Constitutional Amendment – Old Year Questions

1. Consider the following statements:

I. Through the 44th Constitutional Amendment, of 1978 all the Directive Principles of State Policy have been given preference over Fundamental Rights mentioned in Articles 14 and 19.
II. The Supreme Court has laid down in its verdict in the Minerva Mills Case, 1980 that the preference given only to Directive Principles of State Policy mentioned in Articles 39(b) and 39(c) over Fundamental Rights mentioned in Articles 14 and 19 is Constitutional.

(a) Neither I nor II is correct.
(b) Only I am correct.
(c) Only II is correct.
(d) Both I and II are correct.

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2013]


2. Which of the following statements is correct regarding Article 368 of the Constitution of India?

(i) Article 368 was amended by the 24th Constitution Amendment Act, 1971.
(ii) Article 368 was amended by the 101st Constitution Amendment Act, 2016.


(a) (i) is true and (ii) is false
(b) (i) is false and (ii) is true
(c) Both (i) and (ii) are true
(d) Both (i) and (ii) are false

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


3. The President’s power to veto a Bill for amendment of the Constitution has been taken away by substituting the word ‘shall give his assent’ by which amendment?

(a) 44th Amendment
(b) 23rd Amendment
(c) 24th Amendment
(d) 42nd Amendment

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2013]


4. Which one of the following Bills must be passed by each House of the Indian Parliament separately by the special majority?

(a) Ordinary Bill
(b) Money Bill
(c) Finance Bill
(d) Constitution Amendment Bill

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007, I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


5. The Indian Constitution can be amended under the provisions of

(a) Article 368
(b) Article 360
(c) Article 356
(d) Article 352

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


6. Which Article of the Constitution of India lays down the procedure for the amendment of the Constitution?

(a) 348
(b) 358
(c) 368
(d) 378

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


7. Amendments to the Constitution may be initiated-

(a) Only in Lok Sabha
(b) Only in Rajya Sabha
(c) Only in State legislative assemblies
(d) Either House of the Parliament

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]


8. A bill for the amendment in the Indian Constitution can be presented –

(a) Only in Lok Sabha
(b) Only in Rajya Sabha
(c) Either in Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha
(d) In the Supreme Court of India

[38th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1992]


9. An amendment to the Constitution of India can be initiated by the:

1. Lok Sabha
2. Rajya Sabha

3. State Legislatures
4. President

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 alone
(b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 2, 3 and 4
(d) 1 and 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1999]


10. According to the Indian Constitution, the Constitutional amendment of the following topics requires the consent of at least half of the State legislatures.

1. Federal provision of the Constitution
2. Rights of the Supreme Court
3. The process of Constitutional Amendment
4. Formation of new States or transformation in the borders and names of the states

Code :

(a) 1, 2, 3
(b) 1, 2, 4
(c) 1, 3, 4
(d) 2, 3, 4

[U.P.P.C.S. Lower (Pre) 2004]


11. Which of the following are the matters on which a constitutional amendment is possible only with the ratification of the legislatures of not less than one-half of the states?

1. Election of the President
2. Representation of the States in Parliament
3. Any of the Lists in the 7th Schedule
4. Abolition of the Legislature Council of a State


(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1, 2 and 4
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 2, 3 and 4

I.A.S. (Pre) 1995


12. Consider the following statements

1. An amendment to the Constitution of India can be initiated by the introduction of a Bill in the Lok Sabha only.
2. If such an amendment seeks to make changes in the federal character of the Constitution, the amendment also requires to be ratified by the legislatures of all the States of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2013]


13. Consider the following statements regarding Constitutional Amendments:

(i) In Article 368, two methods of Constitutional Amendment are mentioned.
(ii) Constitutional Amendment Bill can be initiated only in Lok Sabha.
(iii) In case of any dispute between two Houses of Parliament on the Constitutional Amendment Bill, a Joint sitting of both Houses can be summoned.
(iv) The President can not veto a Constitutional Amendment Bill.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) (i) and (ii) only
(b) (i) and (iv) only
(c) (ii) and (iv) only
(d) (ii), (iii), and (iv) only

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2013]


14. When was the first Bill for the amendment of the Indian Constitution presented?

(a) 1950
(b) 1951
(c) 1955
(d) 1958

[38th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1992]


15. In the event of the Upper House rejecting a Constitutional Amendment Bill passed by the Lower House

(a) The Bill will have to be dropped
(b) A joint sitting of both Houses of Parliament may be convened to consider and pass the Bill
(c) The Bill shall be deemed to have been passed by both the Houses of Parliament if the Lok Sabha passes it again by a two-thirds majority.
(d) The Bill shall be deemed to have been passed by both the Houses of Parliament despite the disapproval of the Bill by the Upper House.

