Evolution of Life on Earth – Old Year Questions

1. Which of the following gases was absent in the atmosphere of the primitive earth?

(a) Methane
(b) Ammonia
(c) Oxygen
(d) Carbon dioxide

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2016]


2. According to recent proof, the life on earth emerged approximately –

(a) Before 20,000 years
(b) Before 2,00,000 years
(c) Before 20,00000 years
(d) Before 2,000,000,000 years

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


3. Which is the oldest organism on earth ?

(a) Blue-green algae
(b) Fungi
(c) Amoeba
(d) Euglena

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


4. The book, The Origin of Species was written by

(a) Linnaeus
(b) Lamarck
(c) Mendel
(d) Darwin
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[65th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2019]


5. Darwin’s theory of natural selection is based on –

(a) Overproduction
(b) Struggle for existence and variation
(c) Survival of the fittest
(d) All of the above

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


6. Who propounded the theory of evolution?

(a) Spencer
(b) Darwin
(c) Wallace
(d) Huxley

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


7. Who explained first the evolution of life?

(a) Newton
(b) Einstein
(c) Charles Darwin
(d) Lamarck

[43rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1999]


8. The mutation theory of evolution was enunciated by

(a) Huxley
(b) Darwin
(c) Lamarck
(d) Hugo de Vries

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


9. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below/the lists :

List-I List-II
A. Theory of mutation 1. Beadle and Tatum
B. Theory of evolution 2. Jacob and Monod
C. One gene one enzyme 3. Darwin’s hypothesis
D. Operon concept 4. De Vries

Code :
(a) 3 4 1 2
(b) 4 3 1 2
(c) 4 3 2 1
(d) 3 4 2 1

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1998 ]


10. The main factor of evolution is –

(a) Mutation
(b) Achieved quality
(c) Vaginal birth
(d) Natural selection

[39th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


11. In the context of organic evolution, the loss of limbs in snakes is explained by the phenomenon of :

(a) Use and disuse of organs
(b) Adaptation to living in burrows
(c) Natural selection
(d) Inheritance of acquired characters

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2002]


12. The reason of large-scale diversity among the organisms is –

(a) Adaptation
(b) Cooperation
(c) Mutation
(d) Polyploidy

[56th to 59th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2015]


13. Among living organisms, which one of the following is the most responsible factor for bringing about the origin of a new species?

(a) Isolation
(b) Mutation
(c) Natural selection
(d) Sexual reproduction

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2002]


14. Latest ancestor of modern human is

(a) Java man
(b) Cro-Magnon man
(c) Neanderthal man
(d) Peking man

[39th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


15. Archaeopteryx is –

(a) Most ancient bird of Jurassic age
(b) Reptile of Jurassic period
(c) Reptile of Triassic period
(d) Reptile of both Triassic and Jurassic period

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


16. ‘Archaeopteryx’ is a connecting link between which of the following classes of animal?

(a) Amphibia and Aves
(b) Reptilia and Aves
(c) Reptilia and Mammalia
(d) Aves and Mammalia

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2008]


17. Mammoth is the ancestor of-

(a) Dog
(b) Horse
(c) Camel
(d) Elephant

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2008]


18. Dinosaurs were :

(a) Cenozoic reptiles
(b) Mesozoic birds
(c) Paleozoic amphibians
(d) Mesozoic reptiles

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2001]


19. Dinosaurs were in–

(a) Paleozoic era
(b) Cenozoic era
(c) Mesozoic era
(d) Pleistocene era

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 1998]


20. With reference to the evolution of living organisms, which one of the following sequences is correct?

(a) Octopus-Dolphin-Shark
(b) Pangolin-Tortoise-Hawk
(c) Salamander-Python-Kangaroo
(d) Frog-Crab-Prawn

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2009]