Cytology: Study of Cell – Old Year Questions

1. Which organelle in the cell, other than the nucleus, contains DNA?

(a) Centriole
(b) Golgi apparatus
(c) Lysosome
(d) Mitochondrion

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2001]


2. Which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) Prions are the smallest free-living cells.
(b) The cell wall of Mycoplasmas is made up of amino sugars.
(c) Viroids consist of single-stranded RNA molecules
(d) Rickettsias lack cell wall

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2002]


3. Which of the following statements are correct regarding the general difference between plant and animal cells?
1. Plant cells have cellulose cell walls whilst animal cells do not.
2. Plant cells do not have plasma membranes, unlike animal cells which do.
3. Mature plant cell has one large vacuole whilst animal cell has many small vacuoles.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]


4. How does the plant cell differ from the animal cell?

(a) Mitochondria
(b) Cell wall
(c) Presence of protoplasm
(d) Cell nucleus

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


5. What is not found in the animal cell?

(a) Cell wall of cellulose
(b) Nucleus
(c) Mitochondria
(d) None of these

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


6. Which part of the animal cell is called a powerhouse?

(a) Cell wall
(b) Nucleus
(c) Mitochondria
(d) Entire cell

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


7. Which of the following organelles is called the ‘Power House’ of the cell?

(a) Ribosome
(b) Mitochondria
(c) Cell membrane
(d) Centrosome

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013]


8. The powerhouse of the cell is

(a) cell wall
(b) Mitochondria
(c) ribosome
(d) nucleus
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[64th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2018]


9. Plasma membrane is built up of

(a) Protein
(b) Lipid
(c) Carbohydrate
(d) Both (a) and (b)

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


10. Which of the following cell organelles play the most significant role in protein synthesis?

(a) Lysosome and Centrosome
(b) Endoplasmic reticulum and Ribosome
(c) Golgi apparatus and Mitochondria
(d) Lysosome and Mitochondria

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2001]


11. The cellular and molecular control of programmed cell death is known as :

(a) Apoptosis
(b) Ageing
(c) Degeneration
(d) Necrosis

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2001]


12. One term that generates the maximum number of ATP atoms in our system?

(a) Decomposition of glucose
(b) Kreb’s cycle
(c) Last respiratory series
(d) Water decomposition

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1999]