Deficiency, Non-Contagious and Other Diseases – Old Year Questions

1. Arthritis is caused by the deposition of which of the following in the joints of the body ?

(a) Urea
(b) Uric acid
(c) Albumin
(d) Cholesterol

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013]


2. High levels of uric acid in the blood is characteristic of which disease?

(a) Arthritis
(b) Gout
(c) Rheumatism
(d) Rheumatism heart

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


3. The people who eat cooked food with adulterated mustard oil can cause dangerous disease (Dropsy). Which one of the following reasons may not be correct (As happened in India)?

(a) Argemone oil adulteration
(b) Parts of cyanide in mustard oil
(c) Adulteration of rice husk in oil
(d) White colour adulteration

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 1998]


4. “It begins as a single cell and grows into a merciless disease that claims millions of lives year after year. But scientists are steadily unlocking its mysteries and the fi ght against it, may now have reached a dramatic turning point. New discoveries promise better therapies and hope in the war against…..” The disease referred to in the above quotation is :

(a) Cancer
(b) AIDS
(c) Tuberculosis
(d) Alzheimer’s disease

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1995]


5. Anthophobia is fear of the following :

(a) Boss
(b) Fire
(c) Flowers
(d) Dogs

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 1999]


6. The disease hysteria generally occur in which group –

(a) Married women
(b) Old women
(c) Young women
(d) Young men & women

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


7. ‘Silicosis’ is a –

(a) Kidney disease
(b) Liver disease
(c) Lung disease
(d) Neurological disorder

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]


8. The malfunctioning of thyroid gland is due to the deficiency of :

(a) vitamin A
(b) calcium
(c) iodine
(d) iron
(e) None of the above / More than one of the above

[66th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2020]


9. Match the following and select the correct answer from the codes given below –
A. Anaemia 1. Vitamin B deficiency
B. Goitre 2. Iron deficiency
C. Night-blindness 3. Iodine deficiency
D. Beri-beri 4. Vitamin A deficiency

Code :
(a) 2 1 3 4
(b) 2 3 4 1
(c) 1 2 3 4
(d) 2 4 3 1

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


10. Deficiency of Iodine causes :

(a) Night Blindness
(b) Cancer
(c) Goitre
(d) Osteoporosis

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


11. Shortage of which element causes goitre disease?

(a) Nitrogen
(b) Calcium
(c) Iodine
(d) Phosphorus

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2007]
[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


12. Iodine is administered to patients suffering from

(a) Rheumatism
(b) Night blindness
(c) Rickets
(d) Goitre

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


13. Use of polished rice in human diet causes the following disease

(a) Beriberi
(b) Goitre
(c) Night blindness
(d) Colour blindness

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


14. Use of polished rice in human diet causes following disease :

(a) Rickets
(b) Anaemia
(c) Goitre
(d) Beriberi

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


15. In countries where polished rice is the mean cereal in their diet, people suffer from –

(a) Pellagra
(b) Beriberi
(c) Scurvy
(d) Osteomalacia

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2010]


16. A man, who does not know when to stop eating, is suffering from :

(a) Bulimia
(b) Diabetes
(c) Anorexia nervosa
(d) Hyperacidity

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


17. The ‘blue baby’ pollution disease is due to the excessive presence of which of the following in drinking water ?

(a) Fluoride
(b) Chloride
(c) Nitrate
(d) Arsenic

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2010]
[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl.) (Mains) 2004]


18. Excess of which of the following in the blood causes the ‘Blue Baby Syndrome’ disease ?

(a) Iron
(b) Lead
(c) Methemoglobin
(d) Nitrate

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


19. ‘Blue baby syndrome’ is due to the presence of which of the following in the blood ?

(a) Haemoglobin
(b) Methemoglobin
(c) Lead
(d) Nitrate

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2021]


20. What is the correct sequence of the following in a heart attack ?
1. Narrowing of the inner orifice of the vessel.
2. ‘Plaque’ from fibrous tissue and high cholesterol.
3. Inadequate supply of blood and oxygen.
4. Clots of blood carried into the coronary arteries.

