Kosovo-Serbia Conflict

Recently clashes between Serbian protesters and NATO peacekeepers have occurred in Kosovo, resulting in over 60 injuries. This represents the most significant violence witnessed in the region in over a decade.

About Recent Clash

  • Occurred between: NATO peacekeeping soldiers and Serbian Protesters
  • Occurred on: 29 May 2023
  • Occurred at: Northern Kosovo

Cause for Current Tension:

  • The tension in northern Kosovo stems from the broader ethnic and political divide between ethnic Serbs and Albanians.
  • Ethnic Serbs, who constitute a majority in northern Kosovo, have attempted to block Albanian mayors from assuming control in local councils.
  • The Serbian community boycotted local elections in April 2023, leading to a low voter turnout, and subsequently rejected the election results as illegitimate.

Kosovo-Serbia Conflict

  • Kosovo’s historical significance and declaration of independence in 2008 aren’t recognized by Serbia.
  • Ethnic tensions between Albanians and Serbs date back, intensified by disintegration of Yugoslavia.
  • NATO intervened in 1989 due to violence, resulting in international administration of Kosovo,
  • Currently, 99 out of 193 United Nations member countries recognize Kosovo’s independence.
India’s Stand on the Status of Kosovo

  • India does not recognize Kosovo as a separate
  • India’s stance is based on the belief that Kosovo does not fulfill the three principles required for recognition: a defined territory, a duly constituted government accepted by the people, and effective control over an area of governance.
  • India maintains a position supporting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Serbia due to their longstanding relationship.