Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology One Liner Questions & Answers


Questions Answers
1 What is the Cas9 protein that is often mentioned in the news? A molecular scissors used in targeted gene editing
2 In the context of recent advances in human reproductive technology, “Pronuclear Transfer” is used for – Prevention of mitochondrial diseases in spring
3 Which one was the first successful cloned animal? Sheep
4 Scientists of N.D.R.I., Karnal (Haryana) developed the second clone of which on the following animals? Gibbon
5 Garima II is the name of a – Cloned buffalo
6 Which country has produced the first transgenic glowing pigs that are all green from the inside out? Taiwan
7 Injaz, is the name of the world’s first clone – Camel
8 In the case of a test–tube baby – Fertilization takes place outside the mother’s body
9 The sequencing of the entire genes of an organism was done in 1996. That organism was – Yeast
10 World level program ‘Human Genome Project’ is related to – Identification and mapping of human genes and their sequence
11 What is the application of Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer Technology? Reproductive cloning of animals
12 Hybridoma technology is a new biotechnological approach for commercial production of – Monoclonal Antibodies
13 Insect–resistant cotton plants have been genetically engineered by inserting a gene from a/an – Bacterium
14 The micro–organism which is associated with the production of Bt cotton is a – Bacterium
15 Bollgard I and Bollgard II technologies are mentioned in the context of – Developing genetically modified crop plants
16 A genetically engineered form of brinjal, known as the Bt. brinjal has been developed. The objective of this is – To make it pest–resistant
17 Bt brinjal is – A genetically modified Brinjal
18 Which is a microbial insecticide? Bacillus Thuringiensis
19 Bacillus thuringiensis is used as – Biological insecticide
20 Indian farmers are unsatisfied with terminator seed technology because it increases the possibility of –
Growing of plants which are not capable of producing germinable seeds
21 Golden rice is – A transgenic rice having the gene for carotene
22 Golden rice is rich in – Vitamin A
23 For which desirable character the transgenic crop ‘Golden Rice’ is produced? Vitamin A
24 The Golden Rice contains the β–carotene gene which comes from – Daffodil
25 ‘Super rice’ was developed by – G.S. Khush
26 Amniocentesis is a method used to determine the – Foetal sex
27 Who synthesized the DNA in vitro? Arthur Kornberg
28 Biochip contains – RNA, DNA and Protein
29 Genico Technology is – Technique for pre–information regarding genetic diseases
30 Which is used in genetic engineering? Plasmid
31 The basis of DNA fingerprinting is – DNA polymorphism
32 The latest technique used to establish the identity of a human being based on biotechnological principles is – DNA fingerprinting
33 The first crime ever solved using the DNA fingerprinting technique was in England in the year – 1983
34 The powder used for developing fingerprints on a multi–colored surface is – Fluorescent Powder
35 Change in the base sequence within the gene is called – Mutation
36 When one gene controls two or more different characters simultaneously, the phenomenon is called – Pleiotropy
37 In gene therapy, to correct the functioning of a faulty gene – A Defective gene is stopped from working