Space Technology (Part I) – Old Year Questions

1. Who was the father of the Indian Space Programme?

(a) Dr. Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai
(b) Dr. Satish Dhawan
(c) Dr. Homi J. Bhabha
(d) Dr. Krishnaswami Kasturirangan

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


2. Who amongst the following is considered the father of India’s space program?

(a) Nambi Narayanan
(b) G. Madhavan Nair
(c) Vikram Sarabhai
(d) A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2021]


3. The First Satellite India sent to space, was :

(a) Bhaskar
(b) Rohini
(c) Aryabhatta
(d) Apple

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2009, M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


4. Aryabhatta was launched on :

(a) April 19th, 1975
(b) December 6th, 1957
(c) January 31, 1958
(d) October 2nd, 1980

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


5. The name of the scientist who designed India’s first space satellite ‘Aryabhatta’ and died recently is :

(a) Prof. U.R. Rao
(b) Prof. Yashpal
(c) Prof. C.N. R. Rao
(d) Dr. A. S. Kiran Kumar

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2017]


6. Which was the first animal to travel to space?

(a) A mouse
(b) A dog
(c) A cockroach
(d) A mosquito

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


7. Which of the following names of animals was sent to space on November 3rd, 1957?

(a) Otolith
(b) Laika
(c) Baker
(d) Belka

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


8. The first man who placed his foot on the moon is :

(a) Leonov
(b) Neil Armstrong
(c) Michael Collins
(d) James Van Allen
(e) None of the above / More than one of the above

[66th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2020]


9. Tim Peake is known as which of the following?

(a) Writer
(b) Physicist
(c) Astronaut
(d) Politician

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015]


10. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(a) Cosmic Background : Satellite programme Explorer (COBE)
(b) Falcon : Under-sea cable system
(c) Discovery : Space shuttle
(d) Atlantis : Space station

[.A.S. (Pre) 2007]


11. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists :

   List-I        List-II
A. Curiosity Rover 1. Tablet
B. Messenger 2. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle of DRDO
C. Rustam-1 3. Mars probe space vehicle of U.S.A.
D. Akash-2  4. Mercury probe space vehicle of NASA

Code :


(a) 3 4 2 1
(b) 4 3 2 1
(c) 3 4 1 2
(d) 1 2 3 4

[U.P.P.C.S.(Pre) 2013, U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]


12. Which one of the following is NASA’s last Space Shuttle?

(a) Atlantis
(b) Columbia
(c) Discovery
(d) Endeavor

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2009]


13. ‘DAVINCI+’ and ‘VERITAS’ – two new missions announced by NASA, are related to :

(a) Moon
(b) Venus
(c) Mars
(d) Jupiter

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2021]


14. Which of the following pairs is/are correctly matched? Spacecraft Purpose

1. Cassini-Huygens: Orbiting Venus and transmitting data to the Earth
2. Messenger: Mapping and investigating the Mercury
3. Voyager 1 and 2: Exploring the outer solar system

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2014]


15. NASA’s ‘Cassini spacecraft is on mission for which planet?

(a) Jupiter
(b) Mars
(c) Saturn
(d) Venus

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


16. Which one of the following is a spacecraft?

(a) Apophis
(b) Cassini
(c) Spitzer
(d) TechSar

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2008]


17. “The experiment will employ a trio of spacecraft flying in formation in the shape of an equilateral triangle that has sides one million kilometers long, with lasers shining between the craft.” The experiment in question refers to :

(a) Voyager-2
(b) New Horizons
(c) LISA Pathfinder
(d) Evolved LISA

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]


18. What is the purpose of the ‘Evolved Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (eLISA)’ project?

(a) To detect neutrinos
(b) To detect gravitational waves
(c) To detect the effectiveness of missile defense system
(d) To study the effects of solar fares on our communication systems

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2017]


19. Scientists in Britain have built a ‘Gravity Tractor’. Identify the same from the following.

(a) A double-storeyed ‘Jugaad’ type tractor trolley to be used in public transport.
(b) A tractor with a mechanism to sweep public roads and is economical to run.
(c) A bullet train runs on the Principle of earth’s ‘gravity’ with the help of powerful magnets.
(d) A spacecraft with a mechanism that would prevent asteroids from hitting the Earth.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2009]


20. Recently, scientists observed the merger of giant ‘black holes’ billions of light-years away from the Earth. What is the significance of this observation?