Code :
(a) 1, 2, 3, 4
(b) 2, 4, 1, 3
(c) 2, 3, 1, 4
(d) 4, 2, 1, 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


21. In medical terminology ‘Golden Hour’ is related with –

(a) Terminal stage of cancer
(b) Pregnancy is detected
(c) Heart Attack
(d) Actual Child Birth

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


22. Beta-blocker is a medicine to save from –

(a) Heart attack
(b) Enlargement of prostate gland
(c) Chronic diabetes
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


23. Which of the following is essential to regulate the heart beat?

(a) Sodium
(b) Sulphur
(c) Potassium
(d) Iron

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]
[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl.) (Mains) 2004]
[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]


24. Which one among these is related to the deficiency of potassium ?

(a) Damage of kidney, muscle paralysis
(b) Low blood pressure
(c) Anaemia
(d) Joint pain and blurry vision

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl.) (Pre) 2003]
[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2002]
[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2001]


25. If albumin is releasing with urine then the failure of which organ may occur?

(a) Liver
(b) Kidney
(c) Heart
(d) Spleen

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 1998]


26. Which organ of the body is affected most on keeping fast for a long time ?

(a) Heart
(b) Intestine
(c) Lung
(d) Kidney

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013]


27. In the modern days, nuclear medicines play a vital role in Medical Science, they are exactly –

(a) They are drugs
(b) They are infusion of herbs
(c) They are radioisotopes
(d) They are chlorofluorocarbon

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 1998]


28. Match List- I and List- II and select the correct answer using the code given below:
List I List II
(Radioisotope) (Diagnostic use)
A. Arsenic -74 1. Activity of thyroid gland
B. Cobalt – 60 2. Blood disorder
C. Iodine – 131 3. Tumour
D. Sodium -24 4. Cancer

Code :
(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 4 3 1 2
(c) 3 4 1 2
(d) 4 3 2 1

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2003]
[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]
[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2002]
[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2001]

29. Which one is not correctly matched ?

(a) Cobalt 60- treatment of body’s internal neoplasm
(b) Iodine 131- treatment of thyroid neoplasm
(c) Phosphorus 32- treatment of leukaemia
(d) Gold 198 – treatment of retinal disorders

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


30. Which one of the following radio elements is used to measure the speed of the blood flow in the human body?

(a) Radio-Phosphorus
(b) Radio-Iodine
(c) Radio-Iron
(d) Radio-Sodium

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2012]


31. Leukaemia is a type of cancer in which there is an abnormal increase in the number of :

(a) Bone cells
(b) Platelets
(c) Red blood cells
(d) White blood cells

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


32. The radioisotope used to control blood cancer (leukaemia) is :

(a) Iodine-131
(b) Sodium-24
(c) Phosphorus-32
(d) Cobalt-60

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2012]
[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1999]
[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


33. Which one of the following is used in the treatment of blood cancer?

(a) Iodine-131
(b) Sodium-24
(c) Phosphorus-32
(d) Cobalt-60
(e) None of the above / More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


34. Cobalt-60 is generally used in radiation treatment because it ejects

(a) Į rays
(b) ȕ rays
(c) Ȗ rays
(d) X-rays

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1999]
[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]
[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


35. The radioisotope used in the detection of tumour is :

(a) Arsenic-74
(b) Cobalt-60
(c) Sodium-24
(d) Carbon-14

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Spl (Pre) 2010]
[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2013]


36. The radio isotope used to detect tumours is :

(a) Iodine – 131
(b) Cobalt – 60
(c) Arsenic – 74
(d) Sodium – 24

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2003]


37. The radiations used in the treatment of muscle ache are :

(a) infrared
(b) microwave
(c) UV
(d) X-ray
(e) None of the above / More than one of the above

[66th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2020]


38. Oncogenes are associated with –

(a) tuberculosis
(b) hepatitis
(c) cancer
(d) typhoid

[56th to 59th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2015]


39. Which situation of the body is known as cancer?

(a) End of making new cells which gradually occurs death.
(b) A collection of toxic chemicals in the body and finally death.
(c) Uncontrolled multiplication of cells by which death of sound cells and finally death.
(d) Stop working of mind due to the wound in body and finally death.

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996]


40. ‘Metastasis’ is the process by which :

(a) Cells divide rapidly under the influence of drugs
(b) Cancer cells spread through the blood or lymphatic system to other sites or organs
(c) The chromosomes in cells nuclei are attached to the spindle before moving to the anaphase poles
(d) Cancer cells are successfully inhibited to divide any further

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2001]


41. Which of the following can cause cancer as well as cure it depending upon its intensity and use?

(a) Tobacco
(b) Alcohol
(c) Ionized radiation
(d) Ultraviolet rays

[56th to 59th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2015]


42. Which one of the following human organs is less susceptible to harmful radiations ?

(a) Eyes
(b) Heart
(c) Brain
(d) Lungs

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


43. Which one of the following human organs is most susceptible to harmful radiations?

(a) Eyes
(b) Heart
(c) Brain
(d) Lungs

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2011]


44. Which among the following is the most recent therapy of all types of cancers?

(a) 3D Conformal Radiotherapy (3D CRT)
(b) Immunotherapy
(c) Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT)
(d) Molecularly targeted therapy