[U.P.P.C.S (Mains) 2004]


16. The First Constitution Amendment Bill passed in 1951 was related to

(a) Security of the country
(b) Security of the Prime Minister
(c) Protection of agrarian reforms in certain States
(d) Scheduled castes and Scheduled tribes

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


17. The Ninth Schedule to the Indian Constitution was added by:

(a) First Amendment
(b) Eighth Amendment
(c) Ninth Amendment
(d) Forty-Second Amendment

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


18. The 93rd Constitution Amendment Bill deals with the:

(a) Continuation of reservation for backward classes in government jobs.
(b) Free and compulsory education for all children between the ages of 6 and 14 years
(c) Reservation of 30 percent of posts for women in government recruitments
(d) Allocation of more number of Parliamentary seats for recently formed States

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2002]


19. ‘Right to Education’ introduced through the 86th Amendment came into force:

(a) In 2002
(b) In 2004
(c) In 2008
(d) In 2010

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


20. By which Constitutional Amendment OBCs have been given 27 percent reservation in the admission to educational institutions?

(a) 92nd
(b) 93rd
(c) 94th
(d) 96th

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


21. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I (Amendments to the Constitution) List-II
A. The Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991 1. Establishment of state-level Rent Tribunals
B. The Constitution (Seventy-fifth Amendment) Act, 1994 2. No reservation for Scheduled Castes in Panchayats in Arunachal Pradesh
C. The Constitution (Eightieth Amendment) Act, 2000 3. Constitution of Panchayats at Villages or at another local level
D. The Constitution (Eighty-third Amendment) Act, 2000 4. Accepting the recommendations of the Tenth Finance Commission
  5. Accorded the status of National Capital Territory to Delhi

Code :

(a) 5 1 4 2
(b) 1 5 3 4
(c) 5 1 3 4
(d) 1 5 4 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2001]


22. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

List -I List-II
(Provision of Constitutional Amendments) (Number of Constitutional Amendments)
A. Right to form Co-operative societies under Article 19(1)(c) i. 81st Amendment, 2000
B. Protection of SC/ST reservation in filling the backlog of vacancies ii. 91st Amendment, 2003
C. Formation of National Judicial Appointments Commission iii. 97th Amendment, 2011
D. Limiting the size of the Council of Ministers iv. 99th Amendment, 2014

Code :

(a) (iii) (ii) (iv) (i)
(b) (i) (iv) (ii) (iii)
(c) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)
(d) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2013]


23. Which Constitutional Amendment Act dealing with the National Judicial Appointments Commission, was declared unconstitutional by the Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court?

(a) 98th Constitutional Amendment Act
(b) 97th Constitutional Amendment Act
(c) 99th Constitutional Amendment Act
(d) 100th Constitutional Amendment Act

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2021]


24. By which of the following amendments of the Indian Constitution, the term ‘Co-operative Societies’ was added in Article 19(1) (c)?

(a) 42nd Amendment Act, 1976
(b) 73rd Amendment Act, 1993
(c) 97th Amendment Act, 2011
(d) 36th Amendment Act, 1975

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


25. By Which one of the following Constitutional Amendments Delhi became a ‘National Capital Region’?

(a) 61st Amendment
(b) 69th Amendment
(c) 71st Amendment
(d) 79th Amendment

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


26. Which one of the following, Amendments of the Constitution of India Converts the Union Territory of Delhi into the National Capital Region of Delhi?

(a) 69th Amendment
(b) 70th Amendment
(c) 73rd Amendment
(d) 74th Amendment

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015]


27. Which of the following has banned floor crossing by the member elected on a party ticket to the legislature?

(a) 52nd Constitutional Amendment Act
(b) Representation of Public Law
(c) 42nd Constitutional Amendment
(d) 44th Constitutional Amendment

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


28. In which Amendment was the evil of defections from the political parties in India enacted?

(a) 52nd Amendment
(b) 54th Amendment
(c) 56th Amendment
(d) 58th Amendment

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


29. Which one of the following Constitutional Amendments introduced the anti-defection provision in the Constitution for the first time?