(a) ‘Higgs boson particles’ were detected.
(b) ‘Gravitational waves’ were detected.
(c) The possibility of intergalactic space travel through a ‘wormhole’ was confirmed.
(d) It enabled the scientists to understand ‘singularity’.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2019]


21. Gravitational waves were seen for the first time in :

(a) September 2014
(b) September 2015
(c) August 2017
(d) October 2017

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


22. Which of the following is/are cited by the scientists as evidence/evidence for the continued expansion of the universe?

1. Detection of microwaves in space.
2. Observation of redshift phenomenon in space.
3. Movement of asteroids in space.
4. Occurrence of supernova explosions in space.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) 1 and 2
(b) Only 2
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) None of the above can be cited as evidence

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


23. The concept of expanding universe is based on –

(a) Doppler effect
(b) Stark effect
(c) Zeeman effect
(d) Raman efct

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


24. Consider the following phenomena :

1. Light is affected by gravity.
2. The Universe is constantly expanding.
3. Matter warps its surrounding space-time.

Which of the above is/are the prediction/predictions of Albert Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, often discussed in media?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2018]


25. Black-hole is :

(a) a fight recorder in an airplane
(b) a spot on the sun
(c) a place in Antarctica
(d) a collapsed star

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


26. Assertion (A): A black hole is such a celestial existence that cannot be seen by telescope.
Reason (R):The gravitational field of a black hole is so strong that even light does not escape from it.

Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2001]


27. Black Hole –

(a) Does not emit any radiation.
(b) Converts UV radiation to infrared.
(c) Absorbs all radiations that fall on it.
(d) Is an imaginary concept.

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2007]


28. The tail of a comet always points –

(a) Away from the Sun
(b) Towards the Sun
(c) Towards North-East
(d) Towards South-East

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


29. Highly dense stars are called-

(a) Supernova
(b) Neutron stars
(c) Binary stars
(d) Asteroid

[Uttarakhand Lower Sub. (Pre) 2010]


30. Electrically charged particles from space traveling at speeds of several hundred km/sec can severely harm living beings if they reach the surface of the Earth. What prevents them from reaching the surface of the Earth?

(a) The Earth’s magnetic f eld diverts them towards its poles.
(b) Ozone layer around the Earth ref ects them back to outer space.
(c) Moisture in the upper layers of atmosphere prevents them from reaching the surface of the Earth.
(d) None of the statement (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


31. Assertion (A): A space shuttle loses radio contact with the ground station for a while during landing on the earth.

Reason (R): As a space shuttle enters Earth’s atmosphere, the shuttle’s surface temperature increases which ionizes the surrounding air.

In the context of the above statements, which of the following is correct :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2002, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]


32. Consider the following statements :

1. A geostationary satellite is at an approximate height of 10,000 km.
2. FM transmission of music is of very good quality because the atmospheric or man-made noises which are generally frequency variations can do little harm.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2005]


33. The satellites used for telecommunication relays are kept in a geostationary orbit. A satellite is said to be in such an orbit when

1. The orbit is geosynchronous.
2. The orbit is circular.
3. The orbit lies in the plane of the Earth’s equator.
4. The orbit is at an altitude of 22,236 km.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1, 3 and 4
(c) 2 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3, and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2011]


34. What is the geostatic position?

(a) When the Earth would stop moving around the Sun.
(b) When an object lies in between the Moon and the Earth
(c) When the object moves around the Earth with a velocity commensurate with the velocity of the Earth such that it maintains a fixed position in relation to someplace on the Earth.
(d) When an object occupies a fixed distance from the Earth.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


