Cash Crops in India – Old Year Questions

1. “The crop is subtropical in nature. A hard frost is injurious to it. It requires at least 210 frost-free days and 50 to 100 centimeters of rainfall for its growth. A light well-drained soil capable of retaining moisture is ideally suited for the cultivation of the crop.” Which one of the following is that crop?

(a) Cotton
(b) Jute
(c) Sugarcane
(d) Tea

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2020]


2. Which one of the following areas of India produces the largest amount of cotton?

(a) North Western India and Gangetic West Bengal
(b) North Western and Western India
(c) Western and Southern India
(d) Plains of Northern India

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1996]


3. The largest producer of cotton in India is –

(a) Maharashtra
(b) Gujarat
(c) Punjab
(d) Haryana

[44th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2000]


4. Which districts are Known as areas of ‘White Gold’ because of cotton cultivation?

(a) Ratlam-Khandwa
(b) Khandwa-Khargone
(c) Ujjain-Shajapur
(d) Dhar-Jhabua

[M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1997]


5. Which one of the following crops is known as “White Gold” in Maharashtra?

(a) Wheat
(b) Maize
(c) Cotton
(d) Sugar Cane

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2002]


6. Which Indian state has the largest number of Cotton Textile Mills?

(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Gujarat
(d) West Bengal
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[60th to 62nd B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2016]


7. Consider the following statements:
1. India is the original home of the cotton plant
2. India is the first country in the world to develop a hybrid cotton variety leading to increased production
Which of these statements is/are correct?

(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


8. Cotton fibres are obtained from –

(a) Leaves
(b) Seed
(c) Stem
(d) Root

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


9. Which of the following groups belongs to fi bre crop?

(a) Patsan, Gram, Linseed
(b) Lentil, Oat, Dhaicha
(c) Cotton, Jute, Sunhemp
(d) Jute, Wheat, Cotton

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


10. Cotton is facing competition from sugarcane in the region of the black soil in Maharashtra. This is due to-

(a) Declined yield of cotton in this region
(b) A general change in the climate of this region
(c) Expansion of irrigation has made this region suitable for sugarcane cultivation which is a more profitable crop
(d) Increasing demand for sugar and the rising price of sugar in the country.

[Jharkhand P.C.S. (Pre) 2011]


11. Which Indian state has the largest area under sugarcane cultivation?

(a) Maharashtra
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Andhra Pradesh
(d) Madhya Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015]


12. Which of the following crops has the largest percentage of irrigated area of its net sown area in India?

(a) Wheat
(b) Rice
(c) Oilseed
(d) Sugarcane

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2013]


13. The correct sequence in decreasing order of the four sugarcane producing states in India is:

(a) Maharashtra, U.P., Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh
(b) U.P., Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh
(c) Maharashtra, U.P., Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu
(d) U.P., Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu.

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2000, 44th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2000]


14. The leading sugarcane-producing states in India is

(a) Punjab
(b) Andhra Pradesh
(c) Maharashtra
(d) Uttar Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013]


15. Which States in India are the largest producers of sugarcane?

(a) Bihar and Uttar Pradesh
(b) Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan
(c) Andhra Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir
(d) Punjab and Himachal Pradesh

[53rd to 55th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2011]


16. What is the correct sequence of the states in descending order of production of sugarcane in 2013 ?

(a) Karnataka, Maharashtra, Haryana, U.P.
(b) U.P., Maharashtra, Karnataka, Haryana
(c) Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, U.P.
(d) U.P., Karnataka, Maharashtra, Haryana

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2014]


17. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R).
Assertion (A): Sugarcane and sugar production in U.P. is more than Maharashtra, but productivity is less.
Reason (R): Most of the sugar factories in Maharashtra are in the cooperative sector.
Code :

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2019]


18. Consider the following statements:
1. Molasses is a by-product of the sugar production process.
2. Bagasse obtained from sugar mills is used as a fuel in the boilers to generate steam in sugar factories.
3. Sugar can only be produced from sugarcane as the raw material.
Which of these statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2003]


19. What are the significances of a practical approach to sugarcane production known as ‘Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative?
1. Seed cost is very low in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.
2. Drip irrigation can be practiced very effectively in this.
3. There is no application of chemical/inorganic fertilizers at all in this.
4. The scope for intercropping is more in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.
Select the correct answer using the code given below –

(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1, 2 and 4 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2014]


20. Sucrose content in sugarcane decreases

(a) If high rainfall occurs during the period of growth of the plant
(b) if frost occurs during the period of ripening
(c) if there is fluctuation in temperature during the period of growth of the plant
(d) if there is high temperature during the time of ripening

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


21. The first three leading producers of sugar in India are:

(a) Maharashtra, U.P., Tamil Nadu
(b) U.P., Maharashtra, Bihar
(c) U.P., Maharashtra, Karnataka
(d) Bihar, U.P., Karnataka, Maharashtra

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1999, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 1996]


22. Which of the following represents the correct sequence in descending order, of the four largest sugar producing States of India in 2015-16?

