The Earth – Old Year Questions

i. Latitudes

1. Correct Latitudinal position of a place that could be possible is-

(a) 910 North
(b) 450 East
(c) 450 South
(d) 910 West

[R.A.S. / R.T.S. (Pre) 1999]


2. Which of the following is not a great circle on the globe-

(a) Equator
(b) Prime meridian line
(c) 600 East longitude
(d) 600 North latitude

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2003]


3. Zero-degree latitude and zero degree longitude lies in the

(a) Atlantic Ocean
(b) Arctic Ocean
(c) Indian Ocean
(d) Pacific Ocean

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


4. Point of intersection of the Equator and the Prime Meridian is located at-

(a) Atlantic Ocean
(b) Ghana
(c) Morocco
(d) Pacific Ocean

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2009]


5. Consider the geographical details given in the following figure :
150NLA 500NL50EL 60EL
The point marked by A in the above figure indicates the countries in :

(a) North America
(b) South America
(c) Europe
(d) Asia

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1997]


6. A plane starts flying from 300 northern latitude and 500 eastern longitude and lands at the opposite end of the earth, where will it land –

(a) 300 Northern latitude, 500 Western longitude
(b) 300 Southern latitude, 500 Western longitude
(c) 500 Northern latitude, 300 Western longitude
(d) 300 Southern latitude, 1300 Western longitude

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


7. Among the following cities which one lies in the farthest North?

(a) Beijing
(b) New Delhi
(c) New York
(d) Rome

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2011]


8. The country which has the longest north-south (latitudinal) extension of its territory is :

(a) Russia
(b) Chile
(c) China
(d) Brazil
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[65th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2019]


ii. The Longitude

1. The time at Cairo is 2 hours ahead of Greenwich. Hence, it is located at-

(a) 30° W longitude
(b) 30° E longitude
(c) 28° E longitude
(d) 28° W longitude

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


2. When it is noon along 820 30’ E longitude along what degree of longitude it will be 6.30 a.m.?

(a) At 1650 East
(b) At 670 30’ West
(c) At 00 East or West
(d) At 820 30’ West

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1994]


3. If the difference of longitudes for the two places is 900,the time interval between these places will be –

(a) 3 hr
(b) 6 hr
(c) 9 hr
(d) 12 hr

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


4. When, there is mid-day in the Greenwich, local time of a place is 5 O’clock evening. At which of the following longitude (meridians) that place will be located –

(a) 750 E
(b) 750 W
(c) 150 E
(d) 1500 E

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


5. Which one of the following longitudes along with the Prime Meridian forms a great circle on the globe.

(a) 0o
(b) 90oE
(c) 90oW
(d) 180o

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2000]


6. In the New Millennium, the first ray of the Sun was seen in which of the following Meridians of India –

(a) 20 30’W
(b) 820 30’E
(c) 920 30’W
(d) 930 30’E

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2001]


7. The basis of deciding the standard time of any place is–

(a) Longitude
(b) Latitude
(c) International Date Line
(d) Prime Meridian

[43rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 1999]


8. The Prime Meridian does not pass through.

(a) Algeria
(b) France
(c) Niger
(d) Spain

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2010]


9. The Prime Meridian passes through
1. Algeria
2. France

3. Nigeria
4. Portugal

Use the code below to select the correct answer.
Code :

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3

(c) 3 and 4
(d) 1 and 3

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


10. The time of which of the following places is equal to the time of GMT?
1. Accra
2. Dublin

3. Madrid
4. Lisbon

Use the code below to select the correct answer:
Code :

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1, 3 and 4

(c) 1, 2 and 4
(d) 2, 3 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]



11. Which one of the following cities does not have the same clock time as that of the other three Cities at any given instant?

(a) London (UK)
(b) Lisbon (Portugal)
(c) Accra (Ghana)
(d) Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2007]


12. The standard time of the following countries is ahead of or behind Greenwich Mean Time depending on whether they are East or West of the longitude passing through Greenwich.
(1) Cuba (2) Greece
(3) Iraq (4) Costa Rica
(5) Japan
Which one of the following sequential orders gives the correct arrangement of the countries according to their standard time from ahead to behind GMT?

(a) 5, 3, 2, 1, 4
(b) 2, 4, 1, 3, 5

(c) 4, 1, 3, 2, 5
(d) 3, 5, 4, 1, 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1995]


13. When it is noon at the I.S.T. meridian people from another place on the Earth is taking their 6 O’ clock morning tea. The longitude of the place is :

(a) 17o30’E
(b) 7o30′ W

(c) 172o30′ E
(d) 90oW

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1998]


14. A telegram was sent from Greenwich at 12.00 Noon. The time for transmission was 12 minutes. It reached a town at 6.00 p.m. The longitude of the town will be :

(a) 97o E
(b) 87oE

(c) 87oW
(d) 97oW

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


15. International Date Line passes through –

(a) Africa
(b) Asia

(c) Pacific Ocean
(d) Atlantic Ocean

[44th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2000]


16. Statement (A): Time interval at the date-line is 12 hours from the Greenwich
Reason (R): Date-line is situated at 1800 meridian–
Using following options choose the correct answer –

(a) (A), and (R) both are correct, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) (A) and (R) both are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is correct, but (R) is false.
(d) (R) is correct, but (A) is false

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


17. There is no minimum distance between two places on the globe :

(a) 45oN. Lat
(b) 45oS. Lat

(c) Prime Meridian
(d) International Date Line

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


18. If the earth’s direction of rotation is reversed, what should be the IST when it is noon at the International Date Line?

