Food Crops (Rabi Crops & Kharif Crops) in India – Old Year Questions

1. In which months is the Rabi crop sown?

(a) March-April
(b) June-July
(c) October-November
(d) January-February

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2000]


2. Which of the following is not a Kharif Crop?

(a) Groundnut
(b) Maize
(c) Masoor
(d) Paddy

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 1999]


3. Which of the following is not a Rabi Crop ?

(a) Lady’s finger
(b) Carrot
(c) Radish
(d) Pea

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


4. Which is not a Kharif Crop –

(a) Paddy
(b) Gram
(c) Maize
(d) Jwar

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


5. Which one of the following is a ‘Rabi’ crop?

(a) Cotton
(b) Maize
(c) Arhar
(d) Mustard

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


6. Rabi crops are sown :

(a) From October to November
(b) From December to March
(c) From May to July
(d) From August to September

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


7. Which of the following is odd on the basis of crops?

(a) Paddy
(b) Jowar
(c) Maize
(d) Wheat

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


8. Which one of the following sets of conditions is necessary for good cultivation of wheat?

(a) Moderate temperature and moderate rainfall
(b) High temperature and heavy rainfall
(c) High temperature and moderate rainfall
(d) Low temperature and low rainfall

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]


9. Which one is an example of “Parallel Cropping”?

(a) Potato + Rice
(b) Wheat + Mustard
(c) Cotton + Wheat
(d) Sorghum + Potato

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


10. Cash Crop does not consist –

(a) Sugarcane
(b) Cotton
(c) Jute
(d) Wheat

[39th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


11. Which group of crops mentioned below comprises Cash Crops?

(a) Wheat, Maize, Rice
(b) Gram, Peas, Wheat
(c) Cotton, Sugarcane, Bananas
(d) Rice, Gram, Tea

[M.P.P.C.S (Pre) 1998]


12. With which of the following countries has India made an agreement to import 15 lakh tonn wheat with a view to the possibility of less production?

(a) Australia
(b) Mexico
(c) U.S.A.
(d) Canada

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1998]


13. Which one of the following sequences is correct in the context of the three largest wheat-producing states?

(a) Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana
(b) Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab
(c) Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana
(d) Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


14. The highest wheat-producing state of India is-

(a) Haryana
(b) Punjab
(c) Bihar
(d) Uttar Pradesh

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


15. Production of wheat is highest in the state of –

(a) Punjab
(b) Haryana
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) Madhya Pradesh

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013]


16. Which is the maximum wheat-producing state of India?

(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Punjab
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Haryana

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2002, 45th B.P.S.C.(Pre) 2001, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1993, M.P.P.C.S (Pre) 1991]


17. Which among the following States was the largest producer of wheat in India in the year 2015-16?

(a) Haryana
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Punjab
(d) Bihar

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


18. The State that yields ‘maximum production of wheat’ in India is –

(a) Haryana
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Punjab
(d) Bihar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


19. ‘Mahi Sugandha’ is a variety of

(a) Rice
(b) Wheat
(c) Sunflower
(d) Mustard

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


20. Which one of the following substances is a herbicide?

(a) Chlorpyrifos
(b) Carbendazim
(c) Quinalphos
(d) Butachlor

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2017]


21. Uttar Pradesh ranks first in the production of which of the following crops?

(a) Rice and Wheat
(b) Wheat and Sugarcane
(c) Rice and Sugarcane
(d) Wheat and Pulses

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2008]


22. Which of the following wheat varieties has been developed through induced mutation?

(a) Kalyan Sona
(b) Sonora-64
(c) Sharbati Sonora
(d) Sonalika

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


23. The Dwarfing gene in Wheat is –

(a) Norin – 10
(b) Dee-gee-woo-gen
(c) Opaque – 2
(d) None of the above

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2013]


24. Macaroni wheat is most suitable under what conditions–

(a) Highly irrigated conditions
(b) Late sown conditions
(c) Rainfed conditions
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


