Physics Scientists and Their Inventions – Old Year Questions

1. The machine-Gun was invented by –

(a) J.L. Bore
(b) G. Brousa
(c) Karl Benz
(d) James Puckle

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


2. Who invented the thermoscope, an early form of thermometer?

(a) Sir Christopher Wren
(b) Charles F. Richter
(c) Galileo
(d) Beno Gutenberg

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


3. Telescope was invented by :

(a) Galileo
(b) Gutenberg
(c) Edison
(d) Graham Bell

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


4. The microscope is used for the study of?

(a) Distant objects
(b) Nearby objects
(c) Small objects
(d) Micro and nearby objects

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


5. Which is the biggest telescope in the world?

(a) Galileo
(b) Ice Cube
(c) Discovery
(d) Challenger

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Spl) (Pre) 2010]


6. Match the following :

A. Typewriter 1. Davy
B. X-ray 2. Sholes
C. Radio 3. Rontgen
D. Safety Lamp 4. Marconi

Code :

(a) 2 3 4 1
(b) 1 2 3 4
(c) 3 4 1 2
(d) 4 1 2 3

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


7. Wilhelm Roentgen invented –

(a) Radio
(b) X-Ray Machine
(c) Electric Bulb
(d) Electric Motor

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


8. Who among the following scientists shared the Nobel Prize in physics with his son ?

(a) Max Plank
(b) Albert Einstein
(c) William Henry Bragg
(d) Enrico Fermi

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2008]


9. Match the following

A. John Guttenberg 1. Telephone
B. W.C. Rontgen 2. Printing Press
C. Michael Faraday 3. X-Ray
D. Alexander Graham Bell 4. Dynamo

Code :

(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 2 3 1 4
(c) 3 4 1 2
(d) 2 3 4 1
(e) 2 4 3 1

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S (Pre) 2013]


10. Who invented the Steam Engine?

(a) Robert Watson
(b) James Watt
(c) William Harvey
(d) None of the above

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]


11. ‘Telephone’ was invented by –

(a) Graham Bell
(b) Hoffman
(c) Wilson
(d) George Stephenson

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


12. Who discovered the electric bulb?

(a) Thomas Edison
(b) Alexander Graham Bell
(c) William Cooke
(d) Terry Addison

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010] 


13. The gas engine was invented by :

(a) Diesel
(b) Davy
(c) Daimler
(d) Charles

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


14. Who was the inventor of the fountain pen?

(a) Waterman
(b) Parker
(c) Chelpark
(d) Shaef ers

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


15. Who was the inventor of Radar –

(a) Robert Watson
(b) Fleming
(c) Bush Wall
(d) Austin

[48th to 52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008]


16. Alfred Nobel invented –

(a) Microphone
(b) Typewriter
(c) Dynamite
(d) Gramophone

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


17. Who discovered Television?

(a) Edison
(b) Galileo
(c) Baird
(d) Franklin

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


18. With what invention is the name of J.L. Baird associated?

(a) Barometer
(b) Helicopter
(c) Television
(d) Telephone

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1998]


19. Who among the following invented the Laser?

(a) Theodore Maiman
(b) Denis Papin
(c) William Morton
(d) Francis Crick

[Uttarakhand Lower Sub. (Pre) 2010, I.A.S. (Pre) 2005]


20. Which one of the following pairs is NOT correctly matched?

(a) James Watt: Steam Engine
(b) A.G. Bell: Telephone
(c) J.L. Baird: Television
(d) J. Perkins: Penicillin

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2011]


21. Who is the discoverer of Penicillin?

(a) Alexander Graham Bell
(b) Alexander Fleming
(c) Christopher Macdonald
(d) Albert Einstein

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


22. Alexander Fleming discovered-

(a) Penicillin
(b) X-ray
(c) Streptomycin
(d) Telephone

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


23. Match the following in the correct order –

A. Radium 1. Alexander Fleming
B. Penicillin 2. Madam Curie
C. X-Ray 3. Edward Jenner
D. Measles 4. W.C. Roentgen

Code :

(a) 2 1 4 3
(b) 2 3 4 1
(c) 3 4 1 2
(d) 4 1 2 3

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


24. Who among the following is the inventor of ‘X’ rays?

(a) Rutherford
(b) Roentgen
(c) Maxwell
(d) Torricelli

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2003]


25. Arrange the following in chronological order as per their discovery and select the correct answer from the code given below:

A. Transistor
B. Diode
C. SMD (Surface Mounted Device)
D. Integrated Circuit (IC)

Code :

(a) A, B, C, D
(b) B, A, C, D
(c) B, A, D, C
(d) A, C, B, D

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2016]


26. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below :

List-I List-II
A. Alfred Nobel 1. Theory of Evolution
B. Alexander Fleming 2. Dynamite
C. Charles Darwin 3. Penicillin
D. Madam Curie 4. Isolation of radium

Code :

(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 2 3 1 4
(c) 3 2 1 4
(d) 1 4 3 2

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


27. The principle of ‘Black hole’ was enunciated by :

(a) C.V Raman
(b) H.J. Bhabha
(c) S. Chandrashekhar
(d) H. Khurana

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2011]


28. Scientist S. Chandrashekhar got the Nobel Prize for which field?

(a) Astrophysics
(b) Micro-electronics in Satellites
(c) Superconductivity at low temperatures
(d) Studies of the Core of the sun.