35. In which atmospheric layer, the communication satellites are located?

(a) Stratosphere
(b) Ionosphere
(c) Troposphere
(d) Exosphere

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004]


36. A geostationary satellite has a period of :

(a) 6 hours
(b) 12 hours
(c) 18 hours
(d) 24 hours

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


37. Which of the following diagrams represents the most accurate part of a geostationary satellite in space?

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


38. NASA-U.S. space agency has launched a telescope named Kepler to find:

(a) Distant stars
(b) Distant planets
(c) Distant satellites
(d) Earth-like Planets

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


39. With reference to ‘Astrosat’, the astronomical observatory launched by India, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. Other than the USA and Russia, India is the only country to have launched a similar observatory into space.
2. Astrosat is a 2000 kg satellite placed in an orbit at 1650 km above the surface of the Earth.

Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2016]


40. Who amongst the following was the Chairman of ISRO when INSAT-3B was launched?

(a) Anil Kakodkar
(b) Abdul Kalam
(c) K. Kasturirangan
(d) U.R. Rao

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2001]


41. Chairman of the Indian Space and Research Organization is :

(a) Krishna Swamy Kasturirangan
(b) A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
(c) G. Madhavan Nair
(d) K.M. Bhandari

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2008] 


42. Who is the new Chairman of ‘ISRO’ from the following?

(a) R. Hatten
(b) A.S. Kiran Kumar
(c) S. Sivan
(d) P. Kulikrishnan
(e) None of the above

[Chattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


43. Assertion (A): India’s telecommunication has been linked to a satellite.
Reason (R): India is preparing for starwar.

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


44. The Indian Satellite series which is being used for telecommunication systems is

(a) Rohini
(b) I.R.S.

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


45. Indian Satellite Series ‘INSAT’ is an example of :

(a) Resource Satellite
(b) Military Satellite
(c) Polar-orbiting Satellite
(d) Meteorological Satellite

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2021]


46. Which of the following frequency bands is not used in INSAT/GSAT satellite communication?

(a) Ka
(b) C
(c) MF
(d) Ku

[R.A.S./ R.T.S. (Pre) 2021]


47. Television transmission is an example of which of the following?

(a) Simplex communication
(b) Half-duplex communication
(c) Full-duplex communication
(d) None of the above

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


48. India’s first remote sensing satellite (I.R.S.-IA) was launched from :

(a) Baikanour
(b) Cape Kennedy
(c) French Guana
(d) Sri Harikota

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


49. In which of the following activities are Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites used?

1. Assessment of crop productivity.
2. Locating groundwater resources.
3. Mineral exploration.
4. Telecommunications.
5. Traffic studies

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1, 2, and 3 only
(b) 4 and 5 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2015]


50. For the measurement/estimation of which of the following are satellite images/remote sensing data used?

1. Chlorophyll content in the vegetation of a specific location
2. Greenhouse gas emissions from rice paddies of a specific location
3. Land surface temperatures of a specific location

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2019]


51. In the field of space technology, India demonstrated 1994, her capability to

(a) Design advanced intercontinental ballistic missile warning system
(b) Build a satellite
(c) Build stealth missiles
(d) Launch synchronous satellites

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1995]


52. INSAT-3C was launched from-

(a) Hassan
(b) Kourou
(c) Sriharikota
(d) Thumba

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2002]


53. Which Satellite was successfully launched by ISRO on December 22, 2005?

(a) INSAT – 2A
(b) INSAT – 2B
(c) INSAT – 4A
(d) INSAT – 4B

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl.) (Mains) 2004]


54. How many satellites were launched successfully by PSLV-C37 in a single flight on 15 February 2017?

(a) 80
(b) 104
(c) 72
(d) 98

R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2018


55. Which is the correct chronological order of the following space programs?



Code :

(a) B, C, D, A
(b) D, C, A, B
(c) C, A, D, B
(d) A, C, D, B

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1998]


56. Apple was launched from –

(a) Kourou (French Guyana)
(b) Sriharikota (India)
(c) Baikanoor (Russia)
(d) Cape Canaveral (U.S.A.)

