Revolt of 1857– Old Year Questions and Answers

1. When was the new Enfield Rifle with greased cartridges introduced in the British Indian Army?

(a) November 1856
(b) December 1856
(c) January 1857
(d) February 1857

[47th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2005]


2. The immediate cause of India’s first war of independence was:

(a) Doctrine of Lapse by Lord Dalhousie
(b) Suspicion about British interference in religion
(c) Military discontent
(d) Economic exploitation of India

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1993]


3. Which of the following was not a reason for making the sepoys of the East India Company rebellious?

(a) The efforts of the officers of the company to spread Christianity
(b) The order to the sepoys to travel on ships
(c) The stoppage of Bhatta
(d) The inefficiency of the officers
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2018]


4. The Mangal Pandey incident took place at:

(a) Meerut
(b) Barrackpore
(c) Ambala
(d) Lucknow

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2002]


5. With which uprising is Mangal Pandey associated?

(a) Barrackpur
(b) Meerut
(c) Delhi
(d) None of the above

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


6. Mangal Pandey was the sepoy of –

(a) 19th Native Infantry
(b) 25th Native Infantry
(c) 49th Native Infantry
(d) 94th Native Infantry

[U.P.P.S.C. (R.I.) 2014]


7. Who among the following was bestowed with the title of Saheb-e-Alam Bahadur by Bahadur Shah during the uprising of 1857?

(a) Azimullah
(b) Birjis Qadr
(c) Bakht Khan
(d) Hasan Khan

[U.P. R.O./ A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


8. What was the main cause of the 1857 revolt?

(a) Public Outrage
(b) Military discontent
(c) Management of Christian Missionaries
(d) Policy of the British Empire

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


9. The first War of Independence (1857) started from:

(a) Lucknow
(b) Jhansi
(c) Meerut
(d) Kanpur

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


10. Where from the Revolution of 1857 Start first?

(a) Lucknow
(b) Allahabad
(c) Jhansi
(d) Meerut
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[66th B.P.S.C. Re-Exam (Pre) 2020]


11. The first event relating to the War of Independence of 1857 was –

(a) Kanpur’s Revolt and taking over the leadership by Nana Saheb.
(b) Begum Hazrat Mahal’s leadership of Oudh.
(c) Marching of Sepoys to Delhi’s Red Fort.
(d) Revolt by Rani of Jhansi

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


12. The symbol of the 1857 independence struggle was –

(a) Lotus and Chapatis
(b) Eagle
(c) Scarf
(d) Two sword

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


13. Which one of the following centers of the uprising of 1857 was recaptured by the English?

(a) Jhansi
(b) Meerut
(c) Delhi
(d) Kanpur

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


14. Which of the following persons had participated actively in the Revolt of 1857?

(a) Nana Saheb (Kanpur)
(b) Begum Hazrat Mahal (Lucknow)
(c) Maulavi Ahmadullah (Faizabad)
(d) Begum Zeenat Mahal (Delhi)
(e) None of the above/ More than one of the above

[66th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2020]


15. The birthplace of Maharani Laxmi Bai, the heroine of the 1857 freedom struggle, is:

(a) Agra
(b) Jhansi
(c) Varanasi
(d) Vrindaban

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Pre) 2008]


16. Who among the following was the leader of the revolt during 1857 at Bareilly?

(a) Khan Bahadur
(b) Kunwar Singh
(c) Maulvi Ahmad Shah
(d) Virzis Kadir

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1998]


17. Where is the Samadhi of Maharani Laxmibai situated?

(a) Mandla
(b) Mandu
(c) Jabalpur
(d) Gwalior

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


18. Maharani Laxmibai had combated in the last battle against–

(a) Hugh Rose
(b) Guff
(c) Niel
(d) Havelock

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


19. The revolt of 1857 at Lucknow was led by :

(a) Begum of Oudh
(b) Tatya Tope
(c) Rani Lakshmibai
(d) Nana Saheb

[48th to 52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008]


