The Arid Regions/ Deserts – Old Year Questions

1. Statement (A): Deserts can be effective sources for the production of perennial energy.
Reason (R): As much energy is consumed by mankind in one year, the Desert can receive energy more than that in only 6 hours from the Sun.
Choose the correct answer from the following code –

(a) (A) and (R), both are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) (A) and (R), both are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is correct, but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false but (R) is correct

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


2. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R). Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
Assertion (A): Most of the hot deserts of the world are located on the Western margins of continents between 15º-30º North and South latitudes.
Reason (R): Trade winds lose their moisture and humidity as it move westward.
Codes :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false but (R) is true

[U.P. B.E.O. (Pre) 2019]


3. Desert is defined as the area where –

(a) Temperature remains more than 420 C
(b) No plants are found
(c) Annual rain occurs less than 25 Cm
(d) Prominence of sand barrows

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2009]


4. The biggest desert in the world is :

(a) Kalahari
(b) Gobi
(c) Sahara
(d) Thar

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


5. Which of the following is the biggest Desert in the world–

(a) Kalahari
(b) Gobi
(c) Sahara
(d) Thar

[Uttarakhand Lower Sub. (Pre) 2010]


6. The most populated desert in the world is –

(a) Sahara
(b) Gobi
(c) Thar
(d) Kalahari

[U.P.P.C.S.(Pre) 2012]


7. Takla Makan desert lies in –

(a) Afghanistan
(b) China
(c) Kazakhstan
(d) Mongolia

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


8. The Desert ‘Takla Makan’ is located in the –

(a) Kazakhstan
(b) Turkmenistan
(c) Uzbekistan
(d) China

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


9. Which of the following is not correctly matched?

Desert  Country
(a) Sonoran – United States of America
(b) Taklamakan – China
(c) Karakum – Turkmenistan
(d) Gibson – Brazil

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016, U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


10. Dasht-e- Lut is located in –

(a) Iran
(b) Libya
(c) Kenya
(d) Nigeria

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


11. In which country is the Gobi desert located?

(a) Mexico
(b) Somalia
(c) Mongolia
(d) Egypt

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2008, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 1993, 38th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1992]


12. The Great Victorian Desert is located at –

(a) Australia
(b) India
(c) Egypt
(d) North Africa
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


13. The largest desert of South Asia is :

(a) Atacama
(b) Colorado
(c) Kalahari
(d) Thar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996]


14. Which one of the following statements is not true regarding the Atacama ?

(a) It is a desert in South America.
(b) It is the World’s driest desert.
(c) It lies in Southern Chile.
(d) It has rich reserves of nitrates.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


15. The Atacama is located in –

(a) Asia
(b) South America
(c) Africa
(d) North America

[Uttarakhand Lower Sub. (Pre) 2010]


16. The Driest place on earth is –

(a) Arabian desert
(b) Atacama desert
(c) Gobi desert
(d) Thar desert

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2009]


17. Which one of the following is a temperate desert?

(a) Arabian Desert
(b) Atacama Desert
(c) Kalahari Desert
(d) Patagonian Desert

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


18. Consider the following statements :-
(1) Tropical deserts in the world are found in the trade wind bands of western ends of Continents-
(2) In India, Eastern Himalayan region receives more rain from North-eastern winds.
Which among the above statements is/are/ correct ?
Code :

(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2009]


19. The Kalahari Desert lies in
1. Botswana
2. Namibia

3. Zaire
4. Zambia

Select the correct answer from the code given below –
Code :

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 2
(d) 3 and 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (GIC) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


20. Which of the following deserts is located in the Southern Hemisphere?

(a) Kalahari
(b) Gobi
(c) Chihuahuan
(d) Sahara

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) (Re-Exam) 2015]


21. What could be the main reason/reasons for the formation of African and Eurasian desert belt?
1. It is located in the sub-tropical high-pressure cells.
2. It is under the influence of warm ocean currents.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2011]