Emergency Provisions – Old Year Questions

1. Under which Article of the Constitution it is the responsibility of the Indian Government to protect States from external aggression and internal disturbance?

(a) Article 355
(b) Article 356
(c) Article 352
(d) Article 360

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2001]


2. The President of India may declare a National Emergency if there is the threat of :

1. External aggression
2. Internal disturbances
3. Armed rebellion
4. Communal clashes

Select the correct answer from the code given below:

Code :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 and 4 only
(d) 1 and 3 only

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010, U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


3. Under Art. 352 of the Constitution of India, an emergency can be declared if security of any part of India is threatened
by –

1. War
2. External aggression
3. Armed rebellion
4. Internal disturbance

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 3 and 4

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


4. On which of the following dates President of India, using his powers, declare by proclamation that a grave emergency existed where the security of India was threatened by internal disturbance?

(a) 26 October, 1962
(b) 3 December, 1971
(c) 25 June, 1975
(d) 26 June, 1975

[R.A.S/R.T.S (Pre) 2018]


5. Which one of the following is not a basis to declare a National Emergency in India?

(a) War
(b) External attack
(c) Threat to internal peace
(d) Armed rebellion

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


6. Which one of the following cannot be the ground for a Proclamation of Emergency under the Constitution of India?

(a) War
(b) External aggression
(c) Armed rebellion
(d) Internal disturbance

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


7. According to which Article ‘National Emergency may be declared by the president of India?

(a) Article 352
(b) Article 370
(c) Article 371
(d) Article 395

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


8. Under which of the following circumstances can the President declare an Emergency?

1. External Aggression
2. Internal Disturbances
3. Failure of the Constitutional Machinery in States
4. Financial Crisis

Chose the correct answer from the codes given below –

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1, 3, and 4
(c) 2, 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, and 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


9. What is correct about external emergencies as per Article 352?

i. It is proclaimed by the President.
ii. It should be approved by Parliament within two months.
iii. It should be approved by Parliament within one month.
iv. It should be approved by Parliament by a simple majority.
v. It should be approved by Parliament by a 2/3 majority.
vi. It can be revoked by a simple majority of Parliament.
vii. It can be revoked by a 2/3 majority of Parliament.
viii. It can be approved in the joint session of Parliament.

(a) i ii iv viii
(b) i iii vi viii
(c) i iii v vi
(d) i iv vii viii
(e) None of the above

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) – 2017]


10. According to Article 352 of the Constitution, the National Emergency can be declared in which among the following circumstances?

(a) The failure of the Constitutional machinery
(b) Invasion
(c) Internal disturbance
(d) War, external aggression, or armed rebellion

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2002]


11. Under which of the following articles the President of India can suspend the enforcement of Fundamental Rights (except Articles 20, and 21)?

(a) Article 358
(b) Article 359
(c) Article 13
(d) Article 356

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


12. Which one among the following pairs of Articles relating to Fundamental Rights cannot be suspended during the enforcement of Emergency under Article 359 of the Indian Constitution?

(a) Articles 20 and 21
(b) Articles 14 and 15
(c) Articles 16 and 17
(d) Articles 24 and 25

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


13. Mainly on whose advice the President’s Rule is imposed in the State?

(a) Chief Minister
(b) Legislative Assembly
(c) Governor
(d) Chief Justice of the High Court

[45th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1997]


14. Match List-I with List-II and choose the correct answer from the codes given below :

List-I List – II
(State) (No. of times President Rule has been imposed till 2019)
(a) Manipur (i) 8
(b) Uttar Pradesh (ii) 10
(c) Bihar (iii) 9
(d) Odisha (iv) 6

Codes :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
(B) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
(C) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(D) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


15. In which of the following States there is no provision for the imposition of Governor’s Rule?

(a) Manipur
(b) Mizoram
(c) Meghalaya
(d) Jammu and Kashmir

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015]


16. Which of the following are not necessarily the consequences of the proclamation of the President’s rule in a State?

1. Dissolution of the State Legislative Assembly
2. Removal of the Council of Ministers in the State
3. Dissolution of the local bodies

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2017]


17. If the President of India exercises his power as provided under Article 356 of the Constitution in respect of a particular State, then

(a) The Assembly of the State is automatically dissolved.
(b) The powers of the Legislature of that State shall be exercisable by or under the authority of the Parliament.
(c) Article 19 is suspended in that State.
(d) The President can make laws relating to that State.

[I.A.S. (Pre.) 2018]


18. Consider the following statements regarding Article 356 of the Constitution:

(i) Failure of Constitutional Machinery in States is an objective reality.
(ii) A Proclamation under this Article can be reviewed by the Supreme Court.
(iii) Along with this Proclamation, the State Legislative Assembly can be dissolved.
(iv) This Proclamation has to be approved by each House of Parliament within two months.

Which of the statement/s given above is/are correct?

(a) (i), (ii), and (iv) only
(b) (i), (ii), and (iii) only
(c) (iii) and (iv) only
(d) (ii), (iii), and (iv) only

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2013]


19. Which one of the following is the time limit for the ratification of an Emergency period by the Parliament?

(a) 14 days
(b) 1 month
(c) 3 months
(d) 6 months

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


20. Who said, “The emergency power of the President is a fraud with the Constitution”?

(a) K.M. Munshi
(b) B.N. Rao
(c) K.M. Nambiar
(d) H.N. Kunjaru

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


21. Consider the following statements in respect of financial emergency under Article 360 of the Constitution of

1. A Proclamation of financial emergency issued shall cease to operate at the expiration of two months, unless, before the expiration of that period, it has been approved by the resolutions of both Houses of Parliament.
2. If any Proclamation of financial emergency is in operation, it is competent for the President of India to issue directions for the reduction of salaries and allowances of all or any class of persons, serving in connection with the affairs of the Union but excluding the Judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2007]


22. Which one of the following Articles of the Indian Constitution has not so far been used?

(a) Article 60
(b) Article 352
(c) Article 356
(d) Article 360

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Mains) 2015]


23. How many times has a Financial Emergency been declared in India so far?

(a) 5 times
(b) 4 times
(c) Once
(d) Never

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


24. How many types of emergencies have been envisaged under the Indian Constitution?

(a) Two
(b) Three
(c) Four
(d) One

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009, 2014]


25. During National Emergency the term of the House of People –

(a) Cannot be extended.
(b) Can be extended till the Emergency lasts.
(c) Can be extended for one year only.
(d) Can be extended till the Emergency lasts but only by one year at a time.

[U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


26. President’s Rule can be imposed for a maximum period of –

(a) 1 year
(b) 2 years
(c) 6 months
(d) 3 years

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


27. Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, President’s Rule was imposed for the first time in –

(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Travancore-Cochin
(d) Bihar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2010]


28. The term of a State Legislative Assembly can be extended during an Emergency by

(a) The President
(b) The Parliament
(c) The Governor of the State
(d) The State Legislature

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007]