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


45. Interferon is used for the control of

(a) Cancer
(b) Diabetes
(c) T.B.
(d) Typhoid

[U.P.P.S.C.(GIC) 2010]


46. ‘Cerebral palsy’ is a brain disorder found generally in :

(a) Old people
(b) Drug addicts
(c) Small children
(d) Only ladies

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


47. Which organ of the human body is affected by the Alzheimer’s disease?

(a) The ear
(b) The brain
(c) The eye
(d) The stomach

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2003]
[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


48. Recently scientists discovered protein which is responsible for hazardous neural disease Alzheimer’s. Which of the following is that protein?

(a) Amyloid monoprotein
(b) Amyloid multiprotein
(c) Amlyloid precursor protein
(d) Amyloid leptic protein

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]


49. The Nobel Prize for developing treatment of Parkinson’s disease was given to

(a) Arvid Carlsson
(b) John F. Enders
(c) Robert B. Laughlin
(d) Walter Kohn
(e) None of the above / More than one of the above

[66th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2020]


50. Scratching eases itching because –

(a) It removes the outer dust in the skin
(b) It kills the germs
(c) It stimulates certain nerves which direct the brain to increase the production of antihistaminic chemicals
(d) It suppresses the production of enzymes which cause itching

[I.A.S. (Pre)1993]


51. Anosmia is –

(a) Loss of the sense of taste
(b) Loss of the sense of smell
(c) Loss of the sense of touch
(d) Loss of the sense of heat

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2011]


52. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below the lists :
List-I (Disease) List-II (Causes)
A. Khaira 1. Vitamin C deficiency
B. Anaemia 2. Iodine deficiency
C. Goitre 3. Iron deficiency
D. Scurvy 4. Zinc deficiency

Code :
(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 2 1 4 3
(c) 3 4 1 2
(d) 4 3 2 1

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


53. Which one of the following is not correctly matched? Pollutants Disease caused

(a) Mercury – Minamata disease
(b) Cadmium – Itai-Itai disease
(c) Nitrate ion – Blue baby syndrome
(d) Fluoride ion – Indigestion

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


55. Minamata disease is caused due to :

(a) Arsenic poisoning
(b) Lead poisoning
(c) Mercury poisoning
(d) Cadmium poisoning

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


56. The Minamata disease of Japan in 1953 was caused by eating fish contaminated by

(a) Nickel
(b) Lead
(c) Mercury
(d) Cadmium

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004]
[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


57. Itai-Itai disease is caused by chronic poisoning of

(a) Mercury
(b) Nickel
(c) Cadmium
(d) Lead

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


58. Which disease is caused by allergy ?

(a) Diabetes
(b) Cholera
(c) Ringworm
(d) Asthma

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


59. If a person only takes milk, egg and bread in diet, so he may suffer from the disease :

(a) Scurvy
(b) Rickets
(c) Night blindness
(d) Marasmus

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1999]


60. Which one of the following is useful in the treatment of scurvy disease?

(a) Mango
(b) Papaya
(c) Gooseberry
(d) Ber

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2011]


61. The Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed a drug named, ‘Lukoskin’. It is being used in the treatment of……… .

(a) Leucoderma
(b) Leukorrhea
(c) Leukaemia
(d) Lung Cancer

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2016]


62. Which of the following polyherbal product has NOT been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) :

(a) Amtooth
(b) Lukoskin
(c) Nocdurna
(d) Eczit

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2018]


63. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below :
List-I List-II
A. Malaria 1. Bone marrow
B. Filaria 2. Brain
C. Encephalitis 3. Muscle
D. Leukaemia 4. Lymph node
5. Blood cells

Code :
(a) 5 3 2 1
(b) 5 4 2 1
(c) 4 3 5 1
(d) 5 4 1 2

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2010]
[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1998]
[I.A.S. (Pre) 1997]

64. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer
using the codes given below the lists :

List-I List-II
(Disease) (Cause)
A. Marasmus 1. Prolonged Starvation
B. Kwashiorkor 2. Protein Deficiency
C. T.B. 3. Bacterial Infection
D. Hepatitis B 4. Viral Infection

Code :
(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 2 1 3 4
(c) 4 2 3 1
(d) 2 4 1 3

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2010]


65. The disease caused by deficiency of protein in children is–

(a) Marasmus
(b) Pellagra
(c) Beri-beri
(d) Rickets

[U.P.P.C.S.(Pre) 2013]


66. Which one of the following pairs matches one another?

(a) Cataract –Thyroid gland
(b) Jaundice – Liver
(c) Typhoid – Lungs
(d) Pneumonia – Eyes

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


67. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?

