Gupta, Post-Gupta and Vardhan Dynasty– Old Year Questions and Answers

1. The Gupta dynasty ruled during :

(a) 319-500 A.D.
(b) 319-324 A.D.
(c) 325-375 A.D.
(d) 566-597 A.D.

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]


2. Which of the following rulers had performed four Ashwamedhas?

(a) Pushyamitra Shunga
(b) Pravarasena-I
(c) Samudragupta
(d) Chandragupta-II

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2003, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


3. Who is known as the Napoleon of India?

(a) Chandragupta Maurya
(b) Chandragupta- II Vikramaditya
(c) Great Ashoka
(d) Samudragupta

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2009, Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2005, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


4. Who is called ‘the Napoleon of Ancient India’?

(a) Chandragupta Maurya
(b) Pushyamitra
(c) Kanishka
(d) Samudragupta

[56th to 59th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2015]


5. Who among the following Gupta Kings had another name Devagupta?

(a) Samudragupta
(b) Chandragupta- II
(c) Kumaragupta
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


6. The first Gupta ruler to assume the title of “Param Bhagavata” was

(a) Chandragupta- I
(b) Samudragupta
(c) Chandragupta- II
(d) Srigupta

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2009]


7. The first Gupta ruler to assume the title of ‘Parama Bhagavata’ was

(a) Chandragupta- I
(b) Samudragupta
(c) Chandragupta- II
(d) Ramagupta

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


8. The Allahabad Pillar inscription is associated with which one of the following?

(a) Mahapadma Nanda
(b) Chandragupta Maurya
(c) Ashoka
(d) Samudragupta

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2006]


9. The Ashoka Pillar at Allahabad provides information about the reign of?

(a) Chandragupta Maurya
(b) Chandragupta- I
(c) Chandragupta- II
(d) Samudragupta

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


10. Prayag Prashasti tells about the military campaign of –

(a) Chandragupta- I
(b) Samudragupta
(c) Chandragupta- II
(d) Kumaragupta

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004]


11. An inscription by which of the following is found on the pillar containing Prayag Prasasti of Samudragupta?

(a) Jahangir
(b) Shahjahan
(c) Aurangzeb
(d) Dara Shikoh

[U.P. R.O./ A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


12. Which of the following inscriptions reveals information about the Silk Weavers Guild?

(a) Dashpur Inscription
(b) Prayag Prashasti
(c) Eran Inscription
(d) Hathigumpha Inscription

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


13. ‘Prithivyah Pratham Veer’ was the title of –

(a) Samudragupta
(b) Rajendra- I
(c) Amoghavarsha
(d) Gautamiputra Shatkarni

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


14. The iron column, located in the courtyard of Delhi’s Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque is a retention of 

(a) Ashok
(b) Chandra
(c) Harsha
(d) Anangapal

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2002]


15. Which dynasty was distracted the most by the Hunas invasion?

(a) Maurya
(b) Kushan
(c) Gupta
(d) Shunga

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


16. The Hunas invaded India during the reign of :

(a) Chandragupta-II
(b) Kumaragupta-I
(c) Skandagupta
(d) Budhagupta

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


17. Who among the following Gupta Rulers conquered Hunas?

(a) Chandragupta- II
(b) Kumaragupta- I
(c) Skandagupta
(d) Bhanugupta

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


18. The Gupta emperor who defeated the ‘Hunas’ was?

(a) Samudragupta
(b) Chandragupta- II
(c) Skandagupta
(d) Ramagupta

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


19. Who among the following Gupta rulers defeated Hunas?

(a) Samudragupta
(b) Chandragupta- II
(c) Kumaragupta
(d) Skandagupta

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015]


20. From which inscription it is known that Skandagupta defeated Hunas?

(a) Bhitari Pillar Inscription
(b) Allahabad Pillar Inscription
(c) Mandsaur Inscription
(d) Udayagiri Inscription

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2014]


21. There were different causes for the downfall of the Gupta Empire. Which one among the statements given below was not the cause?

