Economic Impact of British Rule on India– Old Year Questions and Answers

1. With reference to the period of colonial rule in India ‘Home Charges’ formed an important part of the drain of wealth from India. Which of the following funds constituted ‘Home Charges’?
1. Funds used to support the Indian office in London.
2. Funds used to pay salaries and pensions of British personnel engaged in India.
3. Funds used for waging wars outside India by the British.
Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2011]


 2. The staple commodities of export by the English East India Company from Bengal in the middle of the 18th
century was

(a) Raw cotton, oil seeds, and opium
(b) Sugar, salt, zinc, and lead
(c) Copper, silver, gold, spices, and tea
(d) Cotton, silk, salt petre and opium

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2018]


3. The term “imperial preference” was applied to the:

(a) Special privileges on British imports in India
(b) Racial discrimination by the Britishers
(c) Subordination of Indian interest to that of the British
(d) Preference was given to British political agents over Indian Princes

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1999]


4. There was no independent development of industries in India during British rule because of the:

(a) Absence of heavy industries
(b) Scarcity of foreign capital
(c) Scarcity of natural resources
(d) Preference of the rich to invest in land

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1999]


5. Economically, one of the results of British rule in India in the 19th century was the

(a) increase in the export of Indian handicrafts
(b) growth in the number of Indian-owned factories
(c) commercialization of Indian agriculture
(d) the rapid increase in the urban population

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2018]


6. Which of the following statements correctly explains the impact of the Industrial Revolution on India during the first half of the nineteenth century?

(a) Indian handicrafts were ruined.
(b) Machines were introduced in the Indian textile industry in large numbers.
(c) Railway lines were laid in many parts of the country.
(d) Heavy duties were imposed on the imports of British manufacturers.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]


7. Who introduced the Ist-e-Marari settlement?

(a) Wellesley
(b) Warren Hastings
(c) Lord Cornwallis
(d) Lord Dufferin

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


8. Given below are two statements, one is labeled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R) :
Assertion (A): The British Government introduced Different land revenue systems in different parts of India.
Reason (R): It led to the creation of different classes in the Indian peasantry.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below.
Codes :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false but (R) is true

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


9. The Permanent Settlement was introduced by

(a) Lord Hastings
(b) Lord Cornwallis
(c) Lord Curzon
(d) Loa William Bentinck

[U.P. P.S.C. (GIC) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2007, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005, Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2002]


10. A permanent Settlement was made with

(a) Landlords
(b) Peasants
(c) Workers
(d) Traders

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


11. The ‘Permanent Settlement’ was made with –

(a) Zamindars
(b) Village communities
(c) Muqaddamas
(d) Peasants

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


12. Which Governor-General introduced the permanent land revenue system in India?

(a) Lord John Shore
(b) Lord Clive
(c) Lord Cornwallis
(d) Lord Warren Hastings

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


13. The Permanent Settlement of Lord Cornwallis was introduced in the year.

(a) 1787 A.D.
(b) 1789 A.D.
(c) 1790 A.D.
(d) 1793 A.D.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


14. The tendency for increased litigation was visible after the introduction of the land settlement system by Lord Cornwallis in 1793. The reason for this is normally traced to which of the following provisions?

(a) Making Zamindar’s position stronger vis-a-vis the ryot
(b) Making East IndiaCompany an overlord of Zamindars
(c) Making the judicial system more efficient
(d) None of the above statements (a), (b), and (c) is correct.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2011]


15. Under the Permanent Settlement, of 1793, the Zamindars were required to issue pattas to the farmer which were not issued by many of the Zamindars. The reason was:

(a) the Zamindars were trusted by the farmers
(b) there were no officials checking upon the Zamindars
(c) it was the responsibility of the British government
(d) the farmers were not interested in getting pattas

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2001]


16. Which one of the following is correct about the permanent settlement introduced in Bihar?

(a) The Zamindars were deprived of the ownership of the land.
(b) The right of ownership of land was made hereditary and transferable for the Zamindars.
(c) Land revenue was constitutionalized
(d) Abolition of Zamindari

[48th to 52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008]


17. Permanent Settlement and Ryotwari System of land revenue introduced respectively in :

(a) Bengal and Madras
(b) Madras and Punjab
(c) Madras and Bengal
(d) Punjab and Bengal

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre.) 2021]


18. Fill in the blank:
In ……… the rights of the tenants on land in Bengal and Bihar were given by the Bengal Tenancy Act.