20. The revolutionary woman who led the revolution of 1857 in Oudh was

(a) Lakshmibai
(b) Ahilyabai
(c) Aruna Asaf Ali
(d) Begum Hazrat Mahal

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


21. Who was the leader of the 1857 struggle for freedom in Lucknow?

(a) Zeenat Mahal
(b) Nana Saheb
(c) Hazrat Mahal
(d) Tatya Tope

[U.P.P.C.S. (Re. Exam) (Pre) 2015]


22. Who amongst the following was the leader of the 1857 uprising at Allahabad?

(a) Nana Saheb
(b) Azimullah
(c) Tatya Tope
(d) Maulvi Liyaqat Ali

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


23. The largest number of soldiers who participated in the Struggle of 1857 came from –

(a) Bengal
(b) Oudh
(c) Bihar
(d) Rajasthan

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015]


24. Who was the ‘commander-in-chief’ of Nana Saheb?

(a) Azimullah
(b) Birjis Qadir
(c) Tatya Tope
(d) None of the above

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2008]


25. Azimullah Khan was an advisor to

(a) Nana Saheb
(b) Tatya Tope
(c) Rani Laxmi Bai
(d) Kunwar Singh

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


26. With reference to the ‘revolt of 1857’ who of the following was betrayed by a ‘friend’ captured and put to death by the British?

(a) Nana Sahib
(b) Kunwar Singh
(c) Khan Bahadur Khan
(d) Tatya Tope

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2006]


27. The real name of which one of the following leaders of 1857 was ‘Ram Chandra Pandurang’?

(a) Kunwar Singh
(b) Tatya Tope
(c) Nana Saheb
(d) Mangal Pandey

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2011, U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2010]


28. Which one of the following places did Kunwar Singh, a prominent leader of the Revolt of 1857 belong to?

(a) Bihar
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Uttar Pradesh

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2005]


29. Who spearheaded the 1857 Revolt in Bihar?

(a) Nana Saheb
(b) Tatya Tope
(c) Kunwar Singh
(d) Maulavi Ahmadullah
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[66th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2020]


30. Where did Kunwar Singh join the Rebellion of 1857 against the British?

(a) Arrah
(b) Patna
(c) Bettiah
(d) Varanasi
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[64th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2018]


31. Who was the leader of the revolutionaries in Bihar during the Revolt of 1857?

(a) Namdar Khan
(b) Babu Kunwar Singh
(c) Birsa Munda
(d) Shankar Shah
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


32. Kunwar Singh led the revolt of 1857 in –

(a) Punjab
(b) Bengal
(c) Bihar
(d) Maharashtra

[45th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2001]


33. Who led the 1857 Revolt in Bihar?

(a) Babu Amar Singh
(b) Hare Krishna Singh
(c) Kunwar Singh
(d) Raja Shahzada Singh
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[65th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2019]


34. Who led the Revolt of 1857 in Bihar?

(a) Khan Bahadur Khan
(b) Kunwar Singh
(c) Tatya Tope
(d) Rani Ramkunvari

[48th to 52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008, 42nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1997]


35. The Mutiny of 1857 at Patna was led by a dynamic old person known as

(a) Hyder Ali Khan
(b) Rajput Kunwar Singh
(c) Judhar Singh
(d) Kusal Singh

[43rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1999]


36. Who among the following was the leader of the revolution of 1857 in Assam?

(a) Diwan Maniram Dutta
(b) Kandarpeshwar Singh
(c) Purandar Singh
(d) Piali Barua

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


37. The center of the 1857 revolt in Bihar from 15th July 1857 to 20th January 1858 was

(a) Rampur
(b) Hamirpur
(c) Dheerpur
(d) Jagdisphur

[43rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1999]


38. Which person of Jagdishpur took the lead of revolutionaries during the revolt of 1857 A.D.

(a) Kunwar Singh
(b) Chandra Shekhar
(c) Tirath Singh
(d) Ram Singh

[48th to 52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008]