(a) Huna invasion
(b) Feudal set-up of administration
(c) Acceptance of Buddhism by the later Guptas
(d) Arab invasion

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


22. Who is known as a ‘Saka-conqueror’?

(a) Chandragupta- I
(b) Samudragupta
(c) Chandragupta- II
(d) Kumaragupta

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2010]


23. Who was the first Gupta ruler to issue silver coins?

(a) Chandragupta- I
(b) Samudragupta
(c) Chandragupta- II
(d) Kumaragupta

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Spl) (Mains) 2010]


24. From the third century AD when the Huna invasion ended the Roman Empire, the Indian merchants relied more and more on the :

(a) African trade
(b) Western European trade
(c) South-East Asian trade
(d) Middle-Eastern trade

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1999]


25. Which one of the following ports was in use for the north Indian trade during the Gupta period?

(a) Kalyan
(b) Tamralipti
(c) Broach
(d) Cambay
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[65th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2019]


26. Which one of the following ports handled the North Indian trade during the Gupta period?

(a) Tamralipti
(b) Bhadoch
(c) Kalyan
(d) Cambay

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1999]


27. Which one of the following ports handled the North Indian trade during the Gupta Period?

(a) Bharuch
(b) Kalyan
(c) Cambay
(d) Tamralipti

[U.P.P.S.C. (R.I.) 2014]


28. India maintained its early cultural contacts and trade links with Southeast Asia across the Bay of Bengal. For this pre-eminence of the early maritime history of the Bay of Bengal, which of the following could be the most convincing explanation/explanations?

(a) As compared to other countries, India had better shipbuilding technology in ancient and medieval times
(b) The rulers of Southern India always patronized traders, Brahmin priests, and Buddhist monks in this context
(c) Monsoon winds across the Bay of Bengal facilitated sea voyages
(d) Both (a) and (b) are convincing explanations for this context

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2011]


29. With reference to the guilds (Shreni) of ancient India that played a very important role in the country’s economy which of the following statement is/are correct?
1. Every guild was registered with the central authority of the state, and the King was the chief administrative authority on them.
2. The wages, rules of work, standards, and prices were fixed by the guild.
3. The guild had judicial powers over its members.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


30. Centers located in Gujarat, Bengal, Deccan, and Tamil The country during the Gupta period was associated with which of the following:

(a) Textile manufacture
(b) Gems and precious stones
(c) Handicrafts
(d) Opium cultivation

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2010]


31. Who among the following is known for his work on medicine during the Gupta period?

(a) Sushruta
(b) Saumilla
(c) Shudraka
(d) Shaunaka
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[65th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2019]


32. Who among the following is known for his Ayurvedic thematic composition during the Gupta period?

(a) Saumilla
(b) Shudraka
(c) Shunaka
(d) Sushruta

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2002, I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]


33. Who among the following is not associated with medicine in ancient India?

(a) Dhanvantari
(b) Bhaskaracharya
(c) Charaka
(d) Susruta

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


34. With reference to the scientific progress of ancient India, which of the statements given below is correct?
1. Different kinds of specialized surgical instruments were in common use by AD first century.
2. Transplanting of internal organs in the human body had begun by the beginning of AD third century.
3. The concept of the sine of an angle was known in AD fifth century.
4. The concept of cyclic quadrilaterals was known in AD seventh century.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 3 and 4
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


35. Which of the following among the Nine Gems of Chandragupta was associated with Astrology?

(a) Vararuchi
(h) Sanku
(c) Kshapanaka
(d) Amar Singh

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2008]


36. Kalidasa was in the ruling period of –

(a) Samudragupta
(b) Ashoka
(c) Chandragupta- I
(d) Chandragupta- II

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


37. Which (among these) are Gupta’s gold coins?

(a) Kaudi
(b) Dinara
(c) Nishka
(d) Pan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


38. The Gupta gold coin was called –

(a) Karshapana
(b) Dinara
(c) Nishka
(d) Suvarna

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2017]


39. The silver coins issued by the Guptas were called :

(a) Karshapana
(b) Dinara
(c) Rupaka
(d) Nisc

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1996, U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2002]


40. Who of the following was the first Gupta ruler to issue coins?

(a) Chandragupta-I
(b) Ghatotkacha
(c) Samudragupta
(d) Srigupta

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


41. In Sanskrit plays written during the Gupta period women and Sudras speak:

(a) Sanskrit
(b) Prakrit
(c) Pali
(d) Sauraseni

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1995]


42. Which one of the following is the main teaching of Gita?

(a) Karma yoga
(b) Gyan yoga
(c) Bhakti yoga
(d) Nishkama karma yoga
(e) Asparsa yoga

