South India (Chola, Chalukya, Pallava and Sangam Period) – Old Year Questions and Answers

1. Who among the following laid the foundation of the Chola Empire in the IX th century A.D.?

(a) Krishna-I
(b) Rajaraja Chola
(c) Vijayalaya
(d) Parantaka

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2016]


2. Which one of the following temple complexes has a massive statue of Nandi, considered to be the biggest in India:

(a) Brihadeeswara Temple
(b) Lingaraja Temple
(c) Kandariya Mahadeo Temple
(d) Lepakshi Temple

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


3. Brihadeeswara Temple of Thanjavur was built during the reign of the Chola emperor –

(a) Parantaka-I
(b) Raj raja-I
(c) Rajendra-I
(d) Rajadhiraja-I

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


4. In which region, the Chola empire was expanded?

(a) Vijayanagara Area
(b) Malabar Coast
(c) Hoysala
(d) Coromandel Coast and some region of Deccan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


5. The capital of Cholas was –

(a) Kaveripattinam
(b) Mahabalipuram
(c) Kanchi
(d) Tanjore

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2009]


6. Which of the following was a special feature of the Chola administration :

(a) Division of empire into Mandalam
(b) Autonomy of village administration
(c) Full powers to Ministers of State
(d) Cheap and proper tax collection method

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


7. Which medieval Indian empire was famous for elaborated local self-government?

(a) Chalukya
(b) Chola
(c) Solanki
(d) Parmar
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[66th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2020]


8. The Chola era was famous for:

(a) Religious development
(b) Village Assemblies
(c) Warfare with Rashtrakuta
(d) Trade from Sri Lanka

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1993]


9. The Chola age was most famous for -:

(a) village assemblies
(b) war with the Rashtrakutas
(c) trade with Ceylon
(d) advancement of Tamil culture
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[63rd B.P.S.C (Pre.) 2017]


10. Which southern Indian state had excellent village administration?

(a) Chera
(b) Chalukya
(c) Chola
(d) Vatapi

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


11. A dynasty famous for efficient rural administration was

(a) Cholas
(b) Rashtrakutas
(c) Chalukyas
(d) Pallavas

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


12. A lot of details regarding the village administration under the Cholas is provided by the inscription at:-

(a) Thanjavur
(b) Uraiyur
(c) Kanchipuram
(d) Uttaramerur

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


13. During the rule of the Chola Kings which of the following Variyams looked after garden administration?

(a) Pan Variyam
(b) Airi Variyam
(c) Thotta Variyam
(d) Samvatsara Variyam

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013]


14. Consider the following statements :
1. The Cholas defeated Pandya and Chera rulers and established their domination over peninsular India in the early medieval times.
2. The Cholas sent an expedition against the Sailendra empire of South East Asia and conquered some of the areas
Which of these statements is/are correct?

(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


15. Bronze icons of Nataraja cast during the Chola period invariably show the deity with :

(a) Eight hands
(b) Six hands
(c) Four hands
(d) Two hands

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1995]


16. Which one of the following is considered to be the world’s greatest iconographical creations made by chapatis of South India, particularly during the Chola period?

(a) Mahishasuramardini
(b) Nataraja
(c) Rama
(d) Somaskanda

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


17. The most famous sculptures of the Cholas age were:

(a) Stone sculptures
(b) Marble sculptures
(c) Vishnu sculptures
(d) Bronze sculptures of Nataraja Shiva

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1994]


18. The famous bronze image of Nataraja is a fine example of:

(a) Chola Art
(b) Gandhara Art
(c) Gupta Art
(d) Mauryan Art

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


19. The ‘Dakshinamurti’ idol of Shiva depicts him in which form?

(a) Teacher
(b) Dancing
(c) Reclining
(d) Meditating

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


20. In whose tenure, 72 traders were sent to China?

(a) Kulottunga-I
(b) Rajendra-I
(c) Rajaraja-I
(d) Rajadhiraja- I

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


21. Which of the following South Indian state was famous for its naval power :

(a) Chola
(b) Chera
(c) Pallava
(d) Rashtrakuta

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2004, R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1993, U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


22. Which among the following dynasties the king declare their successor in his own tenure?

(a) Chalukya
(b) Chola
(c) Kadamba
(d) Kalchuri

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2001]


23. Who among the following Chola rulers converted the Bay of Bengal into a ‘Chola Lake’?

(a) Rajaraja-I
(b) Rajendra-I
(c) Adhiraj
(d) Kulottunga

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Pre) 2008]


