Human Development (Economics) – Old Year Questions

1. Who originally propounded the theory of three stages of social development?

(a) Karl Marx
(b) Talcott Parsons
(c) Herbert Spencer
(d) Auguste Comte

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2021]


2. Given below are two statements, one labeled as Assertion (A) and the other as the Reason (R). Assertion (A): There is a positive relation between the Human Development Index (HDI) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) ranking of Indian States.
Reason (R): The underlying dimension of SDG targets is closely related to education and health aspects.

Select the correct answer using the codes below :
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false but (R) is true

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


3. Which of the following is the correct order in which the mentioned measures of development were introduced?
(a) Per-capita Income, HDI, PQLI
(b) PQLI, HDI, Per-capita Income
(c) Per-capita Income, PQLI, HDI
(d) HDI (Human Development Index), Per-capita Income, PQLI (Physical Quantity of Life Index)

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2021]


4. Which one of the following pairs is the most suitable estimate of the physical quality of life?
(a) Infant mortality rate – Literacy
(b) Infant mortality rate – Income
(c) Calorie intake – Literacy
(d) Per capita income – Sex ratio

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl.) (Mains) 2004]


5. Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) is developed by :
(a) Morris D. Morris
(b) UNDP
(c) Mehbub-ul-Haq
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


  6. Which one of the following organizations publishes the Human Development report?
(b) World Bank
(c) U.N.D.P.
(d) I.M.F.

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


7. The Human Development Index (HDI) was first developed by which of the following?
(a) UNDP
(b) IMF

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


8. Who amongst the following developed the United Nations Human Development Index?

(a) Mahbub-ul-Haq
(b) A.S. Kadir
(c) Alva Myrdal
(d) Amartya Sen

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


9. Which one of the following approaches is associated with Prof. Amartya Sen?
(a) Basic Needs Approach
(b) Capability Approach
(c) Income Approach
(d) Welfare Approach
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[63rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2017]


10. Which one of the following was the first to concentrate on the human aspect of development?
(a) United Nations Development Programme
(b) Integrated Rural Development Programme
(c) World Development Report
(d) Community Development Programme

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]


11. The Human Development Index is a composite index of
(a) Nutritional status, quality of life, and per capita GDP
(b) Poverty, Life expectancy, and Educational attainment
(c) Life expectancy, Educational attainment, and per capita GDP
(d) Inflation, unemployment, and per capita GDP

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2013]


12. The Human Development Index comprises literacy rates, life expectancy at birth, and :
(a) Gross Domestic Product per head in the US dollars
(b) Gross Domestic Product per head at real purchasing power
(c) Gross National Product in US dollars
(d) National Income per head in US dollars

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1997]


13. While calculating HDI, the maximum value and minimum value for Life Expectancy at birth (Years) are taken as :
(a) 100 and 25
(b) 90 and 30
(c) 85 and 25
(d) 80 and 20

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


  14. Which of the following is not included in the Human Development Index?

(a) Life Expectancy
(b) Real Per Capita Income
(c) Social Inequality
(d) Adult Literacy

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008, U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl.) (Pre) 2004]


15. Which of the following indicators is NOT used to calculate Human Development Index (HDI)?

(a) Life Expectancy
(b) Education
(c) Per Capita Income
(d) Social Inequality

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


16. Which one of the following is not a constituent of the Human Development Index?

(a) Health and Nutrition
(b) Per Capita Income
(c) Life Expectancy at Birth
(d) Gross Enrollment Rate

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl.) (Mains) 2008, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


17. According to the United Nations Development Programme report published in 1990, which one of the following is not included in the calculation of the Human Development Index (HDI)?

(a) Per capita income
(b) Urbanization
(c) Literacy
(d) Life Expectancy

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]


18. What is the base of the Human Development Index?
(a) Health, education, employment, standard of living
(b) Health, education, employment
(c) Health, education, standard of living
(d) Education, employment, standard of living

[M. P. P. C. S. (Pre) 2015]


19. Which one is correct in the ascending order of the HDI 2019 ranking of the following countries?

(a) Brazil, India, South Africa, China
(b) Brazil, China, South Africa, India
(c) South Africa, China, India, Brazil
(d) India, China, South Africa, Brazil
(e) None of the above / More than one of the above

[66th B.P.S.C. (Pre) (Re-Exam) 2020]


20. As per the Human Development Report 2015, consider the following statements:
A. India ranks 130 out of 183 countries.
B. HDI is based on the indices for life expectancy, education, and PCI.
C. In comparison to other nations in the BRICS, India has the lowest rank.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) A and B only
(b) B and C only
(c) B only
(d) A, B, and C

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2016]