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


43. The first inscriptional evidence of the Sati Pratha has been found from –

(a) Eran
(b) Junagarh
(c) Mandsaur
(d) Sanchi

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


44. Who established Gupta Samvat?

(a) Chandragupta- I
(b) Srigupta
(c) Chandragupta- II
(d) Ghatotkach

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


45. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:
 List – I                             List – II
(Emperor)                    (Titles)

A. Ashoka 1. Parakramank
B. Samudragupta 2. Priyadarsin
C. Chandragupta-II 3. Kramaditya
D. Skandgupta 4. Vikramaditya

Code :
(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 3 2 1 4
(c) 2 1 4 3
(d) 4 3 2 1

[U.P.P.C.S. (Re. Exam) (Pre) 2015]


46. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below the lists.

 List–I                                List-II
(Kings)                             (Queens)

A. Chandragupta 1. Duttadevi
B. Samudragupta 2. Kubernaga
C. Chandragupta II 3. Kumaradevi
D. Kumargupta I 4. Anantdevi

Code :
(a) 3 1 2 4
(b) 2 1 3 4
(c) 1 2 3 4
(d) 4 3 2 1

[U.P.B.E.O. (Pre) 2019]


47. The gradual decline of towns was an important feature of which period?

(a) Gupta period
(b) Pratihara era
(c) Rashtrakuta
(d) Satavahana era

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


48. Which ruling dynasty donated the maximum number of villages to temples and Brahmins?

(a) Gupta Dynasty
(b) Pala Dynasty
(c) Rashtrakuta
(d) Pratihara

[39th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


49. In Ancient India, which dynasty’s rule was considered the Golden Age?

(a) Mauryan
(b) Shunga
(c) Gupta
(d) Magadha

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Pre) 2004]


50. During which age, did women enjoy equality with men?

(a) Gupta age
(b) Mauryan age
(c) Cholas
(d) None of these

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


51. What was the land revenue rate in the Gupta age?

(a) Fourth part of the production
(b) Sixth part of the production
(c) Eighth part of the production
(d) Half part of the production

[42nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1997]


52. What is the land revenue rate in religious books?

(a) 1/3
(b) 1/4
(c) 1/6
(d) 1/8

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


53. What is a valid tax according to Hindu law?

(a) Half of the yields
(b) One-sixth of the yields
(c) One-third of the yields
(d) One-fourth of the yields

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


54. The Gupta Empire granted tax-free agrarian land to which of the following?

(a) Military officials
(b) Civil officials
(c) Brahmins
(d) Courts scholars

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


55. With reference to forced labor (Vishti) in India during the Gupta period, which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) It was considered a source of income for the state, a sort of tax paid by the people
(b) It was totally absent in the Madhya Pradesh and Kathiawar regions of the Gutap Empire
(c) The forced laborer was entitled to weekly wages.
(d) The eldest son of the laborer was sent as the forced laborer.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2019]


56. Which type of land was called ‘Aprahat’?

(a) Without cultivated forest land.
(b) Irrigated land.
(c) Dense forest land.
(d) Cultivated land.
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


57. With reference to the history of India, the terms “kulyavapa” and “dronavapa” denote

(a) measurement of land
(b) coins of different monetary value
(c) classification of urban Land
(d) religious rituals

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]


58. In ancient India, the irrigation tax was called –

(a) Bidakabhagam
(b) Hiranya
(c) Udranga
(d) Uparnika

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


59. In the 3rd AD, Warangal was famous for–

(a) Copper pots
(b) Gold Jewellery
(c) Iron implements
(d) Elephant-teeth work

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2001]


60. Tormad was from the racial group of –

(a) Sithian
(b) Huna
(c) Yaochi
(d) Saka

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1995]


61. Who amongst the following had defeated the Huna ruler Mihirakula?

(a) Budhagupta
(b) Yashodharman
(c) Shashanka
(d) Prabhakaravardhana

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


62. Chinese traveler ‘Sungyun’ came to India in:

(a) 515 AD to 520 AD
(b) 525 AD to 529 AD
(c) 545 AD to 552 AD
(d) 592 AD to 597 AD
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


63. The ancient Indian play Mudrarakshasa of Visakhadutt has its subject on :

(a) A conflict between Gods and Demons of ancient Hindu lore
(b) A romantic story of an Aryan prince and a tribal woman
(c) The story of the power struggle between two Aryan tribes
(d) The court intrigues at the time of Chandragupta Maurya

