5% of birds in India are endemic, reveals Zoological Survey of India publication

A recent publication by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) points out that about 5% of birds found in the country are endemic and are not reported in other parts of the world.

About The Report:

  • Titled: “75 Endemic Birds of India.”
  • Published by: The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)
  • Released on: The 108th foundation day of the ZSI

Key Findings

  • India is home to 1,353 bird species, which represents approximately 12.40% of global bird diversity.
  • 78 (or 5%) of these 1,353 bird species are indigenous to the nation.
  • The publication points out that the 75 bird species belong to 11 different orders, 31 families, and 55 genera, and exhibit remarkable distribution patterns across various regions in India.
  • The highest number of endemic species has been recorded in the Western Ghats, with 28 bird species.
  • The Andaman and Nicobar Islands also have significant endemism, hosting 25 bird species unique to the region.

 The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)

  • The ZSI was established on 1st July 1916.
  • Headquarters: Kolkata, West Bengal
  • Current Director: Dr. Dhriti Banerjee
  • Parent organization: Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change