

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2003]


29. Which of the following is not correctly matched –

(a) Alamgirpur – Uttar Pradesh
(b) Lothal – Gujarat
(c) Kalibangan – Haryana
(d) Ropar – Punjab

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996]


30. For the Harrapan Cultural sites and its position, which of the following is not correctly matched?

(a) Alamgirpur – Uttar Pradesh
(b) Banawali – Haryana
(c) Daimabad – Maharashtra
(d) Rakhigarhi – Rajasthan

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2006]


31. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below :

 List – I List – II
 (Harappan Site) (Location)
Manda Rajasthan
Daimabad Haryana
Kalibangan Jammu-Kashmir
Rakhigarhi Maharashtra

Code :
(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 2 3 4 1
(c) 3 4 1 2
(d) 4 1 2 3

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


32. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below the lists.

List–I List-II
(Harappan Site) (UT/State of India)
Balu Uttar Pradesh
Manda Jammu and Kashmir
Padri Haryana
Hulas Gujarat

Code :
(a) 3 2 1 4
(b) 2 3 4 1
(c) 2 4 3 1
(d) 3 2 4 1

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


33. Which of the following sites of Harappan culture are located in Sindh?
1. Harappa 2. Mohenjodaro
3. Chanhudaro 4. Surkotada
Indicate the correct answer from the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 2, 3, and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


34. The excavation at Chanhudaro was directed by –

(a) J. H. Mackay
(b) Sir John Marshall
(c) R. E. M. Wheeler
(d) Sir Aurel Stein

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015]


35. Which site of the Indus Valley is now in Pakistan?

(a) Kalibangan
(b) Harappa
(c) Lothal
(d) Alamgirpur

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl.) (Pre) 1994]


36. Rangpur, where the contemporary Harappan civilization was found, is in –

(a) Punjab
(b) Eastern Uttar Pradesh
(c) Saurashtra
(d) Rajasthan

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1999]


37. Dadheri is a late Harappan site of –

(a) Jammu
(b) Punjab
(c) Haryana
(d) Uttar Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


38. Which site of the Indus Valley Civilization is located in India?

(a) Harappa
(b) Mohenjodaro
(c) Lothal
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


39. The Harappan city represented by the archaeological site of Lothal was situated on the river –

(a) Narmada
(b) Mahi
(c) Bhogva
(d) Bhima

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2012]


40. Harappan civilization, Lothal, is located in–

(a) Gujarat
(b) Punjab
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Sindh

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


41. The port city of the Indus Valley Civilization was –

(a) Harappa
(b) Kalibangan
(c) Lothal
(d) Mohenjodaro

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


42. What is the most significant feature of the Indus Valley Civilization?

(a) Burnt brick buildings
(b) First true arches
(c) Buildings of worship
(d) Art and architecture
(e) None of the above/ More than one of the above

[63rd B.P.S.C (Pre.) 2017]


43. Which of the following is a Harappan port?

(a) Alexandria
(b) Lothal
(c) Mahasthangarh
(d) Nagapattinam

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


44. Which of the following is not an Indus Valley Civilization site?

(a) Kalibangan
(b) Ropar
(c) Patliputra
(d) Lothal

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


45. Which one of the following is not a Harappan site?

(a) Chanhudaro
(b) Kotdiji
(c) Sohgaura
(d) Desalpur

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2019]


46. The largest site of Harappa in India is –

(a) Alamgirpur
(b) Kalibangan
(c) Lothal
(d) Rakhigarhi

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


47. The biggest Harappan site in India is

(a) Rakhigarhi
(b) Dholavira
(c) Kalibangan
(d) Lothal

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


48. Indus Valley Civilization, which was placed on the banks of the river, they were?

1. Sindhu
2. Chenab

3. Jhelum
4. Ganga

Choose the correct answer from the code given below-
Code :

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 2, 3 and4
(d) All four

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2009]


49. The people of Indus Valley believed in –

(a) Spirit and Brahma
(b) Ritual
(c) Sacrificial system
(d) Mother Goddess

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1993]


50. The Indus Valley people worshipped –

(a) Shiva
(b) Indra and Varun
(c) Brahma
(d) Vishnu

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


51. Who was the director of the archaeological excavation that led to the discovery of Harappa and Mohenjodaro?

(a) Lord Macaulay
(b) Sir John Marshall
(c) Clive
(d) Colonel Tad

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1997]


52. Two Indians who were associated with the discovery of the Indus Valley Civilization, are :

(a) Rakhal Das Banerjee and Dayaram Sahni
(b) John Marshall and Ishwari Prasad
(c) Ashirwadi Lal Srivastava and Rangnath Rao
(d) Madhosarup Vats and V.B. Rao

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]


53. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I List-II
A. Harappa 1. N.G. Majumdar (1936-37)
B. Hastinapur 2. John Marshall (1913-34)
C. Takshashila 3. Daya Ram Sahni (1923-24 & 1924-25)
D. Kaushambi 4. B.B. Lal (1950-52

Codes :
(a) 4 2 1 3
(b) 1 3 4 2
(c) 3 4 2 1
(d) 4 1 3 2

[U.P.R.O/A.R.O. (Mains) 2017]


54. Which one of the following is not correctly matched?

(a) Harappa – Daya Ram Sahni
(b) Lothal – S.R. Rao
(c) Surkotada – J.P. Joshi
(d) Dholavira – B.K. Thapar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


55. The first archaeologist who excavated Harappa, but could not recognize its significance, was :

(a) A. Cunningham
(b) Sir John Marshall
(c) Mortimer Wheeler
(d) George F. Dales

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


56. Who among the following was not associated with the excavation of Harappa and Mohenjodaro?

(a) R. D. Banerjee
(b) K.N. Dikshit
(c) M.S. Vats
(d) V.A. Smith

[56th to 59th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2015]


57. From which one of the following places, remains of wells have been found in houses belonging to the developed stage of the Indus Valley Civilization?