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2002]


64. In the ancient period, which Varna was also called ‘Sarthavaha’?

(a) Brahmana
(b) Kshatriya
(c) Vaishya
(d) Shudra

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


65. Read the following statements carefully–
1. Gupta Emperors claimed divine rights for themselves
2. Their administration was highly centralized
3. They extended the tradition of land grants.
Answer on the basis of the following codes :

(a) 1, 2, and 3 are true
(b) 1 and 2 are true
(c) 1 and 3 are true
(d) 2 and 3 are true

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


66. With reference to the period of the Gupta dynasty in ancient India, the towns Ghantasala, Kadura, and Chaul were well-known as

(a) ports handling foreign trade
(b) capitals of powerful kingdoms
(c) places of exquisite stone art and architecture
(d) important Buddhist pilgrimage centers

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]


67. The game of ‘Chess’ is said to have originated in –

(a) China
(b) Iran
(c) Indonesia
(d) India

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2004]


68. ‘Mrichchhakatika’ is an ancient Indian book written by Shudraka that deals with :

(a) The love affair of a rich merchant with the daughter of a courtesan
(b) The victory of Chandragupta II over the Shaka Kshatrapas of Western India
(c) The military expeditions and exploits of Samudragupta
(d) The love affairs between a Gupta King and a Princess of Kamarupa

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


69. Whose contribution is there in ancient Sankhya Darshan?

(a) Kapila
(b) Gautam
(c) Nagarjuna
(d) Charvak

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


70. The system of philosophy propounded by Kapila Muni is :

(a) Purva Mimansa
(b) Sankhya Philosophy
(c) Nyaya Philosophy
(d) Uttar Mimansa

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1998]


71. ‘Sankhya’ Philosophy is propounded by –

(a) Gautam
(b) Jaimini
(c) Kapila
(d) Patanjali

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


72. With reference to the history of philosophical thought in India, consider the following statements regarding the Samkhya School
1. Sankhya does not accept the theory of rebirth or transmigration of the soul.
2. Sankhya holds that it is self-knowledge that leads to liberation and not any exterior influence or agent.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2013]


73. Read the following statements and choose the correct option:
Statement I: Kapila is the earliest exponent of the Samkhya system
Statement II: Kapila teaches that a man’s life is shaped by the forces of nature and not by any divine agency

(a) Statement I and Statement II both are true
(b) Statement I is false, but Statement II is true
(c) Statement I and Statement II both are false
(d) Statement I is true, but Statement II is false

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


74. Who propagated ‘Yoga Darshan’?

(a) Patanjali
(b) Gautam
(c) Jaimini
(d) Shankaracharya

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2007, U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2003, U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2002,U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


75. The inventor of Yoga was –

(a) Aryabhatta
(b) Charaka
(c) Patanjali
(d) Ramdeva

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]


76. When is International Yoga Day celebrated?

(a) 2 April
(b) 21 June
(c) 5 June
(d) 21 May

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


77. Which one of the following is not part of “Ashtanga yoga”?

(a) Anusmriti
(b) Pratyahara
(c) Dhyana
(d) Dharana
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


78. With reference to Hatha Yoga, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. Hatha Yoga was practiced by Nathpanthis.
2. The Hatha Yoga technique was also adopted by the Sufis.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


79. The writer of Mahabhashya ‘Patanjali’ was a contemporary of–

(a) Chandragupta Maurya
(b) Ashoka
(c) Pushyamitra Shunga
(d) Chandragupta I

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


80. The founder of the school of Navya-Nyaya was:

(a) Raghunath Shiromani
(b) Gangesh
(c) Sridhara
(d) Udayana

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


81. “Live well, as long as you live. Live well even by borrowing, for once cremated, there is no return.” This rejection of the afterlife is an aphorism of the:

(a) Kapalika Sects
(b) Sunyavada of Nagarjuna
(c) Ajivikas
(d) Charvakas

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


82. Which one of the following is the highest value according to Charvaka?

(a) Dharma
(b) Artha
(c) Kama
(d) Moksha
(e) Bhakti

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


83. The Nyaya Philosophical system was propagated by:

(a) Charvaka
(b) Gautama
(c) Kapila
(d) Jaimini

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


84. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below the lists:
 List–I                                 List-II
(Philosophy)                   (Methods of achieving salvation)