(a) Pneumonia – Lungs
(b) Cataract – Thyroid gland
(c) Jaundice – Eye
(d) Diabetes – Liver

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996]

68. Astigmatism is a disease of the

(a) Ears
(b) Eyes
(c) Nose
(d) Throat

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004]


69. Myopia is the disorder of which organ?

(a) Heart
(b) Ear
(c) Eye
(d) Kidney

[M.P. P.C.S (Pre) 2016]


70. Myopia or short sightedness is corrected by :

(a) Use of convex lens
(b) Use of concave lens
(c) Use of plain concave lens
(d) Use of plain convex lens

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2003]


71. A person with vision defect ‘Myopia ‘can see –

(a) Nearby objects clearly
(b) Distant objects clearly
(c) Nearby as well as distant objects clearly
(d) Neither nearby nor distant objects clearly

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2015]


72. The person is suffering from far-sightedness face difficulties in-

(a) To see distant object clearly
(b) To see close object clearly
(c) To see both close and distant object clearly
(d) None of these

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]


73. In which part of eye ‘blind spot’ and ‘yellow spot’ are found?

(a) Cornea
(b) Lens
(c) Iris
(d) Retina

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


74. The retina is outgrowth of the –

(a) Pons varoli
(b) Mesencephalon
(c) Diencephalon
(d) Telencephalon

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2013]


75. If the lens in eye becomes opaque, the disease is called

(a) Myopia
(b) Astigmatism
(c) Glaucoma
(d) Cataract

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]


76. Which part of human eye is affected by cataract?

(a) Iris
(b) Retina
(c) Cornea
(d) None of the Above

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


77. Match List-I (Drugs/Chemicals) with List-II (Their uses) and select the correct answer using the codes given below :
List-I List-II
A. Atropine 1. Local anaesthesia
B. Ether 2. Heart trouble
C. Nitroglycerine 3. Dilation of pupil
D. Pyrethrin 4. Mosquito control

Code :
(a) 1 3 2 4
(b) 1 3 4 2
(c) 3 1 4 2
(d) 3 1 2 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1999]


78. The pupils of human eye are dilated with a very dilute solution of an alkaloid which is

(a) Ephedrine
(b) Equanil
(c) Atropine
(d) Adrenaline

[U.P.P.S.C. (R.I.) 2014]


79. Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder, in which people

(a) Walk during sleep without knowing what he or she is doing.
(b) Sleep with eyelids half open.
(c) Briefly and repeatedly stop breathing during sleep.
(d) Make loud snoring sound while a sleep.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


80. Biological resurfacing is a recent surgical technique used to treat problems of

(a) Knee joints
(b) Ankle joints
(c) Hip joints
(d) Vertebral joints

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


81. Deficiency of Iron causes –

(a) Filaria
(b) Malaria
(c) Anaemia
(d) Fluorosis

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1993]

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]


82. The disease caused due to deficiency of iron is known as–

(a) Colour-blindness
(b) Night-blindness
(c) Anaemia
(d) Tuberculosis

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2015]


83. Which of the following disease is caused by the excessive use of alcoholic beverage ?

(a) Appendicitis
(b) Viral hepatitis
(c) Gall stones
(d) Liver cirrhosis

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


84. Oral submucous fibrosis is a disease caused by –

(a) Drinking Liquor
(b) Smoking Tobacco
(c) Consuming Gutka of Tobacco
(d) Consuming Red Meat

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


85. Jaundice affects the –

(a) Pancreas
(b) Stomach
(c) Liver
(d) Intestine

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


86. Which disease is not so contagious ?

(a) Measles
(b) Cholera
(c) T.B.
(d) Jaundice

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


87. Rickets disease in poultry bird is caused due to the deficiency of which vitamin?

(a) Vitamin D
(b) Vitamin A
(c) Vitamin B
(d) Vitamin E

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


88. The factor of madcow disease is –

(a) Bacteria
(b) Virus
(c) Fungus
(d) Prions

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2009]


89. Bright’s disease affects human body in the part –

(a) kidney
(b) spleen
(c) heart
(d) liver

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


90. Pneumoconiosis affects the workers who work mainly in :

(a) Tanneries
(b) Coal mining industry
(c) Distilleries
(d) Glass Industry

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2005]


91. The blood glucose level is commonly expressed as :

(a) mm of Hg
(b) Milligram per decilitre
(c) Parts per million
(d) Gram per litre

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2000]

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2021]


92. Ramu injects an injection in an excess amount. In result, he suffers from spasm, apoplexy and faintness and dies later. The reason is –