(a) 54th Amendment
(b) 53rd Amendment
(c) 52nd Amendment
(d) 51st Amendment

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008, M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


30. 52nd Constitution Amendment is related to–

(a) Defection
(b) Reservation
(c) Election
(d) Protection of minorities

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2006]


31. The authoritative text of the Indian Constitution in Hindi was authorized to be published by which of the following constitutional amendments?

(a) 57th Amendment, 1987
(b) 58th Amendment, 1987
(c) 59th Amendment, 1988
(d) 60th Amendment, 1988

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


32. Which one of the following Amendments to the Constitution is related to the Lowering of the age of voters?

(a) 61st Amendment
(b) 44th Amendment
(c) 42th Amendment
(d) 24th Amendment

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


33. Which Constitutional Amendment Act reduced the voting Age from 21 years to 18 years?

(a) 61st
(b) 62nd
(c) 63rd
(d) 64th

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2021]


34. The 79th Amendment of the Indian Constitution is related to –

(a) Centre-State Relations
(b) Establishment of two political parties
(c) Fundamental Rights
(d) Reservation of SCs and STs in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


35. Which Constitutional Amendment makes provision for the reservation of seats for SCs and STs in Lok Sabha and State Assemblies?

(a) 76th
(b) 77th
(c) 78th
(d) 79th

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2013]


36. The basic structure theory of the Constitution of India implies that –

(a) Certain features of the Constitution are so essential to it that they cannot be abrogated.
(b) Fundamental rights cannot be abridged or taken away.
(c) The Constitution cannot be amended except in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 368.
(d) The Preamble of the Constitution cannot be amended for it is not a part of the Constitution and at the same time represents it real spirit.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


37. The Keshavananda Bharati Case is important because-

(a) It sets aside the orders of the executive
(b) The Supreme Court interpreted the basic features of the Constitution
(c) It brought the Union Government into the dock.
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


38. The Supreme Court of India enunciated the doctrine of the ‘Basic Structure of the Constitution’ in

(a) The Golakhnath case in 1967
(b) The Sajjan Singh case in 1965
(c) The Shankari Prasad case in 1951
(d) The Keshavananda Bharati case in 1973

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


39. In India, who is competent to amend the Fundamental Rights of the citizens?

(a) Lok Sabha
(b) Rajya Sabha
(c) Parliament
(d) Supreme Court

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


40. In which of the following cases the Supreme Court limited the power of Parliament to amend the Constitution for the first time?

(a) A.K. Gopalan Vs. The State of Madras
(b) Golaknath Vs.The State of Punjab
(c) Keshavananda Bharati Vs. The State of Kerala
(d) Minerva Mills Vs. The Union of India

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2002]


41. Which is unmatched in the context of Constitutional Amendment Procedure?

i. Extension of executive powers of Centre and State.
ii. Supreme and High Court.
iii. Election of President.
iv. Qualification of President.
v. Condition of the Office of the President.
vi. Tenure of President.
vii. Distribution of Legislative Power in Centre and State.
viii. States representation in Parliament.

(a) i ii iii
(b) ii iii iv
(c) iii iv v
(d) iv v vi
(e) vi vii viii

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


42. Which of the following Constitutional Amendment Acts was termed as Mini Constitution?

(a) 42nd
(b) 44th
(c) 46th
(d) 50th

[47th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2005]


43. By which Amendment of the Constitution of India forests were transferred from the State list to the Concurrent List ?

(a) 41st
(b) 42nd
(c) 43rd
(d) 45th

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


44. Given below are two statements, one labeled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R) :

Assertion (A): India is a sovereign socialist secular democratic republic.
Reason (R): It was substituted by (the 42nd Amendment) Act 1976 for the Sovereign Democratic Republic.

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


45. Which Amendment of the Constitution provides that no law passed to give effect to Directive Principles of State Policy contained in Articles 39(b) & (c) shall be deemed to be void on the ground that it abridges the rights conferred by Articles 14 and 19.

(a) 25th Amendment
(b) 28th Amendment
(c) 42nd Amendment
(d) 44th Amendment

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


46. Which of the following Constitutional Amendments is related to the Fundamental Duties?

(a) 42nd
(b) 44th
(c) 46th
(d) 50th

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2003]


47. Which Constitutional Amendment bifurcated the Combined National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes into two separate bodies?