A. Nyaya Darshan 1. Acquisition of real knowledge
B. Mimamsa Darshan 2. Knowledge of self
C. Sankhya Darshan 3. Performing Vedic rituals
D. Vedanta Darshan 4. Logical thinking

Code :
(a) 2 4 1 3
(b) 4 3 1 2
(c) 1 4 2 3
(d) 3 4 1 2

[U.P.B.E.O. (Pre) 2019]


85. The author of ‘Nyaya Darshan’ was-

(a) Gautama
(b) Kapila
(c) Kanad
(d) Jaimini

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


86. The founder of Nyaya Philosophy was

(a) Kapil
(b) Kanad
(c) Gautam
(d) Jaimini

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


87. Mimansa was initiated by–

(a) Kanad
(b) Vasistha
(c) Vishwamitra
(d) Jaimini

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]


88. The theory of Karma is related with :

(a) Nyaya
(b) Mimansa
(c) Vedanta
(d) Vaisheshika

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


89. Which of the following schools of philosophy is of the opinion that Vedas contain the eternal truth?

(a) Sankhya
(b) Vaisheshika
(c) Mimansa
(d) Nyaya
(e) Yoga

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S (Pre) 2013]


90. Which one of the following pairs does not form part of the six systems of Indian Philosophy?

(a) Mimamsa and Vedanta
(b) Nyaya and Vaisheshika
(c) Lokayata and Kapalika
(d) Sankhya and Yoga

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2014]


91. The Founder of Advaita Philosophy is –

(a) Sankaracharya
(b) Ramanujacharya
(c) Madhvacharya
(d) Mahatma Buddha
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


92. By which of the following according to Advaita Vedanta, Mukti can be obtained?

(a) Gyana
(b) Karma
(c) Bhakti
(d) Yoga
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


93. Who among the following is not related to the Philosophy of Vedanta?

(a) Shankaracharya
(b) Abhinav Gupta
(c) Ramanuja
(d) Madhava

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


94. Who among the following is called the founder of Indian Atomism?

(a) Maharshi Kapil
(b) Maharshi Goutam
(c) Maharshi Kanad
(d) Maharshi Patanjali
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


95. Which of the following philosophies of India propounded the atom theory?

(a) Yoga
(b) Nyaya
(c) Sankhya
(d) Vaisheshika
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[66th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2020]


96. Match List- I with List- II and select the correct answer from the codes given below :

List- I (Eras) List- II (Reckoned from)
A. Vikrama era 1. 3102 B.C.
B. Saka era 2. 320 A.D.
C. Gupta era 3. 78 A.D.
D. Kali era 4. 58 B.C.
  5. 248 A.D.

Code :
(a) 2 4 5 1
(b) 1 3 2 4
(c) 4 5 2 3
(d) 4 3 2 1

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1995]


97. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer from the code given below:

1. Vikram Samvat began in 58 BC.
2. Saka Samvat began in 78 AD.
3. The Gupta era began in 319 AD.
4. The era of Muslim rule in India began in 1192 AD.

Code :

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 3 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2011]


98. The Badami rock inscription of Pulakesin I is dated in the Saka year 465. If the same were to be dated in Vikrama Samvat, the year would be :

(a) 601
(b) 300
(c) 330
(d) 407

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1997]


99. A Chalukya inscription is dated in the year 556 of the Saka era. It is equivalent to–

(a) 478 A.D.
(b) 499 A.D.
(c) 613 A.D.
(d) 634 A.D.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2002]


100. According to Puranas, the prime place of Chandravanshi’s ruler was –

(a) Kasi
(b) Ayodhya
(c) Pratishthan Pur
(d) Shravasti

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2009]


101. The Capital of Maukharri was _______

(a) Thanesar
(b) Kannauj
(c) Purushpur
(d) None of the above

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


102. Information regarding the time of Harsha is contained in the books of :

(a) Harisena
(b) Kalhana
(c) Kalidasa
(d) None of these

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


103. Who has written the ‘Harshacharita’?

(a) Aryabhatta
(b) Banabhatta
(c) Vishnugupta
(d) Parimalgupta

[47th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2005]


104. The capital of Harsha’s empire was –

(a) Kannauj
(b) Pataliputra
(c) Prayaga
(d) Thanesar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


