World Geography – Miscellaneous Topics – Old Year Questions

1. The most important fishing grounds of the world are found in the regions where:

(a) Warm and cold atmospheric currents meet
(b) Rivers drain out large amounts of fresh water into the sea
(c) Warm and cold oceanic currents meet
(d) Continental shelf is undulating

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2013]


2. The word ‘Denisovan’ is sometimes mentioned in media in reference to

(a) fossils of a kind of dinosaurs
(b) an early human species
(c) a cave system found in North-East India
(d) a geological period in the history of Indian subcontinent

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2019]


3. Grand Bank is located at :

(a) Western coast of North America
(b) Western European coast
(c) Eastern coast of North America
(d) Eastern coast of Africa

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Spl) (Mains) 2010]


4. The concept of Neo-Determinism in Geography was advanced by :

(a) Miss Semple
(b) G.Taylor
(c) Ratzel
(d) Huntington

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


5. In their book “Introducing Cultural Geography”, J.E. Spencer and W.L. Thomas have divided the world into how many Cultural Worlds?

(a) 9
(b) 10
(c) 11
(d) 12

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


6. Consider the following pairs :

(Community sometimes in the news)         (Affairs with)
1. Kurd:                                                                    Bangladesh
2. Madhesi:                                                             Nepal
3. Rohingya :                                                          Myanmar

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 3 only

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2016]


7. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer from the code given below :

1. Cuba is known as the ‘sugar bowl’ of the world
2. Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of China.
3. The U.S.A. is the leading producer of milk in the world.
4. Australia is a Federal State.

Code :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1, 2 and 3 only
(c) 2, 3, and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, and 4 only

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


8. Which one of the following statements is not correct ?

(a) The country which does not belong to the group of BALKANS is Bosnia.
(b) Northeastern part of Australia is not aff ected by the Mediterranean climate.
(c) The Nova Scotia Coal fi eld lies in Kazakhstan.
(d) At present China is the country in the world which is the largest producer of cotton.

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2013]


9. The line joining the areas having the same rainfall is called

(a) Isobar
(b) Isohyet
(c) Isotherm
(d) Isohaline

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


10. Consider the following statements :

1. The length of a terrestrial mile is lesser than that of a nautical mile.
2. Harmattan is a dusty land-wind of the East African Coast.
3. Greece and Albania form a part of the Iberian peninsula.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) 1, 2, and 3
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1 only

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2006]


11. Which one of the following is correctly matched?

(a) Paraguay  –  Pampas
(b) U.S.A.  –  Manitoba
(c) Morocco  –  Atlas mountains
(d) Australia  –  Kimberley

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2002]


12. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below:

List- I List- II
1. Pole star A. Gravitation
2. Earth B. Sound
3. Greenland C. Arctic ocean
4. Explosion D. North


(a) 1-D, 2-C, 3-A, 4-B
(b) 1-D, 2-A, 3-B, 4-C
(c) 1-D, 2-B, 3-C, 4-A
(d) 1-D, 2-A, 3-C, 4-B

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


13. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I  (Geographic feature) List-II  (Country)
A. Great Victoria Desert  1. Australia
B. Grand Canyon  2. Canada
C. Lake Winnipeg  3. New Zealand
D. Southern Alps  4. U.S.A.

Code :

(a) 1 2 4 3
(b) 1 4 2 3
(c) 3 2 4 1
(d) 3 4 2 1

[I.A.S. (Pre), 2009]


14. Where was the first nuclear power station established in the world?

(a) Britain
(b) Germany
(c) Russia
(d) U.S.A.

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2002]


15. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(a) Seikan Rail Tunnel :  China
(b) Petronas Towers :  Malaysia
(c) Appalachian Trail :  USA
(d) Rogun Dam :  Tajikistan

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2005]


16. The Peneplain is related to :

(a) wind
(b) underground water
(c) glacier
(d) river

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


17. The Bermuda Triangle lies in –

(a) North Atlantic Ocean
(b) South Atlantic Ocean
(c) North Pacific Ocean
(d) South Pacific Ocean

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2003, U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2002, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2001]


18. Bermuda Triangle extends up to which of the following places?

1. Southern Florida
2. Puerto Rico

3. Hawaii Islands

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1, 2, and 3
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1 and 3 only

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2006]


19. Match List-I and List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

List-I  List-II
A. Golden Triangle  1. Myanmar
B. Bermuda Triangle 2. Opium-producing area of South East Asia
C. Rice Bowl of Far East 3. China
D. Red Basin      4. North Atlantic Ocean

Code :

(a) 3 2 4 1
(b) 2 4 1 3
(c) 4 3 2 1
(d) 1 4 3 2

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) (Re-Exam) 2015]


20. Where is the satellite launch center in the USA?

(a) Alamos
(b) Los Angles
(c) Cape Verde
(d) Cape Kennedy

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


21. The satellites of which one of the following countries has helped in the preparation of a detailed and complete map of Antarctica?