(a) 06.30 hrs
(b) 05.30 hrs

(c) 18.30 hrs
(d) 17.30 hrs

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1997]


19. Which one of the following Straits is nearest to the International Date Line?

(a) Malacca Strait
(b) Bering Strait

(c) Strait of Florida
(d) Strait of Gibraltar

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2008]


20. A ship is moving from the eastern side of Aleutian Islands towards Dutch Harbour. It crosses 1800 meridian on 1st January 1999 at 23:30 hr. What time and date will be recorded by the captain of the ship in his diary after one-hour journey from the point of crossing of the meridian?

(a) January 1, 0030 hr
(b) January 2, 0030 hr

(c) January 3, 0030 hr
(d) January 4, 0030 hr

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1999]


21. The captain of a ship moving Westward records the local time of 10-00 hrs Monday at 90oW. If the speed of the ship is the same as the speed of the rotation of the earth, which of the following local time and day would be found by the captain at the International date line:

(a) 04.00 Monday
(b) 10.00 Monday

(c) 10.00 Tuesday
(d) 16.00 Tuesday

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2000]


22. Which path must be followed by a Ship to move from one place to another in the least time –

(a) Sea or Ocean Current
(b) Sea-breeze

(c) Meridian
(d) Longitude

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


23. The local time of a place is 6.00 AM when the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is 3:00 AM, what is the longitude of the place?

(a) 45° West
(b) 45° East

(c) 120° East
(d) 120° West

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


iii. The Equator

1. The total length of Earth’s equator is about –

(a) 6,400 km
(b) 12,800 km

(c) 40,000 km
(d) 5,000 Em

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


2. Through which, one of the following groups of countries does the Equator pass?

(a) Brazil, Zambia and Malaysia
(b) Colombia, Kenya and Indonesia
(c) Brazil, Sudan and Malaysia
(d) Venezuela, Ethiopia and Indonesia

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2006]


3. The equator does NOT pass through which of the following Countries?
1. Gabon
2. Somalia
3. Equatorial Guinea
4. Rwanda
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
Codes :

(a) 1 and 4
(b) 2 and 4

(c) 2 and 3
(d) 3 and 4

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2020]


4. The Equator does not pass through which of the following countries?

(a) Kenya
(b) Mexico

(c) Indonesia
(d) Brazil

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


5. Which of the following countries are located on the Equator?
1. Brunei
2. Colombia

3. Kenya
4. Venezuela

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
Code :

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3

(c) 3 and 4
(d) 1 and 4

[U.P.P.C.S (Pre) 2010]


6. The equator passes through –

(a) Cameroon
(b) Costa Rica

(c) Kenya
(d) Venezuela

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


7. The latitude at which the annual Range of Temperature remains minimum is –

(a) Equator
(b) Tropic of Cancer

(c) Tropic of Capricorn
(d) North Pole Circle

[R.A.S./R.T.S. (Pre) 1999]


8. Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), a lowpressure zone, is located.

(a) between trade winds and westerlies belt.
(b) between westerlies and polar winds belt
(c) nearby the poles
(d) at the equator

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


9. Which one of the following cities is nearest to the equator?

(a) Colombo
(b) Jakarta

(c) Manila
(d) Singapore

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2008]


10. The Equator, Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn, all three pass through which one of the following Continents?

(a) Africa
(b) Asia

(c) North America
(d) South America

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2004]


iv. The Tropic of Cancer

1. At the Winter Solstice the noon altitude of the Sun at the Tropic of Cancer is :

(a) 23.5o
(b) 43.0o
(c) 47.0o
(d) 66.5o

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


2. Which of the following city is nearest to the Tropic of Cancer?

(a) Jabalpur
(b) Ahmedabad
(c) Ujjain
(d) Varanasi

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


3. The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through –

(a) Egypt
(b) India
(c) Iran
(d) Myanmar

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


v. The Tropic of Capricorn

1. Tropic of Capricorn does not pass through –

(a) Bolivia
(b) Paraguay
(c) Argentina
(d) Brazil

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 1997]


2. Think about the following countries –
1. Australia
2. Namibia

3. Brazil
4. Chile

The Tropic of Capricorn passes through which of the following countries?
Code :

(c) Only 1
(b) 2. 3, and 4
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2003]


3. Which of the following phenomena happens in India when the sun shines vertically over the Tropic of Capricorn?

(a) High pressure develops over North-West India
(b) Low pressure develops over North-West India
(c) No change in pressure occurs over North-West India
(d) Temperature increases in North-West India
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


vi. Day and Night

1. On which date day and night of equal duration?

(a) 22 June
(b) 23 September
(c) 22 December
(d) 21 February

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


2. Equinox, the two periods in the year when day and night are equal, occurs on :

(a) 21 March and 23 September
(b) 22 February and 23 August
(c) 15 October and 23 April
(d) 22 July and 22 December