105. Emperor Harsha had shifted his capital from Thaneshwar to –

(a) Prayaga
(b) Delhi
(c) Kannauj
(d) Rajgriha

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


106. Harshavardhana organized two great religious conventions:

(a) Kannauj and Prayaga
(b) Prayaga and Thaneshwar
(c) Thanesar and Vallabhi
(d) Vallabhi and Prayaga

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2001]


107. The place in U.P. where Harsh Vardhana organized the Buddha mega convention –

(a) Kashi
(b) Prayag
(c) Ayodhya
(d) Sarnath

[U.P. Lower (Sub.) (Pre) 2004]


108. Emperor Harsha’s Southward march was stopped on the Narmada River by :

(a) Pulakeshin-I
(b) Pulakeshin-II
(c) Vikramaditya-I
(d) Vikramaditya -II

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


109. Among the following rulers who had defeated Harshavardhana?

(a) Kirtivarman II
(b) Vikramaditya II
(c) Pulkeshin I
(d) Pulakeshin II

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


110. The Chalukyan ruler Pulakesin’s victory over Harsha was in the year –

(a) 612 A.D.
(b) 618 A.D.
(c) 622 A.D.
(d) 634 A.D.

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


111. From the decline of the Guptas until the rise of Harshavardhana in the early seventh century, which of the following kingdoms were holding power in Northern India?

1. The Guptas of Magadha
2. The Paramaras of Malwa
3. The Pushyabhutis of Thanesar
4. The Maukharis of Kanauj
5. The Yadavas of Devagiri
6. The Maitrakas of Valabhi

Select the correct answer using the code given below

(a) 1, 2, and 5
(b) 1, 3, 4 and 6
(c) 2, 3, and 4
(d) 5 and 6

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre.) 2021]


112. Poet Bana was inhabitant of –

(a) Pataliputra
(b) Thanesar
(c) Bhojpur
(d) None of the above

[41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


113. In whose reign period the Chinese Traveller Hiuen-Tsang visited India?

(a) Chandragupta – II
(b) Harsh
(c) Chandragupta Maurya
(d) Chandragupta- I

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2012, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


114. Which Chinese traveler visited India during Harshavardhana’s rules?

(a) Fa-Hien
(b) Hiuen-Tsang
(c) I-Tsing
(d) Taranath

[56th to 59th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2015]


115. Which of the following phrases defines the nature of the ‘Hundi’ generally referred to in the sources of the post-Harsha period?

(a) An advisory issued by the king to his subordinates
(b) A diary to be maintained for daily accounts
(c) A bill of exchange
(d) An order from the feudal lord to his subordinates

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]


116. The famous Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hien visited India during the reign of -:

(a) Chandragupta I
(b) Chandragupta II
(c) Ramagupta
(d) Srigupta
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[63rd B.P.S.C (Pre.) 2017]


117. The Chinese traveler Yuan Chwang (Hiuen Tsang), who visited India recorded the general conditions and culture of India at that time. In this context, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. The roads and river routes were completely immune from robbery.
2. As regards punishment for offenses ordeals by fire, water, and poison were the instruments for determining the innocence or guilt of a person.
3. The tradesmen had to pay duties at ferries and barrier stations.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) Only 1
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) All of these

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2013]


118. Who sent Hiuen-Tsang as an emissary in the court of Harsha?

(a) Taai-Sunga
(b) Tung-Kuaan
(c) Ku-Yen-Vu
(d) None of above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2007]


119. During Hiuen Tsang’s tour in India’s most famous city for the production of cotton clothes –

(a) Varanasi
(b) Mathura
(c) Pataliputra
(d) Kanchi

[41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


120. The term ‘Kausheya’ has been used for –

(a) Cotton
(b) Flax
(c) Silk
(d) Wool

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


121. Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang studied at the University of –

(a) Taxila
(b) Vikramshila
(c) Magadh
(d) Nalanda

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995, 46th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2003]


122. The major reason behind remembering Hiuen-Tsang is-

(a) Respect for Harsha
(b) Study in Nalanda
(c) Trust in Buddhas
(d) Composition of Sei-Yu-Kei

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1992]


123. The Chinese traveler who visited Bhinmal was :

(a) Fahien
(b) Sangyun
(c) Hieun Tsang
(d) I-tsing

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2007]