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996]


29. Which of the following scientists proved that the stars with mass less than 1.44 times the mass of the sun end up as White Dwarfs when they die?

(a) Edwin Hubble
(b) S. Chandra Shekhar
(c) Stephen Hawking
(d) Steven Weinberg

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2009]


30. The photoelectric effect was discovered by :

(a) Hertz
(b) Einstein
(c) Plank
(d) Bohr

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2003]


31. Scientist Albert Einstein is famous for –

(a) The interpretation of the atomic structure of hydrogen
(b) The photoelectric effect
(c) Planting the first Nuclear Reactor
(d) The prediction of the existence of neutrons

[38th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1992]


32. Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for –

(a) Theory of relativity
(b) Brownian motion
(c) Photoelectric effect
(d) Specific heat of solids

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


33. Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for which of his theories?

(a) Theory of relativity
(b) Theory of photoelectricity
(c) Theory of specific heats
(d) Theory of Brownian motion

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


34. In Einstein’s equation, E = mc2, c denotes –

(a) Velocity of sound
(b) Speed of light
(c) Wavelength
(d) A constant

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2007]


35. Albert Einstein was proficient in playing which musical instrument?

(a) Guitar
(b) Flute
(c) Violin
(d) Sitar

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2007]


36. The fourth dimension in Physics was introduced by

(a) Newton
(b) Einstein
(c) Galileo
(d) Neil Bohr

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2007]


37. Sir C.V. Raman received the Nobel Prize for physics in the year

(a) 1928
(b) 1930
(c) 1932
(d) 1950

[42nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1997]


38. An eminent Indian physicist Dr. C. V. Raman was given the Nobel Prize for his work in the year –

(a) 1925
(b) 1930
(c) 1935
(d) None of these

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]


39. The National Science Day is observed on February 28 every year to commemorate :

(a) Raman-effect day
(b) The launch of the first artificial satellite Aryabhatta
(c) The successful launch of ASLV
(d) Homi J. Bhabha’s birthday

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2003, U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2002, U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1990, U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1993]


40. ‘The National Science Day’ is observed on

(a) January, 28
(b) February, 28
(c) March, 28
(d) April, 28

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2006, U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl.) (Pre) 2004, U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl.) (Pre) 2002, U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl.) (Pre) 2003]


41. Which scientist’s birthday is celebrated as the ‘National Science Day’?

(a) Ramanujan
(b) Prof. S. Chandrashekhar
(c) C.V. Raman
(d) Dr. H.J. Bhabha

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2004]


42. Whose birth centenary was celebrated in the year 1988-

(a) Charles Darwin
(b) Einstein’s theory of relativity
(c) Mathematician Ramanujan
(d) C.V. Raman

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


43. A recent movie titled The Man Who Knew Infinity is based on the biography of

(a) S. Ramanujan
(b) S. Chandrashekhar
(c) S. N. Bose
(d) C.V. Raman

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2016]


44. Who among the following scientists propounded the New Theory of Relativity?

(a) J. V. Narlikar
(b) M. M. Krishnan
(c) S. Chandrashekhar
(d) B. D. Nag Choudhary

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


45. According to J.V. Narlikar which of the following has so far NOT been considered as a science?

(a) Astrology
(b) Astronomy
(c) Cosmology
(d) Nanotechnology

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


46. Who is called the Father of Atomic Energy in India?

(a) Prof. Satish Dhawan
(b) Homy J. Bhabha
(c) Dr.K.S. Krishna
(d) None of the above

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]


47. The Homi Bhabha Award is given for special contribution in the field of –

(a) Theoretical Physics
(b) Nuclear Energy
(c) Laser Physics
(d) Space Research

[U.P.P.C.S.(Pre) 2012]


48. Stephen Hawking is a –

(a) Pianist
(b) Guitarist
(c) Scientist
(d) American politician

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


49. Which one of the following scientists has carried out research both in the field of biology and physics?

(a) Jagdish Chandra Bose
(b) Har Govind Khurana
(c) C. V. Raman
(d) Homi J. Bhabha

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2008]


50. Match the names of outstanding Indian scientists given in List I with an area of their specialized work given in List II.

select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists :

List-I List-II
A. Dr. Raja Ramanna 1. Plant chemistry
B. Dr. M.S. Swaminathan 2. Nuclear physics
C. Prof. U.R. Rao 3. Thermodynamics and astrophysics
D. Prof. Meghnad Saha 4. Space research
  5. Agricultural science

Code :

(a) 3 5 2 1
(b) 2 1 4 3
(c) 2 5 4 3
(d) 2 1 4 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1998]


51. The principle of Thermal Ionisation is an outstanding contribution of

(a) H.J. Bhabha
(b) M.N. Saha
(c) C.V. Raman
(d) J.C. Bose

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


52. Who is associated with the development of India’s Atomic Bomb :

(a) A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
(b) Homi Bhabha
(c) Raja Ramanna
(d) Kastoorirangan

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2002]


53. Who is not a Nobel Prize winner among the following scientists?

(a) Har Govind Khorana
(b) C.V. Raman
(c) S. Chandrashekhar
(d) Jagdish Chandra Bose

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]