25. Raj 3077 is a variety of –

(a) Maize
(b) Jowar
(c) Rice
(d) Wheat

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


26. ‘Pusa Sindhu Ganga’ is a variety of

(a) Wheat
(b) Paddy
(c) Lentil
(d) Gram

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


27. UP-308 is a variety of

(a) Rice
(b) Wheat
(c) Cotton
(d) Millet

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Mains) 2016]


28. The production of wheat in India during 2006-07 and 2009-10 has –

(a) Maintained an upward trend
(b) Experienced as shortfall
(c) Experienced fl uctuations
(d) Remained stagnant

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


29. Which one of the following is a disease of the wheat crop :

(a) Blast
(b) Tikka
(c) Dust
(d) Rust

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2003]


30. Kalyan Sona is a variety of-

(a) Rice
(b) Maize
(c) Wheat
(d) Jowar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


31. Consider the following high-yielding varieties of crops in India:
1. Arjun
2. Jaya

3. Padma
4. Sonalika

Which of these is wheat?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 4
(d) 3 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2002]


32. Variety of pigeon pea(Arhar) suitable for double cropping with wheat is-

(a) N. A-1
(b) Bahar
(c) U.P.A.S-120
(d) None of the Above

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Spl) (Mains) 2010]


33. Consider the following statements :
1. The highest production of wheat in India is obtained from the state of U.P.
2. The cropping pattern occupying the highest area in the U.P. is rice-wheat.
3. An extension worker does not need political competency.
4. The most critical stage of irrigation in wheat is the flowering stage.
Which of these statements are correct?

(a) Only 1 and 2
(b) Only 2 and 3
(c) Only I, 2 and 4
(d) Only I, 2 and 3

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2013]


34. ‘Triticale’ is a cross between which of the following?

(a) Barley and Rye
(b) Wheat and Oats
(c) Wheat and Barley
(d) Wheat and Rye

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


35. ‘Karnal bunt’ is a disease of –

(a) Paddy
(b) Pea
(c) Mustard
(d) Wheat

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015]


36. The statements are given below, labeled as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). In the context of these two statements, select the correct answer from the codes given below.
Assertion (A): Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh are
major wheat-producing states of India.
Reason (R): The well-drained fertile soil, 100 – 150C temperature during winter and about 75 cm annual average rainfall are necessary for wheat production.
Codes :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(d) Both (A) and (R) are false

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


37. The botanical name of macaroni wheat is :

(a) Triticum aestivum
(b) Triticum monococcum
(c) Triticum durum
(d) Triticum dicoccum

[Jharkhand. P.C.S. (Pre) 2021]


ii. Kharif Crops

38. Rice originated in –

(a) Europe
(b) South-East Asia
(c) South America
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


39. Which of the following plant is not helpful in nitrogen fi xation?

(a) Gram
(b) Pea
(c) Bean
(d) Paddy
(e) None of the above

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


40. Which of the following crop is transplanted?

(a) Mustard
(b) Rice
(c) Wheat
(d) Maize

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2017]


41. Consider the following crops –
1. Cotton
2. Groundnut

3. Rice
4. Wheat

Which of these are Kharif crops?

(a) 1 and 4
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 2, 3 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2013]


42. The ideal climatic conditions for the cultivation of rice are:

(a) rainfall above 100 cm, temperature above 25° C
(b) cool and moist climate for the entire crop period
(c) rainfall below 100 cm, temperature below 25° C
(d) warm and dry climate during the entire crop period

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


43. Which one of the following is a Kharif Crop?

(a) Lentil
(b) Linseed
(c) Mustard
(d) Soybean

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


44. Which of the following is not a Kharif Crop?

(a) Cotton
(b) Groundnut
(c) Maize
(d) Mustard

[U.P.P.C.S.(Pre) 2012, Jharkhand PC.S. (Pre) 2011]


45. Which of the following is not a Kharif Crop?

(a) Arhar or toor dal
(b) Gram
(c) Maize
(d) Rice

[U.P.P.C.S (Mains) 2011]


46. Which of the following is not a cash crop?

(a) Jute
(b) Groundnut
(c) Jowar
(d) Sugarcane
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


47. The chief food crop of India is –

(a) Wheat
(b) Rice
(c) Maize
(d) Pulses

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004, 41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


