Irrigation and Canals of India – Old Year Questions

1. Which of the following is NOT correctly matched?

         (Canal Project)                            (Location)
(a) Ghatprabha Canal Project                  Karnataka
(b) Ukai Canal Project                               Gujarat
(c) Nira Canal Project                                Maharashtra
(d) Jawai Project                                        Tamil Nadu

[U.P.B.E.O. (Pre) 2019]


2. Given below are two statements. One is Assertion (A) and the other is Reason (R) :
Assertion (A):  One of the major sources of irrigation in Peninsular India is a pond.
Reason (A): Most of the rivers in the Peninsular region are seasonal.
Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) explains (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) does not explain (A).
(c) (A) is correct, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is correct.

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015]


3. With reference to India, which one of the following statements is not correct?

(a) About one-third of the area of the country records more than 750 millimetres of annual rainfall
(b) The dominant source of irrigation in the country are wells
(c) Alluvial soil is the predominant type of soil in Northern plains of the country
(d) The mountain areas account for about thirty percent of the surface area of the country.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2002]


4. In which of the following states, the percentage of total cropped area under irrigation (2011) is the highest?

(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) Haryana

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


5. Which State in India has the largest extent in irrigation (percent)?

(a) Punjab
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Haryana
(d) Madhya Pradesh

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


6. With reference to micro-irrigation, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. Fertilizer/nutrient loss can be reduced.
2. It is the only means of irrigation in dry land farming.
3. In some areas of farming, the receding of groundwater level can be checked.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2011]


7. Life-saving or Protective irrigation refers to:

(a) Constant flow of water
(b) Irrigation at critical growth stage
(c) P.W.P. Irrigation
(d) Alternate wetting and drying

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2010]


8. During the last 25 years, the development of tubewell irrigation has been most spectacular in :

(a) Ganga-Ghaghra Doab
(b) Ganga-Yamuna Doab
(c) Saryupar Plain
(d) Bundelkhand

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


9. In which state of India, the maximum area is irrigated by tubewells?

(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Bihar
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Uttar Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


10. The State having the largest area under tube well and well irrigation in India is

(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Andhra Pradesh
(d) Punjab

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


11. In which of the following States, the area under Tube well irrigation is the largest?

(a) Bihar
(b) Haryana
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) Punjab

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


12. The Garland Canal System in India was proposed by :

(a) K.L. Rao
(b) Dinshaw J. Dastur
(c) Visvesvaraya
(d) Y.K. Alagh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


13. Who is regarded as the Pioneer or Irrigation works in South India?

(a) Sir Arthur Cotton
(b) Col. Baird Smith
(c) Lt. Blaine
(d) Col. Robert Smith

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


14. The maximum irrigation potential of India is created through:

(a) Major Projects
(b) Minor projects & Major Projects
(c) Minor Projects
(d) Medium Projects

[52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008]


15. The water-carrying capacity of the Farakka Canal is :

(a) 75,000 Cusecs
(b) 70,000 Cusecs
(c) 40,000 Cusecs
(d) 35,000 Cusecs

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1997]


16. Mangalam Irrigation Project is located in:

(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Kerala
(c) Tamil Nadu
(d) West Bengal

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 1998]


17. The Saran irrigation canal is drawn from the river

(a) Son
(b) Ganga
(c) Kosi
(d) Gandak

[44th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2000]


18. Which of the following canal systems irrigate areas of Bihar?

(a) Upper Ganga Canal
(b) Triveni Canal
(c) Sharda Canal
(d) Eastern Yamuna Canal
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


19. Indira Gandhi Canal has its source at :

(a) Gandhi Sagar Dam
(b) Bhakra Dam
(c) Harike Barrage
(d) Govind Ballabh Sagar Dam

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999]


20. Harike Barrage (the source of water for the Indira Gandhi Canal) is at the confluence of the rivers

(a) Ravi and Beas
(b) Jhelum and Chenab
(c) Chenab and Sutlej
(d) Beas and Satluj

[Uttrakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2006]


21. The Rajasthan (Indira) Canal originates from?

(a) Ravi
(b) Beas
(c) Satluj
(d) Chambal

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


22. The Construction of the Indira Gandhi Canal started in the year 1958 and its origin is from :

(a) Bhakra Dam on Sutluj river
(b) Rihand Valley Project on Rihand river
(c) Hirakund Project on Mahanadi
(d) Harike Dam on Satluj river

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2007]


23. Indira Gandhi Canal receives its water supply from
1. Beas
2. Chenab

3. Ravi
4. Satluj

Select the correct answer from the code given below :
Code :

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 3 and 4

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


24. Buckingham Canal is situated :

(a) On Kalinga Coast
(b) On Malabar Coast
(c) On Coromandel Coast
(d) On Kutch Coast

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


25. Which one of the following river projects utilises the water of the Pong barrage of Beas river?

(a) Indira Gandhi Canal Project
(b) Pochampad Project
(c) Mayurakshi Project
(d) Nagarjuna Sagar Project

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]


26. Which is the most well-developed and the oldest canal systems of the world in India?

(a) Gang Canal
(b) Sikri Canal
(c) Indira Gandhi Nahar Pariyojna
(d) Krishna-Godavari Canal System

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2007]


27. Gang canal, which is among the oldest canals, was constructed by Maharaja Ganga Singh Ji in –

(a) 1930
(b) 1927
(c) 1944
(d) 1932

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2010]


28. Which of the following is/are the main objectives of the Sharda Tributary Command Development Project?
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
1. To increase agricultural production
2. To change the format of land use by multiple crop cultivation.
3. Reforms of land management.
Code :

(a) Only 1
(b) Only 1 & 2
(c) Only 2 & 3
(d) All the above

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2002, U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2001]


29. Which one of the following statements is not true?

(a) Ghaggar’s water is utilised in the Indira Gandhi Canal
(b) Narmada rises from Amarkantak region
(c) Nizam Sagar is situated on the Manjra river
(d) Penganga is a tributary of the Godavari

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2000]


30. The Lower Ganga Canal is taken out of the Ganga at

(a) Haridwar
(b) Narora
(c) Bareilly
(d) Kanpur

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


31. Hariyali is a new scheme for:

(a) Second green revolution.
(b) Development of wasteland
(c) Forestation of desert land
(d) Development of grassland

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2003]


32. ‘Hariyali Yojana’ is related to

(a) Soil Management
(b) Air Management
(c) Crop management
(d) Water Management

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013]


33. What are the benefits of implementing the ‘Integrated Watershed Development Programme?
1. Prevention of soil runoff
2. Linking the country’s perennial rivers with seasonal rivers
3. Rainwater harvesting and recharge of groundwater level
4. Regeneration of natural vegetation
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2014]


34. Consider the following pairs :
Programme/Project Ministry
1. Drought-Prone: Ministry of Area Programme Agriculture
2. Desert Development: Ministry of Environment and Forests
3. National Watershed: Ministry Development Project of Rural for Rainshed Areas Development
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2014]


35. Which of the following is/are the advantage/advantages of practising drip irrigation?
1. Reduction in weed
2. Reduction in soil salinity
3. Reduction in soil erosion
Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) None of the above is an advantage of practising drip irrigation

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2016]


36. Chambal Canal Irrigation Project is related with :

(a) Sindh Basin
(b) Ganga Basin
(c) Yamuna Basin
(d) Tapti Basin

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


37. Which one of the following sectors has a greater consumption share of water in India?

(a) Agricultural Sector
(b) Domestic Sector
(c) Mining Sector
(d) Industrial Sector

[Jharkhand. P.C.S. (Pre) 2021]