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Spl) (Pre) 2004, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1994]


3. Where are day and night equal throughout the year?

(a) North Pole
(b) South Pole
(c) Equator
(d) Nowhere

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1995]


4. At the time of the summer solstice in the northern hemisphere the length of the day will be 12 hours at the :

(a) Tropic of Cancer
(b) Tropic of Capricorn
(c) Arctic Circle
(d) Equator

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


5. The shortest day of the year in Northern hemisphere is on –

(a) 21 December
(b) 22 December
(c) 21 June
(d) 22 June

[47th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2005, M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


6. Which is the longest day of the year?

(a) 21 May
(b) 21 June
(c) 22 December
(d) 25 December

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


7. Which of the following is the longest day of the year?

(a) 22 July
(b) 25 December
(c) 21 June
(d) 23 March

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1992]


8. The Longest day in the southern Hemisphere is

(a) 22 June
(b) 22 December
(c) 21 March
(d) 22 September

[48th to 52nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2008]


9. Summer Solstice occurs every year on –

(a) 23 September
(b) 21 March
(c) 4 July
(d) 21 June

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2010]


10. On 21st June, the Sun :

(a) does not set below the horizon at the Arctic Circle
(b) does not set below the horizon at Antarctic Circle
(c) shines vertically overhead at noon on the Equator
(d) shines vertically overhead at the Tropic of Capricorn

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2019]


11. On which of the following dates your shadow at noon is the smallest?

(a) December 25
(b) March 21
(c) June 21
(d) February 14

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


vii. Origin of the Earth

1. Which of the following scholars has suggested that the Earth has originated from the gases and the dust particles–

(a) James Jeans
(b) H. Alfven
(c) F. Hoyal
(d) O. Schmidt

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1999]


2. Which of the following Method is used to determine the age of the Earth –

(a) Carbon dating for the age of the fossils.
(b) Germanium dating
(c) Uranium dating
(d) All of the above

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2006]


viii. The Geological History

1. The Great Ice Age is related to :

(a) Pleistocene
(b) Oligocene
(c) Holocene
(d) Eocene

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2013]


2. Which of the following periods has generally been considered to be the ‘Little Ice Age’?

(a) 750 A.D. – 850 A.D.
(b) 950 A.D. – 1250 A.D.
(c) 1650 A.D. – 1870 A.D.
(d) 8000 to 10,000 years B.P. (Before Present)

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) (Re-Exam) 2015]


3. What was the period of the Dinosaurs?

(a) Five crore years ago
(b) Eighteen crores years ago
(c) Forty crores years ago
(d) Eighty crores years ago

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


4. Consider the following events.
1. First reptiles
2. First insects
3. Shelled animals
4. First mammals
Arrange the above events in Chronological order of their origin on the earth and select the correct answer from the codes given below :
Code :

(a) 2 1 3 4
(b) 2 3 1 4
(c) 3 2 1 4
(d) 2 4 1 3

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


5. Continents have drifted apart because of-

(a) Volcanic eruptions
(b) Tectonic activities
(c) Folding and faulting of rocks
(d) All of the above

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


6. India was the part of ancient Gondwanaland Supercontinent. It includes the following landmass of the present :

(a) South America
(b) Africa
(c) Australia
(d) All of the above

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2008]


7. Cocos Plate the between:

(a) Central America and Pacific Plate
(b) South America and Pacific Plate
(c) Red Sea and Persian Gulf
(d) Asiatic Plate and Pacifi c Plate
(e) None of the above / More than one of the above

[63rd B.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


8. On the earth, originally, there was only one huge landmass which is known as –

(a) Panthalassa
(b) Pangea
(c) Laurasia
(d) Gondwanaland

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


9. Which one of the following continents was not a part of Gondwana Land?

(a) North America
(b) South America
(c) Africa
(d) Australia

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2016]


10. The ‘Rust Bowl’ of the USA is associated with which one of the following regions?

(a) Great Lakes region
(b) Alabama region
(c) California region
(d) Pittsburgh region
(e) None of the above / More than one of the above

[63rd B.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


11. The first fossil evidence for the existence of life on Earth is-

(a) 0.3 million years back
(b) 3 million years back
(c) 5 million years back
(d) 10 million years back

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2005]


12. Which of the following phenomena might have influenced the evolution of organisms?
1. Continental drift
2. Glacial cycles
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2014]


13. Folding is the result of-

(a) Epeirogenic force
(b) Coriolis force
(c) Orogenic force
(d) Exogenic force

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


14. Consider the following :
1. Electromagnetic radiation
2. Geothermal energy
3. Gravitational force
4. Plate Movements
5. Rotation of Earth
6. Revolution of the Earth
Which of the following above are responsible for bringing dynamic changes on the surface of the Earth?

(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(b) 1, 3, 5 and 6
(c) 2, 4, 5 and 6
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2013]