48. Which of the following is the most important food crop in terms of cropped area?

(a) Wheat
(b) Maize
(c) Barley
(d) Rice

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2000, 41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


49. Which of the following crops occupies the largest area in India?

(a) Wheat
(b) Sugarcane
(c) Maize
(d) Rice

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


50. In India, the largest area under rice cultivation lies in the state of

(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Orissa
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) West Bengal

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


51. In India, per hectare average production of rice in the year 2013-14 was

(a) 2419 kgs
(b) 3059 kgs
(c) 2602 kgs
(d) 770 kgs
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


52. The region known as the Rice Bowl of India is –

(a) Kerala and Tamil Nadu
(b) Delta region of Krishna-Godavari
(c) North East region
(d) Indus Gangetic Plain

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


53. In which of the following states, the productivity of rice is the highest ?

(a) Punjab
(b) U.P.
(c) Haryana
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


54. Among the Indian States, which state has the highest yield (per hectare) of rice?

(a) West Bengal
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Haryana
(d) Punjab

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2017]


55. Which of the following is not a Variety of Rice?

(a) Hansa
(b) Jaya
(c) Jawala
(d) Padma

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


56. Jaya, Padma, and Krishna are improved varieties of which of the following cereals?

(a) Rice
(b) Wheat
(c) Barley
(d) Maize

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


57. ‘Aman’ rice is grown during

(a) April-May
(b) June-July
(c) November-December
(d) May-June

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


58. Pusa Sugandha-5 is an aromatic variety of :

(a) Maize
(b) Red gram
(c) Rice
(d) Sugarcane

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


59. ‘Barani deep’ is a variety of –

(a) Pigeon pea
(b) Maize
(c) Paddy
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013]


60. Which one of the following is a hybrid variety of Basmati rice?

(a) Pusa RH- 10
(b) Pusa Sugandh – 3
(c) Pusa Basmati- 1
(d) Pusa Sugandh – 5

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


61. The proper seed Ratio for transplanting of basmati rice is

(a) 40-50 kg/ha
(b) 20-30 kg/ha
(c) 15-20 kg/ha
(d) 5-10 kg/ha

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2014]


62. Consider the following statements and choose the correct code to answer –
Assertion(A): Punjab is a major exporter of rice.
Reason(R): This state leads in rice production.

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is false but, (R) is true
(d) (A) is true but, (R) is false

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2001]


63. Which among the following states is the largest producer of rice in India?

(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) West Bengal
(d) Kerala

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


64. Which one of the following organisms can serve as a biofertilizer for rice crops?

(a) Blue-green algae
(b) Rhizobium
(c) Mycorrhizal fungi
(d) Azotobacter

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2000]


65. Assertion (A): The Eastern coast of India produces more rice than the Western coast.
Reason (R): The Eastern coast receives more rainfall than the Western coast.
Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true individually and (R) is the the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are individually true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false but (R) is true

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


66. In India, during the last decade the total cultivated land for which one of the following crops has remained more or less stagnant?

(a) Rice
(b) Oilseeds
(c) Pulses
(d) Sugarcane

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2010]


67. The states which account for more than half of the total rice production in India are –

(a) West Bengal, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Odisha
(b) West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Andhra Pradesh
(c) Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh and Assam
(d) Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Odisha.

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2009, U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004]


68. Arrange the following states of India in the ascending order of their rice production :
1. Andhra Pradesh
2. Punjab
3. Tamil Nadu
4. West Bengal
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

(a) 3, 4, 2, 1
(b) 4, 2, 3, 1
(c) 2, 3, 1, 4
(d) 3, 2, 1, 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2003]


69. The surplus producer of rice in India is –

(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Bihar
(c) Punjab
(d) Tamil Nadu

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


70. In India, rice is cultivated in the areas having over-

(a) 20 cm annual rainfall
(b) 30 cm annual rainfall
(c) 60 cm annual rainfall
(d) 100 cm annual rainfall

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


71. Which one of the following states is having largest area under hybrid rice cultivation?

(a) Bihar
(b) Karnataka
(c) Punjab
(d) Uttar Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


72. In India four major producers of rice are –

(a) Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Odisha
(b) Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar, Assam
(c) West Bengal, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh
(d) West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Punjab

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


73. Arrange the following state of India in descending order of their rice production and select the correct answer from the codes given below :
1. Andhra Pradesh
2. Punjab

3. Uttar Pradesh
4. West Bengal

Code :

(a) 2, 1, 4, 3
(b) 3, 4, 1, 2
(c) 4, 1, 3, 2
(d) 4, 3, 2, 1

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


74. Choose the correct sequence of the States of India, according to the ascending order of rice production in the year 2018-19.

