Forests of World – Old Year Questions

1. Selva forests are characterized by :

(a) Broadleaf evergreen
(b) Broad leaf deciduous
(c) Coniferous evergreen
(d) Coniferous deciduous

[U.P. B.E.O. (Pre) 2019]


2. Which one among the following covers the highest percentage of forest area in the world?

(a) Temperate Coniferous forests
(b) Temperate Deciduous forests
(c) Tropical Monsoon forests
(d) Tropical Rainforests

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


3. Which of the following countries has a constitutional provision for maintaining 70% of its geographical area under forest?

(a) Maldives
(b) Nepal
(c) Bhutan
(d) Afghanistan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


4. The evergreen rainforests are found in :

(a) Australia
(b) Brazil
(c) Canada
(d) France

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2002]


5. Which type of forests are found near the equator –

(a) Deciduous forests
(b) Coniferous forest
(c) Meadows forest
(d) Tropical forest

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2007]


6. Dense forests on the earth are mostly found –

(a) Nearby Equator
(b) Nearby tropic of Cancer
(c) Nearby tropic of Capricorn
(d) Nearby Poles

[41st B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1996]


7. Which one of the following is noted for extensive tropical rainforests?

(a) Congo Basin
(b) Ganga Basin
(c) Hwang Ho Basin
(d) Murray- Darling Basin

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996]


8. Taiga forests are characteristics of –

(a) Equatorial region
(b) Tropical region
(c) Sub-tropical region
(d) Temperate region

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


9. The world’s largest and most dense forests are in

(a) India
(b) Tanzania
(c) Brazil
(d) Canada

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2004]


10. Which country has the highest percentage of its geographical area under forests?

(a) China
(b) India
(c) Indonesia
(d) Japan

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Spl) (Pre) 2010]


11. The coniferous forests are not found in:

(a) Amazonia
(b) Scandinavia
(c) Canada
(d) Finland

[U.P.P.C.S.(Pre) 2001]


12. Coniferous forests are mainly found in –

(a) Tropical region
(b) Temperate region
(c) Coastal region
(d) None of the above

[Uttarakhand Lower (Sub.) (Pre) 2010]


13. In which of the following countries of Africa, dense, hot, and humid forests are found?

(a) Ivory Coast
(b) Kenya
(c) Zimbabwe
(d) South Africa

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1998]


14. Assertion (A): Unlike temperate forests, tropical rain forests, if cleared, can yield productive farmland that can support intensive agriculture for several years even without chemical fertilizers.
Reason (R): The primary productivity of the tropical rainforest is very high compared to that of temperate forests.
Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true individually true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are individually true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


15. If a tropical rainforest is removed, it does not regenerate quickly as compared to a tropical deciduous forest.
This is because

(a) The soil of rain forest is deficient in nutrients
(b) Propagules of the trees in a rainforest have poor viability
(c) The rainforest species are slow-growing
(d) Exotic species invade the fertile soil of rainforest

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2011]


16. Match list I with list II and select the correct answer:

List-I List-II
(Timber) (Country)
A. Cedar 1. Myanmar
B. Douglas Fir 2. Canada
C. Mahogany 3. Mexico
D. Teak 4. Honduras

Code :

(a) 3 2 1 4
(b) 3 2 4 1
(c) 2 3 4 1
(d) 2 3 1 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1999]


17. Match List-I with List-II and choose the correct answer from the codes given below the lists –

List-I List-II
A. Monsoon Forest 1. Plum and Olive
B. Equatorial Forest 2. Pine and Spruce
C. Mediterranean Forest 3. Teak and Sal
D. Coniferous Forest 4. Mahogany and Rosewood

Code :

(a) 3 4 1 2
(b) 2 3 4 1
(c) 4 2 3 1
(d) 1 3 2 4

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2013]


18. Match List- I with List- II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists :

List- I List- II
(Vegetation Type) (Region)
A. Maquis 1. California
B. Fynbos 2. Mediterranean Sea Coastal Region
C. Chaparral 3. South Africa
D. Matorral 4. Chile

Code :

(a) 2 3 1 4
(b) 4 3 2 1
(c) 3 4 1 2
(d) 4 2 3 1

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


19. Which country of the world is the largest producer and exporter of soft timber and wood pulp?

(a) U.S.A.
(b) Norway
(c) Sweden
(d) Canada

[45th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2001]


20. Which one of the following countries is the largest producer of fuelwood in the world?

(a) Indonesia
(b) Russia
(c) India
(d) China

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1997]


21. Dalbergia species is associated with which one of the following?

(a) Cashew nut
(b) Coffee
(c) Tea
(d) Rosewood

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2007]


22. Match List- I with List- II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists :

List- I List- II
(Natural Vegetation) (Region)
A. Epiphytes 1. Mediterranean
B. Acacia 2. Equatorial
C. Baobab 3. Sahara
D. Cedars 4. Savanna

Code :

(a) 2 3 4 1
(b) 2 3 1 4
(c) 2 4 3 1
(d) 2 4 1 3

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


23. “Leaf litter decomposes faster than in any other biome and as a result, the soil surface is often almost bare. Apart from trees, the vegetation is largely composed of plant forms that reach up into the canopy vicariously, by climbing the trees or growing as epiphytes, rooted on the upper branches of trees.” This is the most likely description of

(a) coniferous forest
(b) dry deciduous forest
(c) mangrove forest
(d) tropical rainforest

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2021]