(a) 42nd Amendment
(b) 44th Amendment
(c) 89th Amendment
(d) 93rd Amendment

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


48. When were the Fundamental Duties mentioned in the Constitution?

(a) At the time of framing of Constitution
(b) On 26th January, 1950
(c) In the 42nd Constitutional Amendment
(d) In the 41st Constitutional Amendment

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


49. The Constitution (98th Amendment) Bill is related to:

(a) Empowering the centre to levy and appropriate service tax
(b) Constitution of the National Judicial Commission
(c) Readjustment of electoral constituencies on the basis of the population census 2001
(d) The demarcation of new boundaries between States.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2005]


50. How many Constitutional Amendments in India have been implemented up to 2013?

(a) 68
(b) 78
(c) 88
(d) 98

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014 ]


51. Which of the following Constitutional Amendment Acts seeks that the size of the Councils of Ministers at the Centre and in a State must not exceed 15 percent of the total number of members of the Lok Sabha and the total number of members of the Legislative Assembly of that State, respectively.

(a) 91st
(b) 93rd
(c) 95th
(d) 97th

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2007]


52. By which Constitutional Amendment the number of Central Ministers has been limited to 15% of the total number of the members of the Lok Sabha?

(a) 91st Amendment
(b) 92nd Amendment
(c) 90th Amendment
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2015]


53. Which of the following Amendments of the Indian Constitution limits the size of the Union Ministry?

(a) 78th amendment
(b) 91st amendment
(c) 88th amendment
(d) 90th amendment

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004]


54. Sikkim became a new State by –

(a) 30th Amendment of the Constitution
(b) 34th Amendment of the Constitution
(c) 35th Amendment of the Constitution
(d) 36th Amendment of the Constitution

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2006]


55. Mizoram has been granted the status of a State by which of the following Constitutional Amendment?

(a) 53rd
(b) 54th
(c) 55th
(d) 52nd

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) (Re. Exam) 2013]


56. Which Amendment to the Constitution inserted a new Article 21 A in the Constitution providing Right to Education?

(a) 86th Amendment
(b) 87th Amendment
(c) 88th Amendment
(d) 89th Amendment

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


57. 97th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2012 is concerned with……….

(a) Free and compulsory education for children up to the age of 14 years
(b) Organization and working of co-operative societies
(c) Stringent measures to deal with terrorism
(d) Provision of Lokpal to prevent corruption

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2012]


58. President Ram Nath Kovind granted assent to which Constitutional Amendment Act on 18th August 2021?

(a) 106th
(b) 107th
(c) 108th
(d) 105th

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2021]


59. Match the following Constitutional Amendments.

List – I List – II
(A) 13th Amendment (i) Nagaland
(B) 18th Amendment (ii) Anti-defection law
(C) 39th Amendment (iii) Clarified the ‘state’
(D) 52nd Amendment (iv) The election of President Speaker and Prime Minister cannot be challenged.

Code :

(a) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)
(b) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(c) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
(d) (i) (iii) (iv) (ii)
(e) (i) (iii) (ii) (iv)

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


60. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below:

List-I List-II
A. Curtailment of the power of judicial review 1. 61st Amendment
B. Abolition of Right to property as a fundamental right 2. 42nd Amendment
C. Lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 3. 38th Amendment
D. Addition of the word ‘Secular’ in the preamble 4. 44th Amendment

Code :

(a) 1 2 4 3
(b) 2 4 1 3
(c) 3 4 1 2
(d) 4 1 3 2

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


61. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below the lists.

List-I List-II
(Act) (Amendment)
A. The Constitution (Ninety-Fourth Amendment) Act, 2006 1. Amendment in Article 164 
B. The Constitution (Ninety Fifth Amendment) Act, 2009 2. Amendment in Article 334
C. The Constitution (Ninety Sixth Amendment) Act, 2011 3. Amendment in  Eighth Schedule
D. The Constitution (One hundred-third Amendment) Act, 2019 4. Amendment in Article 15

Codes :

(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 1 2 4 3
(c) 1 3 4 2
(d) 1 4 3 2

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2016]


62. Consider the following statements:

1. The 44th Amendment to the Constitution of India introduced an Article placing the election of the Prime Minister beyond judicial review.
2. The Supreme Court of India struck down the 99th Amendment to the Constitution of India as being violative of the independence of the judiciary.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2019]