Recently, at the 15th Conference of Parties (COP15) to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity “Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework” (GBE) was adopted.

About COP-15

  • Conference concluded in Montreal, Canada.
  • Chaired by China and hosted by Canada-first phase took place in Kunming, China and second phase in Montreal Canada
  • It reinforced the commitment to address the biodiversity crisis and the Kunming Declaration was adopted by over 100 countries.

Key Targets of the GBF

  • GBF includes 4 goals and 23 targets for achievement by 2030,
  • Goals
    • Goal A: Halting Human-induced extinction of threatened species and reducing the rate of extinction of all species tenfold by 2050
    • Goal B: Sustainable use and management of biodiversity,
    • Goal C Fair sharing of benefits from the utilization of genetic resources and digital sequence information and genetic resources.
    • Goal D: Adequate means of implementing the GBF be accessible to all parties particularly least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing states.

30*30 deal

    • Restore 30% degraded ecosystems globally (on land and sea) by 2030
    • Conserve and manage 30% areas (terrestrial, inland water, and coastal and marine) by 2030.
  • Reduce risk from pesticides by at least 50% by 2030
  • Reduce global footprint of consumption by 2030.
  • Secure the safe, legal and sustainable use and trade of wild species by 2030
  • The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, also known as the Biodiversity Convention, is multilateral treaty opened for signature at the Earth summit in Rio De Janeiro in 1992. It comes under UNEP