(a) Canada
(b) France
(c) Russia
(d) U.S.A.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1998]


22. Geostationary satellite revolves at :

(a) Any height
(b) At fixed height
(c) Height above pole
(d) Height which depends upon its mass

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


23. The largest producer of Wine in the world is :

(a) France
(b) Italy
(c) Spain
(d) United States of America

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2010]


24. The age of the tree can be determined by the-

(a) Counting of leaves on the tree
(b) Counting the number of rings on its stem
(c) Counting the branches on the tree
(d) Measurement of its height

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


25. The world Population Day is observed on

(a) 11 July
(b) 8 May
(c) 5 June
(d) 16 October

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


26. Where is Copacabana Beach located?

(a) Buenos Aires
(b) Hawaiian Islands
(c) Rio de Janeiro
(d) Valletta

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2007]


27. The world’s highest ground-based telescopic observatory is located in :

(a) Colombia
(b) India
(c) Nepal
(d) Switzerland

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


28. The Headquarters of the European Union is located at –

(a) Brussels
(b) Helsinki
(c) Paris
(d) Rome

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010, 2011]


29. The headquarters of the International Maritime Organization is located at :

(a) London
(b) Geneva
(c) Paris
(d) Rome

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


30. Which of the following is not correctly matched?

(a) International Red Cross Society  –  Geneva
(b) International Court of Justice  –  The Heg
(c) European Economic Community  –  Brussels
(d) Food & Agricultural Organisation  –  New York

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2002]


31. Southeast Asia has captured the attention of the global community over space and time as a geo-strategically significant region. Which among the following is the most convincing explanation for this global perspective?

(a) It was the hot theatre during the Second World War.
(b) Its location is between the Asian powers of China and India.
(c) It was the arena of superpower confrontation during the Cold War period.
(d) Its location between the Pacific and Indian Oceans and its preeminent maritime character.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2011]


32. With reference to ‘Look East Policy’ of India, consider the following Statements

1. India wants to establish itself as an important regional player in East Asian affairs.
2. India wants to plug the vacuum created by the termination of the Cold War.
3. India wants to restore the historical and cultural ties with its neighbors in South-East and East Asia.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 3
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2011]


33. A visa is required for Kailash Mansarovar pilgrimage because it is located in :

(a) Nepal
(b) Chinese Tibet
(c) Bhutan
(d) Sikkim

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


34. In which of the following seasons Christmas is celebrated in Australia?

(a) Winter
(b) Summer
(c) Spring
(d) Autumn

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


35. Which country has the status of only “Dialogue Partner in the ASEAN”?

(a) Vietnam
(b) Cambodia
(c) Singapore
(d) India

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


36. Which one of the following countries is not a member of the OPEC :

(a) Algeria
(b) China
(c) Indonesia
(d) U.A.E.

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2002]


37. The headquarter of SAARC is :

(a) Kathmandu
(b) New Delhi
(c) Islamabad
(d) Dhaka

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1996]


38. Where is ‘The Leaning Tower of Pisa’ located?

(a) Italy
(b) France
(c) Switzerland
(d) Spain

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


39. Where is the Elysee Palace?

(a) Germany
(b) France
(c) Italy
(d) Spain

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


40. Which is the tallest among flyer birds?

(a) Crane
(b) Heron
(c) Ostrich
(d) Peacock

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2002]


41. Which country has the largest number of Post Offices?

(a) India
(b) Japan
(c) China
(d) France

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


42. The Chernobyl nuclear disaster occurred in:

(a) France
(b) Japan
(c) Ukraine
(d) Germany

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]


43. Due to ‘ The Great Leap Forward Policy ‘ millions of people had to die of starvation in:

(a) Russia
(b) Vietnam
(c) China
(d) Germany

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]


44. Arrange the following countries in descending order of the number of nuclear power plants and
select the correct answer from the codes given below :

1 France
3 Japan

2 Russia
4 U. S. A.

Code :

(a) 3, 4, 2, 1
(b) 3, 1, 4, 2
(c) 4, 1, 2, 3
(d) 4, 3, 2, 1

[U.P.P.C.S.(Pre) 2013]


45. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the countries in descending order of their nuclear power capacity as of 2012?

(a) Russia, Japan, China, France
(b) France, Russia, Japan, China
(c) Japan, Russia, France, China
(d) France, Japan, Russia, China

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


46. Consider the following sources of power generation:

1. Hydro
2. Natural Gas

3. Nuclear
4. Diesel

Arrange them in descending order of their percentage in the total installed capacity of power generation in India as on 30 September 2016:

(a) 1, 3, 4, 2
(b) 3, 2, 1, 4
(c) 1, 2, 3, 4
(d) 2, 1, 4, 3

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


47. The name of which of the following countries closely means ” country of 40 tribes “?

(a) Kazakhstan
(b) Kyrgyzstan
(c) Tajikistan
(d) Uzbekistan

[U.P.P.C.S.(Pre) (Re-Exam) 2015]


48. On which date, did President of the USA, Donald Trump recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel?

(a) 6th January, 2018
(b) 6th November, 2017
(c) 6th October, 2017
(d) 6th December, 2017

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


49. Consider the following pairs :

(Regions sometimes mentioned in news)    (Country)
1. Catalonia –                                                            Spain
2. Crimea –                                                                Hungary
3. Mindanao –                                                          Philippines
4. Oromia –                                                               Nigeria

Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched?

(a) 1, 2, and 3
(b) 3 and 4
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 2 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2018]


50. Consider the following pairs :

(Towns are sometimes mentioned in the news)     (Country)
1. Aleppo –                                                                              Syria
2. Kirkuk –                                                                             Yemen
3. Mosul –                                                                               Palestine
4. Mazar-e-sharif –                                                             Afghanistan

Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1 and 4
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 3 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2018]


51. Which pair amongst the following is not correctly matched?

(a) The queen of the Adriatic Sea  –  Rome
(b) Lorraine Coal Fields  –  France
(c) West Midlands  –  Birmingham
(d) Tula  –  Russia

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


52. Which of the following statements is not true?

(a) Species diversity increases from equator towards poles.
(b) Tropics harbour more species than temperate areas.
(c) Greatest biodiversity occurs in Amazonian rain forest.
(d) Species diversity decreases from temperate areas towards poles.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]