39. The king of Jagdishpur was

(a) Nana Saheb
(b) Tatya Tope
(c) Lakshmi Bai
(d) Kunwar Singh

[43rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1999]


40. Who defeated the joint army of the British and Jodhpur during the revolt of 1857:

(a) Tatya Tope
(b) Nawab Vazeer Khan of Tonk
(c) Maharaja Ram Singh
(d) Thakur Kushal Singh of Auwa

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1993]


41. Which amongst the following place was not a centre of the revolution of 1857?

(a) Ajmer
(b) Jaipur
(c) Neemuch
(d) Auwa

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2012]


42. Who of the following had struggled against the Britishers in 1857?

(a) Chandrasekhar Azad
(b) Ramprasad Bilsmil
(c) Saadat Khan
(d) Makhan Lal Chaturvedi

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2000]


43. Which of the following brave from Bhopal led the main movement and sacrificed his life during the first struggle for Independence in 1857?

(a) Fazil Mohammad Khan
(b) Sheikh Ramzan
(c) Dost Mohammad Khan
(d) Habibulla Khan

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


44. Who of the following was the bitterest enemy of the British during the Revolt of 1857?

(a) Maulavi Ahmadullah Shah
(b) Maulavi Imadadullah
(c) Maulana Fazi-i-Haq Khairabadi
(d) Nawab Liaquat Ali

[45th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2001]


45. The Revolt of 1857 was witnessed by the poet –

(a) Mir Taqi Mir
(b) Zauq
(c) Ghalib
(d) Iqbal

[45th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2001]


46. The original residence of Eminent Urdu Poet Mirza Ghalib was?

(a) Agra
(b) Delhi
(c) Lahore
(d) Lucknow

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2002]


47. Who among the following was NOT associated with the revolt of 1857?

(a) Tatya Tope
(b) Rani Laxmibai
(c) Bahadurshah Jafar
(d) Bhagat Singh

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2000]


48. Who among the following was not related to the Revolt of 1857?

(a) Begum Hazrat Mahal
(b) Kunwar Singh
(c) Uddham Singh
(d) Maulavi Ahmadullah

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996]


49. Which dynasty supported the British maximum during the 1857 Freedom Movement?

(a) Scindias of Gwalior
(b) Holkers of Indore
(c) Bhonsles of Nagpur
(d) Lodhis of Ramgarh

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


50. The educated middle class in India:

(a) Opposed the revolt of 1857
(b) Supported the revolt of 1857
(c) Remained neutral to the revolt of 1857
(d) Fought against native rulers

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1998]


51. Which of the following groups did not participate in the revolt of 1857?
1. Agricultural Labour
2. Sahukar

3. Farmers
4. Landlords

Select your answer from the following codes :

(a) Only 1
(b) 1 and 2
(c) Only 2
(d) 2 and 4

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


52. Who among the following did not rebel against the British East India Company’s control over them?

(a) Raja or Vijayanagar
(b) Nizam of Hyderabad
(c) Polygar of Tamil Nadu
(d) Dewan Velu Thampi of Travancore
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2018]


53. Which one of the following territories was not affected by the Revolt of 1857?

(a) Jhansi
(b) Chittor
(c) Jagdishpur
(d) Lucknow

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Mains) 2006, I.A.S. (Pre) 2005]


54. Which part of Bihar was unaffected by the revolt of 1857?
(i) Danapur
(ii) Patna

(iii) Arrah
(iv) Muzaffarpur

(v) Munger
Choose the correct answer from the code given below:

(a) iv and v
(b) Only v
(c) Only iv
(d) iii, iv, and v

[41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


55. Match List-I (leaders of the revolt of 1857) with List-II (their areas of operation)

A. Bakht Khan 1. Awadh
B. Maulvi Ahmadulla 2. Kanpur
C. Kunwar Singh  3. Arrah
D. Nanasahab 4. Delhi

Code :