24. Who was the founder of ‘Gangai Konda Cholapuram’ ?

(a) Rajaraja-I
(b) Rajadhiraj
(c) Rajendra-I
(d) Vijayaditya

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


25. Who among the following Chola rulers is credited to have built a huge artificial lake known as Chola Gangam?

(a) Rajaraja-I
(b) Rajendra
(c) Rajdhiraja
(d) Rajaraja-II

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


26. Arrange the following temples in chronological order and select the correct answer from the codes given below:
I. Brihadishwar temple
II. Gangaikonda Cholapuram temple
III. Shore temple of Mahabalipuram
IV. Sapt pagoda
Codes :
(a) I, II, IV, III
(b) II, I, III, IV
(c) III, II, I, IV
(d) IV, III, I, II

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


27. Which Chola King started Naval Army?

(a) Rajendra Chola
(b) Parantaka Chola
(c) Rajaraja I
(d) Rajaraja II
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


28. Name the Chola King who conquered the northern part of Sri Lanka.

(a) Rajaraja-I
(b) Rajendra-I
(c) Parantaka-I
(d) Aditya-I

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


29. Which one of the Chola kings conquered Ceylon?

(a) Aditya- I
(b) Rajaraja- I
(c) Rajendra- I
(d) Vijayalaya

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2001]


30. Given below are two statements, one is labeled as
Assertion (A) and other as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): We have much more information about Cholas than their predecessors.
Reason (R): The Chola rulers adopted the practice of having inscriptions written on the walls of temples giving a historical narrative of their victories.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below.
Code :
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false but (R) is true

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


31. Who was the Chola monarch who gave complete freedom to Sri Lanka and got his daughter married to the Sinhala Prince?

(a) Kulottunga I
(b) Rajendra
(c) Adhirajendra
(d) Rajadhiraj I

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


32. In the context of the history of India, consider the following pairs:
Term  Description
Eripatti: Land, revenue from which was set apart for the maintenance of the village tank
Taniyurs: Villages donated to a single Brahmin or a group of Brahmins
Ghatikas: Colleges generally attached to the temples
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2016]


33. Which one of the following trade centers of ancient India was it on the trade route connecting Kalyana with Vengi?

(a) Tagara
(b) Sripur
(c) Tripuri
(d) Tamralipti

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


34. Who was the greatest king of the Chalukya dynasty?

(a) Vikramaditya
(b) English
(c) Pulakesin – II
(d) Pulakesin – I

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


35. Information about which king is found in the “Kuruspal Inscription’?

(a) Harsha Gupta
(b) Mahapravar Raj
(c) Someshwar I
(d) Mahashivgupta Balarjun

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


36. Which of the following dynasties frequently assigned to the ladies high ranking positions in administration?

(a) Chola
(b) Chalukya
(c) Pala
(d) Sena

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


37. Where was the capital of Chalukyas located?

(a) Vatapi
(b) Shravasti
(c) Kanchi
(d) Kannauj

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


38. Which of the following institutions belonged to foreign trade?

(a) Sreni
(b) Nagaram
(c) Nanadesis
(d) Manigrama

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


39. The name of the poet Kalidasa is mentioned in the:

(a) Allahabad Pillar Inscription
(b) Aihole Inscription
(c) Alapadu Grant
(d) Hanumankonda Inscription

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


40. The Sanskrit poet and dramatist Kalidasa finds a mention in –

(a) Aihole inscription of Pulakesin-II
(b) Gwalior inscription of Mihir Bhoja
(c) Karamdanda Sivalinga inscription of Kumargupta-I
(d) Mathura Pillar inscription of Chandragupta-II

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013]


41. The term ‘Yavanapriya’ is mentioned in ancient Sanskrit text denoted :

(a) A fine variety of Indian muslin
(b) Ivory
(c) Damsels sent to the Greek court for the dance performance
(d) Pepper

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1995]


42. Halbi is related to which language family?

(a) Aryan
(b) Dravidian
(c) Mundari
(d) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


43. Tolkappiyam text deals with :

(a) Administration
(b) Law
(c) Grammar and Poetry
(d) All the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


44. In Sangam Literature ‘Tolkappiyam’ is a text of –

(a) Tamil poetry
(b) Tamil grammar
(c) Tamil architecture
(d) Tamil polity

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


45. The author of the Silapadikaram was –

(a) Ilango
(b) Parmara
(c) Karikala
(d) Vishnu Swami

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2002]


46. The collection of the writings of the Saivite saints is considered as Fifth Veda. What is the name of the above collection?

