Environment and Sustainable Development One Liner Questions & Answers

Questions Answers
1 The discussion on ‘Sustainable Development’ was started after submittinga report on environment to the United Nations in 1987. That report was – Our Common Future
2 The Environment (Protection) Act of India was enacted in – 1986
3 Generally, environment can be classifi ed as following categories. Which among the following is NOT a part of such category? Operational Environment
4 Sustainable development is a matter of intergenerational sensibility in respect of the use of? Natural resources
5 What is blue carbon? Carbon captured by oceansand coastal ecosystems
6 ‘Saving energy and other resources for the future without sacrificing people’s comfort in the present’ is the definition of which of the following concepts? Sustainable development
7 Which of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) will target the water availability for all and its permanent management upto 2030 in India? SDG – 6
8 The Decade of Sustainable Energy for all is the initiative of – United Nations
9 Which Nodal Institution for implementation of Sustainable Development Goals in India? NITI Aayog
10 World Environment Day is celebrated on – 5 June
11 The book ‘Silent Spring’ published in 1962 which set the tone for an environmental movement in the world, was written by – Rachel Carson
12 A country’s natural capital included all of the following except – Roads
13 What is the theme for ‘World Environment Day 2018’? Beat Plastic Pollution
14 The main role of solar radiation is in – Water cycle
15 When and where the National Environment Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) was established? 1958, Nagpur
16 The ‘Common Carbon Metric’ supported by UNEP, has been developed for – assessing the carbon footprint of building operations around the world
17 Which one of the following is not the objective of smart city development? Stabilizing quality of life
18 ‘Earth Summit’ was held at – Rio-de-Janeiro
19 What was the title of the Rio -20 declaration? The future we want
20 International Conference held in Rio-de-Janeiro was – United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development
21 What is the thin layer of gases around the earth called? Atmosphere
22 Air is a/an – Mixture
23 Percentage of Nitrogen in dry air – 78%
24 Which optimum concentration of Carbon-Dioxide for natural balance in the atmosphere? 0.03 percent
25 Which Noble Gases is not present in the air? Radon
26 In the atmosphere, the highest percentage is of – Nitrogen
27 The concept of weathering relates to – Natural process leading to the decomposition of rocks
28 The Headquarter of World Meteorological Organization is located at – Geneva
29 The headquarter of U.N.E.P. is located at – Nairobi
30 Where was the 4th session of the UN Environment Assembly (UNEA-4) held recently? Nairobi-Kenya
31 What does EPA stand for – Environment Protection Agency
32 In which of the institutes, the Environmental Information System (ENVIS)’s ‘Centre on Population and Environment’ is located? I.I.P.S. Mumbai
33 N.E.A. Stands for – National Environment Authority
34 The headquarters of the Green Peace International is located at – Amsterdam
35 Eco-Mark is given to an Indian product which is – Environment-friendly
36 To label environment-friendly consumer products, the Government has introduced – Eco mark
37 According to ‘Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) India Index, 2019’ recently released by NITI Aayog, which State holds the first position? Kerala
38 Which state is NOT in the list of top five states on the Sustainable Development Goals Index, 2019-20 India? Gujarat
39 Sustainable agriculture means – To utilize land so that its quality remains intact
40 Which State in India has recently introduced the ‘Greenhouse Farming’ – Punjab
41 The author of ‘Green Development’ is – W.M. Adams
42 What is Rio+20 Conference, often mentioned in the news? It is the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development.
43 In the year 1997, the World Environment Conference was organised in? Kyoto
44 The Earth Summit + 5 was held in? 1997
45 Who has propounded the concept of ‘Limits to Growth’? Club of Rome
46 The Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), a UN mechanism to assist countries transition towards a greener and more inclusive economies, emerged at?
The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development 2012, Rio de Janeiro.
47 Many transplanted seedlings do not grow because – Most of the root hairs are lost during transplantation
48 Plachimada which has been in the news for immense damage to its environment lies in – Kerala
49 Environment (Protection) Act (EPA) is also known as – Umbrella Legislation
50 The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee is constituted under the – Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
51 As a result of their annual survey, the National Geographic Society and an international polling firm Globe Scan gave India top rank in Greendex 2009 score. What is this score?
It is a measure of environmentally sustainable consumer behaviour in different countries
52 Which one of the best strategy for environment-friendly sustainable development in Indian agriculture?
Mixed cropping, organic manures, nitrogen-fixing plants and pest-resistant crop varieties
53 The investigator of Natural Farming was – Masanobu Fukuoka
54 Which country introduced the Green Army for Environment conservation? Australia
55 During the mid 80’s decade of twentieth century, the negative aspects of development were discussed at large. Which one among the following was NOT such important? Politics and Development