“Sickle Cell Disease is a disease that impacts tribal sections of society significantly. The government is committed to eliminating the disease before India celebrates its Amrit Kaal in 2047.”
- This was stated by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi as he launched NSCAEM in Shahdol, Madhya Pradesh.
|Why launched in Shahdol?
- Highest tribal population as per census 2011 re-sides in Madhya Pradesh (MP).
- MP carries the highest number of sickle cell anemia patients in India.
|Mission of NSCAEM
- To improve the care of all Sickle Cell disease patients for their better future and to lower the prevalence of the disease through a multi-faced coordinated approach towards screening and awareness strategies.
- Vision Eliminate Sickle Cell Disease as public) – health problem in India by 2047.
What is Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)?
- SCD begins the early childhood (5 to 6 months of age). It is a group of inherited red blood cell disorders that affect hemoglobin, leading to a rigid sickle-like shape.
- The condition affects more than 20 million people worldwide.
- SCD common in some ethnic groups of central India where prevalence ranges from 9.4 to 22.2% in endemic areas of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan & Chhattisgarh. Also common among the Tharu people of Nepal & India.
- Over the time declaration of 3 years from the fiscal year 2023-24 to 2025-26, the program shall target screening approximately 7,0 crore people under 40 years of age in the next 3 years.
- Promoting early diagnosis and intervention in mission mode as part of the National Health Mission (NHM), eliminating Sickle cell genetic transmission by the year 2047.