Northern Mountainous Region – Physical Divisions of India – Old Year Questions

1. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer from the code given below :

Assertion (A): All rivers originating from the Himalayas are perennial.
Reason (R): Himalayas receive much of their precipitation from the South-Western monsoon.

Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


2. The Himalayas are formed of parallel fold ranges, of which the oldest range is –

(a) The Shiwalik Range
(b) The Lesser Himalayas
(c) The Great Himalayan Range
(d) The Dhauladhar Range

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


3. Which one of the following is the youngest mountain range in India?

(a) Himadri Range
(b) Aravalli Range
(c) Western Ghat
(d) Vindhya Range

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


4. In which part of the Himalayas is the ‘Karewa’ landform found?

(a) North-East Himalaya
(b) Eastern Himalaya
(c) Himachal-Uttarakhand Himalaya
(d) Kashmir Himalaya

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


5. With reference to the Himalayan range, which of the statements is/are correct?

1. The sedimentary rocks of the greater Himalayas were fossil less.
2. Marine livings fossils are found in the sedimentary rocks of lesser Himalayas.
3. Remains of human civilization are found in outer or Shivalik Himalayas.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 are correct

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


6. The flat plains along the sub-Himalayan region in North India, is called –

(a) Tarai
(b) Doon
(c) Khadar
(d) Bhabar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2007]


7. The foothills region of the Himalayas is –

(a) Trans-Himalayas
(b) Shiwalik
(c) Great Himalayas
(d) Aravali

[43rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1999]


8. Shiwalik series was formed in –

(a) Eozoic
(b) Paleozoic
(c) Mesozoic
(d) Cenozoic

[42nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1997]


9. The altitude of Shiwalik peaks falls in between –

(a) 850 – 1200 Mts
(b) 750 – 1100 Mts
(c) 750 –1500 Mts
(d) 750 – 1300 Mts

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


10. The Kumaon Himalaya is situated between which of the rivers?

(a) Indus and Satluj
(b) Kali and Tista
(c) Satluj and Kali
(d) Tista and Brahmputra

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) (Re-Exam) 2016]


11. The south of the ‘Shiwalik’ rock series, the Bhabar region is an example of?

(a) Midland Situation.
(b) Intermountain situation.
(c) Piedmont situation.
(d) Littoral Region.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


12. The Himalayan Mountain Ranges are not a part of which of the following states?

(a) Uttarakhand
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Sikkim
(d) Himachal Pradesh

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


13. When you travel in the Himalayas, you will see the following

1. Deep gorges
2. U-turn river courses
3. Parallel Mountain ranges
4. Steep gradients causing land sliding

Which of the above can be said to be the pieces of evidence for the Himalayas being young fold mountains?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1, 2 and 4
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


14. The Lesser Himalaya is located between

(a) Trans Himalaya and Great Himalaya
(b) Shiwalik and Great Himalaya
(c) Trans Himalaya and Shiwalik
(d) Shiwaliks and Outer Himalaya

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


15. Which one of the following is the youngest mountain chain?

(a) Vindhyas
(b) Aravalli
(c) Shiwaliks
(d) Annamalai

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2010]


16. Which of the following rock systems in India is the latest one?

(a) Vindhyan
(b) Cuddapah
(c) Dharwar
(d) Gondwana

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


17. Consider the following relief features –

1. Zaskar Range
2. Dhauladhar Range
3. Ladakh Range
4. Karakoram Range

The correct south-to-northward sequence of the above relief features is-

(a) 2, 1, 3, 4
(b) 2, 3, 4, 1
(c) 4, 3, 2, 1
(d) 4, 2, 1, 3

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


18. Which one of the following is the correct northward sequence of the relief features?

(a) Zaskar Range, Pirpanjal Range, Ladakh Range, Karakoram Range
(b) Pirpanjal Range, Zaskar Range, Ladakh Range, Karakoram Range
(c) Karakoram Range, Ladakh Range, Zaskar Range, Pirpanjal Range
(d) Pirpanjal Range, Ladakh Range, Zaskar Range, Karakoram Range

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 2013]


19. Which one of the following groups is the correct sequence of mountain peaks from east to west?

(a) Everest, Kanchenjunga, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri
(b) Kanchenjunga, Everest, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri
(c) Kanchenjunga, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna, Everest
(d) Everest, Kanchenjunga, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


20. In comparison to the eastern Himalayas the value of the height of the tree-line in the western area is:-

(a) More
(b) Less
(c) Same
(d) Unrelated variable

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


21. In the Himalayan Ranges the types of vegetation change with altitude due to the following reasons –

1. Decrease in temperature
2. Changes in rainfall
3. Unfertile soil
4. Strong winds

Select the correct answer –

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2 and 4
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S (Pre) 2013]


22. Which mountain range amongst the following is latest in origin:

(a) Ajanta range
(b) Palkonda range
(c) Kaimur Hills
(d) Patkai range

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1996]


23. Which one of the following states does not lie along Patkai hills?

(a) Nagaland
(b) Tripura
(c) Manipur
(d) Mizoram

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


24. Identify the correct west-to-east sequence of the following Hilly Castes.

(a) Khasi-Garo-Naga-Jaintia
(b) Naga-Jaintia-Khasi-Garo
(c) Garo-Khasi-Jaintia-Naga
(d) Jaintia-Naga-Garo-Khasi

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


25. Cherrapunji is situated :

(a) Naga Hills
(b) Garo Hills
(c) Khasi Hills
(d) Mikir Hills

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


26. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :

List-I (Hills)  List-II (States)
A. Garo  1. Meghalaya
B. Miri 2. Tamil Nadu
C. Kollai Mallai 3. Arunachal Pradesh
D. Dalma  4. Jharkhand

Code :


(a) 1 3 2 4
(b) 1 2 3 4
(c) 1 3 4 2
(d) 2 1 3 4

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2017]


27. Between which two mountain ranges is the Valley of Kashmir situated?

(a) Ladakh and Zanskar
(b) Great Himalayas and Pir Panjal
(c) Great Himalayas and Zanskar
(d) Karakoram and Ladakh

[M.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2016]


28. Which of the following is a part of Aksai Chin region:

(a) Karakoram Range
(b) Shiwalik Range
(c) Kashmir Valley
(d) Ladakh Plateau

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


29. Main resources of the Western Himalayan resource region, are:

(a) Forests
(b) Metallic minerals
(c) Carbonic minerals
(d) Atomic minerals

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2010]


30. What is the height of the Great Himalayas?

(a) 8850 M. Above sea level
(b) 8815 M. Above sea level
(c) 8890 M. Above sea level
(d) 8860 M. Above sea level

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


31. Himachal stands for

(a) The Great Himalaya
(b) The Middle Himalaya
(c) Shiwalik
(d) Trans-Himalaya

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


32. Consider the following statements regarding ‘Atal Tunnel’. Which of them is / are correct?

1. It was built by Border Roads Organisation
2. It connects Manali and Lahaul Spiti Valley
3. It is located across Pir-Panjal Range of Himalayas
4. It is strategically important for India

Choose the correct answer from the code given below.
Code :

(a) Only 1 and 2
(b) Only 2 and 3
(c) Only 1, 2 and 4
(d) All 1, 2, 3 and 4

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2016]


33. Consider the following statements:

1. In India, the Himalayas are spread over five States only.
2. Western Ghats are spread over five States only.
3. Pulicat Lake is spread over two states only.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1 and 3 only

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2017]


34. Mount Kailash is situated in which of the following areas?

(a) Sikkim
(b) Tibet
(c) Nepal
(d) Uttarakhand

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2021]