(a) 3 1 2 4
(b) 3 2 4 1
(c) 4 1 3 2
(d) 4 3 1 2
(e) 2 4 1 3

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


56. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using the code given below :
 List-I                                        List-II

A. Jhansi 1. Maulvi Ahmad Shah
B. Lucknow 2. Azimullah Khan
C. Kanpur 3. Begum Hazrat Mahal
D. Faizabad 4. Rani Laxmibai

Code :

(a) 4 3 2 1
(b) 4 2 3 1
(c) 3 4 2 1
(d) 1 2 3 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


57. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:
List-I  List-II
(Name of the Revolutionaries)  (Place)

A. Nana Saheb 1. Delhi
B. Nawab Hamid Ali Khan 2. Kanpur
C. Moulvi Ahmed Ullah 3. Lucknow
D. Mani Ram Diwan 4. Assam

Code :

(a) 1 2 4 3
(b) 1 2 3 4
(c) 2 1 4 3
(d) 2 1 3 4

[U.P. R.O./ A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


58. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?
     Place           Leadership
(a) Sambhalpur  Surender Sahi
(b) Ganjam  Radhakrishna Dandsena
(c) Kashmir  Gulab Singh
(d) Lucknow  Liyaqat Ali

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


59. Who was the Governor-General of India during the revolt of 1857?

(a) Lord Dalhousie
(b) Lord Minto
(c) Lord Canning
(d) Lord Bentinck

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013, U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2012, Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2005, U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


60. Who was the Governor-General of India during the revolt of 1857?

(a) Lord Hastings
(b) Lord Canning
(c) Lord Amherst
(d) Lord Auckland

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


61. Who was the Governor-General of India in 1857?

(a) Wellesley
(b) Dalhousie
(c) Canning
(d) Minto

[56th to 59th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2015]


62. Who was the Governor-General of India during the Sepoy Mutiny?

(a) Lord Canning
(b) Lord Dalhousie
(c) Lord Hardings
(d) Lord Lytton

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2006]


63. At the time of the 1857 Revolt who was the British Commanding officer at Barrackpore?

(a) Henry Lawrence
(b) Colonel Finnis
(c) Hearsey
(d) Sir Hugh Wheeler

[U.P.P.S.C. (R.I.) 2014]


64. Who made Allahabad the emergency headquarters in 1857?

(a) Lord Canning
(b) Lord Cornwallis
(c) Lord Wellesley
(d) Lord William Bentinck

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


65. Who was the British Prime minister during the revolt of 1857?

(a) Churchill
(b) Palmerston
(c) Attlee
(d) Gladstone

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1991]


66. What was the main cause of the failure of the revolt of 1857?

(a) Lack of Hindu-Muslim unity
(b) Lack of common strategy and central organization
(c) Its effect was within a limited area
(d) Non-participations of Landlords

[41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


67. The first freedom struggle of 1857 failed because –

(a) There was a lack of unity of purpose in Indian sepoys
(b) Generally, Native Kings supported British
(c) British Soldiers were better equipped and organised rather than Indians
(d) All of the above

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 1998]


68. The British were able to suppress the uprising of 1857 in the Rajput state because:

(a) The local Rajput rulers did not support revolutionaries.
(b) The educated middle class supported the British
(c) The soldiers in cantonments were not prepared to accept the leadership of revolution from outside Rajasthan.
(d) The newspaper could not project the true aim of the revolution.