(a) Maharashtra, U.P., Karnataka, Tamil Nadu
(b) U.P., Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu
(c) Maharashtra, U.P., Tamil Nadu, Karnataka
(d) U.P., Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


23. Which of the following statements is/ are correct regarding sugar Industry?
1. India accounts for more than 15% of the total sugar production of the world.
2. Sugar Industry is the second-largest Agricultural base industry in India.
3. India is the biggest consumer of sugar.
4. India is the largest producer of sugar.
Code :

(c) 1 and 2
(b) 3 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1 and 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


24. Sakkar Nagar is an important sugar-producing centre of

(a) Haryana
(b) Andhra Pradesh
(c) Maharashtra
(d) Uttar Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


25. Which state is called the ‘Sugar bowl’ of India ?

(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Bihar
(c) Punjab
(d) Uttar Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


26. Which one among the following States of India is called ‘Sugar Bowl’?

(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Bihar
(d) Haryana
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above.

[64th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2018]


27. The first Sugar Mill in India was set up in 1903 at

(a) Pratapgarh
(b) Pratappur
(c) Mawana
(d) Balrampur

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013]


28. Which factors have facilitated the locational shift of the sugar industry from North India to South India ?
1. Per acre higher yield of sugar cane
2. Higher sucrose content of sugar cane
3. Longer crushing season
4. Cheap labour
Select the correct answer using the code given below–

(a) 1, and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 2, 3 and 4

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


29. Breeding work on sugarcane is being done at –

(a) Lucknow
(b) Shahjahanpur
(c) Shravasti
(d) Coimbatore

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2009]


30. Sugarcane seeds are produced in –

(a) I.I.S.R, Lucknow
(b) IARI, New Delhi
(c) Directorate of Seed Research, Mau
(d) SBI, Coimbatore

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A (Spl.) (Mains), 2010]


31. What time is taken by the Adsali Sugarcane crop to ripen?

(a) 6 months
(b) 12 months
(c) 18 months
(d) 24 months

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A . (Spl) (Mains) 2010]


32. Co. 1148 is an important variety of

(a) Wheat
(b) Cotton
(c) Maize
(d) Sugarcane

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


33. Among the following, which one is the least water-efficient crop?

(a) sugarcane
(b) Sunflower
(c) Pearl millet
(d) Red gram

[I.A.S. (Pre) 2021]

Oil Seeds

1. Which of the following is the oilseed crop?

(a) Masoor
(b) Lobia
(c) Sunflower
(d) Berseem

[Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2003]


2. Yellow Revolution is related to –

(a) Production of Foodgrain
(b) Production of Oilseeds
(c) Production of Milk
(d) Production of Fish.

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2004, U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2002]


3. The ‘Yellow Revolution’ in India is related to which of the following?

(a) Agricultural production
(b) Oilseeds production
(c) Fish production
(d) Pulse production

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


4. Yellow Revolution is related to –

(a) Pulse production
(b) Paddy production
(c) Fish production
(d) Oil-seed production

[U.P.R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2014]


5. Which is the most suitable crop for dryland farming?

(a) Sugarcane
(b) Jute
(c) Wheat
(d) Groundnut

[45th B.P.S.C.(Pre) 2001]


6. ‘Pegging’ is a useful phenomenon in –

(a) Sugarcane
(b) Sweet potato
(c) Groundnut
(d) Tapioca

[U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2010]


7. Which of the following states is the leading producer of Soyabean?

(a) Maharashtra
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Punjab
(d) Kerala

[U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2015, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2003, Uttrakhand U.D.A./LDA (Pre) 2003, U.P. U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2001, M.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2000]


8. The leading producer of Soyabean in India is

(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Bihar
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Rajasthan

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007, Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Pre) 2007, Uttarakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2006, U.P.P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


9. Which state of India occupies the largest area under soybean cultivation?

(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Rajasthan
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) Punjab

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


10. During 1992-93 there was a record production in

(a) Rice
(b) Sugarcane
(c) Pulses
(d) Oilseeds

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1993]


11. The Largest producer of oilseeds in India is :

(a) Gujarat
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Uttar Pradesh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