21. Which country’s Human Development Index rank is first as per Human Development Report 2018?
(a) Switzerland
(b) Germany
(c) Ireland
(d) Norway

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


22. In the year 2014, out of 186 countries of the world, India’s rank in Human Development Index was :
(a) 138th
(b) 135th
(c) 134th
(d) 130th

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015, U.P.P.C.S. (Spl.) (Mains) 2004, U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2001]


23. Improvement in which among the following will make India rank high in the HDI of UNDP?
1. Availability of safe drinking water
2. More credit to farmers
3. More children going to school
4. More adults getting literate Select the correct answer from the code given below :
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1, 3 and 4
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 3 and 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004]


24. According to the Human Development Report 1997, out of six crore Indian children with less than four years of age, adequate nutrition is not available to :
(a) 41 %
(b) 45 %
(c) 49 %
(d) 53 %

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


25. Which of the following organizations calls India’s economic growth ‘Jobless’, ‘Rootless’, ‘Ruthless’, ‘Voiceless’, and ‘Futureless’?
(a) IMF
(b) World Bank
(c) UNDP
(d) WTO

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015]


26. The Multidimensional Poverty Index of UNDP includes :
(a) 8 indicators
(b) 10 indicators
(c) 12 indicators
(d) 14 indicators

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


27. The Human Poverty Index was introduced in the Human Development Report of the year:
(a) 1994
(b) 1995
(c) 1996
(d) 1997

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1998, U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


28. The Human Development Report 1997 introduced the concept of the Human Poverty Index (HPI) but the Human Development Report replaced it with the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) in the year :
(a) 1999
(b) 2005
(c) 2010
(d) 2015

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


29. The Human Poverty Index was developed in the year :
(a) 1991
(b) 1995
(c) 1997
(d) 2001

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl.) (Mains) 2004]


30. Which one of the following statements is false?
(a) All countries other than India have over 80% literacy
(b) Malaysia and Korea have Life Expectancy higher than all other countries
(c) The higher the adult literacy lower is the infant mortality
(d) The life expectancy at birth in India is almost the same as that of Indonesia

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2000]


31. The best performance in terms of Human Development among the Asian countries is by:
(a) China
(b) Malaysia
(c) Korea
(d) Philippines

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2000]


32. Which of the following has chosen Gross National Happiness as the index of progress :
(a) Bhutan
(b) Japan
(c) Sweden
(d) Switzerland

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2001, 2003, U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A (Pre) 2002]


33. Which of the following countries measures its wealth on the basis of Gross National Happiness and not on the basis of Gross National Product?

(a) Nepal
(b) Sri Lanka
(c) Bhutan
(d) Burma

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


34. Which South Asian Country has adopted ‘Gross National Happiness’ as an index of the well-being of its citizens?
(a) India
(b) Bhutan
(c) Sri Lanka
(d) Myanmar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


35. Consider the following :
1. Right to education
2. Right to equal access to public service.
3. Right to food Which of the above is/are Human Right/Human Rights under ‘Universal Declaration of Human Rights’?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2011]


36. The first Indian State to have its Human Development Report prepared and released by Amartya Kumar Sen in Delhi is:
(a) West Bengal
(b) Kerala
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Andhra Pradesh

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2000, M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2000]


37. The Indian Human Development Report does not give for each sample village:

(a) Infrastructure and Amenities Index
(b) Education Related Index
(c) Health Related Index
(d) Unemployment Related Index

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2000]


38. Which one of the following States had the highest Human Development Index in the year 2001? (a) Assam
(b) Kerala
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) Madhya Pradesh

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2008]


39. In terms of Human Development the most developed State of India is :
(a) Kerala
(b) Punjab
(c) Tamil Nadu
(d) Uttar Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


40. According to the Human Development Index of 2001, arrange the following States in descending order and select the correct answer from the codes given below : A. Punjab B. Kerala C. Bihar D. Uttar Pradesh
Codes :
(a) A, B, D, C
(b) B, A, D, C
(c) A, D, B, C
(d) A, C, D, B

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


41. Assertion (A): Kerala stands first in terms of human development index.
       Reason (R): Its unemployment rate is the highest in the country.
Select the correct answer from the code given below:
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2011]


42. Which of the following States had the highest Human Development Index in 2008?
(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Jharkhand
(c) Odisha
(d) Bihar

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]


43. As per the latest ‘Educational Development Index’ released in February 2011, which are the four States at the top?
(a) Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Delhi
(b) Kerala, Delhi, Haryana, Punjab
(c) Kerala, Delhi, Gujarat, Maharashtra
(d) Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Karnataka

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


44. According to the latest survey report, the percentage of school-going children in the age group of 6-14 years are:
(a) 100 %
(b) 90 %
(c) 93 %
(d) 87 %

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]