Nobel Prize in Medicine 2022: Mapping the Neanderthal Genome

  • Awarded on: 3rd October 2022
  • Awarded by: The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institute, Sweden
  • Awarded to: Svante Pääbo, Sweden
  • Awarded for: His discoveries concerning the genomes of extinct hominins and human evolution.

Key Highlights of Svante Paabo’s Research

  • Svante Pääbo accomplished sequencing the genome of the Neanderthal, an extinct relative of present-day humans.
What does Paleogenomics mean?

  • Paleogenomics is a New scientific discipline based on the revealing genetic differences that distinguish all living humans from extinct hominins.
  • Pääbo first decided to study mitochondrial DNA from Neanderthals.
  • Dr Pääbo’s research has great significance in understanding the origin of Homo sapiens.