Demography India : Population (Economics) – Old Year Questions

1. Natural growth of population is the outcome of which of the following?

A. Crude Birth Rate
B. Crude Death Rate

C. Migration
D. Marriages

Select the correct answer from the codes given below :

Codes :

(a) Only A
(b) Only C
(c) B and D
(d) A and B

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


2. Which arrangement of the following would show the sequence of demographic transition as typically associated with economic development?

1. High birth rate with high death rate.
2. Low birth rate with low death rate.
3. High birth rate with low death rate.

The correct sequence is:

Code :

(a) 1, 2, 3
(b) 1, 3, 2
(c) 3, 1, 2
(d) 2, 1, 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


3. Consider the following specific stages of demographic transition associated with economic development :

1. Low birth rate with low death rate.
2. High birth rate with high death rate.
3. High birth rate with low death rate.

Select the correct order of the above stages using the codes given below :

(a) 1, 2, 3
(b) 2, 1, 3
(c) 2, 3, 1
(d) 3, 2, 1

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2012]


4. A gradual change in the manner of population growth occurring over a long period of time is known as :

(a) Demographic transition
(b) Population explosion
(c) Demographic dynamism
(d) Demographic transformation

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


5. Select one of the following set of processes leading to a stable population structure :

(a) Increasing birth rate and constant death rate
(b) Decreasing birth rate and increasing death rate
(c) Constant birth and death rate
(d) Constant birth rate and decreasing death rate

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2014]


6. At present India’s population growth is passing through the phase of which one of the following?

(a) Stagnant population
(b) Steady growth
(c) Rapid high growth
(d) High growth rate with definite signs of slowing down

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


7. What is the main reason in India for increasing population?

(a) Reduction in death rate
(b) Economic progress
(c) Marriages at low age
(d) Increase in birth rate

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


8. According to Malthus, which one of the following is the most effective measure of population control?

(a) War
(b) Misery
(c) Birth control
(d) Vices

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2017]


9. According to the Malthusian Theory of Population, population increases in :

(a) Geometrical Progression
(b) Arithmetic Progression
(c) Harmonic Progression
(d) None of the above

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2012]


10. Which one of the following is not a part of the demographic feature of a population?

(a) Density of population
(b) Standard of living
(c) Sex-ratio
(d) Rural-urban population

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


11. The highest density of population in India is associated with :

(a) Industrialized areas
(b) Coastal plains
(c) Low hills
(d) Areas with plain topography, fertile soils, and availability of water

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2006]


12. Some of the reasons for couples not willingly going for sterilization, which is a more reliable method for controlling the population, are :

1. Desire for male children
2. High child mortality rate
3. Lack of understanding
4. Economic compulsions in very poor families

Select the correct answer from the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 2, 3, and 4
(d) All the four

[Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2002]


13. From which year was the regular and scientific Census started in India?

(a) 1861
(b) 1871
(c) 1881
(d) 1891

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


14. In which year was the first regular Census held in India?

(a) 1921
(b) 1881
(c) 1911
(d) 1931

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


15. The First Census in India was conducted in the year :

(a) 1872
(b) 1881
(c) 1891
(d) 1894

[M.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 1990]


16. The first Census in India during the British period was held in the tenure of :

(a) Lord Dufferin
(b) Lord Lytton
(c) Lord Mayo
(d) Lord Ripon

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2001]


17. Consider the following statements :

Assertion (A): The Census of India is carried out every 10 years. Reason (R): The population of India has largely remained unchanged over the period of ten years.

Select the correct answer from the code given below :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) correctly explains (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) does not correctly explain (A)
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


18. Which among the following was used as the motto for the Census of India 2011?

(a) Our Future, Our Country
(b) Our Country, Our Census
(c) People of India, Our Census
(d) Our Census, Our Future

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2016]


19. What is the minimum age of a person whose photographing, fingerprinting and iris mapping will be done for the Census of 2011?

(a) 12 years
(b) 15 years
(c) 18 years
(d) 21 years

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


20. The Group of Ministers (GoM), who gave its approval for the inclusion of Caste in the Census 2011 was headed by :

(a) Sharad Pawar
(b) P.C. Chidambaram
(c) S.M. Krishna
(d) Pranab Mukherjee

[J.P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


21. How many districts are in India?

(a) 600
(b) 650
(c) 580
(d) 800
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


22. India’s population growth during the 20th century can be classified into four distinct phases.

Match List I (period) with List II (Phase).

select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List I (Period)                 List II (Phase)
A. 1901-1921               1. Steady growth
B. 1921-1951               2. Rapid high growth
C. 1951-1981               3. Stagnant growth
D. 1981-2001             4. High growth with definite signs of a slowdown

Codes :

(a) 3 1 4 2
(b) 1 3 2 4
(c) 3 1 2 4
(d) 1 3 4 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2002]


23. The decadal growth rate of the population in India has been lowest during :

(a) 1961 – 1971
(b) 1981 – 1991
(c) 1991 – 2001
(d) 2001 – 2011

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2012]


24. In which of the following Census decades India registered the lowest percentage change in population?

(a) 1971 – 1981
(b) 1981 – 1991
(c) 1991 – 2001
(d) 2001 – 2011

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


25. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

Decade   Decadal growth rate of population (in percent)
(a) 1971            –      81 24.66
(b) 1981           –      91 23.87
(c) 1991           –      2001 21.54
(d) 2001         –      2011 19.05

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2016]


26. According to the Census of India 2011, the percentage growth of population in the country during the period of 2001-2011 was :

(a) 31.34
(b) 17.70
(c) 13.31
(d) 23.85

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) (Re-Exam) 2015, U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014, U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]


27. According to the Census report of 2011, India’s population between 2001-2011 increased by :

(a) 21.5 percent
(b) 19.3 percent
(c) 17.7 percent
(d) 16.9 percent

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


28. The percentage of decadal growth of population during 2001-2011 as per Census 2011 is :

(a) 21.54
(b) 17.64
(c) 15.89
(d) 19.21
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


29. In which of the following Census years in India was recorded the highest percentage change in population?

(a) 1971
(b) 1981
(c) 1991
(d) 2001

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


30. The decadal growth rate of population in India was highest during :

(a) 1951-1961
(b) 1961-1971
(c) 1981-1991
(d) 1991-2001

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005, U.P.P.S.C. (GIC) 2010]


31. In which of the following decades the population growth rate in India was highest?

(a) 1901-1911
(b) 1961-1971
(c) 2001-2011
(d) 1981-1991

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2015]


32. In the context of population, which one of the following years has been termed as the year of the ‘Great Divide’, after which the population of India gradually registered accelerated growth?

(a) 1911
(b) 1921
(c) 1941
(d) 1951

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2007, 2009]


33. Which Census year is called the ‘Demographic Divide’ in the population study of India?

(a) 1911
(b) 1921
(c) 1931
(d) 1941
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[63rd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2017]


34. Which year is known as the ‘Demographic Divide’ in India?

(a) 1901
(b) 1921
(c) 1951
(d) 1971
(e) None of these

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2017]


35. Which of the following Census years is known as the ‘Great Divide’ in the demographic history of India?

(a) 1901
(b) 1921
(c) 1931
(d) 1941

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Re-Exam) (Pre) 2016, U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]