(a) Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh
(b) Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan
(c) Rajasthan, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh
(d) Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh
(e) None of the above / More than one of the above

[66th B.P.C.S. (Pre) (Re-Exam) 2020]


75. Which of the following crops are grown mainly in the irrigated areas during Zaid?

(a) Arhar and Gram
(b) Moong and Urad
(c) Rice and Millets
(d) Maize and Groundnut

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


76. With reference to the cultivation of Kharif crops in India in the last fi ve years, consider the following
1. The area under rice cultivation is the highest.
2. The area under the cultivation of jowar is more than that of oilseeds.
3. The area of cotton cultivation is more than that of sugarcane.
4. The area under sugarcane cultivation has steadily decreased.
Which of the statement/s given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2019]



1. With reference to pulse production in India, consider the following statements:
1. Black gram can be cultivated as both kharif and rabi crop.
2. Green gram alone accounts for nearly half of pulse production.
3. In the last three decades, while the production of kharif pulses has increased, the production of rabi pulses has decreased.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]


2. Which one of the following countries is the major producer and consumer of pulses?

(a) U.S.A.
(b) China
(c) England
(d) India

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


3. Which of the following products is not usually exported from India?

(a) Wheat
(b) Rice
(c) Sugar
(d) Pulses

[U.P.P.C.S.(Pre) 2013, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013]


4. Assertion (A): India has a shortage of pulses, but not of protein.
Reason (R): There is a priority in demand of pulses.
In the reference of the above, which of the following is correct :

(a) (A) and (R) both are correct, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) (A) and (R) both are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong
(d) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2009]


5. The largest pulses-producing state in India –

(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Bihar
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Rajasthan

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004]


6. Which of the following states was the largest producer of pulses in 2011-12 ?

(a) Tamil Nadu
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Madhya Pradesh

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013]


7. The type of crop which is able to fix nitrogen from the air is :

(a) Wheat
(b) Legumes
(c) Coffee
(d) Rubber

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


8. Which nutrient is considered essential for growing pulse crop ?

(a) Chromium
(b) Cobalt
(c) Iodine
(d) Sodium

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


9. Which of the following is not correctly matched?

(a) Arhar – Neelam
(b) Groundnut – Chandra
(c) Lentil – Pant L – 406
(d) Mustard – Varuna

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


10. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(Crop) (Variety)
(a) Mustard Varuna
(b) Field Pea Sapna
(c) Linseed Surya
(d) Groundnut Kaushal

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2017]


11. Pulse crop which does not fix atmospheric nitrogen is

(a) Gram
(b) Pea
(c) Rajma
(d) Moong

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


12. Balanced Fertilizers Ratio (NPK) for legume crops is –

(a) 1 : 2 : 2
(b) 3 : 2 : 1
(c) 4 : 2 : 1
(d) 2 : 2 : 1

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013]


13. The place of origin of red gram is –

(a) America
(b) India
(c) South Africa
(d) Egypt

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


14. Malaviya Chamatkar is a variety of –

(a) Pea
(b) Pigeon-Pea (Arhar)
(c) Moong
(d) Wheat

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


15. Which of the following is correctly matched?

(a) Arhar – Bahar
(b) Barley – PVW 343
(c) Gram – Aparna
(d) Paddy – NW 1014

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


16. ‘Bahar’ is a popular variety of –

(a) Pea
(b) Groundnut
(c) Pigeon pea
(d) Gram

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013]


17. The leafless variety of pea is –

(a) Arkel
(b) Azad Pea-I
(c) Aparna
(d) L-116

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013]