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2007]


57. The first Indian Communication Satellite APPLE was launched on :

(a) Feb 27, 1982
(b) September 18, 1981
(c) June 19, 1981
(d) December 25, 1981

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


58. When INSAT I-D of India was launched?

(a) June 10th, 1990
(b) June 12th,1990
(c) June13th , 1990
(d) June 15th, 1990

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


59. When was ‘INSAT-2A’ launched?

(a) February 4th, 1975
(b) May 18th, 1974
(c) July 10th, 1992
(d) April 19th, 1975

[44th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2000]


60. The heaviest Indian Satellite, INSAT-4C, which failed to go into orbit recently weighed?

(a) 1568 kg
(b) 2168 kg
(c) 2568 kg
(d) 3068 kg

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


61. India’s first dedicated navigation satellite IRNSS-1A was launched from :

(a) Sriharikota
(b) Ahmedabad
(c) Thiruvananthapuram
(d) Bengaluru

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


62. With reference to the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), consider the following statements :

1. IRNSS has three satellites in geostationary and four satellites in geosynchronous orbits.
2. IRNSS covers the entire India and about 5500 sq. km beyond its borders.
3. India will have its own satellite navigation system with full global coverage by the middle of 2019.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) None

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2018]


63. What is the Galileo Project which has been in the news recently?

(a) An inter-country program of missile shields developed by the United States of America
(b) A project developed by India with assistance from Canada
(c) An environmental protection project being developed by Japan
(d) A multi-satellite navigation project being developed by the European Union

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2007]


64. GPS stands for which one of the following?

(a) Greenwich Polar Satellite
(b) Global Police Surveillance
(c) Global Positioning System
(d) General Pacif c Survey

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


65. In which of the following areas can GPS technology be used?

1. Mobile phone operations
2. Banking operations
3. Controlling the power grids

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2018]


66. India developed Satellite launch vehicles over a period of a few decades.  Which is the correct chronological order of development of the following vehicles A, B, C, and D?



Select the correct answer from the Code below :

Code :

(a) A, B, C, D
(b) B, C, D, A
(c) D, C, A, B
(d) C, B, A, D

U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004


67. Match the following pairs :

Launch Vehicle Satellite
(i)  Satellite Launch Vehicle-3 (SLV-3)      A. Chandrayaan-1
(ii) Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle (ASLV)  B. Rohini
(iii) Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)       C. SROSS-C
(iv) Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)  D. EDUSAT

Which of the following codes are correctly matched?

Code :

(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(a) A B C D
(b) B C D A
(c) B C A D
(d) C A B D

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2016]


68. In the given picture/map 1,2, 3, and 4 have been marked to show the location of space organization units.

Match these units with the list given below and select the correct answer using the codes given below :

List :

(A) I.S.R.O.
(B) I.I.R.S.

(C) N.R.S.A.
(D) S.A.C.

Code :

    A B C D
(a) 4 1 2 3
(b) 1 4 3 2
(c) 1 4 2 3
(d) 4 1 3 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2001]


69. ISRO’s Master Control Facility is at Hasan, which is located in :

(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Gujarat
(c) Orissa
(d) Karnataka

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


70. Match List- I with List- II and select the correct answer from the code given below the Lists :

List- I List- II
(Organisations) (Location)
A. ISRO 1. Thiruvananthapuram
B. IUCA 2. Pune
C. IUAC 3. Bengaluru
D. VSSC 4. New Delhi

Code :

(a) 3 2 4 1
(b) 1 2 3 4
(c) 2 4 1 3
(d) 3 1 2 4

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2010]