(a) Tolkappiyam
(b) Silappadikaram
(c) Manimekhalai
(d) Thirumurai

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre.) 2021]


47. Match items of List-I with those of List-II and select your correct answer from the codes given below in the lists :
                List-I                            List-II

A. Thirukural  1. Love Story
B. Tolkappiyam  2. Philosophy
C. Silapadikaram  3. Merchant Story
D. Manimekalai  4. Grammar

Code :
(a) 1 2 4 3
(b) 2 3 4 1
(c) 4 2 3 1
(d) 2 4 1 3

[U.P.P.S.C. (R.I.) 2014]

48. From the excavations of which ancient site, information has been gathered regarding brisk trade relations between India and Rome, during the early centuries of the Christian era :

(a) Madurai
(b) Tamralipti
(c) Tondi
(d) Arikamedu

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2003, U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2002, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2001]


49. Which one of the following ports was known as Poduke to the author of ‘The Periplus of the Erythrean Sea :

(a) Arikamedu
(b) Tamralipti
(c) Korkai
(d) Barbaricum

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


50. The Roman settlement has been found?

(a) Kalibangan
(b) Arikamedu
(c) Rangpur
(d) Satara

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2009]


51. Amphora Jar is a –

(a) Perforated jar
(b) Tall double-handle jar
(c) Painted grey jar
(d) Black and red ware jar

[U.P.P.S.C. (R.I.) 2014]


52. Which of the following dynasties is not mentioned in Sangam literature?

(a) Kadamb
(b) Chera
(c) Chola
(d) Pandya

[41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


53. Which one of the following was not a ruling dynasty of the Tamil country during the Sangam Age?

(a) Chera
(b) Chola
(c) Pallava
(d) Pandya

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2010]


54. Religious anthology ‘Kural’ composed in which language?

(a) Greek
(b) Tamil
(c) Telugu
(d) Pali

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


55. Which one of the following Tamil Texts has been called Laghuveda?

(a) Nandhikalambagam
(b) Kalingattuparani
(c) Periyapuranam
(d) Kural

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013]


56. Who among the following was the author of the Tamil Ramayanam or Ramavataram?

(a) Kamban
(b) Kuttan
(c) Nannaya
(d) Tikkana

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2010]


57. With reference to the cultural history of medieval India, consider the following statements:
1. Siddhas (Sittars) of the Tamil region were monotheistic and condemned idolatry.
2. Lingayats of the Kannada region questioned the theory of rebirth and rejected the caste hierarchy.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2016]


58. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using codes given below the lists :
         List-I                        List-II

A. Gupta  1. Badami
B. Chandela  2. Panamalai
C. Chalukya  3. Khajuraho
D. Pallava  4. Deogarh

Code :
(a) 4 3 1 2
(b) 4 2 3 1
(c) 2 3 4 1
(d) 3 4 1 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1997]


59. Match List- I with List- II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists 
           List- I                   List- II
(Ruling Dynasties)  (Capitals)

A. Pallava  1. Warangal
B. Pandya  2. Kanchi
C. Yadava  3. Madurai
D. Kaktiya 4. Devagiri

Code :
(a) 2 1 4 3
(b) 2 3 4 1
(c) 1 2 3 4
(d) 2 4 3 1

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


60. Consider the following events in the history of India :
1. Rise of Pratiharas under King Bhoja
2. Establishment of Pallava power under Mahendravarman-I
3. Establishment of Chola power by Parantaka – I
4. Pala dynasty founded by Gopala
What is the correct chronological order of the above events, starting from the earliest time?
(a) 2 – 1 – 4 – 3
(b) 3 – 1 – 4 – 2
(c) 2 – 4 – 1 – 3
(d) 3 – 4 – 1 – 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]


61. Which of the following King did send two naval expeditions to Ceylon in 642 AD?

(a) Rajaraj
(b) Narasimha Verman I
(c) Kirti Verman I
(d) Jayasinha I

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2016]


62. Which one of the following was a corporation of merchants in ancient India?

(a) Chaturvedi Mangalam
(b) Parishad
(c) Ashtadiggajas
(d) Manigramam

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1997]


63. Famous South Indian ‘The Battle of Takkolam’ was fought between?

(a) Between Chola and North Chalukyas
(b) Between Chola and Rashtrakutas
(c) Between Chola and Hoyasala
(d) Between Chola and Pandya

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2001]