12. Which of the following states is the largest producer of groundnut in India ?

(a) Tamil Nadu
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Gujarat

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


13. The State of India with low acreage, but a very high per-hectare yield of groundnut is

(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) West Bengal
(c) Punjab
(d) Chhattisgarh

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2014]


14. Find the odd product out of the following :

(a) Sesame
(b) Groundnut
(c) Caster seed
(d) Mustard

[R.A.S./R.T.S.(Pre) 2010]


15. Rajasthan is the chief producer of –

(a) Gram
(b) Mustard
(c) Cotton
(d) Wheat

[Uttrakhand U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2007]


16. Major oilseeds produced in India are-
1. Sesamum
2. Mustard
3. Groundnut
4. Soybean
Which of the following option represents correct decreasing order of the production of above oilseeds?

(a) 1,2,3,4
(b) 3,2,4,1
(c) 2,4,3,1
(d) 3,4,2,1

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1997]


17. Which of the following crops has the highest percentage of oil content?

(a) Groundnut
(b) Soyabean
(c) Sunflower
(d) Sesame

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


18. ‘Varuna’ is a variety of –

(a) Mustard
(b) Linseed
(c) Sunflower
(d) Sesame

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


19. ‘Pusa Bold’ is a variety of –

(a) Wheat
(b) Mustard
(c) Gram
(d) Groundnut

[U.P.P.C.S. (Main) 2013]


20. ‘Pitambari’ is a variety of

(a) Paddy
(b) Gram
(c) Mustard
(d) Wheat

[U.P. Lower Sub. (Pre) 2015]


21. A large quantity of gypsum is required for –

(a) Rice cultivation
(b) Berseem cultivation
(c) Wheat cultivation
(d) Groundnut cultivation

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2007]


22. Kaushal is an improved variety of –

(a) Chickpea
(b) Cotton
(c) Groundnut
(d) Wheat

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2002]


23. ‘Safflower Tower’ is an oilseed crop. Its scientific name is:

(a) Glycine max
(b) Ricinus Communis
(c) Carthamus Tinctorius
(d) Bunchy top

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Mains) 2016]


1. Which state is the largest ‘silk’ producing state?

(a) Bihar
(b) Chattisgarh
(c) Karnataka
(d) Assam

[Chhattisgarh P.C.S. (Pre) 2005]


2. The country, which is the largest silk producer in the world, is

(a) India
(b) China
(c) Brazil
(d) Japan
(e) None of the above/More than one of the above

[64th B.P.S.C. (Pre) 2018]


3. Which of the following States of India produces maximum silk yarn?

(a) Tamil Nadu
(b) Punjab
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Karnataka

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


4. More than three-fourths of India’s production of raw silk comes from –

(a) Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka
(b) Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal
(c) Karnataka and Assam
(d) West Bengal and Manipur

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2006]


5. Which of the following pairs is correctly matched:-

(a) Eri-silk – Assam
(b) Muga silk – Arunachal Pradesh
(c) Mulberry silk – Jharkhand
(d) Tasar silk – Karnataka

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2008]


6. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer from the code given below :
1. Karnataka is the largest producer of raw silk in India
2. Andhra Pradesh is the largest producer of mulberry silk in India.
3. Jharkhand is the largest producer of Tasar silk in India.
4. Meghalaya is the largest producer of Eri silk in India.
Code :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 2 and 4 only

[U.P.U.D.A./L.D.A. (Mains) 2010]


7. The leading mulberry silk-producing Indian State is –

(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Tamil Nadu
(c) Karnataka
(d) West Bengal

[U.P. P.C.S. (Mains) 2017]


8. Which of the following is NOT obtained from insects?

(a) Silk
(b) Honey
(c) Lac
(d) Pearl

[U.P. P.C.S. (Pre) 2018]


9. The silk produced by spiders is called

(a) Tussar silk
(b) Muga silk
(c) Gossamer silk
(d) Ahimsa

[U.P. R.O./A.R.O. (Pre) 2017]


10. Muga is such a variety of silk which is obtained in the world only from India in –

(a) Assam
(b) Bihar
(c) Karnataka
(d) Tamil Nadu

[U.P.P.C.S. (Spl) (Mains) 2008]


11. The discovery of Oak flora in 1966 added a new chapter to the history of Indian Sericulture. Which one of the following states is the leading producer of Oak Tasar silk?

(a) Assam
(b) Bihar
(c) Manipur
(d) Orissa

[I.A.S. (Pre) 1998]


12. Which of the following states of India is the largest producer of Silk Textiles?

(a) Karnataka
(b) Tamil Nadu
(c) Andhra Pradesh
(d) West Bengal

[U.P.P.C.S. (Mains) 2013]