(a) Harappa
(b) Kalibangan
(c) Lothal
(d) Mohenjo-Daro

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2004]


58. Mohenjo-Daro is situated in which of the following?

(a) Gujarat state of India
(b) Punjab state of India
(c) Sindh Province in Pakistan
(d) Afghanistan

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


59. What is the correct chronological order in which the following appeared in India?

1. Gold coins
2. Punch-marked silver coins
3. Iron plough
4. Urban Culture

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 3, 4, 1, 2
(b) 3, 4, 2, 1
(c) 4, 3, 1, 2
(d) 4, 3, 2, 1

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1998]


60. The first metal used by man was:

(a) Gold
(b) Silver
(c) Copper
(d) Iron

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2012]


61. An ivory scale in the Harappan context was found at –

(a) Kalibangan
(b) Lothal
(c) Dholavira
(d) Banawali

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2014]


62. Which metal has so far not been discovered in Harappan sites?

(a) Copper
(b) Gold
(c) Silver
(d) Iron

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


63. Which one among the following sites is located in the valley of Ghaggar and its associated rivers?

(a) Alamgirpur
(b) Lothal
(c) Mohenjodaro
(d) Banawali

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2010]


64. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer from the given code :

1. Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa, Ropar and Kalibangan are the main sites of Indus valley civilization.
2. People of Harappa developed the road, proper housing and drainage system.
3. People of Harappa were unknown about the use of metals.

Code :
(a) 1 and 2 are correct
(b) 1 and 3 are correct
(c) 2 and 3 are correct
(d) 1, 2 and 3 are correct

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


65. Assertion (A): Mohenjodaro and Harappa cities are dead now.

Reason (R): They were discovered during excavations.

In the context of the above, which one of the following is correct?
Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2009]


66. From where the evidence of rock-cut architecture was found, with reference to the Harappa civilization?

(a) Kalibangan
(b) Dholavira
(c) Kot Diji
(d) Amri

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


67. Dholavira is located in the State of –

(a) Gujarat
(b) Haryana
(c) Punjab
(d) Rajasthan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


68. Which Harappan city is divided into three parts?

(a) Lothal
(b) Kalibangan
(c) Dholavira
(d) Surkotada

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013]


69. In which of the following site remnants of three townships have been revealed?

(a) Mohenjodaro
(b) Sanghol
(c) Kali Bangan
(d) Dholavira
(e) None of the above

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


70. A highly advanced water management system of Harappan times has been unearthed at–

(a) Alamgirpur
(b) Dholavira
(c) Kalibangan
(d) Lothal

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


71. Which of the following sites has yielded evidence of a double burial?

(a) Kuntasi
(b) Dholavira
(c) Lothal
(d) Kalibangan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


72. Recently, from excavations of Harappan site Sonauli what was found?

(a) Human burials
(b) Animal burials
(c) Residential building
(d) Protecting wall

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004]


73. For clothing, cotton cultivation was first introduced in–

(a) Egypt
(b) Mesopotamia
(c) Central America
(d) India

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


74. Regarding the Indus Valley Civilization, consider the following statements

1. It was predominantly a secular civilization and the religious element, though present, did not dominate the scene.
2. During this period, cotton was used for manufacturing textiles in India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2011, M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


75. Which of the following characterizes/characterizes the people of the Indus Civilization?

1. They possessed great places and temples.
2. They worshipped both male and female deities.
3. They employed horse-drawn chariots in warfare.

Select the correct answer using the code given below

(a) 1 and 2
(b) Only 2
(c) All of these
(d) None of these

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2013]


76. One of the following sites from where the famous bull-seal of Indus Valley Civilization was found-

(a) Harappa
(b) Chanhudaro
(c) Lothal
(d) Mohenjodaro

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2008]


77. Which one of the following animals is not depicted on the Harappan seal?

(a) Bull
(b) Elephant
(c) Horse
(d) Sheep

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2009]


78. Remains of which animals have not been discovered in the Indus Valley Civilization?

(a) Lion
(b) Horse
(c) Cow
(d) Elephant

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


79. According to the report of the IIT Kharagpur study group, continuous low rainfall for how many years was the cause of the fall of the Indus Valley civilization?

(a) 600 years
(b) 700 years
(c) 800 years
(d) 900 years
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2018]


80. A horned deity engraved on a terracotta cake has been recovered from

(a) Banawali
(b) Kalibangan
(c) Lothal
(d) Surkotada

[U.P. Lower Spl. (Pre) 2008]


81. Which of the following civilizations flourished on the bank of the River Nile?

(a) Roman Civilization
(b) Indus Valley Civilization
(c) Greek Civilization
(d) Egyptian Civilization

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004]


82. What is the correct North-South sequence of the following civilizations?

(a) Maya – Aztec – Muisca – Inca
(b) Maya – Muisca – Inca – Aztec
(c) Aztec – Muisca – Maya – Inca
(d) Aztec – Maya – Muisca – Inca

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


83. The first ancient civilization to develop the art of writing in a proper system was?

(a) Indus
(b) Egypt
(c) Sumerian
(d) China

[R.A.S. / R.T.S. (Pre) 1992]