(a) Unusual glucose concentration in blood
(b) Highly glucose concentration in blood
(c) Lack of glycogen in blood
(d) Lack of calcium ion in blood

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1994-95]

Ans. (a) Unusual glucose concentration in blood

Muscle spasms, strokes, and passing out can happen when there is too much or too little sugar in the blood. Insulin helps to keep the amount of sugar in the blood balanced



93. Which one of the following diseases can not be controlled by vaccination?

(a) Diabetes
(b) Polio
(c) Whooping Cough
(d) Small-pox

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]

Ans. (a) Diabetes 

  • Polio, whooping cough, and smallpox can be prevented with a vaccine, but there is no vaccine for diabetes.
  • Diabetes is a pancreas-related illness that occurs when there is not enough insulin in the blood.



94. Diabetes is caused due to malfunctioning of :

(a) Pancreas
(b) Liver
(c) Kidney
(d) Gallbladder

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Mains) 2015]

Ans. (a) Pancreas

  • Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot use it properly. Insulin is produced by the pancreas, which is a gland located near the stomach.



95. Lack of which substance causes diabetes in a person?

(a) Glycine
(b) Haemoglobin
(c) Histamine
(d) Insulin

[44th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2000]

Ans. (d) Insulin

  • Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps our body use sugar from the food we eat for energy and to store extra sugar for later.
  • It also helps maintain a balanced blood sugar level, not too high or too low. Without it, diabetes can occur and people with diabetes tend to urinate more often.



96. Which of the following are associated with diabetes mellitus, a common disease in adults ?
1. Higher sugar level in blood
2. Lower sugar level in blood
3. Lower insulin level in blood
4. Higher insulin level in blood

Code :
(a) 2 and 4
(b) 1 and 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]

Ans. (d) 1 and 3

  • When the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, the sugar level in the blood goes up.
  • This can lead to diabetes, which is more common in adult males.



97. Measurement of glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in the blood is useful for the management of :

(a) Anaemia
(b) Hemophilia
(c) Diabetes mellitus
(d) High blood pressure

[U.P. B.E.O. (Pre) 2019]


98. Assertion (A) : The person with diabetes insipidus feels thirsty.
Reason (R) : A person with diabetes insipidus suffers from excess secretion of vasopressin.

Code :
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2005]


99. Assertion (A) : Drinking of whiskey increases the
frequency of urination.
Reason (R) : Alcohol intake speeds up the secretion
of vasopressin in the body.

Code :
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2002]


100. Which one of the following seeds can benefit a patient of diabetes mellitus by normalizing his blood sugar level?

(a) Coriander seeds
(b) Mustard seeds
(c) Cumin seeds
(d) Fenugreek seeds

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


101. Curry leaf tree, native of India has the potential of a multi-billion dollar production for the pharmaceutical companies as revealed by British researchers, a cure for which disease is claimed for the curry leaf ?

(a) Blood pressure
(b) Malaria
(c) Diabetes
(d) T.B.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004]


102. The hormone insulin which is used in treating diabetes was discovered by –

(a) F.G. Banting
(b) Schleiden & Schwann
(c) Brown
(d) Hooke

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


103. A commonest side effect of Cu-T :

(a) Bleeding
(b) Pain
(c) Perforation
(d) Pelvic inflammatory disease

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


104. Emphysema is a disease caused by environmental pollution in which the aff ected organ of the body is

(a) Liver
(b) Kidney
(c) Lungs
(d) Brain

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2008]


105. Which statement about aspirin is not true?

(a) It is a neurologically active drug.
(b) Aspirin belongs to narcotic analgesics.
(c) It is ef ective in relieving pain.
(d) It has anti blood clotting action.

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2013]

106. In coronary artery bypass surgery, the blood vessel to be used as graft has to be –

(a) Vein from the leg
(b) Artery from the forearm
(c) Artery from mammary region of chest
(d) Any of these

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


107. In which of the following departments of a hospital will ‘Cath lab’ be found ?

(a) Pathology
(b) Surgery
(c) Cardiology
(d) Nuclear Medicine

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


108. The nutritional deficiency condition that needs to be given top priority for remedial action in India today is :

(a) Scurvy
(b) Rickets
(c) Xerophthalmia
(d) Pellagra

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]


109. Lathyrism is caused by excessive consumption of :

(a) Khesari dal
(b) Mustard oil
(c) Polished rice
(d) Mushrooms

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1999]


110. Blank capsules used in dispensing are made of :

(a) Egg-white
(b) Gum
(c) Starch
(d) Gelatine

[U.P.P.C.S.(Pre) 2001]