A recent publication by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) points out that about 5% of birds found in the country are endemic and are not reported in other parts of the world.
About The Report:
- Titled: “75 Endemic Birds of India.”
- Published by: The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)
- Released on: The 108th foundation day of the ZSI
- India is home to 1,353 bird species, which represents approximately 12.40% of global bird diversity.
- 78 (or 5%) of these 1,353 bird species are indigenous to the nation.
- The publication points out that the 75 bird species belong to 11 different orders, 31 families, and 55 genera, and exhibit remarkable distribution patterns across various regions in India.
- The highest number of endemic species has been recorded in the Western Ghats, with 28 bird species.
- The Andaman and Nicobar Islands also have significant endemism, hosting 25 bird species unique to the region.
The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)
- The ZSI was established on 1st July 1916.
- Headquarters: Kolkata, West Bengal
- Current Director: Dr. Dhriti Banerjee
- Parent organization: Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change