[R.A.S. /R.T.S. (Pre) 1996]


69. Which among the following British officers lost their lives in Lucknow?
1. General John Nicholson
2. General Neil
3. Major Havelock
4. Sir Henry Lawrence
Select the correct answer from the code given below –

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1, 3 and 4
(c) 2, 3, and 4
(d) All of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


70. Whose name, amongst the following is not associated with the Revolt of 1857?

(a) Col. St. Legar
(b) Lt. Col. Gibbs
(c) Col. Wallace
(d) All of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


71. Consider :
Assertion (A): The first War of Independence in 1857 failed to secure freedom from the British Government.
Reason (R): The leadership of Bahadur Shah Zafar did not have popular support and most of the Indian rulers of important States shied away from the struggle.
Select the correct answer from the code given below:

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, and (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[39th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1994]


72. Who called the revolt of 1857 a conspiracy?

(a) Sir James Outram and W. Taylor
(b) Sir John K.
(c) Sir John Lawrence
(d) T.R. Homes

[40th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1995]


73. Modern Historian, who called the revolt of 1857 the first Independence War was –

(a) Dr. R.C. Mazumdar
(b) Dr. S.N. Sen
(c) V. D. Savarkar
(d) Ashok Mehta

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


74. Who termed the uprising of 1857 as the first war of independence?

(a) V. A. Smith
(b) P. E. Roberts
(c) V. D. Savarkar
(d) All of the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


75. The official historian of the Indian Freedom struggle was:

(a) R.C. Mazumdar
(b) Tarachandra
(c) V. D. Savarkar
(d) S. N. Sen

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


76. The first Indian to write in the Indian language on the causes of the uprising of 1857 was.

(a) Syed Ahmed Khan
(b) V. D. Savarkar
(c) Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
(d) None of the above.

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2009]


77. The statement “the so-called first national war of independence was neither first, nor national, nor a war of independence is associated with

(a) R.C. Majumdar
(b) S. N. Sen
(c) Tarachand
(d) V.D. Savarkar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


78. Who wrote, “It is difficult to avoid the conclusion that the so-called First National War of Independence of 1857 is neither first, nor National, nor a war of independence”?

(a) R.C. Majumdar
(b) Syed Ahmad
(c) Roberts
(d) Coupland

[R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2017]


79. Who was the prominent Indian Historian who did not accept the 1857 Revolution as a Revolution?

(a) Tarachand
(b) Dr S.N. Sen
(c) Sawarkar
(d) Dr. R.C. Majumdar
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


80. Who was the Correspondent of the Newspaper ‘Times’ published from London in 1857 wrote that “Nobody in North India looks at the white man’s car with friendly View”?

(a) W.H. Russel
(b) Robert Peel
(c) Gladoston
(d) Palmerston

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre.) 2020]


81. Which one of the following conceptions is true about the Revolt of 1857?

(a) Indian historians have described it as an Indian mutiny.
(b) British historians have described it as a war of independence.
(c) It gave a death blow to the system of East India Company’s rule in India
(d) It was for the improvement of the administrative machinery in India

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


82. When did Queen Victoria declare the taking over of the Indian Administration under the British crown?

(a) 1 Nov. 1858
(b) 31 Dec. 1857
(c) 6 Jan. 1958
(d) 17 Nov. 1859

[48th to 52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008]


83. Indians were assured of many things in the declaration by Queen Victoria in 1858. Which among the following assurances were fulfilled by the British Government:

(a) Policy of annexation will be abandoned
(b) ‘Status quo’ of the native rulers would be maintained
(c) Equal treatment would be given to all subjects, Indians, and Europeans
(d) There would be no interference in the social and religious beliefs of the Indians

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


84. What was/were the object/objects of Queen Victoria’s Proclamation (1858)?
1. To disclaim any intention to annex the Indian States
2. To place the Indian administration under the British Crown
3. To regulate East India Company’s trade with India
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2014]


85. Which one of the following commissions is associated with the Army Reorganization after the suppression of the Revolt of 1857?

(a) Public Service Commission
(b) Peel Commission
(c) Hunter Commission
(d) Simon Commission

[45th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2001]


86. After the revolt of 1857, the British recruited the Soldiers from the

(a) Brahmins of U.P. & Bihar
(b) Bengalis and Orria from the East
(c) Gurkhas, Sikhs, and Punjabis in the North
(d) Madras presidency and Marathas

[48th to 52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008]