64. Who devastated the Chola dynasty eventually?

(a) Mahmud Ghaznavi
(b) Bakhtiyar Khalji
(c) Muhammad Gauri
(d) Malik Kafur

[U. P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004]


65. Why was ‘Uraiyur’ famous in Sangam Era?

(a) An important trade center of spices
(b) An important trade center for cotton
(c) An important center of foreign trade
(d) An important center of domestic trade

[39th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


66. Which river was the lifeline of Pandya state?

(a) Godavari
(b) Krishna
(c) Tungabhadra
(d) Vengi

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2010]


67. Which of the following Sangam ports were situated on the western coast? Select the correct answer from the code given below:
1. Korkai 2. Puhar
3. Tondi 4. Mushiri
Code :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 and 4 only
(d) 4 and 1 only

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


68. According to the Sangam texts, the terms Kon, Ko, and Mannan were attributed to which of the following?

(a) Prime Minister
(b) Revenue Minister
(c) Commander of the army
(d) King

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2010]


69. Third Sangam was held at :

(a) Arikamedu
(b) Ernakulam
(c) Madurai
(d) Tuticorin

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


70. The sage who is said to have Aryanised South India was

(a) Vishwamitra
(b) Agastya
(c) Vashishtha
(d) Sambhara

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


71. Match List- I with List -II and select the correct answer with the help of the codes given below:
         List -I                     List-II

A. Chalukyas  1. Madurai
B. Pallava  2. Kannauj
C. Harsha  3. Badami
D. Pandya  4. Kanchipuram

Code :
(a) 3 4 2 1
(b) 4 3 2 1
(c) 1 4 2 3
(d) 1 3 2 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Pre) 2004]


72. Arrange the name of the following Pallava rulers according to their reign in the correct chronological order and select the correct answer from the codes given below :
1. Parmeshvaravarma I
2. Narsinghvarman I
3. Nandivarman II
4. Mahendravarman I
Codes :

(a) 4, 2, 1, 3
(b) 4, 3, 1, 2
(c) 1, 3, 2, 4
(d) 3, 2, 1, 4

[U.P.B.E.O. (Pre) 2019]


73. Which of the following king/kings was/were elected/ chosen directly by the public?
(1) Harshavardhan
(2) Gopal
(3) Yashovarman
(4) Nandivarman Pallava Malla
Select the correct answer using the code given below –
Code –
(a) Only (1), (2), and (4)
(b) Only (2), (3), and (4)
(c) Only (2) and (4)
(d) Only (2) and (3)

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre.) 2021]


74. Which of the following pair (A State of South India from the 6th to 12th century and its Capital) is not correctly matched?

(a) Pallava-Kanchipuram
(b) Pandya-Madurai
(c) Chera-Puducheri
(d) Chola-Tanjvur
(e) Hoyasala-Dwarasamudra

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


75. Which of the following Chinese travelers has given an account of the relationship of China with India during the reign of Chalukyas?

(a) Fa-Hien
(b) Hiuen-Tsang
(c) It-Sing
(d) Matwalin

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


76. Which dynasty did not rule over North India?

(a) Chalukyas
(b) Rajputs
(c) Gupta
(d) Mauryas

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


77. Which of the following kings is known to have sent his Ministers to suppress the cruelty against animals in the Kashi region?

(a) Chalukya King Siddharaja Jayasimha
(b) Chalukya King Kumarapala
(c) Chola King Kulottunga I
(d) Kashmirian King Jayasimha

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2016]


78. The capital of Kadamba Kings was –

(a) Tanjore
(b) Vanavasi
(c) Kanchi
(d) Badami

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


79. A king of South India sent an ambassador to the kingdom of Rome in 26 B.C. to which dynasty did he belong?

(a) Chola
(b) Chera
(c) Pandya
(d) Chalukya

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


80. Meenakshi Mandir is located at:

(a) Madurai
(b) Pudukottai
(c) Sri Rangam
(d) Thanjavur

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992, U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004]


81. Meenakshi Temple is situated here –

(a) Chennai
(b) Kolkata
(c) Madurai
(d) Mahabalipuram

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007, U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


82. Match the following :
                   List – I                                                       List – II

A. Meenakshi Mandir 1. Tirumala (Andhra Pradesh)
B. Venkateswara Mandir  2. Madurai (Balaji Vishwanath)
C. Mahakal Mandir 3. Howrah (West Bengal)
D. Bellore Matha 4. Ujjain

Code :
(a) 1 2 3 4
(b) 2 1 4 3
(c) 4 3 1 2
(d) 3 4 2 1

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]