(a) 1885
(b) 1886
(c) 1889
(d) 1900

[56th to 59th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2015]


19. Sir Thomas Munro is associated with the land revenue settlement:

(a) Permanent Settlement
(b) Mahalwari Settlement
(c) Ryotwari Settlement
(d) None of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2000]


20. Who was associated with the Ryotwari Settlement of Madras?

(a) Malcolm
(b) Metcalfe
(c) Munro
(d) Elphinstone

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Pre) 2008]


21. Who started the Ryotwari system?

(a) Thomas Munro
(b) Martin Burda
(c) Cornwallis
(d) Lord Dalhousie

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


22. The Ryotwari settlement was introduced by the British in the

(a) Bengal Presidency
(b) Madras Presidency
(c) Bombay Presidency
(d) Madras & Bombay Presidency

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2011, U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2001, I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


23. The English introduced the Ryotwari System for the first time in

(a) Bengal Presidency
(b) Agra
(c) Bombay Presidency
(d) Madras Presidency

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


24. In the British System Ryotwari land revenue collection was prevalent in

(a) North India
(b) East India
(c) West India
(d) South India

[U.P.P.S.C. (R.I.) 2014]


25. With reference to Ryotwari Settlement, consider the following statements
1. The rent was paid directly by the peasants to the Government.
2. The Government gave Pattas to the Ryots.
3. The lands were surveyed and assessed before being taxed.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1
(b) 1 and 2
(c) 1, 2, and 3
(d) None of these

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


26. With reference to the history of India, consider the following pairs:
1. Aurang – In charge of the treasury of the State
2. Banian – Indian agent of the East India Company
3. Mirasidar – Designated revenue payer to the State
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]


27. When was the first tea company in Assam established?

(a) 1835
(b) 1837
(c) 1839
(d) 1841

[U.P. R.O./ A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


28. Which one of the following statements correctly defines the term ‘Drain Theory’ as propounded by Dadabhai Naoroji?

(a) That the resources of the country were being utilized in the interest of Britain.
(b) That a part of Indian national wealth or total annual product was being exported to Britain for which India got no material returns.
(c) That the British industrialists were being given an opportunity to invest in India under the protection of the imperial power.
(d) That British goods were being imported to the country making it miserable day by day.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


29. Who is the exponent of the Theory of the “Economic Drain” of India during British Rule?

(a) M.N. Roy
(b) Jai Prakash Narayan
(c) Rammanohar Lohiya
(d) Dadabhai Naoroji

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


30. With reference to ‘deindustrialization’ which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. This process started in 1813.
2. Abolition of monopoly trade rights of East India The company aggravated the process.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


31. Which of the following propounded the ‘Drain Theory’?

(a) Dadabhai Naoroji
(b) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(c) Lokmanya Tilak
(d) Madan Mohan Malviya

[Uttrakhand U.D.A./LDA (Mains) 2007]


32. Which of the following were economic critics/critics of colonialism in India?
1. Dadabhai Naoroji
2. G. Subramania Iyer
3. R. C. Dutt
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2015]


33. Who among the following leaders did not believe in the drain theory of Dadabhai Naoroji?

(a) B.G. Tilak
(b) R.C. Dutt
(c) M.G. Ranade
(d) Sir Syed Ahmad Khan

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]


34. Who authored the book “Poverty and the Unbritish Rule in India”?

(a) Amartya Kumar Sen
(b) Ramesh Chandra Dutt
(c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(d) Dadabhai Naoroji

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004]


35. Who wrote a book describing the theory of the economic drain of India during British rule?

(a) Lala Lajpat Rai
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru
(d) Dadabhai Naoroji

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


36. Consider the following statements:
The most effective contribution made by Dadabhai Naoroji to the cause of the Indian National Movement was that he
1. exposed the economic exploitation of India by the British.
2. interpreted the ancient Indian texts and restored the self-confidence of Indians.
3. stressed the need for eradication of all the social evils before anything else.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2, and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


37. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer from the code given below the statements:
Assertion (A): Generally, India had a favorable balance of trade during British rule.
Reason (R): The drain of wealth took the form of unrequired exports.
Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


38. Who considered that ‘’British Economic Policy is disgusting in India”?

(a) B.G. Tilak
(b) Dadabhai Naoroji
(c) Karl Marx
(d) Adam Smith

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./LDA (Mains) 2007]


39. What is the total percentage of Central revenue spent on Military force in British India?

(a) 40%
(b) 45%
(c) 50%
(d) 55%

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre.) 2021]