124. The famous Travelogue ‘Si-Yu-Ki’ is linked with

(a) Fahien
(b) Al Biruni
(c) Megasthenes
(d) Hiuen-Tsang

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


125. Chinese traveler I-tsing was on a tour of Bihar in about

(a) 405 A.D.
(b) 635 A.D.
(c) 637 A.D.
(d) None of the above

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


126. Chinese writers mention India by the name of–

(a) Fo-Kwo-ki
(b) Yin-tu
(c) Si-Yu-Ki
(d) Sikia-Pono

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


127. Nalanda University was destroyed by –

(a) Muslims
(b) Kushans
(c) Scythians
(d) Mughals

[43rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1999]


128. Nalanda Vihar was destroyed by :

(a) Bakhtiyar Khalji
(b) Qutubddin Aibak
(c) Muhammad Bin Tughlaq
(d) Alauddin Khalji
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


129. The most ancient monastery in India is-

(a) Nalanda
(b) Udantpuri
(c) Vikramshila
(d) Bhaja

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1992]


130. Nalanda is located in –

(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Andhra Pradesh
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) Bihar

[M.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Pre) 2003]


131. During the Gupta Period, the main business center was –

(a) Kannauj
(b) Ujjain
(c) Dhar
(d) Devgiri

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1993]


132. Assertion (A): The main feature of the agrarian structure in the pre-Gupta period was the development of feudalism.
Reason (R): Landowner is middle class and a dependent peasant class came into existence in this period.

Select the correct answer using the code given below :

Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


133. With reference to Indian history, which of the following is/are the essential element/elements of the feudal system?

1. A very strong centralized political authority and a very weak provincial or local political authority
2. Emergence of administrative structure based on control and possession of land
3. Creation of lord-vassal relationship between the feudal lord and his overlord

Code :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2015]


134. Consider the following statements:

1. The Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hien attended the fourth Great Buddhist Council held by Kanishka
2. The Chinese pilgrim Hiuen-Tsang met Harsha and found him to be antagonistic to Buddhism

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 Only
(b) 2 Only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2004]


135. In travel through India, Fahhien mentioned a hospital, it was located at

(a) Ujjain
(b) Kaushambi
(c) Tamralipti
(d) Pataliputra

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


136. The Chinese Pilgrim who visited India in the early 6th century was –

(a) Ywan Chwang
(b) Fahien
(c) Sung Yun
(d) I-tsing

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


137. Which one of the following statements is not true for Shankaracharya, Saint of the 8th century?

(a) He established four religious centers in different parts of India
(b) He countered the spread of Buddhism and Jainism.
(c) He named Prayag Teerthraj
(d) He propagated Vedanta

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


138. Adi Shankar who later became Shankaracharya was born in :

(a) Kashmir
(b) Kerala
(c) Andhra Pradesh
(d) West Bengal

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


139. Where are the four monasteries established by Adi ‘Shankaracharya’ situated?

(a) Sringeri, Dwarka, Joshimath, Prayaga
(b) Dwarka, Joshimath, Prayaga, Kanchi
(c) Joshimath, Dwarka, Puri, Sringeri
(d) Puri, Sringeri, Dwarka, Varanasi

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


140. Which of the following is not included in Chardham?

(a) Puri
(b) Dwaraka
(c) Mansarovar
(d) Rameshwaram

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


141. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched:

(a) Ravi Kirti – Pulakeshin II
(b) Bhavabhuti – Yasovarman of Kannauj
(c) Harisena – Harsha
(d) Dandi – Narasimha Varman

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


142. Match List- I with List- II and choose the answer according to the code-
 List – I                              List – II
(Courtier poet)              (King)

A. Amir Khusro 1. Chandragupta II
B. Kalidas  2. Samudragupta
C. Harisena 3. Harshvardhan
D. Banabhatta 4. Alauddin Khalji

Code :
(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 4 1 2 3
(c) 4 3 2 1
(d) 2 4 1 3

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]


143. Match the following and select the correct answer from the codes given below :

A. Bhoj  1. Ujjain
B. Durgawati 2. Vidisha
C. Samudragupta 3. Dhar
D. Ashoka 4. Gondwana

Code :
(a) 4 3 2 1
(b) 3 4 1 2
(c) 4 3 1 2
(d) 3 4 2 1

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


144. With reference to the history of India, consider the following pairs:

Famous Place   Present State
1. Bhilsa Madhya Pradesh
2. Dwarasamudra Maharashtra
3. Girinagar Gujarat
4. Sthanesvara Uttar Pradesh

Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 2 and 4 only

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]